(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "Records of the 24th Independent Battery, N. Y. Light Artillery, U. S. V"

NYPL RESEARCH LIBRARIES 



3 3433 08180003 3 



Pw*D ufft loh 



z^ 



ir 



/^ 



V 



RECORDS 



> 



/ OF THE 



•24™ INDEPKNDEJs'T BATTERY, 



g. 11 '£m a^rtUUra, ^. ». V. 



rOMPII.ED BY .1. W. MERRIM, 



/ 



prBii^HEii ron tub 



liADIES' CEMETERY ASSOCIATION. OF PERKY, N. Y. 
» 1870. 







J. O. SlTHOUR, KCHHARD A IIaT, 

Piintord and Stationer*", 
8J> Liberty Street, New York. 



COJS TEiS^TS. 



PART I. 
•introduction. 

company roll. 

Liwt of nmnPHof nu'inliors who won* killed in battle — Lint of nninrH 
of iiuMuhorH who di»'<l at Andrr»onvilh' — Lint of nniitcs of iiinulxTH 
who died at Florrncr — List of niiincH of meinbrrs who iVwii at Charlea- 
ton — Li8t of names of niombers who (li«Ml after rearhin^f Federal Lineg 
— List of nam<^ of nienibere wliodit-d of (iiseane in Tnited States Hoh- 
])itals — List of names of memb<»r» who died at their honH»s (while yet 
in the Unite<i Stat<w servire) — OtHcial rostor of tlie Rocket Rattalion — 
Otflcial roster of the Twenty-fourth New York Battery — List of 
promotions of members of the Twenty-fourth New York Battery — 
List of volunteers from Perry attarhed to otlier army organizations. 

PERSONAL SKETCHES. 
L Members of Twenty-fourth New York Battery. 2. Other 
volunteer soldiers from Perry. 



PART I I. 

CHAPTER I. 
The Rocket Battalion. 

CHAPTER II. 
The Rocket. 

CHAPTER III. 

3ATTKRT B. 



4 CONTENTS. 

CIIAPTKU IV. 
The Twenty-Fouutii New York Independent Battery. 

CHAPTER V. 
Newpout Baruacka. 

• en AFTER VI. 

KiNWTON, GOLDHHORO' AND WHITEHALL. 

CHAPTER VII. 
Nkw Berne. 



CHAPTER VIII. 
Plymouth. 

CHAPTER IX. 
The Battlk ok Pi,ymoitth. 

CHAPTER X. 
The CAinujRE ok Plymouth. 

CHAPTER XI. 
Andersonvili, e. 

CHAPTER XII. 
Facts and Theories. 



APPENDIX. 



t 



INTRO DUO TI ON. 



The ()l)ject of publishinjj tliis work is: — 

Ist — To ])lace iu permanent record the experiences, adventures and 
Huffurin^H of that brave band of yoiin^ men, who conii>osed tlie 
orffani/ation cntith'd the Twenty-fourth New York Ind<3j)endent Bat- 
tery of Lijfht ArtilU'ry. 

2d — To jtrompt the reader to th<' fart, that the services of all theso 
patriotic men, who left their families and .their firesides, to battle for 
their country, who ph'd^rcd and ottbreil up their lives, that you nii^ht 
continui! life in peace, i)ro8perity and freedom, liave never been in a 
public mann(>r, i)roperly recognized. 

Although the memory of those who died while engapfed in suppress- 
ing th(j Great H<'bellion is more particularly dear to their relatives 
and friends, yet, at the same tinns it is cherished by all loyal people. 

No County in the United States was more loyal than Wyominjf 
County — non«? more enthusiastic, none more generous, when they 
started the ])oys off to the wars. 

No County has better reasons for being proud of its representatives 
in the war. 

None has had greater cause to mourn. 

Is there less of that sentiment of loyalty in their hearts to-day ? Is 
there less of generosity V Is there no gratitude V Can they forgot so 
soon Y 

I^t a practical answer to these questions be a strong endeavor to 
purchase and erect a monument, in some sightly position, at the sight 
of which, passers-by in our times shall say — "Theso people do their 
noble dead a deserved honor." And future generations shall learn 
from it of the heroic deeds and of the sufferings of the young men 
of this generation, who hel]MHl to fight the battles that finally won for 
us and for them a country freed from oppression, tyranny and wrong. 



C INTKODUCTlON, 

In our fuinilioH wc ^fieve over the loss of any dear mcmbor ; it is a 
jfratificntion to us to sliow our lovo and our rospect by rearing niarblf 
slabs and shafts, kiM-pin^ in decency and order their burial grounds, 
and decorating tlieir j; raves with ])lanth and flowers. Far away in 
sunny Southern laiuls, and just so far away from lovinp hearts and 
hands, lies one who is as dear to you, ])erhaps, as any who sleep in 
your own home burial jf round. 

A number on a whitened board is all that marks each individual 
resting place. Shall that renuiin the only remembrance of their suf 
ferin^s, their heroism, and their death V 

1 say a^ain, injustice is dor.*? the dt.'ad, who did these noble d(M'ds, 
and who suJlered tlu'se appalling tortures. 

Their sinjple story is «'lo|uence. Iiet its ])athos be a power to influ- 
ence you to respond with heart and purse, to tin' call to acknowledge 
their heroism and their ofHces, by erecting to their memory a monu- 
iiu-nt, which, like their heroic acts, shall be i»erfect, be jjrand, be 
forever. 

Act as enthusiaHtically, and pive as generously, as you did when 
they responded to their country's call. 

I would particularly call the attention of the surviving members of 
the Battery to the obje<t f<»r which this Ijook lias been written and 
published, and ask them to give aid towards the accomplishment of 
this wicred undertaking. 

All of you have ]>a88ed many pleasant hours with these, our com- 
rades, whose de«'ds we would memorize. In earlier days, they were 
our playnuites and scho<jlmates. In later days, we were in friendly 
contest for the honors of college, or in rivalry with them in mercantile 
pursuits. 

Finally, under the loved banner of our country, hand in hand we 
batthnl for the right and victor}'. 

By the kindly inter)K)sitions of Divine Providence we live ; by the 
decree of the same power they were called away from us and from all 
that was dear to them on earth. 

liCt u« then, as we esteenu-d and honored them in life, continue bo 
to do, in such honorable death. 



The compilation of this work, neither demands nor affords oppor- 
tunity or place for a display of composition, words, theories, ideas, 



INTRODUCTION. 7 

or of any of iho proportios wliich are considen'd efisontial to porfoct and 
Ix-autify a book. It n-Holves itself into a wiiu])!*' narrative of tlie pleas- 
ant and Bad oxpericinces of one Hniall hand of mm amonjf many thou- 
wuuIh Huch, that participattnl in ])uttin^j down tlie Hreat Rebellion. 
It is collected from the records at the War Departnien;, correspondence 
of local papers. ])rivato diari«'8 and i»rlvate corres|>ondence. It conso- 
(juently, naturally assumes a tone of familiarity. 

It is of interest to but few ; but to that f»'w, how intensely interest- 
ing. To them, I believe, the story will l)e most attractive and most 
satisfying? in its simplest jjarb ; the facts that ap])('ar in these pa^es, 
n«*ed no touch of fancy's brush, to bring out a vivid scene of despair 
and sorrow. 

Have we not all in our younper days, when the mild S|)rinjf atmos- 
phere has converted the crusted snow into a surface resembling thin 
sheets of cotton, ])articii)ated in tlie merry sport of rolliiijj up hu^e 
snow balls? The handtul of snow, roundt'd bv hardy litth- fists, 
dropped into th(^ adherin<r mass, was pushed alon;?, and gradually 
assumed larger and larger projwrtions, until it increased to a magni- 
tude satisfactory to the wishes of the juvenile lalM)rer8. Then it was 
wondered at and admired, and each little mind was proud of the i>or- 
tion of the work it had done towards bringing it to such ]M'rfection. 
But another day came, the sun poured down its rays, and the structure 
quickly, and almost invisibly, melted away. In tracing its history, we 
find such to W comparatively the beginning, the perfection and the 
anniliilation of the organization called the Twenty-fourth New York 
Battery. In October, 1801, a handful of Perry boys enlistetl in the 
service of the United States as Artillerymen. To this nucleus was 
gradually add(;d recruits, until finally, in December, 1863, it was a 
complete Six Gun Battery, of 125 men. How it worke<l, and what it 
did during its eventful career, from its entrance to its exit, is told in 
the following pages. 

A warm Spring day was April 20th, 1864 ; the enemy came in over- 
jH)wering numbers, the Company was captured, and silently, gradu- 
ally, the members of the organization passed away, until a little rem- 
nant was mustered out of service, at Albany, in the Spring of 1865. 
As men, wc had but reprf)duc«*d our lx)yh(Kxl*B play, and worked liard 
to roll the ball to a satisfactory shape and size, only to see it quickljr 
and like a vapor pass away. 



COMPANY EOLL, 

24th New York Battery of Light Artillery. 



OFFICE Its 



LEK. J. R. 

CAUY, LK8TKR A. 



IIASTIN(JH, (JKOUCJK 8. 
(JUAIIAM, GEOR(}E W. 



1 Ad/itnc. Abnor 

8 Aliifwoitli, K. C. 

3 AlnHworth, William 

4 Alburty. Wni. 

5 Alburty. V. M. 

6 Allen, Z. 

7 Andrue, Lrfniicl 

8 AndrowH. Mark 

9 AriUHtroiiir, Wm. 

10 ArMiHtroiijr, J. 11. 

11 Atwood. r.r«»r;,'cS. 

12 Anxbachcr. Momch 

13 Iljikcr, John 

14 Uarkcr, Cin)<tavn0 
1ft UiimoH. HoHwcIl H. 
If) Hartley. John 

17 Hartlctt. llnrtwell 

18 Hacheldcr. IJ. F. 

19 Hccrp, L. M. 

80 HinlMttll. (Jcorffe 

81 Itil]ini,'hain, Ira 
88 Wood, Wm. 

2.1 make, W. ]>. 

»l BoicH, Edwin 

25 Brooks, John A. 

26 Brayton, Uiifim 

27 Brown, Georjje 
88 Bullock, Robert 

29 Bnlklcy, W^ E. 

30 Biilkley, Chan. 

81 Buck, Robert 

82 Button, James 

83 Bnrd, n. C. 



PRIVATES 



31 ralhoun. (i. W. 

35 Caltcaiix, I'aul 

3ft CalkiiiH. JamcH 

37 Camp. William S. 

38 ('amp, Oeor;;e 

39 Canfleld, S. I). 

■10 Cariiahan, William ' 

41 Carnalian, Charles 

42 Chapman. John 

43 Chatll)ournc, Henry 

44 Chapin. William E. 

45 Clark. C. A. 

46 Cluto, H. V. 

47 Comotock, A. W. 

48 Conk, Harlo 

49 Ccrbin, B. F. 

50 Cork well, John 

51 Cowcn, Jaracn 

52 Crooker, W. W. 

53 Crookn, J. 

54 Cronby, Morton 

55 Crounce, George 

56 Cuoick, Ilirnm 

67 Culver, A. L. 

68 Cypher, George W. 

69 Davifi, Ornan 

60 Dolbeer, C. H. 

61 Duryea, George 
63 Duryea, Joseph 

63 Eastwood, Edwin 

04 Farr^ll, Philemon 



riS Fcrrln, J. T. 

«i«i FcTj^iigcMi, Andrew T. 

•i7 FJlbJii, Jf.liii 

•W Finiiij,'an, Dennis 

«;!» Fitrh. Clijiili'rt W. 

70 Fit/;,'('ial(l. ThomnH 

71 Fitzimtrick, IMerco 
"!* Flynn, Janii'H 

7.1 FoKtor, Ilonry 

74 Gnlnslm, J. E. 

ir> Ooodhno. D. W. 

7« CJoiihl, Willanl 

77 (irunt. Murray 

7H Urt'cii, Lawrrnce 

7!» Grimth, CharlcH R. 

HO Griftith, AIluTt 

81 Grisewood, Thumaa 

H2 Hart, Charles 

8.'J Harmon, John C. 

Ht Ilarrin^'ton, M. 

85 Ilastinj,'*', Fred. E. 

8<» Hathaway, Charles 

87 Hinton, W. H. 

88 Holinan, George A. 

«t» HolliHter, Benjamin U. 

W) Uoman, Chas. II. 

'M Ilorton, Chan. 

\n Hopford, W. F. 

!« Hoyt, Wilhur M. 

W Iluhbard, H. 

W Huf,'lison, Wallace S. 

% Iliiraphrcv, Arthur 

1*7 Humphrey, Chas. 

W Hunter, E. H. 

'Mi Hurlburt, E. T. M. 

100 Jackson, Dan'l. 

101 Johnson, Geo. B. 

Uli Kcency, George W. 

UKi Keith, G. H. 

1(V1 Kellogg, Geo. W. 

105 Kctchum, R. A. 

106 King, SylvanuB 

107 Koowlden, Uonry C. 



Company 


ROLL. 


108 


Lnpham, L. II. 


im 


Lnphani, Horace 


no 


I^whr, E. 


111 


Lee, Ahnim 


113 


Lent. Al)rani 


113 


Leonard. Franels 


114 


Lloyd. H. 1». 


115 


Loomi*, Hiram 


no 


McC'Iair, Jerry 


117 


McCrary, Orrin 8. 


118 


McCrary, Wni. A. 


ll'> 


MeCrary, Charles 


120 


McCrink. Jolin 


121 


MeCrink. James 


122 


McDonald, Arch'd. 


12.J 


MeEwen. Geo. W. 


124 


MiGuire, Thos. 


125 


Me(;uire, James 


12«i 


McGuire, Michael 


127 


MeNinch, Henry 


128 


MeVey, Jam en 


120 


Marean, Chas*. A. 


l.«) 


Marrin, Patrick 


131 


Marrin, Connor 


i;« 


Martin, H. C. 


l.« 


Meade, Geo. F. II. 


IM 


Merrill, J. W. 


i;i5 


Miller, George 


136 


Miner, J. Gile 


137 


Mot>ier, Marion R. 


1.38 


Munroe, Darius 


139 


Murray, W. R. 


140 


Newcomb, L. 


141 


Newton, Riley J. 


142 


Nicholet, Samuel 


143 


Nichols, William P. 



9 



144 Otis, F. D. 

145 Otis, Chas. 

146 ODell, Thos. 

147 Page, O. C. 

148 Page, Wm. N. 

149 Parmloe, O. O. 

150 Patterson, Wm. 



10 



CXIMPANY KOLL. 



l.M 


Porklnii, .Thr. W. 


183 


Shorkcnuey. Timothy F, 


1.V2 


PhclHn, ChHH. T. 


184 


Smith, MuHon C. 


IM 


IMpor. (Jl'o. W. 


18.5 


Smith, J. W. 


IM 


IMprr. A. 


18<i 


StevonH, (Jeo. W. 


155 


Prult, PhllniuliT 


187 


StoMiliinl. Samnel 


150 


IVliKT, Willinin 


188 


SforiiiH, ThoiniiH S. 


157 


Pnnly. S. U. 


18« 


Sumlcrlaiui. Cliarlen 






IIW 


Sunfleld, Jamcti 


1W 


(^tiliin. John 










mi 


Tliayer, Lcwir* P. 


150 


l^lnkill. Krii>«tufi 


iw 


Tlitoii. Henry 


KM) 


UuUihrmc, Hy.liicy S. 


mi 


Tirn'll, Samuel 


Kil 


ItlWHOIl, I'nrttT D, 


I'M 


Truuir, O. M. 


102 


Ibiyinuiid. Ilniry 


1<J5 


Turner, Hobt. 


10.1 


I{i(li. Thurmon 






UA 


Uiclianli', Elliis 


196 


Van Duron, Sylvester 


lft.5 


HiclianlH, AlbiTt 






l(J4l 


HiclianlHon, Orlando 


197 


Wardwell. E. H. 


1G7 


Koacli, Win. 


198 


Wanhinirton. (ieor^fc 


i(;k 


KoiKi, I^G-ondD. 


lt>9 


Wayne. Jo-eph 


\m 


K<K)t. Iltrnni 


2(H) 


Weirh, Edward 


170 


Hoot. Stephen 


201 


Weller. Jaeob 11. 


171 


Howell, Solon 


202 


Wetmore, Chauncey 


173 


HuKricH, Enoch J. 


20:} 


Whitney, Hamilton 8. 


ITl 


HuHnell. John A. 


201 


Whitney, W. A. 


174 


Rnseell, John 


205 


W' hitbeck, Henry 






20« 


Williamo, Oliver 


175 


Hackctt, Walter 


207 


Williamn, Thos. 


17« 


Stafford, Pembroke J. 


208 


Wiune, B. V. L. 


177 


Sanford, L. J. 


209 


Wood, Emmett 


178 


Sccor, A. J. 


210 


WoolHcy. John 


179 


Shank, Lahan II. 


211 


Wooloey, Ettlng 


IHO 


Shell, John 


912 


Wright, Georije G. 


181 


Sheppard, NelM>D 






I8S 


Shirley, Phares 


S13 


Yancer, J. D. 



LIST OF d1i:atus 



Lint of N(fhirf< of Nemhertt whtt irvrc I'lUed in Untile, 



Fil/piUrlrk, Pierce 
Iloyt. Wilbur M. 



Mcnrlv. (Jco. K. 11. 
TuriHT, HobtTt 



Ltat of Xanu's of Mi'mherH wht ijod nt Andersfnivllle 



Alburty, Wm. 
AriiiHtron;,', Wni. 
At wood, (ft'Off^o S. 
IJukcr, John 
l^ariion, KoHWcll 
Hartlcft, Ilarfwi'll 
lluchcldcr, B. V. 
lllaki', W. 1). 
Ituttoii, Jamrn 
<'altraiix. Paul 
CalkiiiH, JaincH 
Cai'iialiaii, CliaH. 
Cliadbotinu', Henry 
Cliite, II. V. 
Coiiii'tock, A. W. 
Corbin, B. F. 
Crosby, Morton 
Croiincc, Qcorj;e 
Culver, A. L. 
£ae>twoo<i, Edwin 
Filbin, John 
FiUh, Chae. W. 
Fitzgerald, Tb(M. 
Flynn, James 
Orimth, Chan. R. 
Orlfllth, Albert 



Wood, Emmett 



Hathaway, Chan. 
HoHford, W. F. 
Hunter, K. II. 
Johnson, Ceo. B. 
Keeney, Geo. W. 
Kinj;, SylvanuH 
I..'iphani, L. II. 
I<«e, Abrani 
Lent, Abrani 
McCriiik, John 
McDonald, Areli'd 
Marean, ChaH. A. 
Martin, II. 0. 
Miner. J. (lile 
Newton. Kiley J. 
Pratt, I'hilander 
Rich, Thurmon 
Rood, Le Grand D. 
Haflbrd, Pembroke J. 
Shank, L<iban II. 
Shirley, Phare* 
ShockcDHcy, Timothy F. 
Smith, Mason C. 
Tllton, Henry 
Welch, Edward 
Williams, Olirer 



12 List of deaths. 

Lint of N(nii€H of Miinhcrs who died at Fhrcnce Prison. 

Hartley, John Piper, Geo. W. 

niootl. William Piper, A. 

liroolfi*, John Hoot, Sto|)h('n 

McCrarj', Orrln 8. 8tcvcnt«, (Jco. W. 

MrCrlnk, James Tirri-ll, Samuel 

McNinch, Ilcnry Wolmore, Cliaunccy 

JJf<t (f N(i)nc8 of Mciidpcr» who di<d at Chaiimton 

Prison. 

AinHWortii, William KawBon, Porter D. 

List of Nairn s of Mchdurn v)ho died (fter reachiiuj the 

Federal Lines. 

Oalusha, J. E. Nichols, Hamuel 

Mchole, William P. 

List of Names of Members who died in United States /Ser- 
vice, of Disease. 

Andrup, Lemuel McCrary, Wra. A. 

Hecrs, L. M. McOulrc, Mkhael 

Drayton, liufUs Munroe, Dariun 

Orant, Murray Otis, F. D. 

Kelih, Q. n. Trualr, O. M. 

f 

List of Names of Mtinherx who died at their Homes 
{irhile yet in the United States Service). 

BUIIngbam, In McVey, James 



ROCKET RATTATJON. 



13 



{From Official report of the Aflj'itnvt-Gnieml of the State of New 

York, 18()H.) 

Rocket Battalion.''' 

This bjittfilion was raised and or^jjanizcd at Albany, 
N. Y., to serve tliree years. It wa^ innstonMl into the 
serviee of tlie United States, I)eeeni]>er <>, 18<51, and 
clianj^ed to the Twenty-tliird and Twenty-fonrtli Inde- 
pendent Batteries New York ArtiUery, February 11, 
18r,3. 



NAME. 


Dftt'i of Com- 
miKulon. 


DatoofKAiik. 


Remark H. 


Major: 








Tliotnas M. Lyon 


Dec. 9.1861 


Dec. 7,1861 


Di^'char^,'cd .Tune 28, 18«i2. 


Cnptninn: 








Alfred ]{anf>oni 


Dec. 9,1861 


Nov. 12, 1861 


Traiis'ferred to 2.'VI Indepen- 
dent llatterv Feb. 11. 1H<>;). 


.Tay E. Lcn 


Dec. 9. IWH 


Oct. 26,18«;i 


Traiisfirred t«»'.>llli Indepen- 
dent Battery Fel). 11, 1H»«. 


Firpf T/irntrnnnts: 








Ucnrv W. Dodtrc 


Deo. 9, IRftI 


Dec. 7, IW'il 


IJeHi-ned April 27. 18<;2. 


SftmnVl Kittin;,'cr, Jr.. 


May i:j. IWW 


Apr. 27, IWiV 


Tranffened to 'i'U\ Itidepcn- 
d<'iit Hatterv Feb. g. 1K6.J. 


(icorj^'p 8. HaHtin^M.. . 


Sept. i.J, iwia 


Auj,'. W, 1H<»2 


Tran«ft rred "to-.Mth Indepen- 
dent Mattery FeJi. 11. 1H«kI. 


liOHtor A. Cady 


Dec. 9,1861 


Oct. 26, 18«il 


Tranf-lrrred to',Mtli Iiide)»en- 
dent IJattcry Feb. 11, 1M««. 


Srrond Llcutonantu: 








Samuel Kittin^'cr, .Jr.. 


Dee. 9, 1S61 


Nov. 12.1861 


Promoted to Fir^t Lieuten- 
ant Mny l.l. 1862. 


Tlioinan Law 


May 1:J,1W12 


Apr. 27,1862 


Transferred to 'iM Indepen- 
dent IJalterv Fel). 11. lH<i.3. 


CharlcB C. T. Keith... 


Mar. 10,1862 


.Ian. 2, 1862 


Trannfi ired to 2-"}d Indepen- 
dent Hatterv Feb. 11. 1M»W. 


George M. Graham . . . 


Dec. 9,1861 


Doc. 7,1861 


Transferred to 24th Indepen- 
dent llatlery Feb. 11. I8i;j. 


Frederick E. Ilastingi 


JuDC 17, 1863 


.Tune 2,1862 


Tran^fi-rred to2'tth Indepen- 
dent Uattcry Feb. 11, 186». 









♦ Changed to the Twenty-third and Twenty-fourth Independent Batteries of 
Artillery, New York Voluntccru, by 8. O. No. 81, A. O. O., Albany, February, 11, 

1863. 



14 



TWE.VTV'-F< URTH nATTERY MOllT ARTTM.ERY. 



{From OJicial repor', of tfir A'['riinnt-(h'iirr<il of the State of Ncin 

York, 1808.) 

Twenty-fourth Battery Light Artillery. 

This Battery (fonncrly Company B, Rocket nattalinii) 
was or«;anizc(l at Albany, N. V., to serve tlirec years. 
It was raiHe<], })rineii)ally, in the counties of Monroe and 
Wyoniinj:^. ^fustcrcd into tlie service of tlie United 
States, Decendjcr 0, ISOl. On tlie expiration of its term 
of service tlie orifjinal members (e\cei)t veterans) were 
mustered out, and the veterans and recruits transferred to 
the Third Ue^iment New York Artillery, March H, 1805. 

KiNKTON ; Wiiitehai.l; Goldshoro' ; New Jikrne; 

Plymouth. 



NAME. 



Cnjifnlno: 

Jdv K. Loo ) 

[litn>t J J. Col. N. r. V-i- 

,f- lirtvet lJ..('nlJ\S.V.)S 

LoHter A. Cady 

Wllllftm W. Crnokor 

Firnt I/l(Mitrnnntn: 

Oforjfo 8. llii-tliiu'N ' 

{nnr,f Cnlnnel A\ }'. V.) i 

Williiim S. rami) 

I/THtcr A. Cftdy 

FrodcHrk E. nftctlni'O. . . I 

{/frnff Cnitfnin A'. Y, V, > 

.{• UrtvH Majttr U. S. V. ) 

Second LiontonAnts : 
Ocor»:c W. Graham 



Dnto of Com- 
mlHHion. 



DntPof Rank. 



Dec. 0, IRCl t Oct. 26, 18f)I 



.Itinp'W, l««-3 .Tunc 13. 1W,3 
.Ian, 2H, I8«;r) I .Ian. in. iw« 



Sept. 13, 1802 Ang. .30, 1862 

.Inn. 28, Isr^T) ! Doc. 28, 18l»4 
1)«'C. », 18«1 j Oct. 2<), IWJl 

Juno 2.3, 1863 .Inno 13, 18R3 



Edward H. WardwcU., 
Luclui* 8. NcwcoiVib... 
Frrdorick E. Ila^lingv. 



Charle* H. Dolbccr 

*ChA0. F.W. F. De Werner 



Dec. 9, 1861 

Apr. 24,186.3 
.Ian. 28.18*..') 
June 17, 1862 

Jane 2.3, 1863 



Dec. 7,1861 

Apr. 1.').1R63 
Jan. 10, mW) 
June 2,1862 

June 13, 1863 



Remark*. 



RcHiijned June 13. 186.3, 



Di«rlmr<:cd Dec. 20, "64. 
Not mii!"tered. 



l)lHchar;,'fd .Ian. 1, iMJi.'i. 

niHcliariri'd >fnrrli 8. "O."). 
Promoti'd Captain June 

Uiacharfjed Jan. 22, 'i'A. 



"rannferred to .3<I N. Y. 
Cavalrv. I).'c. 2», 1K6.3. 

Refiirned An;;. .30, WA. 

Not mUHterod. 

Promoted to Firft Lieu- 
tenant .lunc Z3, 18<>3. 

Dinchartred Jan. 22, '6.V 

Reeigaed May 31, 1862. 



* On records of War Department ; not commiesioned. 



LIST OF PROMOTTONfl. 



15 



List of Promotions to Commissions. 




Remarks. 



Cnpfninn: 
Cndv. li^'Htcr A 
Caii'flcld, S. I) 

C'r()okt'r..VV. W 

(Jrfthiini. Cicor^o W 

Lro. J K 

{Urn ft IJ.-Cd. N. V.V.tf-r 

n revet TJ.-Col. U. S. V.) ) 
\An\i\, U. r 



Firpf liifMitonantB: 

AndrouM. Mark 

Cainp. William S 

Canllrld. S. I) 

Cliirk, ('. A 

Cndv. Leister A 

IlnstlnL"*. «<M>ri;<'9.. 
(nnvft Colniid N. r, 
Ha^'tini.'H. Fred. K... 
(Urn-ft (nn/ain X. Y. V. rf 

lireref .\ff{}nr V. S. V.) 
Kollojj};. Qcoryo W.. 

I^lovd. II. P 

MrVcy, .Tamos 

Ncwrbmh. LticlHB 8 
Wardwoll, E. H 



Twcnty-Bccond New York Cavalry. 
Twt'nty-fonrth Now York Battery. 



vr-1 



T«ontv-f(»iirth Now York Battory. 
Third Now Y«»rk Cavalry. 
Twonty-fourth New York Battory. 



Twcnty-pc'cond Now York Cavalry. 



Twonfloth Now York Battory. 
Twoiity fuiirlh Now York Itottopy. 

Twontloth Now York Battory. 
Twenty-fourth Now York Ballcry. 
Twont'y-fourth Now York Battory. 

.Inno 8.% \m\ I Twonty.fonrthNow York Battery. 



Ropt. 10. IWVJ 

.Tan. 28, miT) 

.Tilly .'1, l«r,r. 

Doo. 9, iWil 

Sopt. IX lWi8 



Sooond lilontcnants : 
Adamn, Ahnor 

Clark, C. A 

Dolboor, C, n 

rJraham. (Joorcc W 

Ilastinirf, Frod. E 

KolloL'u'. Oooriro W... 

MrClalr, .Torry 

MoVoy, .Tamos 8 

Morrill. .T. W 

Nowcomt>, Liiciaa 8. . . 

Pago, Wm. N 

Wardwell, E. H 



Ort. .31. IRIVI Third Now York Bntfory. 

.Tnly la, 1H«4 I Twontv-ncrond Now York Cavalry, 

Anir. 31, lWi.1 Third Now York Artillery. 

July .5, 1865 Third Now York Artillery. 



¥rh, 20, 1«V? Firnt N. C. V. Y. 

jMar.20, IWH Sixteenth New York Artillery. 

1 Fob. !, IRftt Twentieth Now York Battory. 

.Tnno 2.3. 1«».3 Twenty-fourth New Y»»rk Battery, 

pec. 9, 1W1I TwontV-fonrth New York Mattery. 

.Tnno 17, 1W»2 Twontv fourth Now York Battory. 

Jan. 8, \f¥>i . Third Now York Battory. 
I 

Ane. 31. I«« Third New York Artillery. 

April 20, \f¥A Sorond Now York Artillery. 

.Ian. 28, \t¥Vt TwontV-fonrth New York Battery. 

Fonrth Artillery. 

April U, 1868 , Twenty fourth New York Battery. 



PERSONAL SKETCHES. 



Atlor the rniTi])ilnti<>ii of this work was dcenied advis- 
able ])y the writer and liis friends, the followin^^ C'ircnlar 
was sent to every niein])cr of the Battery whose address 
coukl he ascertained : 

Nkw York, Jannary 21st, 1869. 
My Dkar Sir: 

For s<iinc time I have been employin*^ my leisure 
lionrs in searching for matters and documents relatincj to 
the ** TwENTV-ForKTu New York Bati erv." 

I want to })ossess a complete record of its entire pro- 
gress from its or«^anization uj) to the time it was dis- 
banded, and the further personal history of each indi- 
vidual member to the present time. 

I find I have un<lertaken a difficult task, and I am 
obliged to ask your assistance. Will you not oblige me, 
therefore, by answering the following questions: — 

When and where did you enlist ? 

When and where were you mustered in ? 

When and where were you mustered out ? 

Did you re-enlist as a Veteran ? 



PKRSONAF. SKIirUK;*. 17 

Were yon in any Skirmishes or IJattles ? It' yes, wlien 
anrl where i 

Were yon in any Southern Prisons f If yes, wliat 
rrisons ? (rive partienlars of iin[>risinmient. 

Do von positively know of any of yoin* ('onn'ades 
• lyinix^ If yes, "rive ininie, (hite an<i phiee. 

Wlitn and wherc^ were yon ])arole(] and exehanp^ed i 

What did y<>n do after yon were paroled nntil yon 
were mustered ont i 

Were yon promoted while in the army ? If yos, when 
.nid to wliat positions i 

(irivo \on-c(Mnmissioned and (/oninn'ssioned Appoint- 
iiHMits, with fnll parti(;nlars. 

Were yon on any detailed duty ? If ycrt, where, when, 
and in what position ? 

(live residence and oeen]>ation, sinee yonr retirement 
fri»m the army. 

Ilelate any incident in the army ahont yonj*self, or your 
iVionds, which yon think of interest. 

Have yon married since yonr enlistment? If yes*, 
when, an<l to whom ? 

What is yonr present address i 

Shonld fortnne favor, T shall pnhlish a record of the 
doinnjs of onr Battery. I hope yon will render me this 
assistance. 

Yours, iV:c., 



Wherever in this hook a Personal Sketch is not full, it 
oecnrred from our heing ninihle to obtain inf<»rniation. 
2 



18 ri;iisoNAi, sKK'rciiKft. 

It will 1)0 notic^ed tliat in tlio "Personal SlNCtchos.'* 
tlioro is no mention of a lai-ge nnmbcr of reductions .»t 
Non-(^)!nMiission(Ml < )tlic('rs. 

Tlie Hatterv passojl thnMiijh several clianircs of orjian- 
ization, and of administration. As a rnle, ditferences nj" 
o])inions and ])ersonal eonsiderations, ij^lluenced and 
hroui^ht about these reductions. 

At the time of the Mutiny, and at other times, Non- 
CoinmissiontMl Oflicers asked to he re<lueed. Only in tw«» 
or three eases of reduction, are we aware that there was 
any retleeti(»n upon the soldierly qualities of the olhcer 
HMluccd. 

Sp}i(;o could not he spared to ff'ive a detailed history of 
each ease — allowintj hoth sides of tlu^ stoiT to be told — 
in this book. 

Th(! writer trusts and believes that thesurvivini; mem- 
bers of the J>attery will understand these remarks; and 
that they will consider these reasons am]>le for notreviv- 
in<^ <juestions of differences, by ])artieularizin<^ those 
reductions. 

There were indeed fewletV to wliom the Circular letter 
could be addressed, but those who <lid lespond <j;av(» us 
much valuable information. In many cases, frienfls an<l 
relatives replied. In all cases where it was j)ossible, we 
have fjiven the sketch of each member, as it was fur- 
nished us, either by himself or his friends. In some 
instances, however, the writer knew njore of the expe- 
riences of his comrades than any other person ; and in 
such cases he has himself taken the liberty to sketch the 
character and experiences of iiis comrades. 



PKRSOXAL HKK'm.'ES. 19 

JIc woulfl liere take tl)e opportunity of tliankiiii^ tlie 
followin<x jHTsoiis for their aid, ai.d tor \hv Iiituniiation 
wliicli they so ]>loasaMtly and cJKH'it'Mliy riiniisiiod. 

Mrs. C. A. (Mcvcland, Lkcjiis S. Nrwconib, 

Mr;- A. I). K.'.iwy. Win. H. Murray. 

Mit*« Mary Smith, II. c. Hnnl. 

Jny K. Lop. (h'w^o F»inl-all. 

Geor^'e S. Ila^tin^'K. Aiulrcw F<'rt,'Hf»oii, 

O. A. Clark, II. p. Lloyd. 

C. IL Dolbcor, Cliarl.s IlMiiiaii. 

Wm. S. Camp. R. d. Iii;.-ii,^. 

There were many others wlio eticouraj^cd him by writ- 
int? agreeable responses; and they too will jdease acc<;}>t 
his heartiest tlianks. 

The Personal Sketches are placed in the same order as 
the Company Roll. 



PERSONAL SKKTCIIES. 



T.KF, .1 AY E., rapt.-nn. — In tlio t;ill of 18«J1, Mr. \ah\ :i 
youn^ and pnccosst'nl Ijiwyor of l*eriT, convinciMl that 
inoi'c men wcjo necMliMl in our aiMuy, dctorun'ncMl to oHur 
his sorviccs to tlie (Tovcminent. Ujmn invcsti«jatin<; tho 
tactics of tlic (litrcrcnt l>ran(;]j('s of the service, lie select 
ed tho artillery, as that most needed ami most desirahle. 
Toujcther with ^fr. AVyckoff, he set ahont interestini^ the 
yonniij men of the ]>lace, in onxanizini^ a company winch 
sliould represent that town and vicinity in the ^reat con- 
riict. 

Abont fifty men siirned a declaration to join the coni- 
])any, but from ponur cause, when they were called ii])on 
to proceed to P>nti*alo and muster in, only about twenty 
respondcul. These consolidat<'d with other squads from 
different towns, and formed a conipnny, of which Mr. 
Lee was elected captain. lie was mustered into the ser- 
vice October 2r)th, 1 SOI, and commissioned as captain in 
tlie " Rocket Battalion," Dccend)er Dth, 1801. Soon 
after he was commissioned, the people of Perry, a])pre- 
ciating liis efforts and ability, presented him with a 
purse, an account of whicrh is i^iven in the "Wyoming 
Times" of February 7th, 1802, as follows; 



•rWKNTY-F<»rKTII NK\V Y<»kK HA'ITKUY. til 

" So.METIIIN<t >fOI{K THAN A CoMI'MMKNT. — Tin- loll<»winjr f<»rn*H- 
poiulonre cxplnins itHclf, but we cannot n'truin from ajrojjipanyinjf it 
with the expression of our jrrati lira! ion, in view of the hamlHonie and 
spirited manner in which the tliinjf was done — (piite charu<'t<'ristic of 
our crunniunity, by the by — and tlie peculiar proprit'ty of «U)in^ it. 
('a])tain Ljm' movetl in tlu' nuitter of or^uni/inj; a <ompany wlien our 
luitional atiairw were in their mo8t •xh>f>my condition ; jxreatly influ- 
enced, as we happen to know, by the c(»nHi<h'ration that his country 
neech'd his servicer. ♦ # » * 

" ' Pkuuy, January 29, 18G2. 
" 'Capt. J. E. Lkk: 

'"Sir: — In b«'half of a hir^i; number of your fellow clti/en», reni- 
deiitH of Perry and vicinity (a lint of wliom I enclone), I liave the honor 
of presentinjT to you the en»loHed sum of 8ixty-five dollarw, contributed 
l»y tliem for the purpose of purchasing; nide arms (sword an<l pistols), 
for your ti«o in the Hervico of your country, to which you have so jfeii- 
t-rously an<l at ho ^reat a sacrifice devoted yourself. 

" * Please accept it, to <iuote the lanjxuaj^e of the subscription, " r8 
an expression of their ai)preciation of your patriotic and successful 
t'ttbrts in raising? your company, and of your admirable fitness to com- 
mand it." Trustinjr that the efforts of the <iovernnient and the people 
to put down this unrijrhteous relwllion may speedily be crowned with 
success, and that you soon may be restored to your family and friends, 
" ' I am, yours respectfully, 

•"H. N. Paoe* 



"'Pkuuy, February 1, 1802. 
" ' H. N. Page, Esq. : 

" ' iJear Sir: — Your communication, enchisin^ sixty five dollars for 
the purcliase of side arms for my use, with a list of the donors, is just 
receivi-d. Permit me, throujrli you, to thank ray friends for this hand- 
s<mie gift, and the tiattering words with whicli tlu-y grace their 
generosity. * * * * 

" ' With you, I earnestly hope tliis unrighteous rebellion may 
s|>eedlly be crushed, and that I, with others, who are sclf-banishtMi 
from our pleasant homes, may soon b« permitted to return to your 



22 i{i:(oKi)s ()V Tin: 

midst : anH, nnjn-ovrr, wImu I do rrturn. tlmt no nrt of mine wliilc 
wrnrinjf tlu'Ro nnuH, Blinll rnuHr nir to avoid tlu' jfrritin^r of Rny ot 
whom' {rcncroHif y and |mtrioti'<ui tlicv arc tlic indiccH. 
" ' With trcnninc trratitiuh'. I uin. 

" ' Vrry truly and r<s]M'rtfnlly, 

" ' Vour oh<'di(Mit HiTvant, 

('apt. j.eo was in coinniand «»t' tlio sc'ction that juirti- 
cip.itcd ill tlio battle-^ of Ivinston, (ioldslnu'o' and 
Wliitcliall. lie wa^ also in coniniand ut' tlie J)attL'rv at 
tlic second attack on New IJerne, N. C. 

While in tin? service, he was attacked with a severe 
lieniorrhMire ot'tlii^ lnn;i:s, the result of exposure and over 
exertion, whi(;h unfortmiiite event compelled him to re- 
sign his commission, while stationed at IMymouth,X. ('., 
. I line 111, }Si\',]. The followin;^ letter was read to thi' 
llattery, after his resignation had been accepted: 

"Nkw liKiiNK, X. ('., .lun.' t:}. \HiV.\. 
"To 'rriK MKMiuais or thk Twiontv-koihtii N. Y. Hattkky : 

" I ran no lon^r^r nddrcHs yon as "my mm." or "iV-llow HohruTs." 
liut I can pay what in qh prxtd or hcttrr, my frionds, you liav« just 
hcarl tlu' onh'r wliicli discharge's mr from tlic scrviri' of tlic United 
Stiitt'S, and sunders my rojinection witli the (h-ar old Twenty fourtli. 
I rejjret exceedinjfly that I cnnncttsee yoti all nj/ain.and j-ay (jood byo 
with my own voice, and jrive each a ])artin;; jjrasj) of the liand. When 
1 left you Inst Thursday. I lind already ])re))ared my resijrnation. an<l 
i\'\i\ not exjK'ct to retiirn. and it made me f«H'l very hadly to come away 
withfuit Bayinjr jtojk! hyc ; hut I eould not; my resijf nation had not 
Ih'J'H acted ti|>on, and wc liave all learned tliat nothing is certain in 
military matters but uncertainty. I had no ri^ht to take it for «;rant<'<l 
tlmt it wouI<l Ih* Rrce))t«»il. ho I was oblip^od to leave in silence, as I di<l. 
My motives an<l artions cannot l)c misconstrui'd, however. I trust no 
one of you will l»e go un{f(>norouB as to think I desircxl to steal away 
from you. 

" One of my ^jn'Stest rejfrots at h'avinjf tlio service is. that I «'annot 



'JWKNTV-FoUliTIf Ni;W V<»HK HATrKltY. 23 

in pernon take my leave of yoii. and assure eaeh on** of my hijrh re- 
jrard and lasting attacliment. As it is. let me say that there is n<»t a 
man in the Hattery wlio lias not a lirm ludd on my memory and heart. 
I shall constantly carry with me the dcejH'St interest and anxiety for 
the Hattery, and every individual memher of it ; and not only while 
you are in the service?, but as lonj; as you or I shall live. If len;rth of 
years is jriven mo or you, I know that in after life when w«> me«'t. 
warm an<l earnest will he our words of ^'reetinjr, and a thrill of |»leas. 
are will follow the ln-arty ^rras)) of our hands. I have not only deep 
personal attaehment for all of y<ni, but I am proud of you as an or^jan. 
i/ation. If I was to remain in the service I sliould want no other 
<'ommand. Nothing" would tem])t uw from you. My ambition has 
not been for promotion, but to make you thorough or eflicient soldiers. 
In that I trust I have sueceeded. I sin<'erely believe that in all the 
armi«>s of the Tnitc'd States, there cannot be found an organization 
bet'er filtj.'d to do thorou^fh and earnest work for its roiintry, than the 
Tw. nty-fourth New York Battery. 1 am not so vain, however, as to 
fake to myself all the credit for this; I have had able and willing 
assistance in my ollicers, from hifxhest to lowest, and above all, 1 have 
had intelligent, honorable, mnulif men to jjovern and instruct. No 
other organization of like si/e in th«' army can boast a tith«> of tlie 
iiitelli^rcnco, education, and bijjh-toned manliness and moral charac- 
ter this company ccmtains. Tnder such circumstances I had shown 
myself but poorly fitted for the position I have had, if now, I had not 
a l»attery to be proufl of. I have been proud of my command, and 
shall let no opportunity ^o unimproved of boasting of it when I am 
home amon^ you and my friends. 

" This, at least oujfht to be jf ranted mo, as I have no deeds of valor, 
tVc., to boast of. Of my reasons for resijirnin^ my position and leaving 
you, there can scarcely be any necessity of s|H>akin^. I presume it 
was not unlooked for by any one, certainly not by those who were 
familiar with my pliysical condition. For more than a year I have 
lM'<'n unfit for military service, and 1 considered it my duty to resi^rn 
a position whose duties I could not |M'rform. The oHicers who remain 
are tried and true. You know them well, and, I beli<'ve, have full 
confidence in them. L'lsm you, I know they rely. 

" Let me now say a final ^oikI bye, and God bless and preserve you. 
" Your frlentl and former Captain, 

•J. K. r.KK." 



ij4 UlirolM*-- oK rill 

The IJattcry went tlin»ii;,Hi iiiaiiy chanixes, Jind Ca])!. 
Leo was not always popular. In \Va>hin^tnn, I). ('.. 
Marcli, 18<I2, lie was tried hetorc cniirt martial, mi several 
cliar'res, hut was h«»n«»rahly a<Mjuitted. Still, we think 
that even th<»se who (li<l not aeeonl with his \ icws and 
decisions, woidd a<lniit that he was an aide and etlicicnl 
iillicer; and at the time he re>ii::ned, the Hittery wa- 
one of the finest }J,])}>earinf; and host drilled hatteries in 
that dej»artme!it. He was brevetted major and lieuteii 
ant colonel of Tnited States Volunteers, for "irallant 
and meritorious conduct,'' and also received a commis- 
sion as hrcvet lieutenant coloiud (jf New York Volun 
teers. Soon after his discharge from service he visited 
the Western Territories, California and the Sandwich 
Islands, for the purpose of henetittinij his health. In 
January, 1S(3(I, he received a?i aj>[)ointment on the stall' 
of (fovcrnor Kenton, with rank of lieutenant colonel, 
and was assi}j:ne<I to dutv as military am'ut for the State 
of New ^'ork, at AVashin^jton. 

He is at present at Jacksonville, Fla., where he \> 
practicing law. 

Cady, L. a., (■aj)tain. — Enlisted in llandin, Monroe 
C'o., N. Y., in October, 18<»1, and upon the organization 
of the ]>attery, was mustered in as its second lieutemmt. 
He remained in sictive service until Decend)er, 1S(>4, rising 
to the rank of captain. lie jKirticipated in every battle 
in which the Battery was engaged, evincing the cpialities 
of the good soldier. In entering the army he was actu- 
ated by a noble patriotism that led him to make great 
pei*sonal and domestic sacrifices, with cheerful alacrity. 



'I'WKNTY-FOIIM II Ni:\V VoUK lATTKHV. 2^) 

thoronirlilv ccunprclieiKliii;' tlio niiirlitv issues oftlic loiiir 
strii^irle : lie ahvavs luul a standi taitli in tlu* intoirrity 
of tlio cause, and an unwavering coiilidenee in its ulti- 
mate triuinj>li. 

lie was a faitlit'nl an<l diliirent otHcer, witli a <juiek 
apj)r(;eiation of the fidelity of tlie liuinMest nienilier of 
tlie Battery; and a just pride in the intelli<;enee, '^nnd 
<lis(M'j)line and splendid a|)]>earanec(»f hi? eonnnand. lie 
was ea}»tured in the battle of Plyniouth, and sullered 
the rigors of prison life, until early in October, 18»54, 
when he escaped, while m roKtc from Charleston to Cu- 
lunibia, 8. C. 

After a weary experience in the swani])s, forests and 
mountains of the South, he reached the I'nion lines at 
Strawberry Plains, in Kast 'JV'nnessee. His health was 
considerably impaired by the hardships and exposure he 
had undergone ; and there being but a fragment of the 
Jjattery for duty, he was induced to resign his com- 
mission. 

His health continued to fail, and though his strong 
love of an active and useful life, and the devotion of an 
art'ectionate wife and children, furnished the most power- 
ful motives for livinir, his hitherto tireless energies were 
destined to succumb to the fatal force of disease. He 
died on the 8th day of November, 18(55, at Waterford, 
Orleans Co., X. Y. 

Hastin(;s, (tKoRfiK S., First Lieut. — In the autumn (»f 
is<n, he removed from Oswego to Perry,N. V., where he 
engaged in the practice of law, until August, isr»2. In 
common with thousands of patriotic youug men, he then 



20 KKrOHDs f)F THE 

l>oUeve(l that duty called liiiii to Ins country's Pcrvicc. 
lie uccordii)<;ly procured autli(»rity to recruit for the 
Twenty-fourth New York I^attery, then known as Bat- 
tery " J5," of the '' Rocket Hattalion/" Aniontr the 
pioneer recruits who ^ave him cheerful and })atriotic (;o- 
operati(ni, were Mason C. Smith, Phares Shirley, Oliver 
Williams, William S. Camp, (Jharles Dolheer, and 
,), W. Merrill. 

The work of enlistment was sliarp, short and decisive; 

commencing in earnest on the 25th of August, and 

receivin^^ a stroni^ impetus at a pu])lic meeting held in 

l*erry, on the evening of the following day. In the 

same week sixtv-four vounir men had enlisted ; sixty of 

whom were accepted and mustered in at liutfahs oji 

August 30, 1S<»4. Shortly afterwards, the detachment, 

nmnhering about seventy, joined the battery, in North 

Carolina. Returning to Perry to make necessary and final 

arrangements to follow his comrades, after a brief interval. 

lie joined the command at Newport barracks. In ^Nfarch, 

IS(I3, the Battery was ordered to Plymouth, then an 

insignificant station on the Roanoke. It afterwards 

became one of an important line of fortified posts on the 

coast region of North ('arolina, and was the head-cpiar- 

ters of the sub-district of the Albemarle. While there. 

Lieutenant Hastings was detailed as Judge- Advocate of 

the sub-district, and served in that capacity until the 

battle of Plymouth. Having been taken prisoner, he 

was sent to Macon, Ga., remaining there until August, 

ISGrt. During this time he made two attempts to escape, 

both of which were defeated at the point where success 

seemed assured. In August, while on the route from 



TWKNTY-Fonrm m:w v<»uk ijaitkuy. 27 

^[acon to CliaTleston, lie es(;apc<l fn nil tlio cars ; and after 
a wearisome, i)aintnl and s<»litarv tramp of tour nij^lits, 
was j>iirsiied l>y doii^s and recaj»tured. His citizen 
(•aptors were disi)osed to regard liini as a spy, and for a 
time lie lia<l an nnj)leasant foretaste of the pains and 
pemilties visited n])<)n cnrions intruders. 

The Commanding (ieneral of the Department of 
(reorgia was pleased to restore him to the rigors, face- 
tiously styled, " The rights of a prisoner of war." A 
month in sultry Savannah ; a fortnight in the filthy jail 
yard of Charleston, with pestilential odors helow, and 
screaming shells ahove; and live days in the ]>rison 
camp near Columhia, S. C, rounded the ])eriod of hit) 
probation as the unwilling ]>artaker of " Southern Hos- 
pitality." Then a night escape through the cordon of 
sentinels who guarded the cainj) ; a long ])ilgrimage 
through the pines of the Palmetto State, and over the 
rugged mountains of North Carolina and Tennessee; and 
th(^ dream of liberty was realized under the flfig whose 
folds were so dear to the sturdy l(>yalists of East Ten- 
nessee. Shortly afterwards he received an ai)pointment 
u})on the staff of Governor Fenton, and subsequently 
became his j>rivate secretary, in wliich capacity he re- 
mained in Albany, until September, ls<;s. He then 
removed to New York, and held thciK)sition of Assistant 
Attorney of the Board of Excise. 

He is nt)W j)r.icticing his protession at 4 and 6 Pine 
Street, New York. 

(trauam, Gkokoe W. — AV^as commissioned as a second 
lieutenant in the " Rocket Battalion," December 9th, 



2^ UKcoliDS OK I UK 

Ix^l.l. Trjinst'iTrLMl to tlie Twcnty-fourtli New Vork 
I^attcry, Fc«l>ruary Utli, 1S<;;}. Transferred to the 
Tliinl Xew York Cavalry, I)eceml»er 24tli, 1S(;:;. From 
tliciice transferred to tlie First Nortli Carolina Cavalrv. 
lie was a dashini^ and reckless otHcer. Several of li is 
re]M>rt(Ml e\^l(Mts exhibited hoth e<)<»lness and audacitv. 
At tlie reoriranization of tlie army lie was aj)])()inted 
tir>t lieutenant in the I'nited States Army ; has since 
l»een ])r(»m(»ted to eaj)tain of the Tenth Cavalrv, 
and is now with his regiment, somewhere on the 
iKM'ders. 

1. AoAMs, Ahnku. — Fidisted at Albany, September 
:i(»th, 1S(;*2, and mustered in there, Octuiter 1st, Ks<i-J. 
He was discharged at Ts'ew Heme, February 2(Hh, I8(i:», 
and ])romotcd to second lieutenant in the P'irst North 
Carolina Union Volunteers. Held the position of 
Military Secretary to the Military Governor of !)<;- 
partment of North Carolina, (Governor Stanly), and 
resi<rned June loth, 18(18, to leave the arm v. In 
Se}»tendjer, 18tJ4, he re-entered the army, as private, in 
the '^I'wenty-fourth New York Battery: was on detached 
service, as clerk in Provost Marshal's office of Twenty- 
fourth District, New York, and mustered out in^ June, 
!8(;r). 

Married Miss M. E. French, in Livingston Co., N. Y., 
21st October, isr»8, and has one child, named '* Robert 
Turner A<lams," to perpetuate the name of a member of 
the Battery, who was killed in Nortli Carolina, in the 
fall of 18^32. 

His present address is Rochester, N. Y. 



TWKNTY-FOT'RTTf NKW YOUK BATrKUY. "29 

2. AiNswoitTH, Rrns C, Clarkson, N. V.— Lieut. W. 
S. Camp, says : 

"Tie was enlisted at Hamlin, X. Y., by •!. E. Lee, 
October 21st, 18<)1, nnd was mnstered into the Tnited 
States service, at ibifKalo, X. '^'., by Lieut. ('Uttinij, on 
tlie 2<»t]i October, 1S«;1, to serve tliree years unless sooner 
discbar^ed. Xoveml)or 1st, 1X0)2, Ik; was ]>romoted to 
tirst duty seri^eant by .1. K. Lee, Captain Connnandin^. 
About September or 0(!tober, lvSr),3, he received a furlou^^b 
of* thirty days to go t<» Xew y<»rk, and did not n^turn 
njitil be was arrested as a deserter, and returne(l to the 
(Munmand as such in February or March, LSfU. On ac- 
count of his desertion he was reducecl to the ranks by 
('ai)t. L. A. Cady, January 20th, 1S<U. In Aju-il, just 
before the battle of Plymouth, he was sent, under jruard, 
to Xew Berne, X. C, for trial by fjeneral court martial. 
The company all beinn^ caj)tured (A]>ril 2<^th,) at Ply- 
mouth, before his trial, there remained no evidence of 
his fjuilt, and no one to ap]»ear ai^ainst him. In this 
conlinement he remained until, throufjli the influence of 
(\)rporal Stoddard, myself, an<l the Christian Conm)issi(Mi, 
his case was brought before the authorities, Mud he was 
released and returned to the company, then under com- 
mand of Capt. E. De ^[eulen, at Koanoke Island, 
August 20th, l.*^<)4. During his confinement at Xew 
l»erne, he was put in a gang of men, and worked in the 
Sanitary Gardens, so that he did not have a severe time. 

" In accordance with Special Order Xo. 1, Ilead- 
<^uarters Twenty-Fourth Independent l^attery, Koanoke 
Island, August 20th, 1804, he was again promoted to 
sergeant, by Capt. E. De Meulen, commanding detaclv- 



30 RKrOIJDS OF ruK 

incut, and lield tin's position until Novcni])or Ttli, IS**^, 
when, hy reason of expiration of term of service, lie was 
nnisteied ont at New J»erne, X. C. 
" Jle is now farnn'ni^ in Wisconsin." 

3. AiNswoinn, Wm., Clarkson, N. Y. — .Joined for ser 
vice, ()ctol»er 8tli, l^Ol. Uc-enlisted as a v(>teran, in 
.lannarv, 1S<U, and was taken j>risoner at Plyniontli. 
X. C. lie was a tall, strong, i^ood-natnred fellow, and 
nnide a ca])ital Xo. 1 at the piecre. Ferij^nson writes that 
Ainsworth died at Charleston, S. C. 

4. Amjukty, AViF-r.iAM, Perrv. — Joined for service, 
()ct(»her 22d, 18(51. He was hut eighteen years oi' iv^r 
on the muster roll, and it is our opinion that he was 
nearer sixteen than eighteen when mustered in at Buffalo. 

lie hehl the position of guidon in the l>atterv, and 
in drill, march or action, was ]>rompt, ready and ethcicnt. 
We (juote the following from correspondence to the 
** Wyoming Times," August ir)th, 1802 : 

" Nkwi'ort lUnnAc ks. .lulv iJlst, 1S(;2. 
" liUHt Friday W(i nrcivod ordrrn to propun' for n iiinrcli. \Vr 
inRrclicd all day Siiturdfty. nnd part of tlic nl^ht. Sunday mornintr 
we f«tart<'d a^uin, iimrrhin^ about filtpcn iiiilcn. when wo wtoi))»c<l to 
feo<l tin' ti'aniH and cat onr dinner. When wo Ijad boon tlurc about 
an bour and a half, wo hcanl W)ino prjins firod and orders ranie to 
hitrli up. Thi§ we did as Boon an i)08Riblo, and had hardly finlHlH*! 
when a ]>ody of cavalry, three liundred ntronjar, camo charprinjr ri^ht 
upon us. Wo wheeled onr jfunn into |>oHition, and eomnienced firinp. 
The fijjrht lasted about an hour. Our force consihited of six companies 
of infantry, tlire© companies of cavalry, and one section of our Batter}'. 
There were thr»»eor four of the infantry wounde<l ; and two or three 
of the cavalry. There was no one hurt in our rom]>any. Col. Heck- 



TWKNTY-KOITRTII NKW YoRK BATTKRV. 31 

nmn said, wo work^vl our ffiins as \v«>ll as any Imttory ho ever paw. 
#»*«»# ^^■iHinm acted l)rav«'!y. Hr nnle up to wIuto tin' 
Colonel W&9, and that was when the rel)o1« wore firing, and tho 
bullets went hy like hailstones. lie had his Hajf in one hand and his 
revolver in the other. The Colonel told him to ^o bark with his Hajf 
and horse and then com*' and if he jfol a shot to fire. The Colonel 
said he liad ^ood blood." 

He ro-enlistc<l iiiJanuarv, lSt;4; was t.iken prisimcr iit 
Plymouth, bein^ one of the furlouu^lied veterans wlio re- 
turned just in time to l)e eaptured. He died at Ander- 
sonviHe, (4a., Au-^ust 23d, 1804. 

The number of liis grave is 0,01)8. 

5. Amurty Franks M., Perry. — Joined for duty 
Oetober 21st, 18<;i. HeAvrites; 

" I enlisted in Perry, about the middle of September, 
ISOl, and was mustered in at l>uflalo, October 1st, isr»|. 
I was mustered out at Plymouth, N. C, January 1st, 
1804. Ile-enlistcd the same day as veteran, was absent 
at the battle of Plymouth, beiriij^ delayed from return- 
in<r with the other veterans bv sickness, was t?*ansfer?'cd 
to Third New York Artillery, May 2."'>th, 1805, wjik 
mustered out lastlv at Syracuse, on the 7th of July, 
180.*). I was promoted to the rank (»f corporal, the 14th 
of Ai>ril, 1803; was in the skirmish at the White Oak 
liiver ; also in one at Kinston, tind aiiother at (iolds- 
boro\ 1 am at present workinjjj at my trade, printing, 
in the '* Silver Lake Sun" office, in Perry." 

ft. Allkn Z. — Enlisted at Whiteliall, and mustered 
in September, 1801. Re-enlisted January Ist, 1864. 



32 RKroKPS OF THE 

Was inarrio<l while on tlic turlonr]:]! wliicli lia«l been 
iri-antcMl liiin as a veteran. Zej>irs wliito team, and liis 
inanaLTemciit of tlieni on the lead, was one of tln^ noti(Hv 
ahl(^ thin'jjs of the P»attery, diirin;:^ its rhiys of diill. Ilr 
was taken prisoner at Plymouth. Cyomrades will renn^m 
her him as quite small, hut hai'dy and touirh. I*rison 
life di<l not atfeet him to the extent that it di<l manv n( 
the lar«^er and seemini^ly stronicer men. He was ])arolrd 
and exchange*! in Dceemher, 1S(;4; joine(l his (MnuiKinv 
at Coanjock P»nd«re, X. C, April 2.Sd, isf;.-). Wms i„ 
ijood health, fat and fair, haviiii;- heen ijoiM' from thr 
company one year and three <lnys. Traiist'erred to Third 
New York Artillery, May 2r)th, 1S6.">; was mustered out 
in June, isr*"). 

Ilis present acMress is Whitehall, X. V. 

7. Andkis, Lkmtkl, Perry. — »Ioined for duty, Oetoher 
2:>th, \Si]\. While the Rocket Pattalion was stationed 
at Washinijton, he was seized hy that terrible pestilence, 
the small pox, an<l <lied in the hospital, the 0th of AEarch, 
isr»2. We had not a personal acrpiaintance with him, 
but we always heard him spoken of by his cjomrades as 
one who hi«;hly deserved their friendshi}> and respect. 

S. AxDUKws, Mark. — Enlisted at Perry, N. V., Oet, 
•21st, 18()1. Mustered in at Albany, Oct. 2r)th, 1SJ)1. 
He was soon after promoted to position of sergeant, and 
afterwards to orderly sergeant. Through some ditfer- 
enecs and misunderstandings witli the ofti(rer8 of tlie 
eompany, he was reduced to the ranks. 

In January, 1863, he was mustered out to receive 



TWFNTV-FoUUTII NKW VOKK R ATT FRY. 33 

promotion to iin^t lieutenant in Tenth New York 
Artillery ; in which he served until it was trans- 
ferred to Heavy Artillery. He then resiixne<l and ac- 
(;ej)ted a cotnniission as first lieutenant in the Twentieth 
Now York l>attery. On July 20th, 1S(;4, Ik; resiu^ned this 
last commission, and soon after received ai; a|>|>ointmcnt 
in the Treasury Department at AVashinijton. Fie nniNt 
liave ])r()ved a valuable maji iu tin- j)nsitinn he occupies, 
since he seems t<^ hold it, notwitiistanding change ni' 
Adnn'nistration and of tlie Cahinet. 

Tlis present address is *' Secretary's OtHcc," Treasury, 
Washington, 1). C. 

Mark Andrews, Junr's, address is tlie same as his 
father's. 

1). Armstrono, Wir.FJAM. — .loined for service Octoher 
15th, 1801. Re-eidisted as a veteran. January, 18(14. 
Was taken prisoner at Plymouth, and died at Anderson- 
ville, Octoher 2Gth, 1864, of scorhutis. 

10. Armstronc;, J. IT., Mount ]V[orris. — ^Mustered in, 
August 30th, 180*2. Was discharged from the service, 
at hospital, for inability, some time in 18r»:{. 

11. Atw<m)d, (tkorcjk S., Perry. — Was mustered in at 
P.uflalo, August 30th, 1802. He died in the Anderson- 
ville Prison Stockade, August 28th, 1804, of chronic 
diarrh(ea. The number of his grave in the cemetery is 
7,207. The writer lias always imagined that George 
had a feeling or presentiment that he would not return 
home. While we were at the Park Barracks, in New 

3 



34 UFCORHS OF THE 

York, 1)0 met his father. In a letter Iroiii Will Ilosfor*) 
to a fViiJiid I find the; fnlluwin^j^ statenjent of the 
allair : 

'* The first day that we were here sr»me f»f tlu^ hovs 
Raw (teorfji; At wood's lather, and told him (Jeorj^e w;is 
lierc. They called (ieor;j:e, and, withont salntiuLT him, 
the father hej^an t(> ahnse him for enlistinj;, told him he 
conhl not *xo, and said he should take measures to <;(t 
him out. IFc finally came in and saw the lieutenant. 
I>ut hoth Ilastinjrsand (teoi'ije remained firm. lie went 
to the IVFayorV office to j^et a writ of hahttf-s rorj)ns^ fmt 
did not succeed. lie told some of the boys that he 
lioped (teorge would he shot, and would never retmii 
alive." A short time ]>efore the battle of Plymouth, 
(leorire was trouble<l with hernia, nnd ( ould havi> obtaine<| 
his discharge from the service on that account, but when 
advised so to do, his idea of <luty cause<l him to sjanu 
the su<;;^'estion. 

Cieor^XO was a kind-hearted, ixonerous youn^^ man ; un- 
selfish and ambitious otdy to be well read, and able to 
meet any ar^Lrinnent in politics or any of the ordinary 
topics of the day. In ]>rison he maintained his character 
of consideration and kindness, and died beloved by all 
Ills comrades. 

12. Ansiiacfier, Mosks, Albion, N. Y. — Joined for 
duty Nov. 7th, 1801. Soon after the arrival of the 
now men at Newport Harracks, in 1802, Ansbacher ob- 
tained his discharge, in order to proceed to Germany, 
and take chari^o of some estate to which he had become 
heir. We liavo no further trace of Iiim. 



TWENTY-FOURTH XKW YORK IJATTF-RY. #35 

13. Bakkr, John, Coviiif^toTi. — ^fustcre*! in ut Unflulo, 
Aui^ui^t i)Otli, 180*J. Was takoii prisoner at IMviiiouth, 
5111(1 (lie«l in Andcrsonville Prison Stockade, Sept. 8tli, 
isr»|, ot" scorhntis. Tlio nmnber of liis frrino is 8,2ir». 
W(i do not rcMnenibcr liavinjj^ seen liini l)ut once after 
reaoliiiiij Andersonville, and tlierefore do not know any 
particulars of his death. 

14. n.vRKKK, (risTAvrs. — Eidisted at Clarks«)n. Mus- 
tered in at Buffalo, October 21st, 1861. Ke-eidisted as 
a veteran in January, 1864. 

Possessini]^ a keen appre(;iation of the ridiculous, and 
an admirable a(lai>tability in oriirinatin^jj and carryin.i; 
out schemes of fuii, he often made the camp merry with 
some prank. 

IFe was taken |)risonerat Plymouth, was e.\chan<red at 
.\nnaj)olis, and is now livinj^ at (Harkson Corners, N. Y. 

15. IiARNKs, liOswKi.L, Pcnw. — AV^'ls mustcrcd in at 
Ihilfalo, Au^ijust .')Oth, 1862. At tlie time we shipped on 
the steamer ''Oriole'' from New ^'ork to New Heme, 
Harnes and McCrink left the steann'r for a few moments 
to make some small pun^hases. Durin*^ their absence 
we cast off from the pier, and as they emerged from the 
L'^rocery, they s])ie<l us out in the stream. They imme- 
diately jumped into a barijje, and offered the oarsmen 
<|uite a sum of money as an incentive to overtake us, 
l»ut they failed i!i the attempt, and turned back a «;ood 
deal alarmed and chagrined. 

It was afterwards rumored in Perry that they had 
deserted. We find in the Battery correspondence to the 



3rt RKCoRPs OF TnE 

" Wyoinin<r Times'' of Novofn])er 7tli, \SC>2, the follow 
iiijij comment : 

*' T»ariiort aTi<l ^^e('r^nk arrlvefl at New !*»erne two flays 
before on r company, and .ir*>innr on to cam]), informed tJM^ 
captain that we werecomini:^. To have any sns]»ici<in of 
their loyalty wonld be treatinj^ them very nnjnstly." 

A favorite in his detachment, jovial, witty an<l shrewrl, 
was " Tncle Harney." 

Barnes was taken prisoner at Plymonth, and dicMl at 
Andersonville, Sept. 14th, I Sf)4, of scorbntis. The innn 
ber of his ^rave is 8,8:iJ. In a diary beloni^ini; to 
Barnes, and ^iven by his sister to the writer, we find tln' 
following on the l>a<j;e for Se})t. 14th : " Barnes died 
durini^ last night. I think he died while slee])in<:^, I 
slept at the side of him, and was surprised to find him 
dead when I awoke this uiornini;. — NAror.KoN 1». Nkai,, 
Middletown, Conn." 

10. Bakti-kv, JonN. — AVas mustered in at Albany in 
Se])tember, 1801. 

J I is luitivc town was Palatine Brid<^e, N. Y. I hartley 
was quite a Tom Thumb in stature, iijood-natured and 
jolly, and devoted to his horses. He re-enlisted at 
IMyuKMith in January, 18r»4, and, while home on furlough, 
was nuirried. Was taken prisoner at Plymouth, and 
died in the prison at Florence, S. C. 

17. BARii.KTr, IIartwell, Perry. — Mustered in at 
Buffalo, August 30th, 1802. Was taken prisoner at 
Plymouth, ami died at Andersonville Hospital of scor- 
butis, September 4th, 1804. 

The number of his grave is is 7,877. 



TWKNTV-FiHTRTM NKW YORK nATTKRY. 37 

18. BAC'iiKf.DKR, I>. Frank, Perry. — Was mustered in 
at IJiiHalo, August .*)Otli, 18<»-J. Promoted to cori)<»ral 
April Utli, 1804:. Taken prisoner at Plymouth, and 
<lie<l at Andersonville, of intermittent fever, July l<ltli, 
l.s<U. The numher of his «r;rave is ^»,447. 

l>ac]ieMor had sullVred m(>re or less from fever and 
airne while at Plymouth, and din'iii;; his sickness at 
Andersonville was rem(>ved to the hospital stockade in 
time to liave saved his life, had we heen provided with 
l»r(>per shelter and sullieii'nt nu'(lieine. He died in a 
congestive chill. We thoULdit that he would recover, 
since, up to the day of his death, lie was able to walk 
about, and had the appearance of being stronger than he 
prove<l to be. The lo>s of his companionship was felt by 
all of us who were left. In his camp life and in piison 
life his Chrisiipi) character was manifest. lie kei)t ]m 
Testament w'ih hiin to h's death, and the writer often 
found him perusing its contents or conversing with his 
tent mates upon the precious ])romises it contains. We 
cannot doubt that he entered those heavenly realms 
where sufiering and sorrow are unknown, 

19. l»KERs, L. M., New York. — Knlisted November 
0th, 1801. lie was taken ill soon after the company 
reached New P)erne, and died at the liospital, June 14th, 
1S(;2. He was buried on the following day in tlio grave- 
yard on the east side of New Berne. 

20. PiRDsAiJ., Georcji:, Tarrytown, N. Y. — Knlisted at 
New York, November 10th, 1801. Mustered in at 
Albany, December, 1801. lie was appointed gunner 



38 KKCOUDS OF Till-: 

c<Mi»oral, jiiid ill our tari^ct ])nictict' proxed liiinself to lie 
one of tlie l)est gunners in tlie Uiittcrv. JIc re-enlisted 
Jit I*lynioiitli in Januarv, 18<54, jind avjis i)r<Mnote<l l>y 
('.i]>t. ('.'mIv to seru;:i'ant, wliicli lie at'terwards resio;ne<l, 
preferring to take eiiari^e of a i)ieee as j^unnei*. lie was 
taken prisoner at Plynionth. While at An<lersonviIle 
he was detailed in the hosj)ital, aiid aete<l as nurse f ►r 
the siek. He was exe]ianLre<l in Deecinher, 180-i, at .laek- 
sonvillc. AV^e Jire indebted to him for an aeconnt of the 
tei'ril)le snfrerin<;s tliat onr poor felhnvs were ohh'^ed to 
nnder":o winle an e\ehan<^e was bein;; arran;re<i at this 
point, lie was mustered out of service at Xew Yoik 
City, May, ISOo. lie then returned to Tarry town, and 
settled there in ?nereantile business?. May H»th, i8<M, 
he was married to ^[iss.lennic Van Tassel. Is now with 
the tirm of T. iV: G. J^irdsall, Tarrytown, N. Y. 

At the time of his exchange he was sent, with others, 
from Andersonville, by railroad, to Albany, (in. ; fnun 
thence they were marched to Thomasville, a di>tance of 
fifty-live miles, in three days. After some parley and 
delay, they were counter-marched this entire distance. 
Aj'ain thev were marched to Thomasville, thence to 
IJaldwin, to what was termed *' Halfway House;" and 
from there they were sent into our lines at Jacksonville. 
The torture and cruelty to which these poor famished 
and weakened men were subjected, by these unnecessary 
and forced marches, through heavy sands and fields tilled 
with the prickly lollipot, tells an additional tale of the 
horrible inventions of their tormentors. 

21. BiLLiNOHAM, Ika, Broad Albin, Fulton Co., New 



T\VKN'TY-F(»UUTII NKW VoUK BATIKUY. 39 

York. — ]\I,nstere(l in at Albany, XovciiiIkt 2Stli, ISOI. 
Tlic service prove*! too liard tor liis coiistitutinii, and he 
was finally discharged, at New Heme Hospital, tbr ina- 
bility, lie Las since died at JJroad Albin. 

22. Jjlooi), William, Brook's Grove. — Mustered in at 
liiiffalo, August .*>(>th, 1S(;2. He was one of the finest 
sj)eciniens of a soldier which the Battery could boast of. 
IIc^ was willing, and no cowanl. AVas taken prisoner at 
I'lyinouth. The writer saw him but few times at Ander- 
son vi lie. lie was rej)ortcd to liave died at Florence, 
S. C. 

23. IkAKK, Willi AKi) I)., (fainsville. — Mustered in 
March 2d, 18(14:. He was one of the recruits who reache<l 
i*lymouth but a short time before it was attacked; our 
acipiaintancc with him, therefore, was a brief one. He 
was taken prisoner at Plymouth. He was sent from the 
Andersonville Stockade to the hospital, having had a 
severe '* sunstroke." 

A peculiar phase of his sickness was liis craving for 
fat. He would exchange anything f(»r a ])iecc of fat ba- 
con. He was as well cared for as possibly could be, and 
his physical appearance was indicative of jiretty good 
health. J»ut he sud<lcnly began t»> fail, and on the 9tli 
of July, 18C4, he died. The number of his grave k 
3,231. 

24^. Boies, E., Moscow. — Was niustere<l in at Bufialu, 
August 30th, lyi»2. After his arrival at New Berne he was 
troubled with heart disease^ and wub sent to the hosjiital. 



40 UECORJJS OF TIIK 

llo was tliere discharj^ed for iiiahility. W(3 ci^Ti lind !»«• 
further truce of liiiii. 

2r>. I»Fi(K)Ks, JoMN, Moscow. — Was mustered in at P>uf- 
falo, Au;,nist oOtli, 18«I2. Bnjoks was a quiet, faithful 
sohlier, and did Ids duty witliout a murmur. We can 
find little trace of Inm after lie was taken jirisoner at 
IMymouth. lie was at Andersonville, and stood the ex- 
posure and suffering at thiit prison Ijctter than the aver- 
airc. FiTiruson reports tliat l.e finally died at Flmence. 
S. C. Ferrin says that he died in Octoher, 1804, at 
Florence, S. C. 

20. Bkaytox, IJiKus, Perry. — IMustered in at4>uffalo, 
Au^Mist oOth, 1S02. Brayton was the tallest and largest 
man on the muster roll, and when eidisted, was expected 
to endure more than any other recruit. lie was 
known hy his comrades as "Our Infant;" hut from the 
time we left New York up to the time of his decease, he 
was atilicted with one malady or another, until he was so 
(.'handed in api>earance that he was hardly recognizahle. 

lie <lied April Mih, 1803, at Plymouth, X. C. 
• In a })rivate letter written hy A. Lent, we find the fol- 
lowing particulars : " Prayton had heen hut a short time 
with us, he was discharged from hospital at Fortress 
Monroe, and ordered to report at camp for duty, and 
while he was in camj) at New Berne he did light duty, 
and apj)eared to be gaining strength. 

" AVhcn the second section was ordered here, lie canje 
up with the hoys, and soon after Ids arrival here be took 
cold, and bad another touch t)f diarrhoea, and was Bent 



•iWKNTV-FOLKTII NKW YOliK HAriKkV. 41 

to tlie hdspital. I went to sec liiiii at tlio liospital, and 
he t<»ld nie lie liad the hillioiis fever. I did not see the eur- 
<;eon then, hut he tohl me a tew days afterwards tluit 
Hraytnii was l)etter. Ahout 11 o'cloek A. M., April 
1 4th, Word was sent U(> that he was dead. I learned 
that lie died of pneumonia, afid vei y f»U(l(h'nly." 

It is rather sin^rnlar tliat Lent died of ]>nemn<»nia at 
Andcrsonville, a little over a year fn>m the time of writ- 
in<:; tin's letter. 

27. Brown, Gkokgk.— Enlisted ()ct*»her 18, 18(54, at 
lloehester, for three years. Joined at Ivnanoke Island, 
Deeemher 16t]i, 18^54. Transferred to Third New York 
Artillery. 

28. Bullock, Kobkkt. — Enlisted at Hamlin, Octoher 
21st, 1861; was mustered into the (nited States service 
by Lieut. Cuttin«r, October 2r)th, 1801, at Ihilfalo. AVas 
mustered out at Ilochester, Ts. Y., July 13th, 1805, and 
did not re-enlist. Was a prisoner at Andcrsonville, Ga., 
also at Charleston and Florence, S. C. He was released 
at Chnileston, S. C, on the 10th December, 1864, but 
not paroled at the time. When at Albany, N. Y., he 
was promoted to sergeant. Has occupied himself with 
farming, but durinir the past two years has been unable to 
work, in consequence of his im])aired constitution — the 
effects of his ]>rotracted imprisonment. Present address, 

North Parma, Monroe Co. 

« 

29. Bl-lklky, W. E. —Joined fur duty and enrolle<l 
for service at Castile, N. Y., P'ebruary 15th, 1864. 



42 l{E(.'(HiDS OF TirK 

Joined tlic Battcrv at Plyinoiitli in time to j>artici|)ate in 
the battle, and be t^ken prisoner, April 1, l8r»4. lie 
was re])<»rted on tlie roll as "Absent at College Green 
I>arraeks, as an exclianLred i>ri.soner,J' in October, 1804. 

30. I>rLKF,KV, CiiAHLKs. — Kidisted at ('astile, N. Y., 
Fel>ruarv 15tb, 18(14. Joined the liattery A])ril 1st, 
1SG4. Was taken prisoner April 20tli, 1S64. AVe can- 
not find anything more abont him, among all the intbr- 
mation in our hands. 

.'U. lU'CK, KonKKT, Perry. — Joined for <lnty, Oct^tbcr 
3d, ISGI. 

Buck was engineer of the Ambulance. He was dis- 
charged from service, at New Berne, in ^lay, 186:^, for 
physical inability. 

32. HcTTox, James, Cuylcrville. — Mustered in at 

pMiifalo, August 3(»th, 18()2. Was taken ],)risom'r at 

Plymouth ; and died at Andersonville Prison Stockade, 

of chronic diarrhcjea. The number of his grave is SjSn,"*. 

33. Bi'RO, IIknky C, Tarrytown. — Joined for duty, 
November <ith, ls<ll. 

Mustered in J)ecend)er Jst, 1801. As a bugler, Burd 
had few sui>criors. His prompt responses to the com- 
mands of the drilling otlicer, were a great assistance 
to the excellence of the Battery movements, while on the 
drill ground. His musical talents and skill were often a 
source of pleasure to the mend^ers of the company. 

lie re-enlisted as a veteran, January, 18G4; and while 



r\VP:NTY-F(»URTH NKW \OllK JIATTKKY. 43 

on furloiifjli, was taken sick, and ]>v l>cMrj;; tlius obli^rcd 
to remain lionie, was saved tV(nn tlic Plvnioiith eaptJire. 
Was discharged at Itoanoke Island, tlie 22<1 of Koveni- 
l>er, 1804, Uy special order. War I)e[)artnient, No. 3<{l. 

At lu'esent he is employed at watch making; and we 
understand has liecome quite a musical artist. 

His address is Tarrytown, N. Y. 

c 

»*>4. Catjioix, G. W., Albany, X. V. — Enlisted for one 
year, September 5, 1S04. Promote<l corporal, J)ecem- 
ber loth, 18r,4. 

Transferred to Third New York Artillery, Alay 25th, 
1805. 

'')5. Calteai'x, Paul, Perry. — Mustered in, August 
:;nth, 1S02. 

He was appointed an artificer, and, as a rule, was 
about one of the busiest men in camp, as our horses 
must be shod, and our gun carriages and caissons must 
be repaired. Ilis broken Frcnch-Iinglish jargon wiis 
either a terro?' or a sport to ns; much depending on his 
humor, whenever we wanted work done. He was taken 
prisoner at Plymouth. 

AVe lost track of him at Andersonville. 

lie was reported to have gone to work for the rebels, 
at his trade, in Charleston, S. C. Others afHrm that he 
died at Andersonville. 

36. Calkins, James, Perry. — Mustered in, August 
:joth, 1802. 

Was taken prisoner at Plymouth, X. C. While at 



44 kkctjrps «(F tiik 

Andcrsonvillo, lie was scut to the lj(»s)»ital, and improved 
in Iicaltli to that exfciit, tliat lie saw IicslKnild he returned 
to the stockade. lie thereupon, with others, planned an 
escape. The writer recollects occupying several days in 
ohtainini^ and t*Mrnis]iini^ hini with extra })rovisions an<] 
nieclicincs, that he thouj^ht he would need tor his snhsi>t- 
ence, while on his uncertain tranij). Fei'rin joined with him 
ill the attempt t«» escape. They succeeded in ^ettin«; awsiy 
under cover of ni^ht ; hut in ji day or tw(», were hrouidit 
hack into the i»ris(ui <'anip. lie was rei)orte(l on his 
(•ompany roll as sihsent at ('olle<^e (ireen harraeks. 

Fei*<xuson says he die<l at Fhirence, S. C. 

He had little mercy tor rehels, or neutral men, and in 
our marches, interpreted the (.'oniiscation Act freely. 
Particularly if he thou«^ht there was any honey, chickens, 
e;;<^s, ham, or other commodity that would make a goo<l 
suj)per for Iiis camp mess. 

37. Camc, Wm. S., Perry. — lie writes: Enlisted in 
Perry, X. Y., August *iOth, 1862, an<l siinie day was 
mustered into service at Putlalo. Xovemhei* 1st, was 
promoted by Capt. J. K. Lee to sergeant. Decemher I, 
iSGIi, was ])romoted to (pnirtermaster-sergeant by (-aj»t. 
('adv. February 20th, 1804, with recommendations 
from commanding and company <jfticers, made applica- 
tion to the Secretary of War for permission to ap}>ear in 
Washington, D. C, before ^fajor-CTcncral Silas Casey's 
Hoard of Examination, for an examination as to fitness for 
receiving a commigsion in some light battery of artillery 
formed of colored troops. On the 12th of ^larcli, 1864, 
J received j)ermiBsion to appear in Washington, I). C, 



TWKN'TY-KOURTn NFAV YDRK nATTKRY. 45 

T started, in company witli Corporal S. A. Stoddanl, for 
Wasliinirfon, I). C, April :5d, 1804. Arrived there 
April Otl), and on tlielltli a]>peared before the I>oard, 
l)nt was informed that they were not ^n-antini^ nr e.xami- 
nin:L^ for commissions in artilleiy. and was ordered to 
retui-n to the ( <»mj»any. A])plie(l to and received from 
Secretary of War a fiirlonii^h of twenty <lays. Snrren- 
dere<l up my furloui^di, April I4th, and tnnk an order to 
return t(» the eom])any. April loth, arrived at Norfolk, 
Va., .where, missinLf the hoat connection throuirh the 
Chesapetdv'e a!id Alltemarle (filial, wms ohlijjjed to wait 
over until Monday, ITlh, when we (Sto(ldard and I) 
started for IJoanoke, where we arrived the ISth. Had 
we made the connection, as usual,^ on the Saturday niorn- 
iiii!^ at Xorfolk, we would have been in Plymouth Sun- 
«lay cvenin*^, as we had c.dculated ; hut thanks for 
Divine interpositir)n in our l»(^half, we were delayed. 
Heard first of the tii^htini^ at Plym«»uth when we arrived 
at (yoanjock HHdi^e and chanu^ed ho.its for lioanoke. 
The steamer " Massasoit,^' which had left Plymouth late 
on Monday nijj:ht with W(nnen and chihlren, arrived at 
the islaiul early on Tuesday mornini;, and as soon as she 
could he coaled uj), started hack for Plynjouth. AVe re- 
turned with the '* Massasoit," and when about two-thirds 
of the wny up the Sound, we m(?t a ;^u!d)oat, liavin*^ on 
board the remains of the ;,^allant ('a])t. Flusser, and 
beariniT the sad intelli<^cnce that the ram ** Albenuirle*' 
had come <lown the river at two cM'lock that morin'nir, 
and had sunk the ** Commodore Perry," and driven the 
" Miami" into the Sound, thus leaving the ram in 
t'ull possession of the river. We steamed forward, 



4f5 Rnronns of tfif 

and joiiiCMl our tlc<'t near tlu^ iiionth of tlic; [t<»aii<-kr 
Ivivcr. 

Dnriiii^ tliat <lay several rct'ni^ees were ])irkc(l ii]), ^vllr> 
had escaped by ('niiiiii^ d<»\v?i (m tlic laud siflc to nearly 
r»|)|)()silc the fishery, and l)eln\v tl»e ram, and then takinir 
a dn«:-(»nt, eseajxMl. I.earnin;;^ tliat this passaij^c t<> 
I*Iyin<)Uth was nn«»hstrncte(l hy tlie enemy, Lieut. Lanir- 
Nvnrthy, nf the Ki<^dity-fit'th X('\v York Vnhmtcers, Stnd. 
<hinl and myself, trie<l to *rvt a snudl hoat to f^o u\) t<» 
J'lvniouth in, hut without avail, luckily. 

Wednesday iitVcnioon, i\\\ old *' darkie," wlm lived In- 
low the town, was jueked up. lie repoi'ted that the 
garrison luid surrendered, and that In; saw the llai^ on 
J''nrt Williams hauled down. Nnt havini:' heard any 
tiriiifj of ijuns tor several hours, and the ari-ival (»f other 
refu^^ccs corrohoratini? the testimony of the old ''<hvrkie,'' 
we were convinced that the entire j^arrison of I'lymouth 
had heen ea])ture<l hy the enemy. Several *' transj)orts" 
arrived on Wednesday fmm Xew Berne with trnnps, hul 
lin<lin;^ they could he nf nn service, they returned imme- 
diately. On hoard one <>f these; hoats I t<»und Thonifis 
Meduirc, AV^illijim Rnach, Dennis Finnc'ijan, Lawrence; 
Cireen, Andrew J. Seeor and Philemon Farrell ; all huf 
A[e(»uire hein^; recruits tor the hattery. These J ha<l 
transferred to the " ^Fassasoit,'' and I was ordererl on 
lM)ard of a sutler's propeller with my S(juad, place<l in 
charcjc of a load of refu<xees, and ordered to j)roceed to 
Roanoke Island and report to the commanding otHcer. 
Thursday, A])ril 2l8t, 1S«;4, arrived at Koanokc Island, 
and, with Corporal Stoddard and the six men before 
mentioned, reported to Lieut.-Col. Clark, Eighty-fifth 



TWEXTY-FOURTH NEW YORK RATTrRY. 47 

Xow York Volnntf'ors, ooininaTulini; at Tloaiioko Island, 
tlioso were all of tlic Twcutv-fnurtli Xow Vnrk Imlo- 
]>cn<lent l>atterv, tor duty. Cor]M>ral Strnldani was 
ordered to report with the men t<» Cajit. I'ai'iinm, Six- 
teenth (^Mineeticut Volunteers, eoimnandini^ Fort Parke 
at tlic north end of the island. 1 was detaile<l to report 
to (^aj^t. Georire C. AVetherhee, (\ S. and A. A. (,). M., 
for duty in the Quarterniaster's Department. I ri^mained 
as (jlerk in the (^uarternmster's otHee on Uoanoke from 
April 21st, 1S04, until Fehruary r,th, isr.:,. On the 
•JSth of 'lanuary, 1805, I rc(teiv<Ml u eommission as tirst 
lieutenant, to rank from Deeemher 28tli, 1804, /♦/<•/? 
(teori^e S. llastin^'s, resiirned. On the li'M of Fehruary 
[ assumed (tomman<l of the hattery at Fort Foster, 
Koanokc Island. Alareh 2d, was ordered with my eom- 
mand to Shallow Vnv^ Day, on the cast side of the island, 
and on the 4th was ordered from head<piarters. District 
of l>caufort, to j)roceed to Ooanjock Bridpjc, on the 
( 'hcsapeake an<l Alhemarlc Canal, and to assmnc com- 
mand of that station. Tlemained in command of this 
station until ^[ay 'i.'ith, when, in aeconlance with Special 
< )rder ^2, District of I'eaufort, reported to Colonel (/. 11. 
Stewart, commanclin<x Third New York Heavy Artillery, 
at Xow Dernc, N. C. On tlu^ -JOth t)f May, ISO."), in 
accordance Avith Sj)ecial Order Xo. ll.'J, War Depart- 
ment, I tiansferrcd all the enlisted men of the Twenty- 
fourth Inde])(Mident Hattery over to the Third New 
^'ork Artillery, and on the 21>th of May, 1805, was 
mustered out of the United States service, ftt New 
l>erne, N. C Here ended my military career. 
Present addrcfift, Lockport, N. Y. 



48 RECORDS Of' TITK 

08. Camp, (.tkorkk, Mount Morris, N. Y. — MustcnMl 
in, April 1st, 1S04. 

Promoted corporal, October 21st, lSr4. 

Transferred to Third New York Artillery, May 2.'')th, 
1 805. 

:V.\ Caniikf,!), S. !)., Syracuse, X. Y. — Mustered in, 
Sei)tcinher 2()tli, I802. He was one of the students of 
Hamilton College who joined our ranks. His stay with 
the li.attery was short. He was promote*! to a commis- 
sion in a Xcw York Cavalry Itegiment. We have since 
heard of his makin^^ fortunes in oil at the time of the oil 
fever. 

We cannot ascertain his present address. 

40. Caknahan, Wm., AIoscow, N. Y. — Mustered in, 
Aun:ust30, 1802. 

Taken prisoner at Plym<»uth, X. C. 

While at Andersonville, he was sent to the liospital, 
and recovered so as to be able to assist in nursine: the 
sick. 

At the time of the rumored excha.Ti«?e, he was sent 
with one of the first squads that were supposed to be 
goin<jj to Savannah. But the writer, on arriving: at 
Millen, was surprised to find Carnahan there,* feasting on 
sweet potatoes, and seemingly in improved physical con- 
dition. 

He was soon after exchanged, and was finally mus- 
tered out, at Syracuse, July 7th. 1S65. We afterwards 
heard of him, as a " Canvasser" for some of tlie works on 
" Prison Life." 



TWKNTV-KOUKTU NKW YDIiK UAirKRY. 40 

lie was married after loaviiii^ tlic army. His present 
address is Iliibbardston, ^Fieliiijan. 

We <^ive tlie follow in;^ in his own words, under d}itc«>t* 
May 1>, isf)'.): 

" f was taken prisoner at Plymouth, X. ('., 2<Uh April, 
I Si'u). Was taken to MacMHi Pris(»n, ( Ja. Was there u few 
days, and then sent to Andersonville. I remainr<l tliere 
tive month.'.. I was in tlu^ stnckadi? two nmnths, and 
then I was taken with the ty})hoid fever, and sent out in 
the ]iosj)ital. I had been there three weeks before I 
knew where I was. After I came to myself, 1 found 
that '" "" " had taken care of me, and fed 

!ne. I consider I owe my life to him. 

" From the villaije of ]\roseow, there were twenty-l wo 
cniistcMl in this company, out ofwhii^h returnetl two — 
Andrew Feri^uson and myself. They all died in prison, 
but two. Murray <Trant die<l at Plymouth, of sickness, 
and (leorir^; Meade was sh<>t in the battle when we were 
capture<l. I saw him after he was dead. The rest were 
taken to Andersonville, to their loni; home. The only 
I»rother I had was with me. 1 })arte«l with him the l^th 
of Septcnd)er. The poor fellow lies outside the .\n<h?r- 
sonville stockade. lie starved to death. At the time 
he died, I was not able to walk; so some of my comrades 
carried me in a blanket, to bid him ^ood bye for the last 
time. 

" I was taken out of Andersonville, aftc^ bein«; there 
tive months, and sent to Savannah, whei¥) I romaine<l 
three weeks — and a lonjij three weeks it was. PVom 
there I was sent to Millen, and tliere remained until tlie 
rebels routed us back to Savannah. We left Millen in 
4 



50 RKPORns or the 

tho inoniincr, and S]u»rmairs cavalry canio tlicrc at niixlit. 
If wc bad hcon tliore twelve hours Ioniser w(» would have 
been raptured baek. So after wc jL^ot \(t Savaiinab, the 
rebels made n]> tbeir minds tbcy bad better let ns i^o. 
So after we bad been tliere tbree da^ys, tbey ])aroled us, 
and ])nt iis on board of a st(^amer, and sent ns to the 
moutb of tbe Savannab river, wbere we met one of tbe 
Yankees boats, it was tbe ba|)piest day tbat 1 ever saw. 
Parole<l, Xoveinber 2r)tb, isr»4. After I was })aroled, I 
was Rent to Parole Camp, Anna]iolis, INId., and tben <j:<)t 
a furlonjxb of sixty da vs. AVben I ijot bi>me I weiixbed 
ci^bty ]>onn<ls, and dni'intr tbe sixty days of my fnrlon<j:b 
I fjainecl a ])ound a day. .\fter my fuHon<rb, I returned 
to Annapolis, and tbere Mas on detail, as orderly, for 
Col. TIntebins, wbo bad ebarge of issuin*)!; ebecks for 
])riHoners commntation ration money. at Collefco Green 
barracks, Annapolis. I was tbere tbree niontbs, and 
tben sent to my com])any, to New Berne, X^C AVben 
T ^ot tbere I found about twelve of tbe old boys. It 
seemed terribly lonesome to find so few (»f my old com- 
rades, and to know bow tliey were treated, and died — 
starved to deatb — and a near and dear one to me bad 
p^ne with them; tbe only brother I bad in tbe world.'* 

41. Carxahan, Cuas., Moscow. — Joined for service, 
December lOtb, 1803. Joined the com})any for duty, 
April 1, isq^. 

He was one of the recruits wbo arrived at Plymouth 
just in time to participate in tbe battle, and be taken 
prisoner. lie died at Anderson ville Stockade, of scorbutis, 
September 11th, 1^04. The number of his grave is 8,470. 



TWENTY- KOITRTH VKW YoK'K H \TTKT?Y. 51 

42. Chapman, John, Perry. — Mustered in ut Burtalo, 
October 2Gtlj, 1861. 

Cliapinaii was the waijonor, ami in tlH» post he oc- 
cupied, ho had hoth o]>]>ortunity and dis]).)sition to 
do'/ijineer ii» his ]>articiilar proviiu'e. On several scouts 
or torai]^iniic expeditions, tlie hoys retaliated a little, hy 
startlni^ a scai*e of " rehels approachin:L^"I which hnniiiflit 
out. from John a wonderful dis)»lay of craekiui;- :i whip, 
and han<llinii; f »ur-in-hand, on a ;;alop. We recall the 
time when Seri^catit (^amp was tircMl at hy our own 
vidette, and an alarm raised In camp, which hrouiijht 
out a s(|uad un'der Captain Cady, to meet and assist us. 
As >oon as John fully comprehfM»d(Ml that rehels wci-c re- 
ported near, tli(M'e was a hlancrhed face — a gathcrini^ and 
tio^hteninir of the reins — a ijoad of a Ion;; lash, and a yelj* 
to his team, that would ha\e fiirly awakened a Rip 
Van Winkle. We finally overtook him, and had our 
lauij^h at hini. IJe did not care to hear the storv after- 
wards. 

![(• re-efdisted at T^lymouth, in »lanuarv, 18*>4, and 
received a v(»teran furloui^h. He was never heard of 
afterwards, and was reported as a deserter. 

48. CHAnnoriRNE, TFicnry, ('hina, N. Y. — Clustered 
in, Au^nist .".<Hh, isr,2. 

Was taken prisoner at Plymouth. Hein*; of a rather 
frail constitution, he was one of the early onos that was 
irraspcd hy that terrihle disease, chronic diarrhoea, an<l for 
want of proper nourishment and me<licines, he rapidly 
run down until he died. Tie died .lune IBth, 1-^04. 

The number of his grave is 2,157. 



5l2 RKPORDS OF TlfF 

44. Chapin, Wm. E., Cliinu, X. V. — Mustered in, 
An<,nist :^Otli, 1802, at l',iiffal<). 

Shortly :ift<M' his joinini^ the Ilittery, he wjjs ill, ami 
was sent to tlie hospital. I)iiriii«^ his eoiivales('<»nee, lu* 
proved to he a ^nxxl nurse, mihI eniitinued in tlie hos 
j)ital in iiitVerent ])ositions. Was conni'cte(l with th(» 
Hospitals and Sanitary (harden all the time he Wiis in 
the serviee. lie was finally inusterc*! <»ut of service, 
and returned to his home — China, Wyominir Co. 

Present address, T^a Salle, III. 

4:>. Clark, C. A.— Kidisted, OctolxM* i, JSfil. Mns- 
tere*! into service, Oetoher 2Hth. Promoted to (juartcr- 
niaster ser«^eant, in June, 1802. Assii^ned theconnnan<l 
of ;i detiujhment, as duty sergeant, at Newport harrael\s, 
in neeend)er, lSr)2. Peeidiste*!, as a veteniii \oluntecr, 
at Plymouth, in Fehruary, 1S()4. AVent Tiortli, on leave, 
in ^^ar(dl. Peceived seeond lieutenant's commission in 
Sixteenth New York Artillery, hut on account of sick- 
ness wns unahle to accept it. Remained in Perry, X.Y., 
until January, ISOr). Commissioned as second lieuten- 
ant in Twentieth Battery, on duty at Goyernor's Island, 
X. Y. TI. Battery removed to Battery barracks, X. Y. 
City, in May. Promoted to first lieutenant, in May, 
1805. Mustered out, Aupist 5, 180."). 

Kntcred the employ of the Cnited States Telegraph Co. ; 
remained until its consolidation ^vith Western Pnion 
Tele*xrapli Co. Then entered the office of the " Xortli 
America '' Life Insurance Co., where he continues. 

Present address, — care of Xorth America Life Insur- 
ance Co., 17 «fe 19 Warren Street, Xew York City. 



T\VENTY-Ff)rR'ril NFAV YOUK tiArPKIiY. 53 

46. Clitte, it. v., Ciiylerville. — Mustered in, Au<;u9t 
;iOt]i, 18G2. 

He acted as assistant artiiicer, with Calteaux. 

Was taken prisoner at Plynioutli. He was not in n;ood 
healtli when caj)ture(l, having suflered from cliills and 
t'evi-r wliile at Plynionth ; and tliis disease seemed to 
ch'ni; to him after he reached Andersonville. He died, 
May oOtli, 1804, of intcmittent fever. The number of 
his grave is 1,41>7. 

47. CoMSTocK, A. AV., Perry. - Mustered in, August 
;iOth, KSG2. 

During the battle of Plymouth, he had charge of the 
horses attached to the limber chest of Crooker's piece, 
which was posted at the parapet off from the right t»f 
our park at Plymouth. The rebels having taken the 
little tort occupied by ('apt. Chapin, of the Eighty-tifth 
New York, Iiad concentrated their lire on the embrazure 
which Crooker's piece occupied. One of the rebel shells 
• •r balls passed through the end)razure, struck the limber 
chest, and caused an explosion of the ammunition which 
it contained. By this explosion Comstock was wounded, 
and some of the horses which he was in charge of were 
killed and s(»me wounded. 

Comstock was carried ty the hospital, said to be 
Wounded in the thigh. He died May 0th, 1804. 

48. Cook, Harlo, Hamlin. — Joined for service, OnU*- 
her 26th, 1801. 

Discharged at Academy Hospital, New Berne, for 
inability on account of dropsical aifectionb, June, l5J02. 



64 UKCOKDH OK THE 

40. CoRRiN, n. F., Hamlin. — Krilistcd l>y Lioiit. C'adv, 
jind miistcrod in at liullalo, ()ct(»l)er 2^>th, isdl. II(. 
was apjxMntcd corporal, .January 1st, ls(;4, and j>ronM>t('d 
to ser;j:('ant, Aj)ril 14tli, 18<»4. lie ro-cnlistod in .lanu- 
arv, 1^<J4 ; was taken j)nsoner at Piynioutli, and died at 
Andersonville, .lune i>th, 18()4, of chronic dlairlma. 
The nunihcr of his ^rave is 1,778. 

He was ainoiiu: th(» first of our comrades wiio fell he- 
fore that terri)>le disease. 15eing a stmni::, l»earty man, 
it was impossihle for him to supply the demands of hi^ 
appetite hy means of the usual prison rations. Want of 
food was the hei^innin*; of his illness, and the corn hread 
whi(rh was furnished him oidy tended to iriitatc his 
stomach ami aL'irrJivate the disease. We were Jinally 
enabled to jMirchase some milk and some horries for him 
while in the hos})itah hut it was too late. He was con- 
ftcioiis that death was near, and was perfectly resigned. 
lie died easily and ahnost impercei)tihly. 

50. CoKKWKLF,, John, Rochester, N. Y. — Enlisted tW 
one year, Se])temher 27th, 1804. Transferred to Third 
New York Artillery, May i^.^th, KSiir). 

."»!. CoWEN, .Iamks, Albany. — Mustered in at New 
Berne, May 21st, 18<I2. lie was absent on furlough at 
the time of the capture <)f Plymouth. Was promoted to 
corporal, Decenil)er lOth, 1804. Mustered (»ut at Albany, 
in thine. Present address, All»anj, X. Y. 

52. Crook eRjAVm.W., Perry. — Joined for duty, October 
J^d, 1S<I1. Ke-enlisted HH ti veteran, .lanuarv 1st, [iH>4. 



TWENTY-FOriiTII NEW YORK BA'ITERY. 55 

Promoted to orderly !?erire;int, April 14tli, 1S(;4. Taken 
prisoner, April 2Utli, 18r4. Aj)pointed 1>y (rovernor 
Fent(Hi ot'New Vorkaseaptain of the hattery, t'/Vv L. A. 
('ady, resli^ned, to date, .laniiarY loth, ls<;:». Transferred 
toTliird New York Artillery as<»rderly ser;reaMt. C'rooker 
had ehar<;e of one <>f the diyisic^ns in the Andersnnville 
Hospital, and did all in his }K»wer to alleviate the sntfer- 
in^s of his fellows. He still hitterly resents the treat- 
ment of the men at that stoekade, and theorizes that 
nur (iovermnent \vas as much to hlaine as was the Con- 
lederate Government. After his <lisehari;e from the 
ai'iny he visited the Southern States. He iinally mar- 
ried there, and has settled at .letlersonville, Indiana. 
We are sorry that his husiness duties were so overwhelm- 
ing; that lie could not spare the time to write us u sketch 
of his experience. 

ILis travels in the process of exchan«;e were in cpiite a 
different direction from that which most of us were 
obli^'ed t(> jiarticipate in. We understand that Crookcr 
was in the same squad with Birdsali. (See liirdsairs 

personal sketch.) 

• •• 

r>8. Crooks, J. — His mime appears on the roll, hut we 
know nothing of him. 

54. Croshy, M., Sardinia, N. Y. — Mustered in at 
P.utfalo, October 2r>th, 1S*;1. Ke-enlisted at Plymouth 
in January, 1864. Was taken prisoner at Plymouth 
and died at Andersonville Hospital, of typhoid 
fever, July 14th, 1864. The number of his grave is 
3,324. 



5f> 



KKr(»kr»s (H TifK 



llo was an atlil(;tic iriun, a j;oo(l soUlicir, a whole-souled 
fell(»w. He en<liire<l tnerytliiii«x eheert'iilly and bravelv. 

^UK Ckoinw K, (iKoK(;k, Alltanv. - Was inuster(Ml ill at 
Alhaiiy, in Septenil>er or ( Kttoher, lN<n. Hi:- jkcji 
liarly leininiiie ajtpeMratiee <;ave liini the snliii«|ii<'t 
of *' ^riss Croiinee/' His tastes an<l |Mirsuits were i\> 
•rirlisli ns his fonii. His tent was always tidv an<l in 
order and his (ruli)niry skill unsurpassalde. He was too 
a irood man at his |M>st, at the pieee, and showed (•oohles^ 
and hraverv in hattle. 

He re-enlisted at Plynjouth, in .lannary, 1S(;4. \Va<^ 
taken j)ri>oner and died at Andcrsonville Stockade, id' 
intennittetit fever, .June 2nth, 1S»»4-. The nundter of his 
frravc is 2,273. 

r><{. (yi'sicK, HiUAM, Uochcster, N. V. - Enlisted t'onuie 
year, October loth. ls<;4. Transferred to Thinl X. V. 
Artillery, May 2r>th, 1805. Joined, Novend)er '.>th, ls(;4. 

57^ Ci i,vi:if, A. L., (Jainsville. — ^rnstered in, Aui;ust 
.'iiUli, 1S(;2. Was taken prisoner at Plymouth; he had 
heen sulferin<r from infermittcnt fever in l^lymoutli, and 
the experiences of Andersonvillc did n<>t aid him in re- 
cuperating;. He died in the stockade, of chronic diarrhoea, 
July 27th, 18r»4. The nuud>er of Jn't? jjrave is 4,1 11). 

« 

58. CvriiKK, (tkokcjk W., Kingston, X. V. — Eulistcil 
for one year, Septemher 0th, 1S(U. Transferred to Thinl 
N. V. Artillei-y, May 2r»th, ISO.".. Joined October 18th. 
1 S«;4, at Koanoke. 



tWENTY-ForRTII Ni:\V YORK IIAITKRY. 57 

5{». Davis, Ornai, Ijeiccstor. — Miist(*rt'(l in, .Ijinujiry 
5tli, 1864. AiTivcMl at Plyinonth in time to take part 
in the l>5ittle and hv tnken prisoner. Joined tor duty, 
April l.<t. 18r4. 

Ferirusini re]>orts tliat lie <litM|^at Cliarhston. 

(J(). I)om;i:i:u, ('HAS. 11.. IVmiv, X. \. — Enlisted on tlie 
2.")tlt of Auirust, lsr»2, at i*eirv, Wvoinin^i County. X.V., 
and Was nnistered in iVnifust .*»Otli, at niitlalo. .Joined 
the IJattery, the 25th Sej>teniher, at Newport J^arracks, 
N. C. 

On the 4tli of Novemher was appointed orderly- 
^e^ueant. rlanitarv (Uh, 18<»J>, hy orders tVonj Ihijxftde 
Head (Quarters, (ieneral Le<llie eoniniandinj^. was priH 
Mioted to junior sceond lieutenant. January l.'Uh, 
l.Sd.'J, hy orders from same head <juarters, ((ieneral 
Led lie,) was detailed as ''('hieftjf IJrii^ade Andudanee 
Corps,'* and reporte<l to (^hief ot Division, Andiulance 
(/orps, tor duty. Mareh 17th, relieved from duty on 
Amhulanee (\>r])s. Was eommissinued as ^eeon^l lieu- 
tenant, dujie 2.'>d, |S(;;i -(Sec Adjutant-denend's Ueport, 
X. V. State, IStjS.) Was mustered out at Tly mouth, 
X. C, January 21st, iSfU, in eomplismee with ordors 
from W^ar Department, d;ite<l .lanuary <ith, 1804. Dis- 
eha"«red from serviee, January 22d, ISilS. — (See rejjort 
ahove referred to.) While on detaehed serviee in Am- 
hidanee ('orps, January 2<Uh, 1>>()'J, in eompliance with 
orders, rejjorted on hoard (Tcneral P^oster's flu;^^ ship, 
** Spaldinj;,*' ofi' Mon^head City: arrived nff Charleston, 
January 31st, and at I*ort II*. yah Fehru «ry 2d. Re- 
turned to Xew Berne, Kehruary 11th, IsJiu. While on 



58 RK(X»K1>S OK TIIK 

tlie same worvice, Msirdi 7tli, 8tli, Otli, and lOtli, went 
with the e.\|»e<lition np the Trent. On tlie 8tli, fonnd 
the Kel)s at Wliite Oak Kivcr. Having l)een relieved 
from this dnty, moved, Mareh 2(Uii, with the centre see- 
tioii of iJatterv, <»n hoard steamer ''Escort,'' Ivina; at 
New Heme, and arrived at i'lynionth, the 2.'^th. ,lnly 
iir»th, moved with centre section to .lamestown. In 
skirnnsh at Foster's Hill, the 27th, and returned tn 
IMymouth, the iilHh. 

Having ohtai!ied leave ot* absence to g(> <Mit of the 
Department (which extended t(» Fortress AFonroe), for 
twenty <hiys, left J^lymmith, on the 17th September, 
1803, and visited friends in New Y(»rk State and in 
Michigan. Returned to the connnand, the IVth Octo- 
ber, I80;*i. The re])ort to corj)s head(juarters, in c<jmj>li- 
ance with order No. 2, of the llHh August, I80.S, not 
exphiining the overstay to the satisfaction of the com- 
mission appointed to examine and re}>ort upon such 
matters, charges were preferred for " absence without 
leave''; and before a court martial, of which Lieutenant 
George S. Hastings, of the Battery, was dudgc- Advocate, 
was tried and acquitted, as the following copy of 
general order, No. 51, will show. 

IIead-Quartkks, 
Akmy and DisTRicrr ok North Caroijna, 
New Berne, N. C, Dec. ^1, 18611 
General Orders, ( 
No. 51. I 

Before a General Court Martial, which convened at 
Plymouth, N. C, on the 17th day of Decend>er, I8t»3, 



TWKNTY-KOUKTH NK^V YoUK HATTKUY. 59 

]mrsii}int to General Onlers, No. 45, dated Ilead-C^uar- 
ters, Army and District of Xurtli Carolina, New I»erne, 
X. C, December lUli, 18<;;i, ,,f which Col. T. F. 
Lehman, One Hundred and Third Pennsylvania Vohin- 
toers. is ]*resident, were arrai^nied and tried : * '"^ '* 

No. 2. 

Second Lieutenaiit C\ II. Dolheer, Twenty-fourth 
Independent l*)attery, Kew York Volunteers: — Charge, 
" Absence without leave." 

Specifications — '' In this, that he, Second Lieutenant 
C. II. Dolbeer, Twenty-fourth Independetit Hattery, N. 
V. v., bavin*; obtained leave of absence for twenty <hiyri 
-Special Orders, No. r>2, IIead-(iuarters, Department 
of Virginia and North Carolina — did, on or about the 
l^th day of September, i^G3, leave the camj) of the 
Twenty-fourth Tnde])endent Battery, N. Y. V., near 
Plymouth, X. C, and did not rejoin his Battery until 
the ITth of October, 1803. All this near Plymouth, 
N. C. 

To which charge and specification, the accused pleaded 
as f(»llows: — " Not (iuilty." 

The Court, after mature deliberation upon the evi- 
dence adduced, find the accused as follows : 
Of the Specifications. .'' (iuilty.'^ 
Of the Charge " Xot'Ouilty." 

The Court are of the opinion, that prior to circular, 
dated Head-Quarters, Army and District of Xortli 
Carolina, New Berne, X^ C., October iHh, 1S03, that 
leaves of absence were generally const rue<l to commence 
from the date of leaving the Department, and that con- 
struction is applicil to this case. The accused reported 



<)0 liK(ORt)8 OK TIIK 

in timo, at Fort Monroe, and rotnrnorl to his post as 
spocMlily as transportation was afr<»ivlo(l. His leave of 
absence aj)))arcntly allowed him twenty days from 
Fort Monroe. 

The Court do therefore aeqnit him. Second Lieutenant 
(\ II. Dolheer, of Twentv-fouith Independent l^atterv. 
N. Y. V. 

The proceedings and tindin<]j8 in the cases of * * 

and Second Lieutenant C. IL Dolheer, Twenty-fourth 
Independent Hattery, New York Volunteers, are ap 
proved and confirmed. 

By connnand of Major (General Pkck. 

Ben.i. B. Fostkk, 
(OtHcial.) Asst. Adjt. General. 

After returnini; from the army, resun)ed former occu- 
pation, as hook keeper, in the oiKce of Alva, Smith iV 
SoFi, Hatavia, N. Y., remaining one year. He then 
resided in St. Louis, Mo., being employed in the olHceof 
L. tV: I). Habcock, in the examination of land titles. 

Present address, — Batavia, N. Y. 

r»l. DruYKA, (teokge, Perry. — Mustered in, Novem- 
lier, 2:>th, 1801. 

I^eserted some time in April or May, 1862. 

lie afterwards returne<l to the company and did his 
duty as a soldier and like a man ; was taken prisoner at 
Plymouth ; exchanged at Charleston, December 6th, 
1864. For a long time he was obliged to remain at 
home, on furlough, being dangerously ill, from the effects 
of his prison life. We have not been able to find his 



TWENTY-FOURTH NEW YORK » ATTERY. Bl 

juldress, and tlieretoro cannot orjve dute ot* his did(rliar«]jo 
trom service. 

02. DiKYKA, JosKiMi, Perry. — Kniisted witli Ssnnnel 
Aiidnis. 

II(^ dcs^orted tlie coinpuny at the same tinn; that his 
hrotlier (TO(jr;»(! aii<] (irisewdor] did, nnd went toCajiarhi. 
His name was dro])|»ed from ther;oni))any roll. 1 1 is present 
;»ddress — Klizabethport, New Jersey. 

iV^. Eastwood, Eowfn M., Hrooks (Trove. — Mustered 
in, Anorwst 30th, lsr.L>. 

Eastwood was a cautions, steady soldier. A Christian, 
jind a lui^n who desired to do ri:;ht with all whom he 
came in contact with. Mv was taken prisoner at 
riymouth. lie died at the Andersonville I[<>sj)ital, July 
.'Joth, 18<>4, of chroni(r diarrho»a. The nundier of his 
ixrave is 4,410. 

lie was aware that dcnith was nc^ar, and was prepared 
tor it. He made a disposition of the few mementos he 
Iiad, and we had the pleasure of retuniin;; them to iiis 
parents. In rei>ly we received from them one of the 
kindest and most satisfactory communieations that has 
heen adtlressed to us since our return from the army. 

04. Fakrell, Philemon, Uochester, N. V. — Enlisted 
March i>4th, 1804. 

Transferred to Third New Vork Artillery, Mjiy 20th, 
1S05. 

Found at mouth of Koanoke river, April 20, 1804, 
just after the Battery were captur(»d. A lucky hoy. 



62 RK<^ORnS OF TnK 

♦>5. Fkiikin, .1. T. — Wo ^ivc liis letter v»'rhnfn,i rf 

" IIOM.AM), N. Y. 

" I enliHtod X\u^ 18tli of ()ctf)l)rr, \^i\\, nt Porrv, Wyoininpr <'onnty, 
N. V. MuKtprod in at Huffnlo, Ortolx-r 2<;tli. 18(51. Mnntcnd out, 
tlu! I8th of July ,1805, at Symcusc, N. Y. I rc-enliHtod as a veteran. 
.lanimry IhI, 1801, at Plymontli. \. ('. -Was in the l)attle of 
Plyinoutlj. tlio 18tli, iSHli and 'iOtli of April. 18«;i, where I xvns 
taken prisoner. 

" I was in AndiTsonville. Charloston and Florence ])risonM. I cTot 
to Andersonville th(^ 1st of May, and there I had an introdn<'ti«Mi 
to ol<l Winz; lie put us into the storkade to live on one pint' of 
m«'al a day and a teasi)oonfull of salt every other day. It wns 
rather t<»ujjli fare at first. I was not quite as «!unninj; ats some of 
the hoys when I was raptunjd. for I di<l not take away blankets, 
for I supjiosed I \> as ;foini; to Ix" taken better rare f)f than I was. 
Hut when I jjot to ])riHon I found out that I had jj«)t to have sonio 
thinjr to keep in«i warm an<l to k«M']) the Bun off, so [ l)ou<jrht a 
blanket, an<l ])aid thirty-five dollars Confederate nioney. The next 
ni^rlit, Morton (roHby, one of my tent inat'-s, had his blanket stolen 
otl' him ; so three of us boys clubbed tojr<th(^r and bouj^ht another 
one. The 2<1 of .hmc; 1 went int<> tin; liosjiital. 1 was j)ut into 
Dr. Harrow's ward ; ho did all lie rould for jne, and cured me in 
a short time. \\y the 1st of .hily I was able to <jo around tie- 
stockade. I was tln'ro until the !)th of .Inly, when Jatu(>s Calkins, 
of tlin Twenty-fourth, and John Hurjroin, of the Eijjhty-eiphth 
Illinois Repiiuent, thou^rht that we would ^o home. So the ni<jht 
of the J)th of July we ;rot over the stockade, dow'n by the sink. 
When wo jjot over, wo wont into the water almost waist deep. I 
was some time jfettinjj over, for wjien I ffot on the to|> of the 
stockade, the guard turned and came athwart me, and stood still 
for some time, I tliouj^ht, but I finally jrot over all right. I had 
not gone far. when I ran foul of some brush, and in putting my han»l 
out. I got hold of a snnke. I suppose it was one ; at any rate, it 
slipp<Hl through my fingers like one. We travehnl around until 
morning, when we got out of the swamp, and laid in the woods all 
day. We traveled the whole of the next night again, and got along 
very well until tlie morning of the 12tli, when we were near 



TWF-XTY-FOURTn NKW YORK BAITEUT. <>3 

tlie flwanip. We h<*ard tlie Angn ])ark. and we iimdr for jonio t.nM««. 
hut 1 could not clinil), I was so wrnk. Tlu' dojrn rpnu* up, l)ut tlio 
nuMi Wi'Tv ri^lit l)«'liind tlieni, so tlifv <lid not bito ino. If it liad not 
l>«MMi for tliat. I h]jou1<1 have been nibl)1(>d Home. We were witbin 
about ten inib'sof Macon, having traveb-rl nlM)ut fifty niilep ; in another 
week we would have been inside of our lines. 

" Tliey were old farmers tliat captured us. and had three lilood 
hounds and a bull terrier. We wmt back to Andersonville, and old 
W'lr/. tf)ld us that wo wouhl bo the last oni's paroled, and he put me 
in the One IIun«lred and Sixth (lOOth) Petachnient. 

*' I went inside of the stockade in time to see the raiders Imiujj. anfl 
1 stayed there until tli«' 11th of Septetnber. when I w««nt out with the 
Twenty-sixth Detachn-ent. with the promis«« of poin^r liome. Hut we 
went to Charleston, and from there to Florence. Hy the time I jrot 
there I could not sit up, so I was put out of the cnrs by the side of the 
railroad, with aboiit thirty-live others. We laid there until Dr. Dar- 
win, a Hebel doctor, cnme to our ndief. He j)ut us into an ohl barn, 
and rij^jrcd it up for a hospital. He t<M»k g'OfMl carc^ of us. There wan 
myself. John Hrooks and Harry H. Foster, of the Twenty-fourth. 
There .John Hrooks died ; tlwH* F(»ster and myself live«l. Hy the end 
of October I was able to «r'> arotind. when one mornin^j the doctor 
<ame down and said he had onlers for all that were well enoujjh to 
ifo to the Htocka<le, and that nuule me si<-k a«;ain rij^ht away. Hut an 
soon as he told us that he had jjot a ])ar<de for all that would work for 
him. I felt better. .\nd h<» nine of us worked from that time until the 
Sth of December, when we were ])aroled for jrood. I went from Flor 
• •nee to Charleston. an<l they ptit ua into the Hoper Hospital, where 
we stayed three days. The ^uard told us that we were to go back 
a^rain to jirison, which made ua fe»d very ba<l, but the tlnrd morninflf 
w»' jrr>t on board the steamer ' Ch'tub." and started for otir boats near 
I'ort Sumter. When we came in sijrht of the old tlajr. tluwe who had 
fapa took tliem off and jfave one about ; it was a jjla<l one. Hut the 
Heba abut ua tip with, 'You will ^o back to Charleston if yon 
don't stop that.' I went to Annapolis, and there gfot a furlough 
home, and returned to Camp Parole, March 27th, IMCm. Went 
from Camp Parole to .Mexandria. Va.. and from there to Nf)rrolk, 
Va., where we took th»' boaV throujjfh the Dismal Swamp Canal for 
North Carolina. Arrived at Coinjock Station, where my company 
were at camp, under Lieut(rnant Camp. Ii«'ft (^injock the 1 7th of 



64 RKCOKDri OF IIIR 

Miiy. Arrivpil ut IJoftnoko durinjx tlin ni<;ht ; Htnrt«*<l for N«*\v Bern--. 
on hoani iIk- ' EIlii May,' on the IHth. A\v(»kf^ tlio noxt luorninj; nrnl 
found niym'If on board tljo l»out ' Tay.' nt Foster's Dock. Wr wmt 
into rnnij) nrrosH tin- t«'nt, in tin; nanx' j)Inc«' that we did tlin^o vrnrn 
HJ^O, On tlir 2'>d of .J inn- we ;rot onlcrn to Jjet roatiy to jro lioilif 
\Vrnt to Houufort, and ntartrd on hoard tlio ' Kdwnrd Kwctt' for N<\v 
York ; tlM'nrf to Albany, and from there to Syrarnse, where v>r wpr«' 
diKcliarjfed the ISth of .Inl.\, 1H(;.">. Married. Xoveniher 3d. IWO."), to 
Helen M. Cheney, of Hollnnd. Mrie ( otinty. Present resid^'nte, Hoi 
land. Erie County, N. Y. ()ecu]»ation, hlarksniith." 

♦i<». Kkk(;i><)N, Amikkw T. — KnlistcMl Aii<:;iist :^Otl). 
1802, at ^loscow. 

MiifitertHl in at IJnU'alo, S»;pt. lOtli, Isdi?. 

Kecieived a cnr|)«iniPs warrant. 

I'Vii^usuii was a ^ond <xnnncr aiwl made sonic capital 
tarjL^ot sliots. Wms taken j)iison(*r at Plymonth, N.C. 
Fer<xns<)n'rt niiisi(% wliicli was always sucli a pleasui't? t<» 
the r»attery l>ovs, eharnied even those Sonthein l>oasts, 
and an occasional desire ainon^ the Itch ollUrers to hrar 
a tune, ])iit him in favor with them. Jt was diiritii!^ one 
of these respites that he witnessed the d(»strnction of th«' 
letters, as told elsewhere. 

He was sent ti\)in the stockade to the hospital to do 
police dnty, and fn 'in there went, on Se]itend)er 0th, 
1S<;4, with (Uie of the tirst S(piads that were said to hr 
;joiii<; to Savannah for exchnni^c. He, however, found 
himself shipped into the ])rison at Charleston. From 
there he was sent to Florence, and was ex<;han<^ed at 
(Charleston, December ♦Uh, isr>4. 

After receiving furloujrh at Annn])olis. he went home, 
and was very sick three months. He ap^ain reported to 
hits cumpan}', and waj* mustered out at Syracuse on July 



TWKNTY-FOURTTT NKW YORK IJATTERY. (>5 

IStli, 1^05. Ue tlx^n rosiinicd liis fonnor nc,(Mi])ation of 
twichiuj^ danciiii^ aiul deportment. We quote the t'ollow- 
inj^ from " The Wyomiiii^ Sun," Novemlier tiOtli, IbGS : 

" Prof. Fcrjfiison proposes to opMti a hcIiooI for dnncinjr unci drjjort- 
ment in this vill.ajift! as soon as tlu' noccssnry arran^rcnu-ntH ran Im» 
ooni]>lote(l. Th«f sncccspful and cn'<lital>lr manner in wliirh liin 
school was conducted last winter has piven him a vvTy favorahio 
reputation as an acconi])li8h«"<l teacher and a worthy jfenth-nmn, and 
we have no doubt ho will TUi-et with a lil)eral encourajfijnient." 

His present address h Cuylerville, N. Y. 
The following is a copy of a letter received in reply to 
a (juery of ours : 

" YourH of tho 18th inst. cauK; to han<l in due time, makinjj 
some inquiries concerninjf the dark days. It is still fearful to 
think of, concerning Wirz and sonw lettcjrs. About the 1st of 
September I uent to his liead-ijuarters tent to ^et a pass to jjo and 
l)lay for a danc(^ at his house, three miles away. At his tent were 
his wife's daujjhters, examininjr letters, readin^r every one, and 
deptroyinj; such ones as con>ment«Ml on the situation. (This a l)oy 
told me that lived with tliem.) The ])ile of letters I myself saw. 
After I liad played for the party, I went to liv<; with Dr. White, 
surjreon of the ]>ost. Then I saw the destruction of pretty mticli 
all of the letters that had been written by tin- prisoners up to that 
time. (This occiirred on the «'veninjr that Stoneman shelled Macon, 
alM)ut the (»th of Si'ptember.) The doctor brouj;ht out of tlie liouso 
more than two bushels of letters. We seated ourselves an)und tim 
]>ile, and tore off the stamps, and ojxned as many as we liked. I sav«><l 
and brought liome one hundred and twenty-five stamps, and <lo. 
stroy«Hl twice as many. ' We,' includiii;? the doctor, his mistress (sljo 
that clainuHl to be Provost-Marshal He«'de's wife), myself, and an 
Irishman that was tlien makinpf shoes. The h.'tters made a pile an 
hitfh as a table. Tliis was about ten o'clock in tlie eveninjr. lie said 
they • would drive away mus<iuitos,' and put fire to them, and the 
wail of the poor prisoners ascended hijfher than the smoke. 

Truly yours, 

A. T. Feiiouson. 

6 



66 KECORDR OF TUK 

67. FiMiiN, John, Perry. — Mustered in, August 30th, 
1862. Notwitlistandinj; tliat, when at liome, he was a 
strong man and a liard worker, cliange of scene and 
climate tlirew liim into a clironic state of sickness. Tie 
was taken ])ris(»ner at Plymouth and is reported to have 
died at Florence, 

68. FiNNioAN, Dknnis, Warsaw, N.Y.— Fidisted March 
24th, 1S64. Transferred to Third N. Y. Artillery, May 
25t]i, 18r»5. Joined April 20th, 1864. 

A quick witted lad. 

60. FiTTH, CiFAs. \V., Perry. — Mustered in, August 
SOtli, 1862. Charley was a pleasant, sociahle comrade. 
lie understood and did his duty, and, therefore, made a 
faithful, commendable soldier. lie was taken piisoner 
at Plymouth. lie died at Andcrsonville IIosi)ital, of 
pneumonia, August 4th, 1864. The number of his grave 
is 4,819. 

70. Fitzgerald, Thomas, Perry. — Mustered in, August 
30th, 1862. W»^ taken prisoner at Plymouth and died 
at Andcrsonville Stockade, August 21st, 1S64. We did 
not see so much of him after we reached Andcrsonville, 
and can, therefore, say but little about his sickness or 
death. 

71. Fitzpatriok, Pikrck, Albany. — Joined for service, 
November 16th, 1861. Re-enlisted in January, 1864, as 
a veteran. 

Fitzpatrick was a very peculiar fellow, a great specu- 



TWENTV-ForiiTII NEW YORK HATrKKY. 67 

Ijitor, a kind of hattcrv sutler. His oanjcrnops to " mako 
a strike," wlioii we were out on a niarcli or a rai<l, often 
led him into trouble — (See aeconnt of tlie Trenton 
march). TFc was of a. fierce and nervous disposition — 
even slip^htly horderiuiij rm insanity. Was always writiui^ 
letters to the President, suirirostinir the best means of con- 
ductini^ tlu; war. Writiui^ so had that no one hut himself 
couhl read it,andljennt M'hen it liad «:(>t cool. At the first 
of the attack on Plymouth, he caused c(Hisiderahle mer- 
riment amonir the memhers of the Battery hy ]»ursuin«jf a 
portinii of an ex])loded rehel shell, which had just ]>assed 
l>y his head, with a velocity which, ]»rnhahly would not 
have been abated much had his hea<l interfere<l. IIo 
considered that piece r)f shell very valual>le as a " ivlic," 
and stowed it away in his pocket with the remark that 
'^ money couldn't buy it." 

On the morniuiT of the last day of the battle, he was 
stationed at the (corner of intersecting:^ streets, on the ex- 
treme left of the line of works, in change of the caisson 
and caisson horses, beloui^ini; to ^FerrilPs detachment. 
'I'he rebels had broken throuii^h the left of the works, 
and were marchini^ directly upon the rijjjht. As they 
approached, they called upon Fitzpatrick to surrender, 
but he unflinchingly refused. At this time the rebels 
fired a volley, simultaneously with a double-shotted 
canister discharj^e from the piece to which Fitzpatrick 
belonged, — and he fell. Nearly all of the Battery liorses 
and many of the rebels were killed by the caninter. No 
one can tell whether he was killed by the canister or by 
the bullets of tho rcbelrt. 



68 RETORnS OF THE 

72. Ff.ynn, .Famks, riMniliu. — Joi'iumI fur duty OctolKT 
21st, 1801. Ue-enlisttMl, as a veteran, January Stli, 18r»4. 
lie was jjrunioted to (•orj)oral wliilc at Plynioutli. lie 
suffered a «;reat deal froni clillls and fever at IMymoutli ; 
at one time lie fell down a Hi;:;! it of stairs in a congestive 
chill and was taken u]) for dead. (.''or])oral IFurlbui't 
was near with some restorative, and doubtless, hy his 
prompt action, Flynn's life was saved. He was taken 
l>risoncrat l^lymouth and di<Ml at Andersonville Stockade, 
September lOth, 18<»4^ of scorbutis. The number of his 
grave is 8, '3 78. 

73. FosTKR, IIknrv {(iJi(ts ITenry Frost). — Enlisted 
at Brooklyn, N. V., on the 24th Fe1)ruarv, 1S<U. Mus- 
tered in lit Hiker's Island, X. Y., ^rarch lOtli, 1S<»4, 
and joined for <luty at Plymouth, N. C, March 14th, 
1804, where he was taken j>risoner on the 2<>th (d' A])ril, 
and was marched one hundred miles, to Tarboro, X. (J., 
en miifr for Andersonville Prison. Remained there five 
months ; was then transferred to Florence, S. C, and 
was in prison there three months. Was paroled at 
Charleston Harbor, S. C, on the steamer ** Verona." 
December 11th, 1804, arrived at Camp Parole, Anna])0- 
lis, Md. December ITith, j^ot a furlough from 24th 
Decenibi'r, to January 25th, ISJJS. On the way home- 
ward, was seized with typhoid fever, ajid taken to Cam- 
den Street nospital, Baltimore, December 2!>th, where 
he was sick five months. He was discharged from ser- 
vice, May 13th, 1860. Married a young lady (d' Phila- 
delphia, July 25th, 1805, at Now l>erlin, Union Co., 
Poiin. 



TWKNTV-FOURTH NEW YORK BATTERY. 69 

Tin's yoiinij man saw an a<]vor4iscnient in the Xcw 
York pajKTs — *' Wanted a Pay blaster's (.'Icrk," and us 
lie was snbject to draft, the best tlnn«^' he ctndd do would 
he to acce])t some sncli j»ositinn and get out of it. He 
aceordin<i:lN went to New Ycn'k, and appliiM] tor tlie 
position. "Was "greeted cordially, asked to drink, and 
t(»ld that that position had just hcen Hlleil, hut that they 
liad another position ecpially as «j;ood, that of eaj)tain'ti 
clerk. Drank several times, and then conclude<l to 
accept the position of cai)tainV clerk, for the Twenty- 
fourth Independent Battery. The papers were drawn 
up, and he was told that hefore accepting: the position 
it would he neces>;ii-v for him to take the oath of alle;riance 
to the Government, tliis hedid, then drank theheiilthof all 
hands, and knew no more until the next morning, when 
he woke up, dressed in uniform on Kiker's Islan<l. AVas 
forwarded to the com])any and didy j>resented himself to 
('ai)t. Cady, March lOth, 1804, as his clerk, and wa8 
astonished and disai)pointed to tind that ho was a soldier, 
an<l was assigned to Cam])'s detachment as an extra duty 
man and had charge of the 7?/y Grafj Jlitrse, 

This was his story after arrival at the c<»mpany. 

Present address, Xo. 333 Franklin Street, Baltimore, 
Md. 

74. Galusiia, Jonas E., Perry. — Enlisted August 
21ith, 1802. 

Mustered in, August 30th, 1802, at Buffalo. 

Taken prisoner at Plymouth. Was exchanged, and 
died at the Parole Camp, at Annaj>olirt, Md., December 
lyth, 1804, of chronic diarrha'a. 



70 KKrOKDS OF TIIK 

ITc was a quick, active soldier; and, we liclicve, was 
promoted to corporal, while stationed at Plyiiioutli. 

75. (iooDiiii:, I). W., Kocliester, X. Y. — Eidistedand 
mustered in, Sei)tend)er .'Jotli, 1S(U, for one year. 

Transferred to Third New York Artillery, May 2."itli, 

ls(;r>. 

Joiiuvl as a recruit, Xo\ ember 0th, ls<'>|, at Uoanoke 
Island. 

70. (lovM), WiM.Ain), i\rosc<»w, N. Y. — Clustered in, 
Au-rust oOth, is<;2. 

l)ischar«;e<l, by reason of disability, by order of ^Fajor 
(Jeneral Dix, August l^Oth, 1S(;4, at General IIosi)ital, 
Newai'k, X. .[. 

Think he was transferred to the Invalid Cor])?. 

AVe have not been able to find his present address. 

77. (iiJANT, MiKKAv. — Eidiste<l at Moscow, Au^^ust 
.30th, isd-j. 

AV^'is mustered in at Ibiffalo, September lOtii, isr»2. 

Promoted to artiticer. The southern climate did not 
n<;ree with him, and he was ailin;jj Ibr a lon«^ time. 

He finally died at I'lymouth. AV^e believe his remains 
were embalmed and sent home. 

78. Gkkkx, Lawukxpk, Moscow. — Enlisted for tlirce 
years, January, 4th, IS(U. 

Mustered in at (^mandai^ua, January 23d, 1."^<U. 
Traurtferred to Third Xcw York Artillery, May 25th, 
1805. 



TWEXTY-FOURTII NEW YORK BATTKRY. 71 

Joined A])ril 20tli, 1804, at mouth of Koanoke river, 
cii route to Pljiuouth. A good soldier. 

TO. Gkiffitii, Ciias. R., Perry, N. Y. — Joined for 
service, October 1st, 1801. 

Ke-enlisted, as veteran, January 1, 1864. 

Was appointed corporal at organization of the Rocket 
Battalion, at Albany. Was promoted to sergeant, 
November 4th, 18<;2. 

Taken prisoner at Plymouth, and died at Florence, 
S. C. lie seemed to have little hope after his capture, 
and gave himself up to the belief that he should never 
return home alive. 

80. (iRiFFiTH, Amjkkt, Perry. — Enlisted August 27th, 
18G2. 

Mustered in at Buffalo, August 30th, 1802. Was 
appointed artificer, November 4th, 1802. 

He was the oldest of the three l)rothers. Willis had 
enlisted first, Charles had followed, and Albert felt that 
he could not stay at home. Therefore, when the en- 
thusiasm of the enlisted men, in the fall of 1S02, was at 
its height, he too was drawn into the vortex, atid joined 
the common cause with them. While we were erecting 
our sheds and barracks in New Berno, his practical 
knowledire of buildinfj was invaluable to us. IIo wua 
taken prisoner at Plymouth, and died in the Andcrson- 
ville Stockade, of chronic diarrluea, July Uth, 1804. 

The number of his grave is 3,101, 

81. Gri8EWooi», Thomas, Perry. — Enlisted Nov. 22d, 



Yti UECORi>8 OF TTIK 

tsr>l. Ill company witli tlic Duryca brotliois, he i\o- 
serto<l from tlio (;omi>any whilo it was at Wasliiiii^ton ; 
and wo hclicvo lie never retunie<l to it. We are told that 
lie is in (^ilifornia. 

S2. ir.Mrr, CnAs.—.Toined as a recruit Oct. 12tli, l>i<l^, 
at lt<>anoke Island. No muster and ilescriptive roll iv- 
ceived. About tit'ty yoars of a<jje. Said he was <h'u;j:;<^ed 
and tal\<»n from Xew Y<>rk City to 1 1 art Island in Ani^ust, 
18<J4. Did not know whetlier he volunteered or was a 
Huhstitute. Xever received any hounty. AVas a man 
alxMit like (4eo. l\IcEwen, only faithful and orderly. 

S;3. IIakmon, John C, llochestcr, X. Y. — Enlistcid and 
mustered in for o!ie year, Sej>teml)er 8<)th, 1804, and 
joinc(l Xovemher l^th, l.S<U, at Uoanoke. Transferred 
to Thlnl Xew York Artillery, ^lay 2r)th, 1805. 

Si. 1Iahrin'(;ton, M. — Joined for duty Xovemher 0th, 
ISOl, at C'larkson. 

85. JlAs'nx(;s, Fkkd'k E., ^It. M(>rris, X. Y. — AYas 
unuwig the earliest recruits of the J>attery. Servin;^ as a 
|>rivate for many months, lie afterwards received promo- 
tion to the several positions of sergeant, second and first 
lieutenant. 

lie })artici]iated in tlie battles attending the first 
Goldsboro' exj)edition, and was always ready for any 
mission of adventure or danger. Fred's easy good na- 
ture, and ready sympathies, gave him the key to the 
good will and affection of the Battery boys. He cer- 
tainly ranked the associate officers in popularity. 



rVVENTY-FOURTH NKW YoKK BATTERY. 73 

In Fel)niJirv, 18<U, by virtue of 51 j^ouonil order of tlic 
War Department, ai)})lying to all batteries redueed in 
nund)ers, Lieut. Dolheer and lie were mustered out us 
sui>ernumcrarv olHcers. It was his intention to rceruit 
the company to the maximum stan<lard, and thereby to 
secure re-a]>pointment. This desi;x'> ^vas (h^feated hy the 
suhscHpient capture of the or«^anization. '' Lieut. Fred" 
then entered upon mercantile pursuits in liis native vil- 
lage, ^Ft. ^Forris, Livingston County, N. V. In this vo- 
cation he lias had remarkable success. 

Ifc has committed matrimony. 

Those who recollect his rabirl j)olitical tenets, will not 
l>e surprised to learn that he is largely responsible for a 
course of lectures lately delivered in Mt. ^lorris, hy 
Fred'k Doufj;las, Theodore Tiltcm, Miss Anna Dick- 
inson, and otlicrs, cast in the .an<:;ular mould of the Rad- 
ical Tlepublican. Despite of his extreme j)olitical con- 
nections, all who know Fred will freely ap])laud and 
lumor his sincerity. In the hoj)e that abundant pros- 
perity may attend him, we leave him to make history. 

80. Hathaway, Cm AS., Perry. — Enlisted Au<^ust 29th, 
18«;2. Mustered in at P>uiialo, Auirust 30th, isOi. Was 
taken prisoner at Plymouth, and died at Andersonville 
Hospital, of chronic diarrhoea, June 12th. The number 
of his <i;rave is 1,891. 

Charley was one of those who, at the time of the last 
accession to tlic Battery, had made up their minds to 
enter the army ; and whether they went with tlie l>attery 
or with some other organization, was of secondary con- 
sideration. 



74 KKCORDS OF THE 

lie made a p^ood soldier. He liad entered tlie ranks 
with tlie ri^lit spirit. Jle was a pacifier at our oiitbiirst> 
of impatience and resentment at sui)posed wron«^s. 

lie was fond of the <:;ood things of this world, and 
none ai)i)reciated the f^ifts from liome more than he ; but 
he Was always ready to share >vith his fellows. 

He saw but little of the sufferings at Andersonville, 
as he was the seventh man that (lied there. He had suf- 
fered from miasmatic fever at I*lymbuth, and was in no 
condition to undergo such a change of climate, and want 
of i)roper food. 

lie was serene, willing and prepared to die ; and gave 
us the few h)ving words to his parents and his friends, 
with the calmness of one who felt assured of a heavenly 
home. 

87. IIiNTON, Wm. it., Tvoclicster, K Y.— Enlisted and 
mustered in October 1st, 18G4, for one year. Joined 
Kovcnd^cr 9th, 18(54, at Roanoke. Transferred to Third 
New York Artillery, May 25th, 1804. Was a re-enlisted 
veteran, having served in the two year enlistment of 
ISOI, in infantry. Good, trusty soldier. 

88. lloi.MAN, George, Hague, N. Y. — Enlisted Sep- 
tember 28th, 1861. Re-enlisted at Plymouth, January 
Ist, 1804. Was taken prisoner at Plymouth. We knew 
little of him during the prison experience. He lived 
through it, however, and we find him reported absent at 
College Green Rarracks, Annapolis. Rejoined, an ex- 
changed prisoner, in May, 1805, looking fat and healthy, 
and cleaner than before his capture, from which we may 



TWKNTV-KOTRTII NKW \<>\IK JJAIl KKV. iO 

infer tlifit ]u-i-on life iinprovoc] lilirj. IFc \v;i- mn-tcrcd 
Milt at Syr;icii-(', Jiilv Ttli, 1^<;4. W;i- iiianlu'l atUr Iiis 
return fr'jin the nrmv. ari'l now 11\("> in .Mhuny. 

S'.K Ilofjj-i F;ii. i}i;viAMfv If. — At"i"i' writiii^^ u-; ]»lo:iH- 
aut \\'»r<U <»t' r'iirM,iiiM<_rc;i|(.rit. lie - iy< : I cnli-t'-fl tlie 
L'^^fli nt" AiiLTU^t. 1^«;2. .Mii-^'.'i-<-'I in .It l>iiir.iI-», Sjjptcrn- 
I>'T lorli, 1^.;:.^ AV,.,. i,, l.attl..- at I'lyiiiMutli, \. ()., 
Aj.ril 1 ^rli. j'.ttlt .;!i'l -J^nli, lS»ik In An-lcr~-.nvillo Pri.-on 
tVoni Mmv ]-t until .Septenjlxr 1 Itli, wIkii I was removed 
t«» ('liailc-toTi, S. C, taken to ]in~j.it;il and kcjit tliero 
until \<)\fiii))ci' 2^tli. \v]icn I v.'a> ]>arMl('i] with thr." tir-t 
tf'ii thoii-aii'l -i«-k. ;in'l j»]ae<''l oji Ijoard tin- ('. S. "^I'Tant*- 
)M.it at Siivjmiuih, (ia.. Xo\(,'inher .'iOtli, 1><)I. Arrised 
in Annajxtli-;, I)f*eenilK'r 4t]i. lieceivcd t'urhiutrli ahout 
tlie 20tli, Inr thirty day:^. whieh wa^ extended to thirty 
lunre. I tlien reported for duty at tlie W S. (i. II<>~)iital, 
and in eon-equf-nee of ;j:oinL' '»n duty Ix'tnre hein;^ j>er- 
fe<»tly recovered, f war; seized with ty|.li<)id fever — wjw 
uneonft^:ion- tliirty-one day.- — wa- then sent to W S. G. 
Hori])ita], at IJaitimore, Md., an<l from liere I was difV- 
eliar-ed, ^[ay 2:id, 1S<;:>. 

]*rc?M,'nt re-idene«;. Well-\ill«', Alle'dianv Co., X. Y. — 
Oceujnition, wind«»w-l»h"nd manufacturer. Married here 
t'l Mi~^ Aliee I>. .Maek«'n, and ]ia\e a^ fine a yuung 
wjldier as the country ea/i lioar^t of. 

'.♦0. IIoMAN, (y'nAiv'F.K^ If., Perry. — Knii-ted, Au;_nir't. 
Mustered in at I^itfah*, Au^ni-t .'Jotli, IS<;2. 

A clironic ailment caused hi-* name to be ]>laee<I on 
the in\alid lirtt, and lie was in and out of li<^j»italH until 



76 UECOUnS OF THR 

\vc readied Plyinoiitli. lie writes : " I was sent to New 
I>eiiH», to tlie geiierjil hospital, to l)e tre.ated for tlie 
(;liroiii(; (liarrlnea, and it'ter I got a little better,.! was 
sent to the liead surgeon, who exaininecl nie, and his 
judgment was that I might do tor \hv invalid corps, and 
so I wa^ seFit hack to my (juarters, an<l in a sh(>rt time I 
and two or three hundred more, were sent north, t(» 
Newark, New Jersey, to he treated for whatever was the 
matter with us. I got a little hcttcr Iiere, so tint I could 
get out, and then I was sent up to the hcad-cpiarters again 
and examined, and the <loetor said I would do for the 
second corps of invalids, and so in F went. I stayed in 
this some time, until I got better, and then I was ex- 
amined again, and transferred to the first corps, ami 
after staying here 6omc time, I was sent down to Point 
Lookout, iSId., to guard rchel prisoners. The prisoners 
sent liere to Point Lookout, fared as well as our own 
hoys did. I stayed here until (rrant compelled Lee to 
Burrender, an<l in a short time I was sent to Albany, N. 
v., and mustered out of the service, after the war closed." 

Jle suhsecpiently adds: "I was transferred to the 
second battalion of the veteran reserve corps, on the 7th 
July, Lsr)4, and then sent to Newark, N. J., and some- 
time in the winter of lS(;."i, (January or February) I 
was transferred to the first battalion, Eleventh Kegt., Co. 
(4., Captain l>ens(>n I>rown, and in March was sent to 
Point Lookout, stayed there until sent to Albany, and dis- 
charged, June 2!)tli, Hi»d received my pay 6u the 7th July, 
18<>r>, and went liouio. TSfaking two years, ten months 
and some days, tliat I wae in the army. " 

Present address — Perry, N. Y. 



TWENTY -FOURTn NEW YORK HATrERY. 77 

01. IToRTox, C^iiAKi.Ks, Albany, N. Y. — Enlisted and 
mustered in for one year, September ir>t]i, isr»4. 

Transferred to Third New York Artillery; May 2r)tli, 

I8r,r>. 

Joined at Roanoke, October 12t]i, 1864. 

02. TIosFoRT), Wm. F., Perry.— Enlisted An^'ust 20tb, 
1802. Mustered in at IJuffalo, An<,nist :^>Otb, ISO:}. 

At tlie time of bis eidistment lie was astu<lent at Perry 
Academy. Ilis peculiar tenacity for correctness, his taste 
for thoroui^h investi<^ation and research, his flat refusals 
to believe anything that (U)uld not be historically or 
lof»:ically pr<»ven, gave him promise of a rank among the 
best of scholars. lie carrie<l his love of study with 
him into the army, and j)aid but little attention to 
anything but his books and his duties. Jle was a 
consoler in time of trouble, and a popular prophet, inas- 
much as wisdom of mind is supposed to accomj^my wisdom 
of s]>eech. 

lie was taken prisoner at Plymouth. We believe that 
just befoi'e his cMj>tui'e, he was j)romoted c<>r})oraI. 

During his prison life, he was buoyant and hoi)eful. 
On account of such a spirit, we thought, and yet think, 
that he would have endured to the end the trcatuicnt 
that was there received. But he wjis seized with malig- 
nant typhoid fever, and although we had him removed 
to the liospital, an<l did all in our power to snvo him, he 
<lied, June i?4th, 18<U, a few days after the disease nmde 
its appearance. 

The number of his grave is 2,445. 



78 KKOOKPft <»F THE 

t»8. IIovT, WiLiuK M., Brooks (Jrovo. — EnlisttMl Au- 
f?ust 2IHI1, 1S<;2. 

]\[iistcrccl in, Aiiirust 30t]i, 1S<;2. 

No nobler soldier ser\ et] his country for liis coimtryV 
<;oo(l. A nian of tine pliysieal ])ro)K>rtions, of sound 
n)(»rals ami i^itej^ritv, and of strong reliirious tendencies. 
lie had |»re]»ared himself to till the role all(»tt(3d to him : 
to light and to die, with courage; and with calmness. 
During tlie early part of the attack on Plynioutli, liis 
piece was onlered into action, at tlie tirst cmhrazure, at 
the right of the large house, used as the I>att<'ry harracks. 
Jloyt was No. 1 (that is tlie man using the rammer and 
Hwah). The pieci' ha<l been firing s(»me little time, when 
they commenciMl to tire more rapi<lly. As he was 
'' ranmdng a >hell home, " No. 5, (whose dnty it was to 
kee}> the vent hole covcre<l) became excited, and in 
turning rouiul to give some instruction concerning the 
ammunition, he uncovered the vent. A premature dis- 
charge innnediately followed, and rammer, shell and all, 
went through the arms of lloyt. One arm was shot off, 
the (jther shattered, and his face and body blackened 
skin deep with the burnt j)owder. (kptain Cady stand- 
ing near, was so deafened, that for a day or two, it was 
almost impossible f<»r him to hear anything. One or two 
others were slightly injured. Hoyt fell back, but was 
not satisfied to be taken away until he saw his post tilled 
and his piece at work. 

lie was removed to the hospital, and there, where 
many were shrieking with slight wounds, he endeavored 
tO(|uiotthcm, and then urgejhem to the consideration of 
death, in a Christian's view, with resignation, hope and 



TWENTV-FOURTll NEW YORK RATTERY. 79 

thith. Xot a fjroaii, not a miirnnir escaped his ]i]>s. He 
liad loved Ikii^ country, lie liad served his country, and 
he was willin«j^ to die tor his country. 

Tlic pliysicians were very kind to In'm. Tlie nurses 
h>oked upon his coura<;e witli W(»nder. Everytln'n«r was 
done for liini tliat could ])c done. Tic liuijjcred ahnii;, 
until after we had surrendered. A few wounded were 
left with him, while we were inarched of!', lie <lied, 
Al>ril 2mh, isr)4. 

Was buried on a vacant lot west of the huildin^^ occu- 
])ied as the hospital of the Eighty-fifth Regiment, on the 
hrow of the hill, overlooking the river. While in the 
(juartermaster^s department, at UoaiKjke, Lieut. (^im])had 
head hoards made, and after the recapture of Plymouth, 
hy our forces, Stoddard had them erected over his grave. 

O-t. I[rniJAKi), II. — Joined for duty, Nov. 10th, 1801, 
at Ticonderoga. 

95. IIuGiisox, Walla<;k E., Rochester, X. Y. — Eidistcul 
and mustere<l in, for one year, Oct. 1st, 1864, and joined 
November 9th, ISCA, at Roanoke. Transferred to Third 
X. Y. Artillery, May 25th, 1805. From Ilandin, X. Y., 
was a relative of Rufus Ainsworth, and a re-enlisted 
veteran, having served two years on enlistment in 1801. 

90. IIuMiMiREY, Artiu'R, Pouglikeepsie, N. Y. — En- 
listed, for one year, September 22d, 1804. Joined at 
Roanoke, October 12th, 1864. Transferred to Third N. Y. 
Artillery, May 25th, 1865. 

97. lIuMriiREY, Cha8., Kingston, N. Y. — Enlisted and 



80 RKCORDB OF THE 

mnstorod in, for one 3*o!ir, Sopto!nl>or 2iHli, l'^f»4. JcmucI 
October 12th, 18<U, at Rojiuoke. TnmstcrnMl to Tliinl 
N. V. Artillery, M.iy 25th, 1805. 

98. IIiNTiK, EowiN II. Jr., New York. — Enlistcl 
Fel>niary ISth, 1802. He was jM'omoted ('or})onil h\- 
Captain Lee, and on tlie 14th Ai)ril, 1S02, was promote*! 
serp'ant. He was very retired, but much liked by all. 
While we were stationed at New Berne, he was fi^reatly 
allocked by readini^ in the New York pa])er of the mur- 
der of liis mother, by the hand of his father. Durin<]^ a 
"fttorm of ani^^er, the father had buried a hatchet in the 
mother's skull. He was furloughe<l, and came to New 
'^'ork during the trial. He returned to the Battery, but, 
of course, quite; ehange<l. He often (expressed the de- 
pression and the <legradation that he felt. He was 
generally and deej)ly sympathized with, and, to oui* 
knowledge, he was very grateful for the many kind 
W(»rds and kind acts tendered him. At J^lym<»uth he 
was ailing from the etlects of *' chills and fevei*," and 
suffered (piite severely from that complaint, during the 
last two days of the battle. He was taken prisoner and 
died at Andersonville Hospital, oi' typhoid fever, July 
15th, 1S04. 

The number of his grave is 3,305. 

90. IIuRLBURT, E, T. M. — He writes : — " I enlisted in 
Perry, August 29tli, 1802. Mustered in at Buftalo, 
August 30th, 1802. Mustered out in New Berne, May 
23d, 1865. I was in the battle of New Berne, on the 
anniversary of the capture of that city by Burnside, and 



TVVKNTY-KnrKTH NKW YORK HATrKRY. 81 

ill tlie terriblt' battle of Fostcr'.SvMillfi, and did as much 
retreating as any of them. I was not taken ])ris(»ncr. I 
did not rc-enlist. I was detailed as elerk in the engineer's 
office at Xew Jicrne, nine days ])efore the hattlc of 
Plymoiitli, wlien our hoys were taken prisjmers, which 
(letail saved me, ])n>hahly, fnnn a prisoner's death. I 
was promoted to corporal in October, 1S02, at Newport 
I>arracks. I was apiin detailed sis apothecary, in Beau- 
fort General Hospital, in 'Inly, \S('A. While on this 
duty, was placed in medical charge <»f Refugee Camp, at 
P»eaufort, and after acting in the ca])acity of aimthecary 
and assistant-surgeon, for five months, was ordered to 
Mansfield (Tcneral Hospital, at Morehead City, as a 
patient, l)ut was soon ordered on duty as acting-assist- 
ant surgeon, by Surgeon Palmer, then in charge of 
hosj>ital, in which cai)acity I continued to act until 1 
received my discharge; the most of the time having charge 
(►f the be<lded patients, though a private, for which ser- 
vice I received a document stating the above facts, 
signed by Surgeon J. C. Salter (in charge), endorsed 
by Surgeon D. W. Hand, in charge of Medical Depart- 
ment of N. C. At one time I had charge of the sick 
ward, while four, wearing shoulder-straps, were doctoring 
convalescents. This document also states that I, at one 
time, had charge of the General Hos])ital, but it was by 
default of Dr. Mudie, then by authority in charge. 

'* After receiving my discharge, I graduated at Puffalu 
Medical College, practiced medicine one year, at Ilidge- 
way, N. Y., camo to Hannibal, opened an office, Jidy 
12th, 1867, and have every reason to be satisfied with 
my choice of vo(;ation and location/' 
6 



82 RKroHDs or tiik 

100. Jackson, Daniki., Lcroy, N. Y. — Enlisted jukI 
iim>t('rc<l ill, Se|)toinl)('i' 1st, I S(U, t'nr three yejirs. 

Kii route to join the Puitterv, lie jmiipecl overheard th(? 
trnnsport, at FfU'tress Mniiroe, ami (lofseited. P'or I'ui'ther 
j)artieularfl, see Ifenry /ia;/mn)ul. 

101. Johnson, OKnu(;K !>., Perry. — Kiilisted Octoher 
1, isni. Was promoted (;ori)or}il. Was taken prisoner 
at Plymouth. 

Johnson waft a man quito advanced in a^'o. lie was 
intellectually and ar«^umcntatively fitron^. lie was no- 
tably radical in liis feelinjjs and ifi his speech. While 
wt» were in fjarrison ho perused the TK^wRjiapers with 
caLTcM'ness and thorouirhness, and few in the P>attery were. 
p( assessed of as much knowled^^e concern iii;^ the war as 
he. politics wero his favorite theme; thou^di, duriiii^ 
his im])risonment, his mind was called more to the I>il)le; 
and his conversations with Iiis comrades indicated that 
that Pook had received a f]^rcat deal of study and atten- 
tion frinn him. 

lie was sent from the stockade at Andcrsonville t(» tlu^ 
lK»spital, to do police duty. (Gradually, however, he suc- 
(!uml)ed to that dread malady, chronic diarrho'a. lie 
saw tliut lie was declining — made liis will, and a disjiosi- 
ti<»n of the few things he pesficssed — and prej»ared him- 
self for the preat chan<xc. 

He died Sept. 2l8t, 18G4. The number of Ids <j:rave 
is 9,495. 

102. Kkenev, Geokok W., Perry. — Enlisted Aufijust 
29tli, 1S02. Mustered in, Au«ru8t 30th, 1802, at Buffalo. 



TWKNTY-KorRTII NKW YOKK flATI KKY. 83 

Was taken prisoner at Plymontli, and died at Anderson- 
ville, May 20tli, ls<U. The miniher of his ^n-avc is 1,250. 

lie was tlie second meinljer of the P>atterv wlio was 
sacrificed at tluvt nidmly altar. His life had heen n?i- 
nsually free from itniiKKlerate an<l exceptional habits ; hi8 
mind was piu'c, and his lieart kind. 

The circnmstances of his death were peculiar. He 
was taken ill with diarrlwea soun after we iiad entered 
the stockade. The sur^jeon prescribed an opiate, with 
directions, if he was no better after a reasonable time, to 
administer a second dose. 

The man actin;; as nurse failed either to understand 
or to compreheml the suri^^JMin's orders, and while George 
was still quiet, and under the effects of the opiate, the 
man pvv(» him an additional quantity. George never 
woke from his first sleep. His sister, Kate U. Keeney, 
has dedicated the following lines to his memory: 

''in ftlrmcviam/' 

Darling, laid low in tliat nnnny land, 

In the sleep which knows no wnkinij. 
From thy sourH hi^h homo, cannt thou underatand 

How our hearts are almost hn'akinjf? 

A year this mom, ere the sun's first beams 

Bathed in li^ht that Southern prison. 
Thy spirit, borne from its fever'd dreams. 

To a holier life had risen. 

Thy place of rest we may not see — 

Oh, God I thy aid not scorning; 
We leave our darlinpr one with Thee, 

'Till the Resurrection morning, 



84 * RKroHhR OK THK 

PpRce'B d<'Wj winjfR ftjrnin are rn«t 

O'rr our tried, out siiffi'rin^ nation; 
And tlioBo nuiHt br for^fotti'n last, 

Who died for Iht Hulvatif>n. 

Spring' cnme a^ain, and the 8oft winds sighed 

To th<' buds, and the sprin^in^ clover ; 
Wlien an an^cl rnnie from "the other side," 

And beckoned our mother " over." 

Ye are gathered liome, our loved and lost ; — 

And I stand withf)ut a shiver. 
And think, as I look where the dear ones crossed, 

How little way 'tih o'er the " River." 

The birds sinjj sweet in the homeside trees. 

And the flowers smile up to their "keepers," 
But our hearts ache on in hours like these, 

As we think of our houseliold '"sleepers." 

Thouprh my b.irk sails on to " the unknown sea," 

With dirgelikft jjales to waft her, 
Mother and Brother are wnitinp: for me, 

In the land of the " hereafter." 

HiMiSiDB Home, May 20th, 1805. 

108. Kkith, (t. 11.^ Alhaiiy. — EiiliVtcd November 
lOtli, 1801. Promoted corporal. lie died at Newport 
l>arraek8, November 2d, l.sr>2. We find tlie followin;^' 
aceount in the correspondence of tlie " Wyoming Time.'<,^^ 
dated November 2l6t, 1802. 

" Yestenlay (Sunday) morninjf, a ploom pervaded our camp, occa- 
sion<><l by the death of one of the members of our company. 

" His name was (4. Harrison Keith. He belonjfed to the older por- 
tion of the company, having joined with them at Albany. His resi- 
dence was in Johnstown, Fulton County. He was younjjr and active, 
held the position of corporal, and was de«t<rve<lly popular. He di<?d 



TWKNTV-Kol'KTII NKW YuUK UArrKKY. S5 

ratluT Hurldrnl y. IIo had boen 8<?v»'rely nick with billinuH typhoid 
tV'ViT, but tlu' day j)reviouH to liis <lrath was said to bo iniprovini? 
rapidly. Funeral service wa>i hehl in the afternoon at tho chapel, and 
liiw body, followed by the whole company, was carried to Newport and 
buried with all becoming cereiiir)ny. This in the first <h'ath that hao 
m'curred since our arrival. The slow moving ambulance, the Holemn 
procession winding its way through the narrow, w<K)dy road, the pineg 
murmuring' a funeral dirge as we ])Rssed under their branches, all 
combined, must have made even the most reckless n-flect uih)i\ the 
brevity of life, the certainty of death, and the necessity of a prepara- 
tion to meet it." 

104. Kellogo, G W., Xt'vv York. — Enlisted and 
inustert'd in, Xovenil)er 18tli, 18fJl. I'ronioted corporal 
by Capt. Lee. Acted as quartermaster for a short time 
at New Berne. Ue-enlisted as a veteran at Plymouth, 
.lanuar^' 2d, 1S64. Mustered out of the Battery at 
l^lymouth, on account of promotion, in April, 1S04. 
Promoted to second lieutenant, Third New York Inde- 
pendent Battery, January 8th, 1803. Promoted to lirst 
lieutenant, Octol>er 31st, ISO-l. 

Was in all the battles, under Grant, in Vir^^inia, 
including the Battle of the Wilderness, Si>ottsylvania, 
Cold Harbor and the takin<; of Richmond. 

Is married, and now lives in New Jersey. 

105. KETt'HUM, RicHMoNn A. — Enlisted at Rochester, 
N. Y., Septeml»er 30tli, 1S(;4, for three years, and joined 
at Roanoke, Novend)er Otli, iSfU. 

Trausferred to Third N. Y. Artillery, May 25th, 1805. 

100. King, Sylvanus. — Joined for duty from Hamlin, 
N. Y., October I5th, 1801. Re-enlisted as a veteran at 
I'ly mouth, in .January, 1804. Was t;iken priaonor at 



86 UKroRDS OF THF! 

Plyinoutli, }in<l died ut Andcrsoiivillc, SeptonilKT 14tli, 
1804, ot'8{X)rl)utis. Thu nmidicr ot'liis «^r;ive is S,7'^8. 

107. Kn'owi.den, irKXKV (\, \o\v Vork. — Eidistedaiid 
iniistcrod in, April I'Jtli, 18(14, tor three years. 

Tniiisterred to Third X. Y. Artillery, May 25th, 18f;r>. 

lOS. La I'll AM, Lkdra II., Moscow, X. V. — Enlisted 
Anj^nist 2lHh, 18<;2. Mustered in at I^ntlalo, Au«^nHt ;jnth, 
1802. Was taken i>risoner at Plymouth. 

It was a great sacritiee tor Xewton and the Laphani 
brothers to give up a lucrative business, pleasant homes 
an<I flattering prospects to enter the army ; and yet, full 
of the tire of loyalty, they did it. 

Ledra LajOiam was not a strong man. A portion of 
the time, while in garrison, he seemed greatly improved, 
and, even while at Andersonville, he evinced that won- 
derful tenacity for life which we are always astonished 
to see in those whom we liave been accustomed to look 
upon as feeble and delicate. Fie endured jjrison expe- 
rience with but little complaint or fretful ness, while many 
stronger ones were uselessly querulous and disagreeable. 

Newton and he were together in the hospital. It is 
quite noticeable that they should have been so much 
together, and finally died within a few days of each 
other. 

Lapluim died August 5th, 18^)4, of chronic diarrluea. 

The number of his grave is 4,871. 

109. Laimiam, IIorack, Moscow, N. Y. — Eidisted 
August 2Hth, 18r>2. Mustered in at Piufialo, August 3(>tli, 
1862. Was a brother of Ledra Lapham. 



r\vi:NTv-F(HTKTir nkw youk BArrKitv. 87 

Against liis wislios, lie was discliar^cd tVoin the ser- 
vice lor plivsiciil inability. He now resides in Genesee, 
Livin^^ston Countv, N. Y. 

110. Lawf.er, E., Ilandin, N. Y. — Joined tor dnty, 
()ct(»l)er 21st, isr»l. 

N<)thin<^ more is known ahont Iiini. 

111. Lek, AniiAM, Perry. — Joined tnr dnty, October 'M, 
isOl. He re-enlisted a^ a veteran, Jannary I'^t, iSfU. at 
Plynionth. Was taken prisoner and sent to Andersonville. 

He died at Andersonville Hospital of chronic diar- 
rho'a, Jnne Utli, \SCA. 

The nnmher of his grave is 1,944. 

112. Lknt, Ahkam, Perrv.— Eidisted Angnst 20th, 
18<>2. Mnstered in at r>ntlaln, August :'>Oth, 1862. AVas 
taken prisoner at Plymouth, and died at Andersonville 
Hospital of pneumonia, Jnne 2'.Hh, 1804. 

The number of his grave is 2,<I8(). 

Abe Lent was long and fandliarly known to the citi- 
zens of Perry. Most of us who enlisted at that time 
knew him well, and we recollect that many suspected 
that he was up to some of his shrewd tricks, and did not 
intend really to go with us. When we were jdaced in 
rank, in the room of the nnistering otHcer at Butialo, Abe 
refused for some time to raise his hand and take the 
oath. He, h(»wever, yiehled to the persuasions of his 
friends, and was sworn. Many attributed his conduct to 
an unwillingness to go, but we are inclined to think that 
he stated his true reason, which was, that in hit) opinion 



88 RKCiUlDS ()¥' THE 

Ilastin^ti should have hccn fiworn iik with the rest, to 
carry out tlie understuMdiii*;^ among the hoys at tlie time 
of the enlistment. lie did not understand that Ilastinirs 
was to he mustered in as a eonnnissioned otlieer at 
Alhany. Familiar with hookkeeiMUg and reports, he 
made himself quite useful at the battery headcjuarters at 
that kind of lahor. During the latter j>art of our stay 
in Plymouth, however, he took a post at the piece, and 
worked well. Abe was very fond of 8j)ending an even- 
ing reviewing and rehearsing the acts and sports of the 
men of Perry who used to be his chums. He was hap- 
piest when he could tell us his stories of the political and 
other intrijjues and maneuvers that he had been coj^nizant 
of, while otlicrs were in ignorance and blindness, and lie 
chuckling to himself as he lieard their innocent remarks 
and saw their unsuccessful tactics. Even in prison life, 
a retrospect of the past was his habitual resort for 
passing the time pleasantly. When he was sent to 
the hospital, he was very low, but he recognized his 
friends. He failed rapidly, and became delirious and 
insensible. 

lie died in unconsciousness. 

113. Lkonakf), Francis, Albany. — Enlisted November 
16th, 1861. Was appointed corporal at the time of the 
organization of Battery ^' 15" of the Rocket Battalion. 
Re-enlisted January 1st, 1864, and was taken prisoner at 
Plymouth. Was exchanged and joined for duty again 
April 27th, 1865. He joined the Company at Coanjock 
Bridge early in May, 1865, looking fat and healthy, a 



TWENTY -FOURTH NKW VoKK IIATI KKV. S\^ 

ijcat, tidy soldier. He whs msirried {it'ter he left the ser- 
vice, and now lives at Alhany, Xew York. 

114. Lr.(»vi), II. P. — He writes: "I enlisted at Angelica, 
New York, August 25th, 1 8(12. Was mustered in at 1 >nt- 
lalo, Se{)teniber 5th, 18<>2. Was mustered out of the 
Battery, Marcli 1 1th, 1 S()4, at Xew Heme, N. C, to accept 
promotion in the Twenty-second Xew York (cavalry. 
Was not captured, but was in hospital at Annapolis, Md., 
when some of the men were returned from Andersonville 
and Florence. Saw Sam and William Xichols — both 
in a very reduced state — unable to sit up. Conversed 
with them, and did what I could to relieve them. 

" John Kussell and Carnahan were there also. Some 
others were there, but I was not able to see them person- 
ally. I was promoted to sergeant, October 10th, isr>2, 
and was promoted to first sergeant in December, 1S62, 
or January, ISO.S. On the 12th of March, 1804, I was 
commissioned first lieutenant of the Twenty-second Xew 
York Cavalry, by Governor Seymour. On the 13th 
of July, 1864, I was commissioned captain by the same. 

" On the 24th of January, 1805, I was commissioned as 
major in the same regiment, by Oovernor Kenton. 

" On the 13th of March, I was brevetted by the Presi- 
dent for * gallant and meritorious conduct ' and wjis 
recommended for brevets three other times by the Corps 
(vommanders. 

" I was detailed as a member of a Military Court of In- 
quiry, and as a member of two different Courts Martial, 
at Winchester, Va. in tlie winter of 1804 and 1865. In 
February, 1865, I was a]»puinted uid-de-cauip ou the 



90 Ui:Cn|M)8 OK 'IHK 

stutf of MajorCTcneni! Willijini Wiills, and served in liis 
HtixiY until active hostilities ceased. In April, isr»5, I 
was appointinl by the Secretary of War, as (yuunnissai'V 
of Musters for the Cavah'y (/ori>s of the army of tlic 
Shenandoah, and I served in tins (•aj)acity on the staff of 
(ien. Lorhert and (xen. Ilcno, until Au«;. 1st, 18<)."), wIkmi 
I rejoined my re«;iment and was mustered out of service 
at Rochester, X. V., Au<r. Sth, 18(35. 

" I WHS cn^^a^ed in all the hattles of the Army of the 
I*otomac, under (irant, until Au<;. 1864, when our divi- 
sion (jf the Cavalry Corps was sent to the Shenandoah 
Valley, under Sheridan. 

*'On the 2l8t August, 1804, at Smithfield, Va., I re- 
ceived a severe gun-shot wound through the body and 
right lung, and narrowly escaped capture." 

Lloyd is one of the active members and corresponding 
secretary of the Young Men's Christian Association ot 

Cincinnati. 

« 

He has built up a lucrative and successful law practice. 

lyfarried June IGth, 1800, to Miss IlattieG. Raymond, 
daughter of Jojin II. Uayniond, L.L.D., President of 
Vassar College. 

l*resent address, Cincinnati, ( ). 

115. LooMis, IIiKAM, Mt. Morris, N. V. — Eidisted at 
Perry on the 21Hh of August, 1S62, was mustered in at 
Buffalo on the 30th. Taken prisoner at Plymouth, 
April 20th, 1804. 

Was at the Anderson ville, Florence and Charleston 
prisons, lie says: "After T luid been in Andersonville 
about live montht» it was thought that Sherman was about 



TWKNTY-FoURTir NKW VOUK IlATrKUV. 91 

to invade the portion of the State in wliich tlie prison 
was located, so they removed us to Charleston and from 
thence to Florence. 

"When I went to Andersonvilk', I was sick and couM 
scarcely keep my place in the ranks, hut with Wirz at 
my back with a revolver pointed at n^.e, 1 felt called 
upon to put forth every possible effort. 

" Was at Florence three months. 

*' Was exchani^'ed ot Charleston, Dec. loth, 1864. Was 
afterwards detailed as orderly in the Navy '^'ard. Clus- 
tered out .lune 2sth, 1805. 

" Was married to Miss Annie W. Swcetman of Mt. 
Morris, X. V., October 2r)th, 1S6:>." 

Has been, since he left the army, quite successful in 
the cabinet business, at Pioneer, Williams Co., Ohio. 

IIT). Mc(vLAiK, Jriiuv. — Mustered in at !» utf a lo, Sep- 
tember 30th, 18(32. Was])n»moted to corpornh Interesti^d 
himself in the recruiting of negroes, and we believe 
received a licutemmt's commission in a colored regiment. 
We never received a reply to our communication to him. 
Have heard that after the close of the war he was 
interested with lieutenant Camp, in business in North 
Carolina. Gave that up, returned to Moscow, and was 
married. Settled tbr a short time in Moscow, and has 
now returned to the south again. 

117. McCkarv, Okkin S., Mount Morris. — Enlisted 
Septend)er Dth, 18(J2. 

Was taken prisoner at Plymouth, an<l, as we are in- 
formed by Ferguson, died at Florence, S. C, in the Fall 
of 1864. 



92 ki:(oui>s oK TiiK 

Of the three McCnirv hnjtiiers \vh«> started out witli 
us in the Kiill of 1S<;2, (.'harles ouly remains. 

Orrin was a ripri^litly, atial»le fellow, ready to do and 
to say anythin*.; to please. As a ])risoner, he had little 
to eonn)lain of, and eheerfully looked forward to deliver- 
anee. Hut the lin<ijerin«^, siekenini; delay overpowered 
liiin, and lie too fell, with the thousands of others that 
euuhl no longer (Mulure their prison tortures. 

118. McCkary, Wm. a., Mount Morris. — Enlisted 
August 2;>th, 1862. Mustered in at liulfalo, Au«;ust 
30th, 1S(»2. Promoted eorporal, Xovemher 4th, IS02. 

While at New J>erne, he was attaeked with chronie 
diarrhu'a, and never fully reeovered. lie died of that 
disease, Au<^ist 14th, IS<}3. 

IHs hody was emhalmcd and hrou^i^ht North for inter- 
ment. He was in so little active duty with us, that he 
liad no «>pportunity for displayin«jj his ((ualities as a sol- 
dier. Ilis death was regretted and felt hy all the mem- 
bers of the l^attcry. 

119. McCrarv, Chaulks, Mount Morris — the third of 
the three brothers. — Enlisted August 2Stli, 18^>2, and 
was mustered in at Buffalo, August 80th, 18C2. Was 
discharged on account of physical inability. Present 
address, Wellsville, N. Y. 

120. McCrink, Joitn, Perry. — Enlisted August 28th, 
18*)2. Mustered in at Buffalo, August 30th, 18r»2. 
Waft taken prisoner at Plymouth, and died at Ander- 
Bonville Hospital, of chronic diarrluea, August 19th, 
1664. The number of his grave Ib 6,203. 



•nVENTY-FOURTH NEW YORK BATrKRY. 93 

JolinV toTifjiie wa<rj;e(l ceaselessly. His body mifjht 
he wearied, his spirits 8iih(hied, hut his tonpie never 
cared tor 'rest. He was ])retty \^'el] advanced in years; 
\\i\t\ liad a good deal (if experience as a traveler, and his 
stock of stories was larijc ; and if they needed a little hnni- 
ishing, hehad quite a taculty for inventing additional oc- 
currences which shouM keep up the interest of his hearers. 

In prison he kei)t up good spirits ; and if a body was 
not too dejected, an hour's interview with him was a 
relief from the more sedate and (piiet (Mimrades. 

At>er he reached the hosj)ital, he hecame greatly 
alarmed, as he realized that death wa^J a])proaching. 
Several nights in succession we were roused at mi<lnight 
by a message from him that he was dying, yet he lingered 
ahmg i'ar some time. In the daytime he would seem to 
be inn)roving, and at night would fail. We managed at 
last to obtain a Roman Catholic priest, who made him a 
visit, and the comforting assurances which John received 
fn»m him seemed to (piiet his alarm, and he died, being 
himself hardly aware that he was breathing his last. 

121. McCrink, Jamks, Perry. — Enlisted December 
22d, 1868. He reached Plymouth just in time to be 
taken prisoner. 

We are unable to trace him any further, but it is ru]>- 
posed that he died*in prison. 

122. McDoNAM>, ARcniiJAin, New York. — Enlisted 
November 26th, 1861. Ke-enlisted as a veteran, Janu- 
ary 1st, 1864. At one time acted as orderly sergeant. 
Was promoted corporal in 1864. 

. Was taken prisoner at Plymouth, and died at Ander- 



\H RKroUDs OK TIIK 

sonvillc II(»spi'tal, of typlioiM fever, Septeiiihcr 15tli, 
18H4. The mniiher of hi 8 j^rju'e is S^OOl). 

lie wjir^ a faithful soMier {iiid a williiiir M'orker, a 
ra<lical think'er and a jilaiii sj)eak'el, yet a ]>ractieal \>r(>- 
inoter of oheyaiice to «»nlers and strict (liseipllnc;. To the 
oldest jKu-tion of the Battery lie was best known, and was 
quite popular with them. 

12'^. ^FcEwKN, (ii:«.U(,i; W.^ Ticoiideroi^a. — Joined 
for <lnty October 2d, ISdl. He was in poor health most 
of the time, and we conclude, as liis name cannot be found 
on the later nnister i*olls, that he was discliar;j;ed Irom 
some nf the hosjMtals. Jle-eidisted, as a veteran volunteer, 
at Plymouth, dannary 1st, ISO!,. Received veteran 
furlou;;h and never returned to his company. Had char^j^e 
of the eook house when we first enlisted the two colored 
cof>ks, allowed by law ((teor^e and Xelson). 

Little /V/^ comin;^ up to the quarters, one day, sniii^ 
out to McEwcn — " Ilo ! ^fack, the boys ;xo back on your 
ni^«rer cooks, ha, ha ; dats too bad, ha, ha." Mack replied, 
*' ( ), you d — d black imp, what yon talkini^ about" — at the 
same time piekinpj up a stone to throw. Pete replied, " Oh, 
Mack, oh. Mack, I didn't mean nothing, theVe all ri^ht. 
rd just as leave cat after their cooking as after yours." 

124. M( CtnuK, Thomas, (4ainsville, N. Y. — Joined for 
duty, October 1st, 18^11. Ke-enlistcd, as a veteran, in 
January, 1864. 

Was tiken sick while on his veteran furlough, and 
arrived at Roanoke Island, April 20th, 1864, just after 
Plymouth was captiired. lie remained with the remnant 
of the Battery until it was mustered out in Syracuse. 

Present address, Gainsville, N. Y. 



TWKNTY-ForKTII NKW YORK HAITKRY. 05 

12.*). M( CiuiKK, Jamk!^, Gni'nsvillo, N. Y. — A ))rother 
of* Tlioiiias ; joined tor duty, Fchniarv 24tli, IS^U. 
'i'akcMi prisoner at Plymouth, April 20tli, ISCA, 

120. MrGnKK,MirirAEu— Enlisted March 21st, 1S<;4, 
at (4ainsvillc, X. Y., for three years ; joined Aj)ril 20th, 
18<U; died at hospit;d, on Tloaiioke Island, Auj^ust, l.S<;4, 
of acute dysentery. Is huried near the hospital (brother 
of Thomas ^[c(iuire). 

127. M( NiNcn, IIknry, Moscow. — Eidisted Decenihcr 
ItHh, isr,3. 

AVas taken prisoner at Plymouth, and is reported by 
Xcwcomb to have died at Florence. 

He was one of the last recruits before the battle of 
Plymouth, and we do not know much about his move- 
ments after he reached Andersonville, as we had little 
acquaintance with him. 

128. McVkv, James.— Mustered in about Sept. 3nth, 
1S62. 

McVey was one of the youni^ men that volunteered 
from Hamilton C(»lleire, at the time (Teor«;e llastin^^s 
joined the Battery. lie was a restless fellow, and felt 
the restraint of army discipline severely. On this 
ac^count 1m3 made a poor soldier. He was talented, had 
a keen sense of honor, and to our thinkin;^, too hi^h an 
appreciation of caste. AfVer a little time ho was put on 
d('taile<l service, in the (ireneral Department, at New 
P»crne. Was j>romoted to a lieutenant's commission in 
the Third New York Artiller}', Was aid-de-camp on 
(teneral Peck's Staff. Came with General Peck to 



06 Ki;<^<>Ki)s OF riiK 

New York City, and rcinaiTiecl on liis staft' wln'le he Ii;kI 
(•fMinnand (»f that dcpartnicnt. Ik' was there ninster<Ml 
nut of service. Weliave been told tliat lie returned to his 
home, in the interior of New York State, and died there. 

129. Makkan, CnAKF.Ks A., "Moseow. — Eidistcd Au- 
jriist 2Sth, 1S62. 

Mustered in at Ihiflalo, Ai)ril 30th, ls02. * 

He was quick and impulsive in his enlistment. 

As lie was quite youn<r and inexperienced, lie could 
hardly realize his nndertakinj; ; yet, in actual experience 
lie proved himself steady and capable. He was taken 
prisoncT at Plymouth, and wc are informed by Ferf]^u- 
son, die<l at Florence, 8. C. 

1.30. Makufn, Patkick, Perry. — Eidisted November 
21st, ISdl. Ke-enliste<l as a veteran, January 1st, 1804. 
Was taken ))risoner at Plymouth. Marrin was very 
severely wounded at the battle of Plymouth, being struck 
with five ^linie bullets, while at his ])ost in charge of 
the caisson teams. One passed through liis hat, just 
grazing the skin ; two bullets, not five minutes apart, 
passed through the Heshy j)art of liis legs, above the 
knee ; another lodged in his ankle, and remains there yet, 
causing liim a great deal of sufiering at times. He 
showed no cowardice, nor tiinching, but remained at his 
post as long as he was able. After he was wounded, he 
started for the hospital, using two pieces of palings as 
crutches, and on his way was met by some rebels who 
stopped him, set liim down, pidled off his boots, took his 
hat, and then set him up and let him go on minus hat 
and boots, which were too good to lose. 



TWKNTY-ForRTII NKW Y<Mv'K HAITKKY. 07 

Ilo rein-'inod at Plynioutli sonw time, with otiiors of 
the woinuii'd, and was tiiially sent to AiidiTsoiiville. 

IIi« woujuled leir troublerl liim considonihly, and lie 
was Kent to the ljosj)ital. lie there made liiuij^elf fi(» use- 
ful that he remained as an attendant nntil he was cx- 
(•harii^ed. 

lie was paroled in \ovend)er, lsf{4, at Savannah. 
Joined after exchan^^e, at Coanjock, in ^fay, and was 
transferre<l to Third New York Artillery. 

Present address, Perry, X. Y. 

181. ^Farkin, Connor, Perry. — t^nlisted Novemher 
21st, 1801. 

Was discharged from the hosj)ital on account of physi- 
cal inability. The followin<ij has been copied from a 
newspaper (name and date not state<l) '^ C<>nnor Marrin, 
a resident of Perry, atid a member of Lee's battery, at 
New Berne, N. C, returned home on Monday evening. 
He has droi)sy on the liver, and has re(eive<l his dis- 
ehari^e in conse«pjeMcc.'' 

We have heard that he was with his brother in Cali- 
fornia. 

182. Martin, ITk(Tor C, Warsaw. — Flnlisted, October 
12th, 1801. 

AVas mustered in as bu^^ler, and held that position for 
some time. It did not suit his taste, however, and 
others, whose musical j^enius better fitted thorn for the 
position, were ai)j>ointed in his place. He was promoted 
• juartermaster sergeant, November 4th, 1862. 

There is no evidence in the muster rolls that he re- 
enlisted as a veteran, 
7 



98 KI'XuRDS OF THE 

If our rnoinorv serves lis ri^jhtly, be had determined to 
serve out liis tliree years, and tlicn return to In's family. 
lie was taken ])risoner at I*lyniontli, N. (\, and died at 
Andersonvillo Hospital, An«xnst 7tli, l.sr>4. 

The ninnher of his n^rave is 5,080. 

133. Mkadk, (fKoROK F. ir., Moscow. — Tie was mus- 
tered in some time in \SCA. 

We cannot find his name in any of the muster rolls in 
our ]»ossfssion. 

AVniliam (yarnahan writes that Meade was shot in the 
battle at Plymouth, and that he saw him after he was 
dead. We believe that he was attached to Williams de- 
tachment, and the current re])ort in the story of the 
battle of Plymouth, as told by the men of that detachment, 
was, that Meade was shot dead instantly. The ball pnssinij: 
either throuirh his head or his heart. 



o" 



134. Mkhrili., J. AV., Perry.— Enlisted Au^just 30th, 
1802. 

Mustered in at Buffalo, on the same day. 

Was appointed sergeant, November 4th, 1802. 

AVas reduced February ISth, 1804, to ])rivate, by his 
own request, in order t<> enable him t(> accej)t a detail in 
the quartermaster's dej)artment, at Plymouth. At the 
battle of Plymouth, by request of Captain Cady, he re- 
sumed the command of his «dd detachment, which was 
stationed at the extreme ri<;jht of the line of works. 
While in the army was correspondent for " The Wyoming 
ThffCfi '' and " The ]Vi'Jitern Neuo Ytu'l'er^ " over the 
signature of '' J. W. Uy 



TWKN'I Y-lnrKIH NKW YoKK IJATI KKT. 90 

Was <Hsc]i{iri]i;cfl tVoni tlio service, Uy special order of 
the Secretary of AVar, No. ir»7, on the 20th of April, 
1^04, in order to allow him to accept a couiniission as 
second lieutenant in the Second New Vork Artillery, 
(Sec vol. 2, New York State Adjutant's U(»port, IvSfJS.) 
At the same date, and l»efore the (h*schar<^e and com- 
mission had reache<l him, he was taken prisoner at Ply- 
niouth. Durinj^his iniprisonnu'iit he remaine(l a mouth 
in the stockade. Was sent fi-(»m there to the hospital. 
\W the kin<l attention received from Dr. A. W. IJjirrows, 
of Amherst, jVEass., a fellow prisoner, he sutHciently re- 
covered to do duty in the hospital, in carini^ for the sick. 
Was a short time in ^fillen prison Was ]>aroled for 
excliMUi^r' at Savannah, Xoveml)er 20th, lsr»4. IFe reached 
the Federal steamer with littk' clothin^j:, penniless and 
huui^rv. Remained in (Tcneral Mulford's otlice, on the flajj 
shij), "New York," of the exchan<xo Heet, a month. Was 
nnistered out of service, Atigust, 180.*), in New York 
City. 

Was in the Treasurer's office of the Ignited States 
Tele<;raph Com]>any, ahout a year. In March, ls»Ui^ w-as 
elected Secretary of the " North America" Life Insurance 
('(►m])any. On the 1st of ^^ay, 180D, was elected Vice- 
President of the same company, vice T. T. Mcrwin, re- 
si<;ned, and was sent to California, partly to visit the 
" Pacific Branch . A^^ency " of the "North Americu, " 
and partly for his health. 

Married Miss M. C. Morii^an, of P»rooklyn, April 25th, 
ISOT. 

Present a^ldress, 17 i^ 19 Warren Street, New York 
City. 



[^ *rf c* 



loo RKCOKHs OK TIIK 

1*^5. Mn.f.KK, (TEoK(iK, Hamlin, N. V. — Joined for duty 
Octohcr 2:kl, lsr,l. 

ll(venliste<i at Plyrnonth, Janiiarv 1st, lSf>4. Rej>orted 
on comj)any roll as " absent at (^)llcge Green Barracks, 
Annapolis, as a paroled ]>risoner/' 

130. MiNKic, .1. Gii.K, Perry.— Enlisted ()eto])er .5tli, 
ISOl. Jle re-enliste<l as a veteran, January 1st, 1S64. 
AVas taken prisoner at Plynioutli, and died at Anderson- 
villc Stockade, of chronic diarrluea, Au«^ust 3d, l.sr>4. 
The number of his grave is 4,771. 

(rile was the sutler of our camp, he was a liard worker 
and did not allow his store to interfere with his duties. 
lie was shrewd — understood when and w^here to accom- 
modate with finances — and withal, managed to keep his 
matters of business so to liimself, that few knew how 
much or how little he accumulated. 

Wo did not see him after we arrived at Andersonville, 
and cannot therefore say anything of his prison expe- 
rience. 

137. MosiKK, Marion R. — Enlisted in Weathersfield, 
"Wyoming Co., X. V. Mustered in at I>utialo, October 
22(1, 1S<;1. Mustered out at Elmira, N. Y. Re-en- 
listed as a veteran at Plymouth, January 1st, 18^4. Was 
prisoner at Andersonville, Charleston and Florence. 
Was paroled at Wilmington, N. C. Married, May Uth, 
1865, to Rosettie Lewis, of East Pike, N. Y. 

Present residence. East Pike, Wyoming Co., N. Y. 

138. Mi'NRoK, Darfi's, Hager, N. Y. — Joined for duty, 
September 2Sth, 1861. 



TNVKNTV-FOL'KrH NEW YORK BATrKKY. lOl 

\'S\K MiKKAY, \Vm. R. New York Citv.— Eiili&ted 
November, ISO 1, in Conijniny A., of the Rocket Battalion. 
Was transferred to ( -oinpany l>, and promoted orderly 
sergeant. 

In .lanuary, lsr)2, l>ecoming dissatisfied witli some of 
tlie a})j)oint!nents, lie left the (^ompan}' and went to New 
York City, where he remained until June 2d, 1864. 

lie was court niartialled for desertion, Septemher 
12th, 1804, and sentenced by ('ourt Martial Onler No. 
50, Head-quarters, Military (Governor, Alexandria:— 
" with loss of all pay and allowance due to him — to forfeit 
5^10 per month for 20 months, and make good all time 
lost by desertion." 

1 1 is sentence was upon his ])etition and explanation of 
the circumstances, revoked in pj rt. 

He rejoined for duty, November, 22d, 1804 — having 
had a severe exi)erience in the i)ri8ons — and was promo- 
ted sergeant, April Ist, iSOo. 

Mis promotion to the first sergeancy was heartily en- 
dorsed by all. In his latter experience with the Rattery, 
he proved to be one of the best soldiers in the Battery. 

If being deceived and misinformed by superior officers, 
is a sufficient cause for a soldier to desert, he had good 
reason for doing as he did. 

140. Nkwcomii, L. — He writes: "Enlisted at Perry, 
October 12th, 1801, by J. E. Lee. 

"Mustered in at Buffalo, October 2Gth, 1801. 

"Re-enlisted at Plymouth, January 1st, 1864. 

" I was mustered in Jis bugler, on account of my age, 
as the mustering officers would not take any person un- 
der eighteen years of age, except as a musician. 



102 RKCOKDfi OF TIIK 

*' Wu.^ appointed corporal, June 22(1, 18<53, and ser- 
i^eant, rel»ruarv IStli, isr)4. 

'' ^Fy comun'ssion as secijnd lieutenant, Twenty-fourtli 
Independent Battery, X. Y., date<l from January lOtli, 
18<»5. The Company was transferred to the Thii-d iS\'W 
York Artillery ahout ^[ay 27th, ISO.") — connnanded l»y 
Col. Charles A. Stewart — and was known as l>attcry * L." 

" I liad my eonnnission transferred to the Third. 

*' Received a commission as second lieutenant in the 
Tliird, issued the 21st June, 1805, by (tov. Fenton, ti» 
date from ^larcli ITth, IS^w"), luit did n(»t nnisteron account 
of an order stoi»i)in^ the mustering in of any more olli 
cers in that department. 

" I also received a third cMjuimission as first lieutenant, 
issued July 5th, 1805, to date from the 2d July, 1805, 
hut dill n(>t muster. 1 acted as lieutenant all the time 
after I joined the CN)m}»any, until I was mustered out. 

'^ I was capture<l April 2('th, 1804, and sent direct t«» 
Andersonville; went into the stockade, May 1st 18<;4. 
I received a reprimand from Cai>1iih( ^Yrrz before I en- 
tered the prison; I .was just rccoverin<; from a shake of 
the a<^ue, and being weak, 1 sat <lown while they were 
taking our names at the cars, —he saw my, and said 
*' (7 — d — you, get up from there, I will learn you tostan<l 
in line when I tell vou, before vou have luen here lonj', 
you d — ttonsof b — ;" I stood up, and think all the rest 
did so. 

" I was put into the Thirty-m'nth Detachment but 
Roon con8olidate<l the Detachments, and brought our 
number down to the Twentj^-first Detachment. 

" I remained in that Detachment until 1 left Ander- 
sonville. 



TWKXTY-ForRTII N'KW Y«>KK BATrKKY. 103 

** TIktc were oii^lit of us boys in our tent (a l>ljinkct 
stivtched over a pole). They nil went to the hospital, jumI 
three or four out of the ei^ht died. I h'ft An<lerson- 
ville for Charleston, S. ('. al»out Septeinher loth, ls«;4, 
\vas kept at Charleston about one uioiith. I had 
the scurvy, when 1 left Andersonville, in tlic rijjjht 
limb so badly that I could not strai;^diten it. Went 
to the hospital at Charleston, stayed three <lays in the rain 
without any shelter, and finally went back to camp and 
thou«rht myself l>etter off. Left for Florence about the 
Inth of October, 1S(;4, remained there until about the Istli 
of February, when we were sent to AVihnin;^ton, X. C, (I 
was just «;ettin;j: over the fever at this time) we could hear 
our forces fi«j^htin<j;, a few miles t'rom town. Was sent to 
(toldsbori)', N. C. Ilemained there until the ni;^ht of Feb- 
ruary, 2.'>th, when we were sent back to AVilminj^ton, to 
be i)aroled. Arrived there on the afternoon of the 20th 
February. I had tlnis been 10 months an<l six days 
in the hands of the Iwcbels, an<l left there in a few days 
for Anna})olis, Md." 

Newcomb accompanied the section that particij»atcd 
in the battles of Kinstoii, Goldsbor<»\ &c. Duimu;^ the 
en<;a«j:ement at Whitehall, he dismounted and relieved 
one of the camionecrs, and in several ways displayed <^reat 
coolness and bravery. IFis promotion to ser«^eaney fol- 
lowed hits eonduct at this battle. In sj>eakin«^ <>f the 
battle of Whitehall, he says : 

'^There were about 84 privates, eamioncers and drivers 
on the march. J. Button No. 2, Third Detachment, wa* 
behind from 8<>me cause, and I (»eeupied his place. I 
went down to the stream for water in front of our skir- 



In4 KKCORDS oK THE 

ininliciN, iiU(\ I could sec tlic Rebel skinuisliers acmss 
the streuin. I was not with Bol) Turner when lie wjis 
kllle<l, therefoni I eouhl not ;^ive the i)}irtieuhirs of his 
death. I «rot the tra;^inent of shell that he was killed 
by — and let Lieutenant Geor^^e Ilastinjj^s tjike it after 
reachinj' New P)erne." 

Mustered out of service, July 7th, 18<ir>, at Syracuse. 

Afarriod Miss Aurelia Austin. 

Present adclress, Perry Centre, Wyoming Co. N. Y. 

141. Nkwton, Rilkv J., Moscow. -Enlisted Au«;ust 
t>inh, \Si\± 

Mustered in at l^itiah., Au^nist .'".oth, 1S(;2. 

AVas promoted cor|>oral, April, lS(;4. 

Taken j)risoner at I*ly?Moutli, and died at Anders(»n- 
ville Hospital, of chronic diarrhu-a, July .*Ust, lsri4. 

The number of his <;rave is 4,4r»*.». 

At the time that Newton enlisted he had every ri^ht to 
expeeta very pros]>erous business if he remained at home, 
but comprehendin«jj that tliC war was not to be of such 
short duration as many anticipated, and feeling that he 
was an able-bodied man, he could not persuade his con- » 
science that it was right for him to stay away from the 
scene of action. Ho stopped building — jnit away the 
lumber — and, as in olden times, the farmers left the 
plough in the field, while they put the musket on their 
shoulder and fell into the ranks, so he dro])ped his tools, 
threw aside his work and stepped into our ranks; ])rom- 
ising, with an understanding of what he promised — to 
tight with us for tliree years. In prison lie progressed 
very well. In the hospital he was well cared for. He 



TWKNTV-FoUKTll NKW Y(»KK HAITKUY. 105 

died of disease, nut of sttirvatiofi. In cliunicter he was 
positive, l>nt mild ind true. In his sickness he realize<l 
that he was low, and was prepared for the worst. 

142. Xi( noF.s, Samikl. — Enlisted ()ct(»her 1 1th, ISIJI, 
at Clarkson. Ile-enlisted as a veteran, January, 1S<)4, 
and was taken prisoner at Plymouth. Died at the I'nited 
States General IIos})ital, Annapolis, Md., I)eeend>er 21st, 
1S(;4, witli chronic diarrlnea. lie was one of tiie Ui)- 
hle specimens of manly beauty — six feet and over in 
height — well proportioTicd, and always -^loryin^ in his ' 
strenj^th and activity. The severity of the prison life at 
Andersonville, made such chan^^es in him, that when the 
writer found him on the decks of the exchan<re steamer 
at Charleston, he could hardlv recoirnize him. His death 

is solely attributable to that prison treatment. 

143. Xkmiols, Wir.i.iAM P. — Ilnlisted at Ilandin, 
X. Y., November 9th, ls«;4. 

Re-enlisted as a veteran, at Plymouth, in January, 
ls<;4. 

Was taken prisoner at the battle of Plymouth. 

Fer<;uson says that " William Nichols died at Charles- 
ton, S. C." 

Lloyd says that " he saw him in a very reduced condi- 
tion at Annapolis Hospital.^' 

(vamp reports that '*he was remarke<l upon in the mus- 
ter roll as * absent at the U. S. General Hospital, Aimap- 
olis, Md.,' where he was paid for September and October, 
1804." 

We are inclined to think that he die<I at Anuapolie. 



106 KWJOUDS OK THE 

144. Orrs, FuANKrjN I)., iramliii. — Enlisted October 
21st, is«;i. 

Was appointed corporal at Alhaiiy, and was one of the 
few wlio retained his j)osition tlirouj^hout all the clian^^'cs 
of the or;;anizatinn. He <lied at i'lynuMith, of a con^^es- 
tive chill, the result of a loniij sieuje of fever and ajjjue. 
He was a professor of relij^ion, and an ni>right, conscien- 
tious younj; man. He possessed the esteem and respect 
of all who knew him. 

145. Oiifl, ruAKi-Ks. Iloyalton, X. Y. — Enlisted and 
mustered in October 12th, lsr»4, f<»r one year. Joined 
Novetnber t>th, ls«;4, at Tloanoke. 

Transferred to Third New York Artillery, May 25th, 
1S<;.5. 

140. ODkij,, Tif(.MAs.~-Enlisted at Tarrytown, N. Y. 
fnr one year, C)ct(»ber l.'Uh, lsr»4. Joined for duty at 
Koanoke, DecenduT 1st, ls<;4. 

Transferred in Third New York Artillery. 

147. VxiiK, II. C— Enlisted at Perry, October 1st, 
KS(;i. 

Mustered in at IJutialo, October 2<lth, isr.l. 

Pa^e took an active interest in etdistin;; men at the 
time (jf C^iptain Lee's orpmization of the Ccnnpany. 

He was warranted as (piartermaster's 6er»;eant, and 
prt>ved an etficient man in the ri«xht place. 

Was e<»rrosjM»ndent for the *' Wyomin<; Tu/t^'K^ 

He writes; — '* Discharged at New Heme, July Ist, 
1862, for disability, having contracted fever. 

** Again enlisted in New York City, November 23d, 



TWKNTV-ForUTII NKW Y<UiK IJA'ITKKV. 107 

18(53, and iiiustored out with tht* Cuinpaiiy at Syracunt', 
July IStli, is*;."). Was in AndiMsniiN illcaml Millt*n j)ris<»ns. 

** Kuaclit'd Anderson villi', Mav 1st, ls<J4. At'ttT l>einir 
continc'd in tlie stncka<K' ahnut ouv innntli, was cinployi'd 
l)y th(3 Cnnt't'deratc's to assist in the Iins|>ital, uutsidi* of 
the enclosure — to which fact 1 attrihute the ])reservation 
of my life — was employed ahout the Dispensatory. 

"While in the Hospital, I jittended many of the Com- 
pany, and saw several die. 

"Paroled at Chariest. »n S. ('., Novendier iinth, 1S(;4, and 
e.\chan|^ed while at Parole (amp, Annapolis. 

"After hein*; paroled, remained on the Fla;; of Truee 
lM»at "Xew York'' one month, as clerk ft>r Col. Mulf<»rd, 
Connnissiuner of Iv\chan<;e. Reached Parole Camp, 
Annajmlis, Decemher 2<>th. Furlou^died for 3n days, in 
coinuKMi with returned prisoners. Ui'turned to Parole 
Camp, January 2od, isd."). Forwarded to Ii(>anoke Island, 
N. (/., where the remmmt of the Piattery was stationetl, 
under connnand of Lieutenant Cam]), and did duty with 
the P>Httery, until mustered out as above. 

" Was quartermaster ser^^^eant from tlie urganizati(»n ut 
liulfalo, until discharged at Xew IVrne. Promoted from 
j»rivate to quartermaster sergeant, February Ist, 1s«m, 
by Lieutenant Camp. 

"Have resided in Missouri and been engaged in teacji- 
ing, since leaving the army. 

"Reside now at Maysville, De l\all» ('<»., Mo., and am 
practicing law." 

14H. pA<iK, William !N. — Was detailed in quarter- 
master's department at New lierne. 



('amc Nnrtlj in April, \S^'^'^^ and <»rpmizc(l a ('unipany 
t'ortlic Kleventh Artillery. Was proinntcd t<» second lieu- 
tenant in tlie Fourth Artillery. Then computed his 
theological studies, and during I8<I7, visited Euro|>e. On 
liis retiu'ii to<»k eharge of the Preshyterian (-hureh at 
Truniansville, N. Y. 

In Deeemher, iSdS, received a call to preach in Jack- 
sonville, Flori<Ia, which is his present address. 

Married, Septeniher 27th, 18<»2, to Miss Jennie A. Peek, 
<>t' West Hloonitield. 

141K Pakmf.kk, O. (4., Hamlin, N. Y. — Joined for diity, 
Novend)er JUh, lSt;i. 

Re-enlisted as a veteran, at Plymouth, in January, lJS(U. 

For some reason, he did not reach Plymouth in time 
to participate in the battle. 

lie rejoined the Battery at Roanoke Island, was trans- 
ferred to Company " L," Third New York Artillery, 
and mustered out with the rest of that (yompany. 

150. Pa'itkkson, William, West Sparta. — Joined for 
duty, February IJHh, lSr)4. Mustered into service at C'an- 
andaigua, February 25th, 18«>4. 

Taken prisoner at Plymouth. We find him reported 
on the muster roll as " Absent at College Green Bar- 
racks, Annapolis — a paroled prisoner." 

151. Perkins, James W., Cuylerville, X. Y. — Mustered 
in at Buffalo, August 30tli, 1862. Was taken prisoner at 
Plymouth, April 20th, 1864. Died at Andersonville Hos- 
pital, of chronic diarrhoea, August 28th, 1864. The num- 
ber of his grave is 7,172. 



TWKNTY-FOUKTM NKW YORK BAITKUY. 100 

In camp hv wont l>y tljt* K(»hri<jnet nt* *' I'cter." lie 
was tnll of life aiul tun. I?i his ]>risnn t'xponriice w(» saw 
but little of him, until he cami^ to the hosj>ital ; such 
was his condition, at that time, that little of his former 
sj)irit was visible. 

152. PiiKF.AN, (.'uAKF.ios T., New V(U'k City. — Mustered 
in, September, lSi;i. 

lle-cnlisted January 1st, I8r»4. Promoted to corporal. 

Taken prisoner at I*lymnuth, remained in the Prison 
St(»ekade. Was e.\chan«^ed December 4th, 1 S(>4, on ])arole. 

Was sick only three days durini; his im])risoinnent. 

Wasat the (>ampof Parole, at Annapolis, until the 0th 
of June, when he was diseharjjed. Visited .lohnstown, 
Fulton ('o., N. v., rcmaine<l there until August; then 
went to EastmanV Connnereial ('olle<;e, at Poupjhkeepsic. 
(Iraduated the 2.Sd of December. Went into business at 
Pou«^hkee})sie. On the 2Mth <)f April, went to the Island 
of (vuba, remained there a year and then rcfturned to 
New York. 

Was married to Miss Avis Dater, of Poughkeepsic, 
July fUh, l.S<;8, and is now living in New York. 

1 53. PiPKK, Georok W., Perry. — Was mustered in at 
Buffalo, August 3()th, 18r»2. 

Taken prisoner at Plymouth and died at Andersonville. 

We do not know the date of his death ; it would not 
be difficult to tell the cause. We )>elieve that he lef^ a 
wife, who resides in Pike. 

1 54. Piper, A., Perry. — Joined for duty in Febniary , 
18^4. ^ 



110 RKPoRns OK THE 

lie readied Plyinoutli in time to take part in the bat- 
tle, and to be taken jn'isoner. 

\lv <lie<] at Andersonville about the same tiine-that Iiis 
brother died. 

ir*;"). PuArr, PiiiLANUKit, IVrrv. — Mustered in at I>ut- 
\\\\n, Au<;u.st .SI St, ]Si\2. 

Was taken prisoniT at Plyni(»utli ;' taken to Andersnii- 
ville, and died at that phice, August 21st, 1S<>4, of* 
clironic diarrlio'a. 

The nuuil)er <»f his p'ave is 0,45.'). 

Pi'att was an excellent cannoneer, ready tnr dutv and 
(piick at liis work. A (]uiet and pleasant comrade. lie was 
one of the useful men at the sawmill at Newport Barracks. 

We l)elieve that in the later days at Plymouth, he was 
promoted eorporal. 

l.")*). Prince, AVilliam.— Enliste<l October 4th, 1<S64, at 
Rocliester, N. Y., for one year. Joined at Roanoke, 
November 22<1, 18<I4. 

Transferre*! to Third N. Y. Artillery. 

157. PoROT, S. Tl. — Enlisted at Kingston, N. Y., Sep- 
tember 2}»th, lsr>4. Transferred to Third New York 
Artillery, May 'i^th, lsr»5. Joined for duty at Ti<^)anoke, 
October 18th, 18(]4. 

158. QuixN, John, Perry. — Joined for duty, November 
21st, 1861. 

At Washington, where Battery " P," of the Rocket 
Battalion, was embarking on the veflsels for New Berne, 



rvvKN-n-ForRTTi NEW YORK haVtkry. Ill 

Qninii cleteiuk'r] one of the Batterv hoys who was light 
and small, in an alternation with a stronircr man, a sol- 
<lier ot' another regiment. The suMier drew a knife and 
stal)bed Qiiinn several times; but, notwithstandinir this, 
Quinn eontinned to ti^ht until he had taken the knife 
away from liis antagonist, and in turn given him several 
dangen>us plunges of the weapon. Tpon being separa- 
tefl, both were found to be dangerously woun<led, and 
were removed to tlie hosjutal. 

(^uinn never returne<l to the Battery. 

We have heard that he was residing in Portage. 

151). Raxkix, Ekasits. — Enlisted at Ilochester, Oeto- 
ber Ttli, isr)4, fnr one year. Joined at Roanoke, Decem- 
ber 1st, 1S64. Transferred to Third New York Artillery. 

K)0. Kathijonk, SvnxKY S., Perry. — Enlisted October 
od, 1861. Was discharged some time in 1 sr>2, for physical 
inability. 

His historical picture, as represented by the older |>or- 
tion of the l>atterv boys, was that of a *' Jfdly old Aml)U- 
lance driver." 

101. Rawson, Poktkk J^., Perry. — Enlisted August 
•J6th, 18<;2. 

Nfustered in at Buffalo, August 80th, 1862. 

Was appointed artificer, Xovember 4th, iSCy"). 

Brought Uj) in a radical school, he believed in sh(»wing 
practically his political tendencies. He left his family 
and a happy home, to share the privations and the suffer- 
ings (»f his fellows, who were fighting out the principles 



112 * RT-^'oRDS OF THK 

wlilcli th(\y believed were rifjiit. He was an eccentric 
peniiis, and adapted liimself to liis army life with little 
coni]>laint. lie was ready to mend or make anytliin<; 
named in the Artillery Vocahnlary. He undertook the 
management of the engine in the steam saw nn'll, wi*h 
as much assni-ance as if engineering was his ])rofessi(»n ; 
and lie was one of the principal aids in making it a si.c- 
cess. Jle was taken jH'isoner at Plymouth. From all 
the information in our possession, we are le<l to believe 
that he died on the cars, while being conveyed from Flor- 
ence to Charleston. Ferrin saw him taken out of the 
Florence iros])ital in a very weak condition, to be trans- 
ported, with others, to (.harleston, for exchange. We 
believe there is utt further knowledge of his existence 
among the surviving members of the J^attcry. 

ir>2. Raymond, IIexry. — Enb'sted in Second New 
York Volunteers, in April, 1801, and discharged with 
his regiment, May 20th, 1868. September 7th, 1804, 
re-eidisted at Albany, for one year, as a recruit for 
the Sixth Heavy Artillery Regiment. Was sent to Hart 
Island rendezvous, and there, contrary to- his wishes or 
enlistment, was transferred to the Ninth Heavy Artil- 
lery, and in company with Daniel Jackson and others, 
he wAs forwarded to join his company on the James 
River, Va. After Jackson deserted, he (Riiymond) 
determine<l to take his name, and answer to Jackson and 
come on to the Twenty-fourth Battery, instead of <roinjr 
to the Ninth Heavy Artillery. This he did, and was known 
as Jackson. Soon after]Camp took command, he received 
a letter from the Secretary of War, enclosing a letter 



TWKNTV-KorKTII NKW YoRK BATI KRY. 113 

from Ravinond's fatlier to the Prcfiideiit, Htatinj^ his ease 
and askini^ pardon, as he presmned he was reported as 
a deserter. At this time, fJackson .alias Ivayniond, was 
company clerk, and anxions in<lecd was he to henr 
his fate. lie had enlisted for one year, and Jackson fur 
three years; he had stepped into the wronj; man's boots, 
an<l was anxions about the two extra years. The case 
was ke])t a profound secret and not known in the Com- 
pany until ^lay, when it left Coanjock Hridi^e for Xew 
I >ei'iic to be transferred. Orders were received to send him 
to the Sixth Heavy Artillery, and with a recommenda- 
tion for pardon incase of Court Martial. He was started 
as ordered, and afterwards it was learned that he was not 
court martialed but found a good company and kind 
otiicers. 

Was an excellent soldier and good company clerk. 

in.S. Rich, Thtrmon, Hague, N. Y. — Joined for duty, 
September 21st, 1861. 

Re-enlisted as a veteran in January, 1864. Married 
while on fnrlough. Was taken prisoner at Plymouth, 
and died at Andersonville Stockade, July 8th, 1804, of 
chronic diarrhoea. 

The number of his grave is 8,077. 

1<54. KicuARDs, EuA8, Perry. — Mustered in, August 
:ioth, 1862. 

Was at the second attack of New Perne, and battle of 
Plymouth. Promoted to corjioral, by Ca]>tain C^ady, at 
Plymouth. Was taken prisoner and was sent to Anderson- 
ville; became sick, and was sent from the stockade to the 
8 



1 14 KK<:(»RI)S OK THK 

liospitftl, wlierc lie rccoverod Hiifticiently to aid in carin^j^ 
for tlic sick. Was parolod at Andcrsonvillo, and sent 
from there to Vicksl>ur<;, hv way of ColiunUns, (ia., and 
Mont^^oinerv, Ala. W.-tscjxclninijcd at St. L«»nis. From St. 
Louis went directly to Annapolis, Md., and was finally 
mustered out, the 12th of July, I.S6.">, at Roehoster, N. V. 

Has since heen in tlie employ of the Erii^ Flailroad 
Company, at Trornollsville, N. Y., comfortahly settled. 

Present address, irornellsville, N. Y. 

1^)5. KirnAKOs, Afjiefm', Perry. — Enlisted October 1st, 
and was nnistered in at Buffalo, N. Y. October 1st, l^^l. 

lie received a warrant as artificer, in October. 

In Fe])ruary, 1802, lie accompanied Ca])tain Lee and 
sister, on a visit to the Hull Run battle field, a descri])tion 
of wliicli was written by a corres])ondent of the "Wyo- 
ininpj Tivirs.'''* 

While on a scout out of iVewport Barracks, he discov- 
ered the saw-mill whidi was afterwards, under Lieuten- 
ant Cady and his engineers, made so useful to the Com- 
pany. 

Was taken prisoner at Plymouth. Remained in the 
stockade at Andersonville u?itil Se]>tember Pith, 18f>4. 
Was taken from there to Charleston, thence to Florence. 

While staying there, food was very scarce, and for 
three consecutive days, he had had nothing to eat of any 
kind. During his entire stay there, he had meat but three 
times. 

Was paroled on the 8th of Decemlwr, 1864. Was sent 
to St. John's Hospital, at Annapolis. As soon as he was 
in condition, lie received a furlough to go home. 



TWKNTY-Forinil NKW \n\lK ».\ITKKY. 115 

IleinuiiHMl liome, (piite ill, until Ajn'il 7tli, isor). Then 
reported himself' to tlie liospital aixaiii. AVas sent from 
there to Cam]) of Parole, and finally, was ordered to his 
Com}>any at Xew Berne. Was mustered out at Syraeuse, 
N. v., July 7th, 1865. lias since resided in Perrv, N. Y. 

16<>. Uicif.vKDsoN, Oklanix), Moscow. — Knlisted Au- 
^nist 18th, 1S64. 

Transferred to Third Xew York Artillery, May 25th, 

Joined Octoher 1 7th, 18^4, at Roanoke Island. 

Fie was a queer s])ecimen of humanity. In the warmest 
d;iys of July, he would wear two suits of clothes to ke(»p 
warm. Serjreant Russell had him under his espcfial care 
with instructiims t«» make a Roldier (»f In'ni if ])ossihle; 
hut althoufjjli Russell had had fourteen years experience 
in the Reijular Armv, he'd more than found his match in 
Richardson. 

1<I7. RoAcii, AVhj.iam, Gainsville, N. Y. — Enlisted 
March 24th, 18^4. 

Transferred to Third New York Artillery. May 25th, 
1 S65. 

Joined at Roanoke, April 20th, 1864. A <rood reliable 
soldier. 

ir»8. Rood, Lk Grand D., Perry. — Enlisted Aiigust 
28th, 1862. 

Mustered in at Buffalo, Aucrust aoth, 1862. 

Taken prisoner at Plymouth, and died at Anders(m- 
ville, of chronic <liarrhfea, June 7th, 1864. 

The number of his grave is 1,735, 



1 16 RKCOKDS OK THE 

lie w:ift tlic fniirtli iruMiilKT ot' tlu* IJattorv who Hicl 
at Anderrtonvilk*. While wc were stjitioned at Plymoutli, 
there was (jjiitc an interest aroused in tlie niinda of sev- 
eral of the men, as to tlieir s])iritnal condition. 

Ar<^urnents u|>on certain |>ortions of the Hihle, liad led 
them to H more thorou;'h investi<xation of its triiths. 

AmonfT those who were earnest and zealous adv(>cates 
of a more faithful ohedienco to its laws, were Iloyt, East- 
wood, Bachelder, Shirley and Rood. Rood kept uj) that 
interest, and to the day of his death, endeavored to act 
and speak as would heeome one who winhed and ho])ed 
to enter tlie promised land of joy above, 

160. Root, IIiuam.-— Enlisted Oetohcr l(»t]i, 1864, at 
R<K'hortter, for one year. Joined for duty at Roanoke, 
Novend)er 17th, 1864. Transferred to Third New Yoik 
Artillery. 

170. Il<M»T, STP:pnKN, Ilandin, N. Y. — Enlisted Octo- 
ber i;Uh, 1S61. 

Re-enlisted as a veteran, at Plymouth, in January, 
1864. 

Was taken prisoner at Plymouth, and is reported to 
have died at Florence, S. C. 

171. RowELL, Solon, Clarkson, N. Y. — Enlisted, Octo- 
ber 4th, 1861. 

He waH at New^port Barracks when the recniits came 
there in October, 1862. He soon atYer received a furlough 
on account of sicknefw. He never returned to the 
Battery. 



TWKNTY-KOUKTII NEW YORK UATIERY. 117 

W(^ IiJive heen tuUl tliat he was discliargi'd at the Imspi- 
tiil at Rochester, and \6 now living at Hamlin. 

172. KussKLL, P^Nocn J. — Enlisted at Uochetiter, Octo- 
her <lth, 1804, tor one year, iloined at Roanoke, Xoveni- 
her tHh, 1864. Transferred to Third New York Artillery. 

17^5. RissEi-L, JonN A., Ticonderoga. — Enlisted Oeto- 
In-r ir>th, I8r)l. 

Re-enlisted as a veteran in January, 1864. 

Was taken j)risoner at Plynionth. lie endured to the 
end the j)rison treatment, aiul was jKiroled. 

Joined the Company in May, at Coanjock Station — 
clean, fat and healthy, never looke<l hotter. 

Transferred to Third New York Artillerv, Mav 25th, 
1865. 

174. Ri'ssKLL, John, Poughkeepsie, N. Y. — Eidisted 
Septemher 27th, 1864. 

Promoted eorporal, November 18th, 1864. 

Promoted sergeant, Novcmher 25th, 1864. 

Transferred to Third New York Artillery, May 25th, 
1865. 

This man was wounded at the battle of Bull Run, 
1861, where he had a part of his skull taken out, and drew 
a pension of $8 per month. Had served fourteen ywirs 
in the regular service and felt away from home when out 
itf the army. Thorough in discipline, he became a valua- 
ble non-com., always making the men keep themselves 
and their quarters in regular army style ; acted as orderly 
part of the time. 



118 HECOHDS <)K THE 

IT."'. SArKPriT, Waltkk, All>any. — Enlisted SeptenihtM* 
2ntli, ISCA. 

Trail Hti'iTcd to Third New Yurk Artillery, May tirnli, 
186:). 

Juineil (October 12th, 1864, at Uoaiiuke. 

176. SAKKoiih, Pkmijuokk J., Perry. — Enlisted Au«^ust 
28th. 1S<;2. 

Mnstered in, Au^nist .'ioth. 1862, at r.uflalo. 

Was taki'ii prisniK-r at IMynmiith and <lied at Ander- 
sunville ll«isj»ital, of chronic diarrhcea, June 12th, 1.S64. 

The nnnd)er of his <ri'ave is 1,880. 

It is noticeable that I wood and Safford, who represented 
that j)ortion ot* Perry calle<l " P>uttalo Corners,'' in the 
Battery, should (after Iniving been playmates, school- 
mates, and finally eomrades in battle) have died within 
liNe days of each other. 

Satibrd never ajipeared like a Btronjj; man; and yet ho 
was able to endure a good deal of hardship. 

If we may judge from the warm clothing and other 
things of comfort, that were sent to liim from his home, 
we should conclude that they also thou;(ht him none too 
sturdy. lie did not stay long with us after we reached 
prison; and if it had been ordained by a wise God that 
he must be saeriliced, we think, what a kindness was 
there in making his stay in hucIi i. horror, brief. 

177. Sanforo, L. J. 

178. SKa»K, Andrew J., Rochester. N. Y.— Enlisted 
March 24th, 1864. 



•rWKNTY-ForUTIf NKW YORK BArfKRY. 119 

Transterrud to Tliinl New York Artillei;v, May 25th, 
1865. 

A vtTv good KoUlier. Punished once by knapsack 
drill one hour each day tor a week, under Sergeant Uuis- 
sell, tor rohhing a setting hen of her eggs, which was 
** against oj'ders." 

17i*. Shank, Lahan H., MtMint Morris. — Enlisted and 
niustere*] in, August .'^otli, 18«;2, at Buflahu N. V. Was 
taken pris(»ner at Plynmuth, and died at Anderson ville 
Hospital, of chronic diarrlnea, August l.'Jth, iSi'A, 

The nuiulier of his grave is 5,r45. 

Shank was a carpenter hy trade, and was a man of 
utility in the I>attcrv. llii stood the test of a soldier's 
life with great endurance, until he reached Andersonville, 
hut that prove<l too much, and his physical force yiehled 
t > the pressure sooner than many of the others. 

l!S(>. SuKLL, John, Clarkson, N. V. — Joined for duty, 
October loth, 18<;1. 

Discharged for physical inability, April, lS(;2. 

181. Shkitako, Xkkson. — Enliste<l May 11th, lSr»3, 
at JMymouth, N. C. — a colored cook. Was taken prisoner 
at Plymouth, April 2nth, l.S(;4. Put in prison there and 
forced to trade hat, boots, watch, i^'c, with the rebels. 

< >wing to the fact that he had acted as guide on several 
raids our cavalry had made up towards Williamston, the 
inhabitants of that vicinity tried to see what they could 
do for Nelson, to repay his kin<lness. They accordingly 
got an order to whip him, which was done in the most 



120 Ki:(;<)KI>8 OF THK 

npj»ri)ve(l styU' ; tlic luvxt day tlicy dislied up aiiotlior ihtm\ 
and tor several days poor Nidsoii liad to iiudi'r«;(» clias- 
tisLMMCut. Was then j)Ut in a jr^i^'K "^^''^^' ^''^^^ ''"'^ cliaiii, 
and sent to Tarhoro, N. C, wliere lie ^ot rid of tlic hall ; 
was then sent to Weld(»n, to work on tortiticatioiis ; tliere 
he «;ot rid «»t* his eliain and made his escape, joining tlie 
eoinpany at Knanoke Islan<l, in the tall of 1804. 

Was transferred to Third New York Artillery. 

Nelson was very shy of rebels after his treatment at 
Plymouth. Whenever there was talk of rebels at Coan- 
joek, Nelson took his post near the swamj) and kept hi> 
eyes pealed. 

\^2. SniKi.Kv, Phakks, Perry. — Kidistod Sejjtemher, 
isr>2. 

Mustered in at Buffalo, Scptend.er lOth, 1S02. 

Was taken i)ris(»ner at Plymouth, and was sent to An- 
dersonville. He was detailed from the stockade to do duty 
in the lu»spital. On the morning of May 21st, he came 
np and made quite a long visit to the writer. 

Soon after his return to his own tent, he was sitting on 
his hunk, conversing with some of his comrades, when he 
suddenly fell over on his couch, and innnediately expired. 
There was no j)o.st innrtetn examination, hut he und(»uht- 
edly died of heart disease. It was a su(l<len shock and 
sjid calamity to his surviving comrades, for he was ufii- 
fonnly kind an<l attentive to them all. 

The following ap}>ropriate obituary aj)peared in the 
Wetitern New Yorker^ written by Rev. J. li. Page: 

" It is not fit to lufier the worthy dead to ^o down in silence to the 
grave — to make no note of their departure— and withhold the meed of 



TWlONTY-KolKTIl NKW YOKK BA'ITKKY. 121 

j)rai8e due to their ex«'mj)lary lives and their precicuiH nu inory. lo 
tliis connection, I want the privilege of payinj; a brief tribute of friend- 
ship, in your coIuninH. to one of our noble Ferry soldiers, wlio die<l a 
l)ri8on«'r in rebel hands. 

♦ *♦»»»## 

Born in our village (Perry) and having B|>ent nearly all his life in 
it, Phares was widely known and universally regarded as one of our 
most j)roinisin^ younp men. (Jentle and accoiunuMlatin^ in disposi- 
tion, proverbially truthful and uprijrht in speech and act, free from 
the sins to which youn^ men in particular, are so fearfully exiMis*^!, 
he was a general favorite in our connnunity, an<l, it is believed, he 
he lias not left an enemy among all who knew him. Favored with a 
naturally amiable disjwsition, grace had made it increasingly attract* 
ive, and his profession of (lodliuess was habitually honored in practice, 
lie was a member of the Presbyterian Church, where his funeral ser- 
mon was preaclied last Sabbath, by the pastor, from Ist Kings, chap. 
II, verse 2. The theme of the discourse was the <lying s<jldier's 
legacy to each of his countrymen — ' his unfinished work.' " 

A copy of a letter to PliaiW inotlier gives more par- 
ticiilai's ot'hiH death. It is as inllows: 

" Andkhsonvim.b, Nov. 15th, 1804. 
" Dear Madam — I enclose you a lock of hair which I clipiwd from 
Phares' head. I suppose you have heard some of the particulars of 
his death. It was so sudden to us all, that it hardly s(>eme<l like 
d«'ath. An hour before, he sat in ray tent with me, chatting of 
the times when we were Iwys ]>]aying * Kobin Ho<k1,' and roving 
through Bailey's O rove— <)fs<'hool days — then of our late capture, and 
its strangeness, compared with those times. After awhile, ho arose, 
saying, that he thought he was going to have a chill, as he felt very 
much like it. Twenty minutes after, one of the lK)ys came rushing 
into the tent, saying that Phares was dying. I ha8tene<l to his tent 
only to find him dead. I had a surgeon called imm(>diately, who 
pronounced his ailment — ' heart diseas*'.' If I am ever fortunate 
enough to reach Perry, I will tell you all. 

Youn truly, 

" J. W. M." 



122 KK( OKDS OF THE 

18.S. SiKM'KKNHKY, TiMOTHY F., CllillH. Elllistcd Au- 

j^ust antli, 18*;2. 

Was taken jn'it^oner at I'lyriioutli, and died at Ander- 
tiOMville Stoekade, September 12th, 1804. The number 
of his ^rave in 8,595. 

He left a wife and family to mourn his loss. 

The sympathy of all who ap|»reciate the saerifiee that 
a man with a family made, when he left his home to 
enter the ranks of our army, as well as the kindest wishes 
of all his Ciunrades, is tendered to them. 

1S4. Smith, !Mason C, Perry. — Enlisted August 28th, 
18<i2. 

Mustered in at J>uftalo, August ^nth, 18(>2. 

Was api)ointeil corijoral at Newport Barraeks. 

Was taken prisoner at Plymouth. The writer saw but 
little of Iiim until we reached Andersonville. I was 
then called upon by one of the '* battery boys,'' who in- 
formed me that Mason was \evy ill, and desired to see 
ine. Ppon visiting him I found him very low, with un- 
Uiistakablc symptoms of typhoid fever. ITe recognised 
me for a few moments only, spoke of home, his mother, 
aiul of our old boy days, and then wandered oft* in mind 
to the insane dreams of a fevered brain. Even then, as 
we gathered about him, it appeared to us that to be 
allowed to be the first one to die in such a place, was a 
kindly boon of a wise God. He died the following 
morning, May 10th, 1864. The following obituary ap- 
peared in the Wt^stem New Y<rrker^ when the sad ti- 
ding** of his sad death reached his home : 



IWENTV-PNJUKTU NKW YnUK HATrKKY. 123 

OiiiTrAUV HV Rev. J. R. Pagk, 

" Another noble sacrifiro for our imi>«>rili'(l country. LaHt Satur- 
day, a letter was received from Lieut. (Jeorj^e S. Ilastin^fl, who ia a 
prisoner at Macon, (i»M)rj;ia, containinjr the brief 8a<l line — ' MaHon 
Smith died. May 10th.' 

" This much, and no more I Hin health was quite poor at the time 
of his capture, and he, doubtless, sank under the lonj^, weary march, 
and the increased hardshijts incidental to his captivity. Our com- 
munity could mourn the loss of no youn;? man njore bel«»ved or 
promising. 

'* He inherited the cenial. (|uiet, kind s|iirit of his father ; had the 
same relish for literary pursuits an<l social enjoyments; wase({ually 
intelligent and uncompromising in his convictions, an<l bid fair t(» be 
u man of even j;reatj'r usefulness and worth to society. He had been 
lor several years an rarntst, active member of the l*resbyterian Church, 
deeply interested in the Sabbath schmd and prayer nieetinj^s : 
honored by all his youthful associates for rare and moral coura^fe. and 
manly adherence to what he retrarded as the path of duty. For, 
rather would he rijfht, all alone, than wnmif, with tin; multitude. 

" He had just completed his sectmd year at Hamilton Collej^'e when 
the c«ll for trooi)s became too earnest for him to lonjjer resist. Had 
he remained in colh-^e it is (juite likely he would have returned 
to his home from the recent commencement, a ^fraduate, in the very 
sta^^e which brought the intelligence of his death. « » ♦ 

" The frecjuent letters received from him showed that lie aimed to 
nu'et all his obli^rat ions, and maintain his integrity amid aboun<linj^ 
temptations. His efforts were more successful in the opinion of othen* 
than in hia own severer judjrment. Very characteristic is the follow- 
in*? extract from his last letter, save one—' In rejjard to ray haiug 
corjK>ral, I have only to say, it was nothinsr of my own wekinjf ; I 
never curry favor of my otticers— I simply do my duty — and what they 
see fit to give me, I take — even if it is no more than a cori>oralcy. 
Non-Commissioned Otficers in the Twenty-fourth Battery are very 
precarious. To day you niay be a serj^eant, to-morrow a private. The 
company is full of men wlio once held a position in the batt«'ry.' " ♦ • 

Tlie following appears in an obituary, written by the 
secretary of bis college clas^ : 



124 KKCoKDrt OF THK 

" Ah a cluHH-nmte, lie was lovtxl hy uh all. Few enjoyed the |m)|) 
ularity that he waH held in by all the claH«. CJuiet, but deteniiined, 
lie wan firat in our HjtortB and planH : and by hie {genial spirit, made 
all his friends. 

" A true Christian and an earnest worker ; we can but mourn his 
sml fate, and join our jfrief with that of his bereaved family in the loss 
to them of an only son and brother ; to us, of an honored and re- 
Bp«*<'t<Hl classmate." 

IS;"). Smith, J. W., Kingston. — Enlisted September 

2JHii, mu. 

Transferred tu Third Xew York Artillery, May 25tli, 

isr.o. 

Joined at Roanoke, October 17th, 18G4. 

18f>. Stkvkns, (4Eoii(iK* W., Fort Plain, N. Y. — En- 
listed November 24th, 18r)l. 

Ke-enlisted in January, 18G4, at Plymouth. 

Taken prisoner at Plymouth, and sent to Anderson- 
ville. 

Phelan informs us that he died at Florence. 

187. Stoddard, Samuel. — He writes: "I enlisted 
September 5th, 18(>2, at Perry, X. Y. Was mustered 
in, Sej)tember loth, 18G2, at Bufialo. Mustered out at 
Syracuse, N. Y., July 7th, 1865. 

" I was not a })ri8oner. I barely escaped capture at 
Plymouth, N. C, April 20th, 1864. It happened in 
this wise: I left Plymouth in company with Sergt. 
Camp, April 3d, for Washington, D. C. Having fin- 
ished our business, we received orders to return on the 
14th. We ]ei\ Washington the same day, expecting to 
reach Plymouth on the night of the 16th, or on the follow- 



TW'KN'H'-FoUKTFI NKW YORK HATTKRY. 125 

ing morning, but owing to the tnilnre of connection at 
Norfolk, of about an hour, witli the Cliesapeake and 
Albemarle Line connecting Norfolk with Roanoke Inland, 
we were detained at Norfolk until the following Monday, 
April ISth, the day after J^lymouth wa^; attacked. 

*' We were joined at Norfolk by T(»m McCiuire and 
Parndee, who had been left behind at that j)oint, sick, on 
their return from their veteran furlouMi. 

" On reaching Roanoke Island, we found that we were 
just one hour too late to reach Plymoutli, as the ram 
came down the river that night, and cut off all further 
communication with the place from our transports. We, 
however, were ignorant of this, and ])roceeded by the 
' Massasoit,' to join the Rattcry at J^lymouth. When 
about midway of the Sound, however, we hailed one of 
the gunboats, having on board the body of Capt. Flusser, 
and learned the situation of the garrison. We steamed 
on, notwithstanding, and joined our fleet, now lying in 
Chowan Bay, where we remained all night. On the 
morning of the 30th, M'e steamed up to the mouth of the 
Roanoke, and there, during the day, helped off refugees 
and some escaped prisoners who had found their way to 
that point. 

'* At night we were transferred to a propeller that had 
been trading in those waters, together with those j)icked 
up day by day, and several enlisted men that had arrived 
from New Berne that day, belonging to the Battery. 
Were sent back to Roanoke Island, then under command 
of Lieut.-Col. Clarke, Eight y-li ft h New York Volunteers. 

** On reporting to Col. Clarke, Sergt. Cam]> wa8 de- 
tailed to the quartermaster's department, where he re- 



120 KKCoKD'i OK TirK 

inaincd until lie received liis connnissiun, in tlie followini,' 
FelnMinry, I tliink. Tliis left nie in eoniniuTid of our 
p«jnad, which consisted of the two veterans ji1>ovc nunied 
and five recruits, and witli them I was ordered to report 
to ('apt. Piarnuni, of the Sixteenth (Connecticut Volun- 
teers, stationed at F«»rt Reno. 

** Here I remained for nearly a week, when I was <h' 
tsiiled to rejmrt at head(juarters, as clerk to the acting 
assistant adjutant j^eneral, and in whi(;h place I remained 
until ahout the first of June, isr».). Durini; these montlis 
1 had the opportunity of rendering some assistance tn 
those self-den\'ing la<lies who were sent as teachers to the 
contrahands, ns it was inv j)rivilei^e to do to some extent 
at Plymouth. I will mention another incident, which 
was of interest to me — a thin<^ wliich comparatively few- 
saw while in the army — a rt'rivnl of rclhjhm^ in whi(;h 
many were hopefully converted, both otHcers and enlisted 
men. 

" I shall not soon for'xet the testimony of one of the 
Andersonville prisonei*s, who liad returned for duty with 
Ills regiment. In speaking of the change he experiences 
in becoming a Christian, he said in words, as near as I 
can recall them: 'I have been, as you know, for some 
months a prisoner, in the hands of the Rebels at Ander- 
sonville, and I thought while descending the river to the 
jMu'nt our exchange boat was stationed at, as I first ci\iight 
sight of the old Stars and Stripes, that it was the haj>- 
piest moment of my life; but I can assure you that this 
comparison but feebly expresses the joy which I now feel 
in becoming a child of (rod.' 

"I was appointed corporal, October 11th, 1862, and 



TWKNTY-FolIKTU NKW YORK IJA'ITKKV, 127 

was iniistercd out as such at tlie cxj)iratiuTi of my tcrnri 
of scrvic^c. 

" Since my retirement from tlie service I have resi(h»d 
in New York City for tlirec years, as a student of The- 
ology, at Union Theological Seminary, sj)ending my va- 
cations, however, out of tlie city. My first vacation, 
during the Sunnner <»f 186G, was spent as sin agent of 
the Freedman\s Tnion Comtnission, and canvassed Rock- 
land Co., N. v., c<»llecting funds in hehalf of that cause. 
During the vacation of 1807, I jjreached as stated su])|)Iy 
of the Preshyterian Church at Stanhope, N. J., havitig 
hcen licensed to preach the Gospel, April UUh, 1S«>7. 

"On May 0th, LSflS, graduated at Union Theological 
Seminary, and on the 20th of the same month was nuirried 
to Miss Sarah F,. Iloisington, daughter of the late Ilev. II. 
R. Iloisington, many years a missionary of the American 
Board of Foreign Missions, and for several years principal 
of the Batticolla Seminary, Ceylon, where Mrs. Stoddard 
was born. 

"In June, ISHS, received a commission to labor an a 
home missionary, under the auspices of the Presbyterian 
Home Mission (committee. I was sent to II(»lton, Kan- 
sas, which is now my field of labor, and present address.'' 

188. Stokms, Thomas S. — Enlisted at Tarry town, No- 
vember 6th, 18*>1. AVas in the Battery. Discharged, 
we believe, on account of some physical inability, and i» 
now living in Tarrytown. 

180. SrNDERLAxn, Chas. — Enlisted at Rochester, 
September 20th, 1864. Joined tlie Battery, Novend>er 
0th, 1864, at Roanoke. 



128 RK«'o|Mw OV TFfK 

lie enlisted for the lOStli Uo^iino?it Infantry, Init \v;»s 
"lost in the wilderness," jin<l the Battery claimed him. 

\*MK SuNFiKT-i), Jamks, Koohester, X. V. — Eidistcd 
()et()lK»r i>th, \X*i\. Re-enlisted as a veteran, at Plymouth, 
in Jannary, 1804. 

Was taken i)risoner at Plymouth, and sent to Ander- 
sonville. He was one of those fortunate few who mirac- 
ulously escai)e<l from the jaws of <leath. 

He was reported as *'ahsent at Colle;;e CJreen Par- 
racks, Annai)olis." We have been told that he now lives 
in Iwochester, iS. V. 

P.M. TifAYEii, Lkwis p. — Enlisted at P«>chestor, Octo- 
ber 4th, 18<t4, for one year. Joined at Roanoke, Novem- 
ber !»th, 1S<>4. Transferre<l to Third New York Artillery. 

102. TiLTON, Henry, Moscow. — Enlisted August 2!>th, 

Mustered in at I^urtalo, August 30th, 1802. 

Promoted corporal about October, 180.'}. 

Was taken prisoner at Plymouth, and died at Ander- 
ttonville Hospital, of gangrene, October 18th, 1804. 

Tilton was one of three brothers who entered into the 
service of the Pnited States. We believe he was the 
second one to go, and the second one to die. Ilis brother 
had told him of severe w^ar experience, but that did not 
deter him. When in his father's store his associates and 
he consulted over the ]>roposition to go, and go together, 
he WHS one of the strongest advocates of the plan. It 
required much persuasion to gain his mother's assent (for 



TWENTY-FOUKTir NEW YORK HATTERY. 120 

slie could realize, ])erhapR far l)etter than he, the possil»lo 
sutlerings that lie might endure), yet, fidl of enthusiasm, 
and full of an earnest conviction that he was needed, he 
did gain it. And we know, too, that another dear one 
l)r()tested and pleaded; hut the firm resolve of a convictecl 
mind gained the mastery over the heart, and he hado 
them all a "good hye," satisfied that he had done right. 
An impression has heen giv(;n to his friends that his suf- 
ferings from the diseasi! of which he died, were extremely 
painful and severe. This is not true. Tlie writer knows 
hotter than anylxxly else, hccausehe constantly attended 
him, and had ditlerent physicians to visit him. Scorhu- 
tis made its appearance in his face. While he remained 
in the stockade, this disorder received little or no atten- 
tion. A large idcer formed in the cheek. lie aflirmed 
that he had no sensation of pain from it, and that it was 
callous to the touch. When he reacthed the- hos])ital and 
found friends, was decently clothed, comfortahly shel- 
tered, and had received some ])}datahle food, he volun- 
teered the remark that " He should soon get well, now 
that he could get something to eat." 

lie had heen in the hospital on*ce hefore, and liad been 
returned to the stockade as well. We helicve that the 
cause of his death was not gangrene, hut dehility, arising 
from want of food and want of shelter, before it wa.s too 
late. He received all the comforts that his several 
friends were enabled to give, for all of which he was very 
grateful. We hoped to save him, but he was too far 
gone. Upon making the usual morning visit to his tent, 
after he had been there a few days, we found that his 
soul had passed quietly away during the night, 
9 



130 RECORDS ^)F Til?: 

Tlie gracious God, who liad giv^eii liim rest in fihinibcr, 
had carried him from that sleep to the eternal sleep which 
knows no waking. Will there not be rest in heaven tor 
such a wearied, suffering martyr ? 

193. TiRRKLL, Samukl. — Enlisted at Leicester, Januai-y 
5th, 18G4. Reached Plymouth in time to participate in 
the battle, and be taken ])risoner. 

Ferguson writes that "Tirrell died at Florence, 8. C" 

1J)4. Truair, (). M., Mount Morris. — Enlisted Septem- 
ber 4th. 18r)2. 

Quaker. Died or was discharged. 

195. Turner, Kouert, New ITartf^jrd, N. Y. — Enlisted 
November 22d, 1802. 

lie came on to Newport Barracks with Lieut. Hastings, 
having left Hamilton College in order to enter the 
service. 

He was unusually bright and active, impulsively 
generous and kind, and very popular with the membei's 
of the Battery. So anxious was he to participate in a battle, 
that he used his strongest persuasive qualities with the 
otiicers to permit him to go with the secti<m which was 
selected for the march to Kinston, (Toldsboro' and 
Whitehall. lie was killed at the battle of Whitehall. 

The following account is given in " The Wyoming 

" Monday morning; the army re-cro88«?d the hridpre, it was a lonpr. 
\B>Tge bridge. Rol>ert Turner, from Oweflfo, had charj^e of men de- 
tached fh)m the different l)atterie8, to clear the town of straff^lers, 
and send them forward to prepare mat(>ria1, and make preparationn 



TWENTY-FOITiTn NKW YORK BATTERY. 131 

for burning the bridp-e and Bet fire to it. He accomplislied the doe<l 
l>romptly, and rereivrd tlie approval of tlie Colont-l. ♦ ♦ » 
(We believe this was the bridge on which Colonel Clark, of the Ninety- 
fiixth New York, was shot and killed.) At the battle of Whitehall, 
Turner waa standing at the head of a horse, when h»i was struck by a 
fragment of a shell, killing him instantly. The missile passed 
through his body near the heart. He was buried in his overcoat and 
blanket, even in the din and smok** of battle. 

" Ho was a great favorite with all the men, and sad hearts gathered 
.round his lonely grave. A short prayer was said. an<l there was juHi 
time to fill the grave as the command waa given to ' forward.' " 

196. Van Birk.-j, Sylvkhtkk. — Enlisted Febniary 
15tli, 1864. 

He was taken prisoner at Plymoutli, and was sent to 
Andersonville. 

197. Wardwell, Edward II., New Hartford, N. Y. — 
Joined for duty, September 20tli, 1862. Promoted 
second lieutenant, April 15tli, 1S63. 

Resigned, August 80th, 1864. 

Transferred to Signal Corps and absent from 
Plymouth. 

198. WASHiNfiToN, Oeoroe, c'olored cook. — Enlisted at 
Plymouth, May 11th, 1863. Lieutenant Camp says: 
" lie was taken prisoner at Plymouth, A])ril 2(>th, 1H64. 
Put under guard and set at work collecting stores and 
<*arryin2 them into Fort William. 

" While at work, the third day after capture, he gave 
the guard the slip, by jumping over the parajwt into the 
ditch, near our (quarters, thence into the swanjp, on the 
upper side of the town, where he found a canoe, with a 



132 RKrORDR OF THE 

gun in it, which Boine person liad left and gone apliore 
from. He got into it, j)addlod out into tlie creek, 
thence to tlie river, tlience nj) tlie river, past tlie Fort 
and down Middle river, picking np in the swamp, oj^jx)- 
site Plymouth, two refugees, N. Carolinians, and l)roug]it 
up safe and sound with our fleet, at the mouth of the 
river. Joined the company at Roanoke, and for some 
misdemeanor was sent for trial to New I>erne, there got 
out and went on board steamer as coal heaver. From 
George, Lieutenant Camp got the first report (»f the killc<l 
and wounded, and fate of the Battery, in general, which 
he conveyed by letter to anxious friends at Perry." 

199. Wayne, Joseph, Hamlin, N. Y. — Joined for duty 
October 23d, 1801. 

Discharged from hospital in June, 1802. 

200. Welch, Kowakd, Perry. — Enlisted, August 27th, 
1862. 

Mustered in at Buffalo, August 30th, 1862. 

Was wounded and taken prisoner at Plymouth, and 
died at Andersonville Hospital, of chronic diarrlura, 
August 8th, 186-1-. 

The number of his grave is 5,181. 

Welch was one of the hardiest men in the Batterv. 
Once or twice before he was taken prisoner, he had been 
attacked with fever and ague, but under any ordinary 
endurance he doubtless would have survived many 
others. 

His death was quiet, and somewhat unexpected to us 
all. 



TWENTV-FOURTII NEW YORK BATl'KRY. 133 

201. Weller, Jacoh II., Cuylerville. — Enlisted Au- 
gust 2Sth, 1862. 

Mustered in at Buffalo, August 30th, 1862. 
Taken prisoner at Plymouth, April 20th, 1864, and 
was sent to Andersonville. 

202. Wktmore, Chaunchy, Hague. — Joined for duty, 
September 28th, 1S61. 

Re-enlisted at Plymouth, in January, ISOl, and waa 
taken prisoner, lie was at Andersonville scune time, and 
was finally removed to Florence, where he died. 

Phelan thinks that he died at Andersonville. 

203. Whitney, Hamilton S., Albany. — Joined for 
duty, November 16th, 1861. 

Ke-enlisted at Plymouth. Was married to Elizabeth 
Owens, while on his veteran furlough. Taken prisoner 
at Plymouth. He lived through the imprisonment and 
was exchanged, December 15th, 1864. He was mustered 
out with Ferguson, W. Carnahan, and Ilolman, at Syra- 
cuse, July 7th, 1865. 

Present address, Johnstown, N". Y. 

204. Whitney, W. A., Wellsville.— Joined for duty, 
November 2l6t, 1861. 

Re-enlisted in January, 1864, at Plymouth. 
A])pointed bugler. Transferred to Third New York 
Artillery, May 25th, 1864. 

205. WiirruECK, Henry, Ilandin. — Joined for duty, 
October 23d, 1861. 

He died in January, 1862, in Washington, of the 
measles. It was the first death in the organization. 



134 KKCOKDS OF TIIK 

iiO(>. WiLMAMs, Omvku, I'crry. — Kulistod Annjust 2«»tli, 
I8r,2. 

Mustered in ut IJiifraUs Aurrust 30tli, 1S(;2. 

Promoted cor})or:il in Decenil)er, 1SG2. 

Promoted sergeant. 

For ii sliort time acted as orderly sergeant. 

Was in eommand of a section ot' tlic artillery at tiie 
huttle of J*lyinontli. Was taken prisonei* at J'lymoiitli, 
and died at Andcrsoiiville Hospital, of intermittent fever, 
July 24tli, 18(12. The number of his <(rave is .S,947. 

Williams' enlistment in the Pattery was not his tirst 
attem})t Ut add his name to those wlio resj)onded i^o 
promptly to the call of their country ; so thorou<»hly was 
lie convinced of his duty, so firndy fixed in his determi- 
luition to ^o, that neither argument, j)ersua8ion, nor tears, 
availed au«^ht a«^ainst his decision. Dear were the ties 
that hound him to liis home — hright were his future 
pros]»ectP, should he remain; but what were these, when 
his duty was clearly demonstrated to his mind, and he 
baw those who had been his friends and associates ft'om 
his early childhood, «;athering around the standard. 

lie }>roved to be a man of worth, in the vocation of a 
soldier — he was fearless and proficient — his duties were 
promptly and satisfactorily completed — and as he showed 
his worth, lie was promoted. 

His section at the battle of Plymouth did good service, 
although they were among the first that were captured, 
or rather overwhelmed. lie was sent to Andersonville 
Hospital from the Stockade, with a squad of sick men ; 
his friends found him, and from that time until his death, 
he was well cared for. 



TWKNTY-FOUKTII NKW YORK BATTKKY. 135 

AVe are aware, fnmi conversations witli liiin afewdaytJ 
prior to liis deatli,that he telt tliat he would not recover. 
We beheved lie wouUl, and we enc^ouraged him to tliink 
so ; ])nt intermittent fever is an insiduous disease, and its 
victim, one day seemingly hri«;]»t and inn)rovin<x, j)asse8 
away the next, to tlie amazeincnt of even the jOiysicianK 
themselves. . We believe that Williinns was j)re])ared to 
die, and was resigned to the will of his Heavenly Father. 

207. Williams, Thomas.— Enlisted October 4th, 18f;4, 
at Rochester. Joined at Roanoke Island, November 
l>tli, 1SG4. Transferred to Third New York Artillery. 

20N. WiNNE, Raknetf V. L., Albany, N. Y. — Enlisted 
September 7th, ISi'A. Transferred to Third New York 
Artillery, May 25th, 1S<I5. Joined for duty at Roanoke, 
October 17th, 18(14. 

200. Wood, Emmeti', Moscow. — Mustered in at Butlalo, 
Auf^ust 3()th, 1 802. Taken prisoner at Plymouth, and died 
at Andersonville Stockade, of chronic diarrhcea (so said), 
Sej»tember 1st, 1804. The number of his grave is 7,581. 

With others. Wood at one time endeavored to make 
his esciipe. They succeeded in getting away from the 
hospital, but the flight was discovered in the morning, 
and the dogs were put on the track. The hounds over- 
took the party, and Wood had a portion of his ear torn 
olf by them. 

lie recovered from this after he was brought back, 
but he was placed in the stockade, and of course he waa 
a marked man after this ; con8e(|uently he undoubtedly 
was denied many things that were furnished to others. 



IJUJ KKCOKT>S OK TIIK 

210. WooLSEY, John. — He writes : " I enlisted in New 
York City, Xoveinber IStJj, 1801. Whs mustered in 
about the 1st of DccMuher, 1S<>1. 

** We were to be armed witli ' Con^xreve Itookets," 
and were led to believe tbey were a verv efieetive weapon. 
Our e(Mnmander, ^fajor Lion (in a sj)eecb be made t(» us 
at Albany), told us tbat tbey were use<l witli fjjreat etb'C't 
in tbe Mexican War, one ^oin<; a mile out of its way to 
kill a ^lexican. (I bave no doubt it struck a mile from 
tbe object it was aimed at*) Pearly in Dccendjcr we wen; 
ordered to Wasbingt«>n, wbere we were encam})ed about 
a mile from tlie Caj>itol. Tbere we received tbe Ionic 
expected * Rocket (tuus.' 

'* Wii took tbeni over to tbe east brancb of tbe Potomac 
to try tbem ; we expected to see wonders (as we bad 
))een told tbat, witb a little ])ractice, a tla«:jstaff could be 
liit five miles off). An artillery blanket was buni^ uj» 
for a tar<^et, about tbree-fourtbsof a mile distant. Wbilc 
we were sbootinj^ at it, some cold-blooded scamp stole 
tbe blanket. Tbe rockets were balkey ; like a mule, 
tbey would go any way but tbe •i.i^bt way. Tbat nii^bt 
r(K'ket stock was low in cam]). Tbe next day tbey were 
returned to tbe armory, and we received tbreo incb riHcd 
guns. 

" One of our officers is wortby of mention : during 
tbat winter be used to appear on tbe parade ground at 
tbe morning drill witb liis bead in a woolen tii)pet, bis 
pants in bis socks, and bis toes in a pair of slippers. lie 
would watcb tbe drill, and seeing sometbing wrong, be 
would rip out a volley of orders, at tbe same time point- 
ing a clay pipe at uh in sucb a manner, that if Barnum 



TWENTY-FOUKTH NKW YORK HA'ITEKV. 137 

or Dan Rice could liavc seen and heard him, liis fortune 
would have been made. The name of Rathbone waH 
frequently heard to eclio throuf^h the camp. 

"At the battle of Plymouth, while loadin^^ the f^un, 
in order to give the near approaching^ rebels a last shot, 
I was liit in the right thigh by a fragment of shell, and a 
few seconds after was shot throui'h the ri<j:ht arm with a 
musket ball, breaking it so badly that a j)art of the lower 
bone had to be removed, which makes me partly a 
cri[)i>le, and I now receive a pension of eight (lollai*s per 
month. 

" T remained a prisoner at Plymouth about two weeks, 
when I was sent to Wehlon by boat. I was then too 
weak from fever and inflammation to stir (exce])t my 
tongue). I was ])ut in a mule wagon, with a darkey on 
one mule, and started for the Raleigh depot. AVc had 
to cross about a dozen switches quartering. T repeatedly 
invited the darkey, in very strong terms, to drive slowly, 
but the more I urged him, the louder he sung to the 
mules, *Get up there, what I feed you for !' He un- 
doubtedly enjoye<l that ride better, and will forget it 
sooner than I shall. At Raleigh I had the erysipelas in 
iiy arm, and should prol)ably have died but for the at- 
tention of friends. In June I was sent to Salisbury; 
there were not many prisoners until October, when about 
11,000 were sent there. The scenes of that Winter you 
are probably familiar with. I there met a man named 
Ainsworth, a brother to Rufus and William. I do not 
know whether he lived to get home or not. 

" On February 22d, 1805, I started for Wilmington to 
be paroled. Walked from Salisbury to Greensborough 



VAS kEcouDs (»F THE 

(fifty milcp), on tlic railroad track ; siViu'd my ])arolo at 
liol(lsl)oron<ili, March 1st, and iiiarclKMl into our lines at 
AVilniin<;ton, the 2d. Was sent to Parole Camp at An- 
napolis, where I was sick in the IIos]>ital for a tiiiM', 
When I entered the hospital I })ut IJ^SO (that I had just 
re(;eive<l as ration money) in a safe that was kept for the 
l>urpose hy the sui-'::eon. When I went after it I wa> 
told that one of the clerks had run away with ^.■),(M»o, 
mine amonj; the rest. I have been imahle to learn 
whether he ever stopped runnin*^ or not. I did not ni- 
enlist, and my time had been out since November, ami I 
was ordered to Albany', tt) be discharj^ed. I proceeded 
there, and after waitin*^ a month, was mustered out May 
3d, 18(>5. Since that time I have been on a farm in 
Westchester County, New York, until last Fall, when I 
ciime to Iowa, and have been teaching school in Cres- 
cent, Pottawottomie County, this Winter; but 1 intend 
to return to New York in a couple of weeks. I have 
thus far been unable to find any one that is willing to be 
the wife of a crippled soldier." 

Present address, Bedford, Westchester County, N. Y. 

211. WooLSEY, EniNO, Albany, N. Y. — Enlisted Sep- 
tember 7th, 1864. Transferred to Third New York Ar- 
tillery, May 25th, 1865. Joined at Roanoke, October 
iBt, 1864. 

212. Wright, George G., Hamlin, N. Y. — Joined for 
duty, November ?Hh, 1861. Re-enlisted at Plymouth, 
January Ist, 1864. 

Was promoted corporal, and retained this position uu- 



TWENTY-FOURTH NKW YOKK HATTERY, 139 

til he was mustered out. lie was taken prisoner and 
nent to Andersonville. Was paroled for exchange in 
November, 1864. Joined the Battery again for duty, 
April 12th, 1865. Was mustered out with the renmant 
of the Battery, in Company " L," of the Third New 
York Artillery. 

We have heard that his present address is Ilochester, 
N. Y. 

213. Yancer, J. D. — Joined for duty, February 8th, 
1864. Reached Plymouth in time to be taken prisoner, 
and was sent to Andersonville. Hosier writes that — 
** Yancer died at Andersonville, August 15th, 1864." 



140 RE(M)RD8 or TlIK 



PAF^T U- 



CHAPTER I. 

TIlK K<M KET HAriALlON. 

Ill tlie local coluniTirt of the Wyuinin;^ Times, uri(k'r 
dute of Septeinlier 27th, IStU, we tiiul the followin<^ pani- 
^naph : 

M(!«*tin^H and speeclieB in favor of the war wo had 8upix)8ed 
" phiyinl out." Action, action, is now th«« word. All are i-nli^ht 
ened on the subject of the war, or ou^ht to be. 

Monday eveninjj, however, another meeting wa8 held, called by 
Mcpwrs. Wyckoff, Lee and Pajure,* with a view of obtainiuir recruitH 
for a company of artillery. 

Prof. Atkins was called to the chair ; whereupon Jay E. Lee 
Ewj., Htated it was their purpose to orjjanize an artillery comi)any 
to be attached to O. D. Bailey's regiment, and enlarged at some 
lenjfth upon the advantage of this branch of the service over all 
others. 

He was followed by Harry C. Papce, Prof. Atkins, Rev. Mr. Tom- 
linson, Rev. Joseph R. Page, Judge (Oilman, N. P. Currier and 
Pliilander tilmmons ; after which an op|)ortunity was given to enlist. 

The result of this meeting was a response from about 
fifty men to the call, who pledged themselves to the 
organization proposed. For some reason, which we arc 



TWENTY-FOURTH NEW YORK BATTERY. 141 

iinuhle to ex})]ain, only twcMity of tliis inimber ke])t tljcir 
faith. A corresj)()ii(lent, over tlie n<nnme ih> pJume of 
" Drumnier," writes to the Timeft under date of October 
29th, 1801: 

Most of your readers are perhaps aware tliat Home fifty indi- 
viduals sijrned tlieir names to the roll at Perry, an«l were expected 
to ^o with the company, in ad<lition to thone whom w»^ expecte<l 
to join us from Monroe County. Well, on the morning of our de^ 
parture we could find but twenty persons prepare<l to po. Never- 
theless, accordinjr to ])r('vious announrem<'nt, we took the cars at 
Cnstile hiKt Friday morning for Buffulo, with the understanding, if 
we found our Monroe friends on hand and a fair prospect of filling; up 
our com]mny soon, we would be sworn in and or^o^nize ; otherwise, 
we should return. 

At Buffalo we met twenty hearty and detenuined men, and, after 
lookinjf the pround over, were nmstered in. Kvery man who went 
with us, except Wyckolf, was sworn in. 

We were sorry to lose Mr. Wyckoff. but, as we had so few nu»n, 
we could not ask for both captain an<l first lieutenant ; Mr. Wyckoff, 
therefore, though ur^ed to remain, reluctantly withdrew. " If I can- 
not brinpr more than twenty men," said he, " and not half those men 
care whether I jyo or not. I shall not stay." That he did not jro with 
us as captain is the fault of those who signed and failed to fj^o. If we 
had prone to Buffalo with forty men, Mr. W. would have l)eeii captain. 

Ilavinpj completed the or<^anization, tlie company re- 
mained at tlie recruiting head-quarters — Fort Porter, 
Buffalo — until about the middle of November. They 
then left for Albany with 56 men. While at this post. 
Major Tiiomas W. Lion, ex-Enplish army officer, inventor 
of the wonderful tire-rocket, «fcc., &c., introduced himself 
to their notice. He desired to form a battalion, to use this 
rocket in the field. A consolidation of several squads of 
recruits, occupying the barracks at Albany, then formed 



142 RKCOllDH OF TIIK 

THE HOCKET BATTALION. 

MRJ«#r — Thoman W. Lion. <*. 

(hmpany A. Company D. 

Captain — A. Ranwrmi. Captain — Jay E. lioo. 

U\. Li«M>t.— n. VV. Dwlffo. iBt Li«iut.— L. A. Cady. 

2d liiout.— Samm-l Hoddy, Jr. 2d Lieut —G. W. Graliam. 

TIjc huttalion consisted of 100 men, ecpially divided 
hctwcen tlie two companies. 

We are, liowever, oidy interested in tlie history of 
Oonipany I». The n(m-comtriissioned officers appointed 
Jit tliat time in tliis company were : 

Mark Andn-ws, Onlerly Serpf't. H. C. Pa^e, Q. M. 8(T^eant. 

Wm. W. Crc)ok«!r, Ist Duty Serpr. Kufua AinHWorth, 'M Duty Serff. 

Solon Howell, 2d " " Kobc^rt Uullook, 4th " 

CharlcB A. (lark, IhI Corporal. Guptavuw Barker, 5th Corjwral. 

Chan. K. (irifflth, 2d " li. .f. Hanfonl. 0th 

Franklin D. OtiH, M " H. W. Keljo;:^. 7th 

0«H>. B. Johnpion, 4th " Francin Leonard, Hth " 

H wtor C. Martin, Bujrler, L. Newcomb, Busier. 
Albert Richards, Artificer. 

In Decemher, tlie hattah'on received orders to report in 
Wasliinjjcton. Leavinf:^ Alhany, I)eceml)er 7th, they pro- 
ceeded on tlie steamer Nrw World down the Ilndson to 
New York. Were detained a day or two at the Park 
Barracks at New York City, and departed thence by 
railroad to Washinpjton. There they went into cam]) on 
the artillery p'onnds, east of the Capitol. There were 
few inci<lents connected with this trip that would be of 
sufficient interest to relate. Just before reaching New 
York a fog enveloped them, and the steamer ran aground, 
and they were delayed some time. A discovery of some 
country produce among the freight packages of the 



) 



TWEXTY-Fonrrn nkw t<>uk uattkry. 143 

steamer, fiiriiislied tlieboys with a dessert tor tlieir liaver- 
sack dinner. The short stay in New York <javc them an 
oi)portnnity to <lo some si^lit seeing, and we jud^e tliat 
one of tlieir ninnher had "seen*' a i^ood deal, wlien he 
ste])ped into a millinery store an<l told the smilin;; yo"^»J? 
lady attendant, with his niost winnin;; manner, that he 
'' thonjrht he would take a whiskey sour." The young lady 
avssured him that they kept ncjthing sour, but he woidd 
doubtless find it next door. *'By (ieorire, I thought this was 
the right church, but I guess I am in the wrong pew," was 
his remark to himself in noftn voee^ as he made a hasty 
exit. 

The Wyoming Thuen regular correspondent, "Quar- 
termaster" (Harry C. Page), writes under date of Janu- 
ary n, 1862: 



I Raid we left Albany. Drcombor 7th. In Now York wc wore i-n- 
ttTtnined at thf Park Harrarks, wlirre we all Hl«'])t for the first time, 1 
doubt not, witli the "^ates open." A more vile and niiBerable den men 
rannot be parked into. It is the "Elyrtimn of Loaferdom " I wonder 
it" there will be any improvement under thi' new Mayor. Fortunately 
otir 8tay in New York was brief. [The condition of Park Barrarks 
\va.s directly tlie reverse of this descri])tion in th«' Fall of 18(52. — El>.] 
On the eveninjr of the 0th. we took the cars for Phil»<lelphia, vrli^re, 
at iridni^ht, we partrxik of asph-ndid repast, ])repared by the lailies of 
tliat hospitable city, who, we wen* inforiiM'd, had in like manner ap- 
peased the app<^tite8 of lOO.OOf) soldiers since the war iHft'Rn. U|)on 
the arrival of a train brinjfinjf troop« a jfun is fired, and whatever Iw 
the hour, day or ni^ht, a committee of ladies repair from their dwell- 
ings to the room prepared for that purpose, to s<'rve out warm coffee 
and other food to the soldiers. Then* we took the c«rs for Baltimore, 
and few of us, as wo mardHKl throujfh the streets of that city, but 
thoujifht, I fancy, how difforent was our reception from that of the 



144 RKcouns OK the 

PIxth MRWHRclninottH Rftrinicnt, wlilrli, on the Ifttli of April lawt, on 
itH way to drf«'n<l thr rn]iital of th«' nation, waH anRaultcd by an infu 
riat«*(l and niiH^fuidiHl populucr. 

W« n'ach(><I WasliinK^ton, Dcjci'mbi^r lOtli. 

• #***««» 

W(» cnpy from the I>rockport f^tjuihlirdi} a l»rit'i' 
Kkctdi, from the pen of Caj)tain Lee, of tills portion of 
their trip : 

Tlio contraHt l)etw«»en our weloomn in Bnltiniorc and that of Ronu* 
of tbr first trooj)B tbat papwd tliroujjb tlicre was niont ntriltinjr ; in 
dcMKi, our journ<'y all through Maryland was a coniplctf? ovation. Tin* 
womt'n and rhildrrn, of all classrH and (b'soriptions. hurrahed, waved 
tiapTH, handkerchiefM and pettiroats. A f«;w in Baltimore looked 
(tava^e and inutter»Ml. 

It noemed strange to me that the citizena of Pliilndelphia and 
Baltimore ahould pay us no much attention. They greeted us as warmly 
and entertained us as jfenerously, as though we were the first soldiern 
who liad passed through their cities, and as though we wore the sole 
taviora of tlie country. 



TWENTY-FOIKTH NEW YORK BATTKRY. 145 



CHAPTER II. 

18r,2. 

TlIK R(>rKET. 

It \vi\A a '* fizzle '' — yet it was an invention, or claimed 
to l>e one. It bad a man of brass in ^Isijor Lion, to 
place it before tbe Secretary of War and tbe Cliicf 
of Artillery — so plansible was tbe tbeory, tbat tbe ex- 
])(Mise of sustainini:^ tbe H.ittalion, as well as manyotber 
ex])ense8 were incnrred, to ;;ive it a practical test. In 
tbe editorial of tbe AVvomin<^ 7V//?/.v, December 20, 
IS^Jl, we find tbe followinjj, ju'obably from tbe pen of 
T. 8. Gil let, wbo was tben in tbe otKce of Secretary of 
State, at Albany : 

Various stntcnu'nta luive appj'arrd in tho ])a]>«T8 relative to tin* 
" Rocket Gun. " ami none precis 'ly alilte, yet all repret«"»ntin);f tliin 
arm of tlie service as a most terril)le one. It lias never l>een uscd on 
tliis Continent, and experienced artillerists liave never set-n it. Tlio 
papers and (iov«'inment are only in tlie secret. Its ])rincipal pur]>ow 
a])pears to l>e to throw forward a flame of fire sutR<'iently larjje to 
frijrliten liorses and thus thrr>w the enemy's cavalry into confusion. 
Of course, the hattalion must have the rijjht of the advancinjf anny, 
and take their chances of having their ' Rwkets' silenc^Hl by the 
picked riflemen of tlu' opjjosin^ forces. 

The "rocket" pfun is represented as l>ein^ a breech-loatlinff field pieci-, 
capable of dischar^n^ bombs, balls and p«»rcusslon sliot aa well An 
rockets. The rockets are to be ustnl for firing buildings, behind which 

10 > 



14B RECilRDS OF THE 

the enomy may Boek* slieUor, or for n*movin^ by fin* any ohntarle 
thrown out to retard the advancement of the troops. Tlie exi)anHiv»i 
properties of th«' rocket are wonderful, creating? a ball of fire fifteen 
feet in diameter, which can be thrown by thisbreecli-loadin)? projectile 
5,J500 yards, or over three miles! 

It is stated tliat the Government has purchased the exclusive ripht 
of manufncturinff this terrible instrument of destruction, and js so<»n 
to introduce it to the rebels. 

"Quartermaster'' fumifilics the \Vyojin'Ti^ Timfy, <^' 
d.ate January 24tli, 18r)2, a more' elaborate description of 
thcfic instruments of war. lie says : 

I will give you an imperfect description of the missile and its 
use — 

The rockets which I have sen, vary from twelve to twenty in 
ch<*H in lenjfth, and from two to three inches in diameter. The head 
is conical and solid iron, from two to three inches in length, accord inj; 
to the size of the rocket. The remaininjf portion of the rocket is a 
hollow iron tube, filled with a hi^rhly intlanmiable com])Ound, which 
beinpf ignited in the rear or tail of the rocket by a fuse, gives the 
weaj)on its impetus. 

The composition of this intlammable substance is a Government 
secret. 

To form some idea of the noise and force which they made when 
fired, you may multiply the noise and fury of a largo Fourth of July 
rocket by one hundred. We have made but one experiment with 
them since coming here, and that was at the arsenal, and more for 
the pur]>ose of testing some conductors or tubes from which to fire 
tjiem, than the rockets themselves. 

The tulH'S we used were of two patterns, one of drawn iron with 
ft bore of three inches, and the other by uniting three three quart«r 
inch rods or wires, spirally, fastened by strong collars or bands, leav- 
ing a bore or tunnel of about four or five inches. Both were placed 
on a stand somewhat similar to a theodilite stand. The rockets us«»d 
were old and not very perfect, yet we executed some very satisfactory 
firing. The results from the wire tubes were most satisfactory. Two 
three-inch rockets fired from the latter, went magnificently. The 



TWENTY-FOUKTH NEW YORK BATTERY. 147 

tube was pointed acroHs the river (Potomac), diajronally, nt an 
elevation of nearly 45^. Away went i\w fir»' Hpitter, out of gi^'ht, and 
probably found a pravi' in the " sacred noil." Turning? the tube down 
the river, at the same elevation, a second was fired, it went beautifully 
— direct as the path of a bullet — and buried its«'lf in the Potomac, at 
a distance of mom than three nuh'H. That was the estitnati* of 
(General Barry, Major Kamsey, and others familiar with the locality. 
The rockets we are to have for active service are a decided impruvo- 
ment on those we U8e<l, which I have described. 

The head, instead of bein^ solid, will 1 .'ludlowand filled with mua- 
ket balls and powder and ex phxled by a time fuse, in all resp«'cts similar 
to a "grapnel" or "sphericat <-Hse " shot. The advanta;;es from that 
improvement are palpable. The head will be le'avi(!r (on account 
of bein^' filled with lead.) which will materi»lly add to the (lin'Ct- 
nesa of the line of fii;:ht and to the distance. Then by bein^r tired by 
a time fuse, it can be exploded at any time i)T place, scatterin}? a 
stonn of bullets and fragment -< around. Another improvement is this : 
the tubes or case containinj; the combustible material is to be jut- 
forated by tanjjential, spiral holes, from which the fire will be thrown 
with j^reat force and fury, pivinjj a whirlinj; motion to the missile, 
which as you see. will also assist in jrivin;? directness and distance 
to its ^i^ht as well as scatterinjj fire and destructifm on every side. 

Our orjfanization is the same as lijrht artillery. We shall havo 
jrun carria;res and limbers, followed l)y cuis.xons. Hut instead of 
mountinjr on^ j,nin on a carriaj^e. we shall moimt four rocket tubes. Our 
company will work four carriajzes and its fjtmsor ttibes. Just think 
of u<^ drawn up in battery before a rei^imcnt of cavalry or infantry. 
At one volley we could send into their midst sixteen nxkets. each 
rocket spittinjr fire, fury and destruction on every side, and carryinpr 
in its forehead 8«'venty-four bullets, ready to burst from their sh»'ll at 
Just the desired point, and scatter death in every direction. 

If all this succeetls in the fi«dd.as it isbelinviHl it will, our weapon 
will W terrible in its execution, and we a terrt)r to traitors. 

The *' Kocket guns/' after a long delay of nearly four 
months, were turned over from the handrt of the inventor 
and contractor!^ to the battalion. " Quartermaster '^ 
writes, March 31, 1862 : 



148 RECORPS OF THE 

We have been encam]>ed here nearly four months, and have juPt pot 
our puns. The principal rauRc of the delay anme from tlif fnot of th*' 
puna beinp of a peculiar construction, and we were therefore obliged 
to wait for their manufacture. They have at lenjrth arrived. 

The carria^feH are lighter than thonenf li^ht artillery. The tulw i» 
made of wrought iron, ami is ei^ht feet in Irnylh, with a bore of two 
and a <|uartcr inches. The tube \h jxTforatcd with holes aboiit om- 
inch in diameter, the entire lenjrth, and alK)ut two inches apart. 

The object of the holes is to permit the tlame to escape while the 
rociet is passinjf through the tube, which mijfht otherwise hr corroded- 
We are innnediately to conmience ex|M'rimentinp with tin* ^r«nf- * * 

Nothinjf can much lonjjer delay us, unlesH it is the scarcity of horses. 

A week later, he writes : 

I wrote you, one week ajro. that we had receivt'd our rocket puns. 
Since then we have had our horses. Recent experini«>nt8 with the 
rocket rendered certain their |>erfect success and immense power as a 
weaj>on of warfare, so you may soon exixjct to hear from us on the 
field of battle. 

May 12tli, 1802, he writer*, in transports ofi' New 
Berne : 

We made some experiments with tlie rockets shortly before we left 
Washington. They hardly came up to the expectations of the author 
ities, and so it was c^included, as Hurnside was in want of artillery, to 
jfive us some puns and send us on. Consequently our quaint rocket car- 
riages were exchanped for the substantial six-i>oundercarriape,and our 
8lu»et ironed tubes were turned into rifle<l cannon. 

Tills closes the correspondence on that interestini? sub- 
ject, the " rocket gnn.'' 

The writer has had many conversations with the 
officers and members of the l^attalion who were present 
at the trial of these irnns. 

The fault which proved too great to overcome, wns 



TWENTY-ForRTII NEW YORK BATTER V. 149 

tlie uncertainty of direction that tlie rocket would take. It 
mi^lit make a retrograde movement. It might, imme- 
diately on its leaving the mouth of the tube, take a 
counter direction an<l comeiiying into the midst of those 
who fired it. . A body moving from the centre of a circle, 
there was no knowledge of the radius it would prohahly 
take in its flight. 

The rocket used was, hy M ijor Lions' representation, 
an improvemcnit, invented hy Lion himself, upon the 
Congreve rocket. 

In the minds of those best acf|uaintod with him, I find 
that tliere were doubts as to whether he knew anything 
at all about the science of gunnery or of this projectile. 

In the text book on "Ordnance and (iunnery,'' by 
Colonel J. G. I'enton, used in the V. S. Military 
Academy, this short history of Rockets is given : 

Kookets were upod in India ftnd C'liina, for war jmrpoHrn. bofori* tlie 
discovery of jfunpf)wd('r ; sonit' writr-rs fix the dat«' of their invention 
about the close of the ninth century. Their inferior force and ac- 
rur:iry limited the sphere of their opiTutiona to inrentliary puriK)s«'S, 
until the year 1804, when Sir William Conjyreve turne<l his attention 
tr) their imi)rovement. This officer substituted sheet iron cases for 
those made of paper, which enal)led him to use more powerful com- 
|K)sition ; he made the jfuide Btick shorter and lijjhter, and removed a 
source of inaccuracy of flight by attaching tin* stick to the centre of 
the h&m instead of the side of the case. He states that he was en- 
abled by hiB 5mprov(?ment8 to increase the range of six-}K)under 
rockets from six hundred to two thousand yards. Under his direction 
they were prepared and used successfully at the s«>ige of Boulogne, 
and the battle of Leipsic. At the latter place they were served by a 
special cor|)8. 

The advantages claimed for rockets over cannon are unlimited size 
of projectile, portability, freedom from recoil, rapidity of discharge, and 
the terror which their noise and fiery trail produces on mounted troops. 



150 KKCORHS OF THE 

Tlio nunicrouB ronditionn tn ho fulfilled in thrir construction, in 
order to obtain nccurnry of flight and tli<' uncertainty of preservinflf the 
roinj>o8ition uninjured for a length of tinu^ are difiiculties not yet 
entirely overronje and wliirh have much restricted thciir usf'fulness for 
(general military puriwHes. 

From tin's descriptimi we are led to conclude that 
there was some ojroiutd tor tlie representations of ^Fajor 
Lion, and good reasons for the liigh ex|)ectMtions whicli 
the otiicers and men of the Battalion had in a prohahility 
of hecoming *' the pioneer organization of this wonderful 
ann «>f the service." 

The failure did not certain!}^ arise from want of patri- 
otism, courage, or willingness on the part of the memhers 
of the Battalion. 



TWENTY-FOURTH NEW YORK BATTl-^Y. 151 



CHAPTER III. 

1802. 

BATTERY B. 

Six months had ehipsod while tliese oxpLTiinents on 
rockets were beiuj; made. 

It is easy to ima«^ine that tlie days dratrn^ed 8h)wly by 
witli those who had, at the time ot their cidistment, ex- 
pected immediate active duty. 

Six months of settled camp life, where the daily rou- 
tine is one of leisure, is very likely to be demoralizing to 
any company. 

Aside from a little foot drill and sabre exercise, their 
time was unoccupied by regular duties. An occasional 
show of discii)line was made by the commander of the 
IJattalion. This depended, perhaps, more on his mental 
and physical condition, than upon any direct or flagrant 
misdemeanor. 

Sectional and personal jealousies arose a!nong the men 
and officers. Against the officers charges of injustice 
and favoritism were made. Counter-charges were made 
by the officers of inefficiency and insubordination. 

Their troubles and differences were brought before 
the court-martial, and both there and at the homes of 
those interested, the various actions in the matter werQ 
thoroughly discussed. 



152 ftECORDS OF TIIK 

We flo not propose to open tlie (liscnssion afjain, an<1 
mention tin's portion ( f tlio Conjpsmv's liistorv, ou\y bc- 
cjinsc tlioy wore facts und incidents occnrrin<x at tliat 
time. 

The friends at liome liad not forpjotten tlie volnntoer>. 
nnd weliave accounts of tcustand joy over " <:^ood thin«js " 
from home. 

There was S(>me sickness and one death — tliat <»f 
Lemuel Andrus. 

In order to <ijiv(» a better understandinjj: nf the recmd 
of their life at AVashin<^ton, we select from the tiles cf 
tlie Wyoming Tittns the folh)winjj; correspondence : 

Camp roNfJiiKVK, IVccmlur, 1801. 

You will wcp by my (Into tliat tho nanio of our camp has born 
ohanjri'd from Duncan to Conjjrevo, in lionor of the inventor of tin* 
rocki't. It is located about three-rjuarters of a mile from tlu- 
Capitol, <m what wouhl be the i>rol»>njrution of Pennsylvania Avi- 
nue, if that thoroughfare was continued throu^^h the Capitol. L<t 
me describe my <niarters to you. My h<»use is what is called a wall 
tent. Tho boys havr planted a row of yountf spruce trei's in front of 
the tent, which is <)uite orninnental. It is lieated by a California 
Htove, the institution of the establishment. This consists of a hole 
near the centre of the tent, about eijjhteen inches de<'p, the same in 
breadth, and al>out t'vo feet lonjr, bricked u|)and cov«'red with a stove 
top. with a j^riddle for cooking. The draft and the chinmey are both 
on the out«'r and o]))M)site sides of the tent. This is a most udmirnblr 
arranjrement, dryin;^ ftnd warmiajf the whole Hoor f?f the tent, which 
In, of course, mother earth. We sleep in a roujfh bunk, about thrett 
feet wide, and have a good etraw bod and plenty of ((uilts to keep us 
warm. 

It is very wann and comfortable. We have had no severe weather 
as yet. I cannot realize that it is midwinter. 

I must tell you how I ])aBsed my Christmas, About D<x)n, in com 
pany with Lieut. (Graham. I set off for the land of "Secesb." In jfalo 



TNVKXTY-ForKTTf NKW Yr)KK HATTERY. 153 

injr down Pennsylvania AvcMiue, wr wvro bronjjlit up Btandin^ more 

than onro bv tlie tliroatoning bayonfTs of tbr ])atrol for the Btn'ots of 

Washington. Tho city is un(]«»r strict martial law, and tlin HtHM-tfian* 

lined with Holdirrs, stationed as sentinels. They stopped us only to 

warn us not to ride faster than a trot, and then sutJered us to jjass on. 
*»♦**♦»* 

Our journey took us thronufh the far famed setth^ment of Falls 
(^'hurch. Add two misernble churches to that (»f IVrry, and let that 
place run fifty years without repair, and you have u picture of tiie vil- 
lajre r)f Falls Church. ##»»#♦ 

Ve><ter.liiy everythinsf woro a jjala-day aj)pearance. Almost every 
entrann^ to an encampment was an-hed with lofty and Iwauti fully 
woven »«verifreens. 'I'he camps were laid out in stre'ts, and thickly 
strewed with freslj sj)ruce shrul)s. They were ])ictures pie beyond any- 
thing; I <>ver conceived in camp life; and withal the tents werech-an and 
aipparently comfortable, and the soldiers cheerful and contented. 

*• Who wouldn't hoII a farm to be a soldier." 



Camp CoxoitRVR, 
Washington. January 20lh, 1803. 

Since writing you last, we liave liad one gran<l, constant, continual 
rain — what the boys call a " bully rain." Pay and night, pat, pat. pat- 
ter, it has come on our canvas roofs, compelling us to hover close 
anuind our tin stov<'s, and avoiding the tr«'a<'lierous Boil without. 
I>rillingan 1 g('n 'nil cimp duties have bci-n almo^t entirely suspended. 
We have had nothing to do but mak«; ourselves as ccmifortable as we 
could under the circumstance's, which we have <lono. Of cruirse the 
weather has had an unfavorable effect upon the health o*'<»ur boys. 
Theri! is considerable sickness in our Battalion, as w«'ll as in this entire 
division. The raum|>s, measles, colds, fevers. A:c.. are jfiving the sur- 
geons plenty of work. The light»'r cases are all treatt^l in tlie camp 
hospitals, whiln severe and i>rotracted diseases receive tr(>atmcnt in 
the general Iiospitals. Hut we are all hoping for <lry weather, and a 
resulting improvement in liealth. Tntil the roads are hardened, an 
advance from this point wcmld be wholly impracticable. 

Our troops might succeed in storming earthworks, but must suc- 
cumb to this accumulation of raud. This Battalion has engaged only 
in the dismounted drill, and has attained cf)Dsiderable proficiency in 



164 KKCORUS OF TIIK 

ordinary tftotics and Hword fxcrrlso. Tlic bovH Hwinff tlioir HabrcH aw 
luHtily an Don Quixoto flouriHlu'd hin truRty bind*' wlien fi^htin^ tin* 
windmills. In a ffw wrckH wo liopc to educate man and horse in the 
UHe of ^un carriageH and rocket tubes. » « » * 

Camp CoNdUPivR, 
Washlnffton, February 1st, 1802. 

# » » # j/,f,. ji^ camp iH just now monotonous. We are in 
wliat is known as a ramp of instruction, as distinjruished from camp 
in camjtaijrn. We liave been «lrilled in tlu? school of the cannonrer 
dismounted, and as we liave not yet received our liorses or <'annon, we 
have not yet commenced tlie re^rular artiUery drill. We, however, 
expect our horses in a few days, when we will fmd three months hard 
labor before us at least. Two iticideiits have taken i>la«'e since I last 
wrote you, which were out of the usiuil course. We were paid ot!" — 
an occasion of ^reat interest, and one which pa.vv general satisfaction ; 
tlie otluT was the receipt of the jirovisions forwarded by the wortby 
|H!o|»le of Ferry. The soldier I tak«' it, from what I have seen, ilocs 
n<)t alK)und in demonstrations of jrratitude, and yet feels as ke«"nly, 
p<'rhaps. as he who is mor«i lou<l in his expressions. Carefully «lrawn 
resolutions of thanks mi jfht sound w«'ll, and perhaps niake the donees 
appear to advantage, but they could not add to a general feeling of 
gratefulness entertained ani] manifested, particularly by those ac- 
quainted with the individuals who contributed. All of the articles 
n'ached lierc safely, and the most of them have been disposed of. 1 he 
jelly and preserves are to be kept for the sick, and a few other articlis 
we yet have on hand. 

♦ » ♦ » There lias been some sickness with us, but now o>ir 
camp is unusually liealthy. We have had a great deal of rainy 
weatlier, and Washington Itas been a sea of mud. Fortunately 
our camp is so situated that it is less damp and wet than any of the 
camps around us. I see no prospect of an immetiiate advance. The 
bad roads, I think, would alone prevent it. Even about the city the 
roads are almost impassable. • • * * 

Camp Conoreve, Wabhinoton, D. C, 
March 10th, 1862. 
A long train of ambulances yesterday, crossing the Long Bridge, 
put me in a gloomy and reflective mood, fqbm which I have not yet 



TWEN'n'^-FOURTH NEW VOKK BATrERY. 156 

rtMjovered. Fancy cannot picture, nor ima^i nation conc("ivo. the hor- 
rors of war. That tho Vx'st facnltirs of man, his utmost ingenuity, 
should be taxed to pr<Kluce wea|x>ns for tlie (h'struction of his feHow- 
creatures, is, wlien we come really to think of it, appalling. Some 
fiend, one would think, invented the shell, some of them eleven inches 
in diameter, filled with nails, pieces of iron and balls, which burstinj?, 
sometimes kill fifteen or twenty men. The heartlessness of war, and 
particularly this war, it seems to me, is touche<l oflT to the life in the 
following lines. They are from Vanity Fair, and may not have met 
the eye of all of your readers : 

The Song of the Ambulance. 

Lrt \hv brond cohimnw of mm advance f 
Wo follow behind with the ambulanco. 

They lead uc many a weary dance, 
But they cannot weary the ambulance. 

We rattle over the flinty Ptone^, 

Aiid cruHh and nhatter the nhrhiklng bones. 

Ilere we ride over a rhrintlan pkuD— 
No matter, the ambulance is fUll. 

Behold I a yonthful warrior In dead. 

But the wheel glides over hie fkir youn^ head. 

Sec pmoke and fire ! hear cannon's roar ! 
Till the bursting ear» can hear no more. 

Till the eycK hoc only a »ky-blue frame. 
And a lurid picture of pmoke and flame. 

And the air growi> dencc with a thousand sighs. 
And Bhriekn defiance iu shrill death-crlcn. 

And blood llc" black In horrible Hfrcamn, 
And wc think wc arc dreaming fearAil dreamt. 

But our whcclf* are strong, our axles loaad, 
And over the sea we merrily bound. 

What do we care (br the bursting shell f 
We know lu mniic, and love It well. 



156 RKCORDS OF THE 



What do wo raro for nichs and groann ? 
For mnntrkd hodion and nhattorert bones? 

We laiiL'Ji at dan-.'or mid Hrorn mlpchance, 
Wc who drive the ainbiilHiirc. 

Through rattllnj; bullctc and cla^hlnsr stoel. 
We (iteadily ^uide the Icapiiifr wheel. 

Writhinj; in a-.'ony they lie, 

('ur:«in;: Die Hmbiilancc. pmyiii^' to dlt*. 

While Home in dreary, deathlike tran<'e. 
Bleed life away in tlie ambulance. 

Hurrah ! hurrah ! np hands, and play I 
We're lending,' a j^loiioun life to-dny. 

For war In piny, and life a t lianee, 
And 'Uh merry to drive the ambulance. 



IlK,M>-(ii'AnTF.ps Batikhy B, On Board ) 
S(li<)«»n«'r N«'W .Irrm-y, Clu'HnpcakoJ- 
Hay, May 2. 18()2. ) 

Wfdnrsday, April 30th, attir liavinjj boon uiulor wei^li for 
Honio tiiiio, wo Wi'Tii obliged to stop Ixrnuso of tlio fop. It, liow 
ovor (inully clonrod, and wo continm'tl on nntil P. M. Durin;/ 
tlio day wc paHHod in full viow of fho old rohol bnttorios on Pijr Point, 
Stony Point. Accpna Crook, fir. 'j"lu> wonory nlon}.r tlio banks of tlu- 
Potoinar iw vory ploasinjf, and a« yon approacli tlionioutli of tlio rivrr, 
it doHorvoR nioro tlio naino of buy than riv(>r. Ono thin«r tliat strnok 
nio a» poculiar, was tho fart that thoro was not a ninjjlo village to bo 
Hoon from Alexandria to the mouth <»f tho rivor. At nino o'clock that 
oveninjf w«^ woro in sij^fht of tho li^hthouso on I'oint Lookout, tho 
••xtn'm<' i>oint of land botwot-n tho Potomac and ('honapoak*' Haj. Tho 
wind blowinjr fn^sh, howovor, wo woro towod into St. Mary'n Hay, and 
tho next morninflf. aH it still bh«w from the east, tho intropid navipa 
tors thought it not prudont to start out. 

Hoon aftor brcakfaHt, Lieutenant Cady and myself, annod with revol 
veff, our skipper with a short jfun, and two sailors with oyster tonjfs, 
•et forth on a voyage of discovery. Wo sailed up tho bay about two 
milc«, firing at Bundry ducks, gulls, loons, &c.. without damage to tho 



TWKNTY-FOURTH NEW YORK BATTERY. 157 

birds, wlicn we came ujk)!! excellent oyster ^jnmnd. We fell to, and 
in a short time had five or six bushels ol fat bivalves on board. At a 
short distance off stood a larjje, comfortable lookinj? mansion, so I went 
ashore, and strolling up throujjh a well-planted, well cultivated par- 
den, was met by the i)ro|)rietor, a well to-do man (botli physically and 
financially too, I imajjinc), and very coolly invited me in. I declined, 
when the old gentleman, waxing more cordial, insisted upon my going 
into the liouse. I c<miplied, and a spacious old mansion it was, too, a 
place where dwelt genuine comfort and good cheer. From the gen- 
tleman's conversation I very soon saw that he was a Secessionist, 
though he tried to talk Tnion. His name was Col. ('<km1, and lie was 
very lo(iuacio»i8. and (juite at home on the slavery <|Ucstion. lie had 
tliirty slaves himself, and not one of tlu'm could be induced to leavn 
liim. I refrained from telling him what was a fact, viz., tliat an hour 
f)r two b<'fQre. two of his l»est "boys" ha<l been ]»leading with us to 
take them with us. For fear it might go hard with the " boyn," I 
ileclined the Colonel's pressing invitation to stay t<» «linner, ])ut up<tn 
leaving he gave me a half bushel of excellent asparagus, an<l nearly 
as much lettuce. 

Just at evening we rowed to (leorgis Islan«l, in quest of sweet |m»- 
tatoes. Several of the boys went with us this time, and wliile ('apt. 
liong, the Lieutenant and I went to the houses for our vegetablen, 
they went in another direction. What they <lid or where they went 1 
know not, but one of them ciirri<>d a revolver, and on our way bark I 
thought I |)erceived the smell of fresh meat, and this morning we had 
some very nice veal. 

In Transport off New Bkrne, 
May 12th, 1802. 

On the 25th of April wo received orders, which were unmistakably 
earnest, to get our battt?ries in a state of readiness to proceed to North 
Candina, to join General IJurnside. 

Satuiday, 20th, we embarked in five schooners, and early the next 
m«»rning dropi>ed <lown to Alexandria, where we lay until Monday, 
2bth, when we were taken in tow by a steamer. Besitb-s the Battalion 
the ThinI New York (Van Alen) Cavalry left Alexandria for New B<«rne. 

We reaclu'd Fortress MonnM« Saturday, May ;Jd. having been de- 
tained by foggy weather at the moutli of the St. Mary's river al>oui 



158 RK(H)KI)8 OF THE 

fortj-eijfht hours. We remained at the Fortroes until Tuesday niorn- 
inj? folU)\vinjf, wliicli enabled many of us to go ashore. Wo found the 
Old Point what Washinprton had been all winter, but what it has now 
ceased to be, the centre f)f active military movements. 

TluM'ast wind which had kept us at the Fortress, on Tuesday. Cth. 
pave way to a nor'wester, when we ])ut to sea. After two days' suil 
we reached Ilattcras Inlet, the only entrance from the ocean throu<rli 
that vast shoal of sand which stretches from Cape Henry soutliward. 

The weather was pleasant and tlie sea smooth, so that we had but 
little seasickness. The few who were affecfed, however, had it ter- 
ribly, which ^ave occasion to a remark from one of the afflicted, that 
next to unre<iuited atTection, there is nothing that unmans one like 
seasickness. 

The coast here is famous as beinj? th(» most stonny on the seaboard. 
For three weeks or more, Burnside, with his fleet, previous to tin* 
taking of Nt^w Berne, were blown about, and by jrreat jjood luck es. 
ca]M*d a total destruction. The entrance into Pamlico Sound at the 
Inlet is very narrow and very shallow, and vessels can only get through 
with the wind in particular quarters. Fortunately our fleet, with the 
cavalry and transiM)rt8 with stores, about thirty sail, came throujjh 
safely. After a stay of twenty-four hours at the Inlet, we s«"t sail for 
this place, where we arrived last night, having been delayed by head 
wind.^. 

It is just two weeks since we left Alexandria. Our horses have 
fared pretty hard, and show the effects of confinement. We have been 
tossed about till we are tired, and rejoice at the j)rospect of speedily 
disembarking. We were hailed by friendly voices on our arrival 
here, and <liscovered that we had been outsailed by the cavalry, and 
Zob. Hobinson and Mort. Post welcomed us to the land of Secession. 

The steamer, you know, h-ft us at Fortress Monroe. The channel is 
narrow ; the Neuse Hiver is shallow ; vessels drawing more than seven 
feet water not being able to get up here. 

The relx'ls are entrenched, we loarn, within ten miles, about 10,000 
strong. There are but two batteries, it is said, in Burnside's command, 
and it ia no-: likely we shall remain here many days, as the policy of 
Burnside is c«»rtainly offensive. The Twenty-fifth Massachusetts, from 
Worcester, is located here, and the Nineteenth New York (Cayuga) is 
in the vicinity. Tom Post, of Perry, is in the last named. 

One of our men, John Quinn, whose family resides at Portageville, 



TWENTY-FOURTH NEW YORK BATTERY. 159 

was tPiTihly wounded in an affray on the eve of onr loavin jr Wasliinpf- 
ton. Little hope was entertained of his recovery, and he waa left 
behind. 

At the time of the arrival of the Battery in New 
Berne, General Burnside was in command of that de- 
partment. It will be remembered that it was General 
Burnside who commanded the exj)edition which cai)tnred 
New Berne and Boanoke Island, and o])ened that ])art of 
North Carolina to onr vessels and troops. At this ])ar- 
ticular time his force was small, and there was no reason 
for supposin<( that there was to he no immediate advance 
on the part of the Federal army. 

The troops which had been sent to him, incliidinpj the 
battalion of artillery, were evidently intended to be used 
for the defence of this stronj^hold. It was a point gained, 
and for the present must be retained. 

Battery B consisted then of four three-inch ritled ])ieccB 
and just men and horses enough to work them. It was' 
encamped out of the city, across the Trent River, on the 
sand plains (a particularly unpleasant location on a windy 
day). From various causes, each of the two batteries in 
the battalion had diminished in numbers. As a whole, 
they would have no more than ])roperly manned one six- 
gun battery. At this time Captain Lee was sick and 
unable to attend to his official duties. There was a great 
deal of discontent among the members of the battalion. 
Their commander inelficient and given to intoxication. 
There was little discipline in the battalion, and it finally 
culminated in this manner : On the 4th of June a letter of 
resignation was written and signed by all the non-commis- 
sioned officers of Battery B, and sent, through Capt. Lee, 



y>0 KI-X'OHDS OF TIIK 

to tlic ni;ij<»r. A cony <jf tlie letter was also sent to 
Oencral Iteuo, avIio coiiiinaiided the tHvisi(»n in \vliieh 
they had Ijeen i)laced. 

The matter of the eorreppondence was a complaint of 
want of diseipline and of actb of injnstiee, deccj)tion, un- 
redeemed promises and various minor dithculties. 

About this same time, Captain Kansom, of Company A, 
\\\u> by rank was in coimnand of the battalion (Major 
Lion havini; been, without the knoANled^e of the men, 
dismissed), endeavored to force the meml)ers of Company 
15 to consolidate with Con>]»any A. 

On the 2Tth of June, fnrnn'n^ the company in line, he 
('omman(h'(l them to answei' to the roll call as members of 
Com])any A, or to step one side and be taken to the 
^uard house. It must have sur})rised him somewhat 
when every nuMuber, as his name was ealled, stejiped 
aside and answered " guard house." This attempt at 
consolidation failed. 

(leneral Ueno came to them and addressed them. 
Jle heard their complaints, and then intbrmed them that 
Major Jj'on had been dismissed from the serviee for in- 
ccMupetency, and that as fast as he found the remainiiiij: 
orticers incompetent, they would be dismissed. He rej)- 
rimau(kMl them for their insubordination, but gave them 
to understan<l that they should have their rights. 

A few days after, Company I> was })la('ed in the Third 
Division and Company A in the 8econd Division, as 
indepeudeiit four-gun batteries — named respectively 
(^aptain Lee's Battery and ( •ai)tain Ransom's Battery. 
On the 3d of »hdy, 18^2, (Captain Lee'd Battery wa.s 
ordered to Newport Barracks. 



TWKNTY-FOURTIl NEW YOKK BATTKKT. 161 

Newport Barracks was an outpost, and their dutien 
I)ef;an to be like tliose of a soldier. 

For the present we leave, then, this nucleus of the 
Twenty -fourth New York Battery, and return to Perry, 
to speak of those who were enlisting to go to Newport 
Barracks and fill up their ranks. 



11 



ir»2 RKrORDR OF THE 



CHAPTER IV. 

THE TWKNTY-FOrRTH NKW YORK rNDEPKNOKNT HATTFRY. 

Tlie Union annv was mcotin;; with defeat and loss (»}' 
men. The President inadf* a eall for tliree InnidnMl 
tliousand more. The smothered tire of ])atriotism that 
was bnrninf^ in the hearts of tlie yonn^ njen in Perry 
burst forth, and fathers* eonnnands, mothers' warnin;^s, 
nor sweethearts' ])leadin<rs and caresses conh] avail anight 
in trying to subdne t]»e flame. 'Twas eontapjions, and 
spread witb sneh nneontrollable ra]>idity that in a sliort 
time about sixty of the bravest and the best yonns; men 
ill that town and vicinity had come forward and enlisted 
in the cause. Pew of the residents of that (jiu'et little 
]>bace, September lotlj, 1S<;2, can for«j:et the mornini^ of 
tliat date. To so many lionjes had the ni<xht been Iopj: 
and of little rest ; in so many were saddened, heavy 
spirits an<l grief-stricken hearts. 

The writer lias only a confused recollection of tearful 
faces, of lieart-wrung sobs, of sad adieus and fervent 
*' God bless ycMi V 

Pull of the ambition and pride of youth — full of ])atri- 
otic fervor, and eager for the strife — beb'eving we could 
help to redeem what others had lost — we did not stop to 
think or realize how true might be our parents' predic- 



'nVENTi'-FOURTn NEW YORK HATIKUY. 103 

tions, ur tlie fciirs and presentiiiicMita of our friends. 
What a l)lessin;f to man is ijjnoranee of tlie futnrc! 
^ On the 22d of An^^ust, Mr. Gcor^^e S. Ilastini^s w- 
ceived antliority to raise recruits to join the orri^anization 
called Ca])tain Lee's Hatterv, then stationed at Xcwport 
Barracks. In one week fifty men had volunteered; 
another week incrensed the mnnber to sixty. 

Th'j citizcn-i of th -^ town wln'ro they eidisted, cncour- 
ix^vA them with kind acts and kind words. Thei'e was a 
j^reat deal of enthusiiism exhihited throuijhout the vicin- 
ity. Generous bounties were offere<l and ])ai<l. To 
many of the volunteers this was useful in the final set- 
tlement of their pecuniary matters. To the families of 
others it left a com])etence for a short time. To all it 
was acce])tahle ; hut to few, if any, was money a motive 
])ower to volunteering!^. 

These men, with hut few exceptions, were younj;, and 
the galaxy of the towns in which they live<l. Their en- 
listment seemed a s))ontaneous outburst of the siwirle 
thoUf:jht tliat had dwelt in many im'nds with equal power, 
'* Youui^ men for war, old men for council." 

Resolution, courage and determination were stamjKMl 
in the faces of all. Like the clans of the feudal times of 
old, the}' meant to show that the flow(»r and the pride of 
the country would win the crown of victory or death, 
and like tliose stories of old, the lonj;, lonj^ days ])assed 
slowly by, the wear}' home watchers waited, hoped, and 
feared, till finally a remnant few returned in a pitiable 
plijTjht, to bear the sad tidinp^s of defeat, of su fieri n*:ij, and 
of death. 

It is no more than justice to a few who were unable to 



1*)4 KKCOUDS OF THE 

pass the 8in';^eon'fi critical examination, and who, nnt- 
witlistandinp^, would have made ca])ital soldiers, to s.iy 
that they, too, may he included in th;it honored list. 
Their intent was positive, and it was with extreme re- 
luctance that they snhmitted to his decision. One of 'he 
])arties wept over his failure to ])ass, i^rieved and chan!;rined 
at heiiifr <lej)rived from accompanying^ his fellows. Tiieir 
names were : Norman Macomher, K. II. Andrus, F. A. 
Calkins, Ezra IIi«;^ins and Seymour Sherman. 

The Wyominix Tivus furnishes the followincj inter- 
estin*^ accounts: 

TliR unoTpoctrd Rurrcpi^ of Mr. Ilastinffn in ol)tnininj; n^cruits, in 
durodliim to nftnw Satiirdny ns tlio linn' for tr'>injr to IJufTalo. nml 
beinj; niuR'm'd in po ns to scrtirc -he Sta.«' Imun'.y, wliioli at iliat tiiiir* 
it was PuppoHnd wouhl ccas*' on tin* first of S('pt«'nil)er. On Friday liis 
rccruitinpr rondo:',vouH was throngfod with jHTsonH who wished to vw 
lint, and at timos two or tliroo imthohh wen* tnakinpfotit thr nt-crssary 
paptTs. 

Tljnro waH a niootinjf in Smith 'h Hall on that nijjlit. b'Jt most of M)*' 
youniJ nn'n whocann' tohrar tin* 8p(vch«'s «Milist«'d hcforc thry n-ac'lu'd 
tlu" hall, for tlip JMithnHiasnj in tin* rcrrnitinjr otVu'o was nuirh jrroa*«'r 
and nion' hoarty and unaniniouH than at tli«^ nir«'(lnjr. Ht'foro cloHinj; 
tlu' ollicp that nipht.thc list of Mr. IlaHtinjjfH nhowrd that sixty six 
n'oruits had brcn «»l)tain<M| for Captain Li'c'h Battory. thr majority of 
them iM'lonjfinff to this town, and all rrcruitoii in a littlr more than 
two wrcks This result was no <loul)t owinjj to the entire unanimity 
of action which prevaihnl. and the unceasing energy and zeal displayed 
bj all into rested. 

MusTKUEn INTO SKUVirK. — The recruits which have been obtained 
for Captain Lee's Hattery, some sixty six in nuniber. by George S. 
HantinflTs, Esrj., start^nl early Saturday morning for Buffalo, to be mus- 
tered into gervice Our townsmen volunteered to take them to Castile, 
and, altogether, there was quite a large procssion of them. 



TWENTY-ForRTII NKW YoUK BA'ITKUY. 



105 



They arrived in Buffalo at ton oVlork, and forniinjx into lino at the 
depot, niarcln.'il dinu'tiy to the exatnininjj Hur^eonV ollice, opponitelho 
j)Ost otficc. The exaiuinati'm was finished alxdit on>^ o'(dock, and only 
t'i^ht out of the whole numher were rejected. 'J'he»ur;feon wan (juiik 
and Hkilllul, not a def«;ct of any kind escai>in^ his notice, and so ntrict 
as to reject one man that had once been ace -pted at l*orta;ife. He re- 
marked several limes it was one of the finest compani«'s he had exam- 
ined, and in their entire march throuVh the city tln'y wt're compli- 
mented for their fine looks, their seeminy^ intellijjt'nce and ^entlo 
manly hearin;;. Fri)m tlu' examining: ollice they marched to the 
Franklin House and t(M)k dinner, As soon as this was finished they 
wen? allied to tlu* musterinjj: oflice, near the canal, over the Marine 
Bank, and papers bein^ all reai'y, w>'ru sworn into the service by 
Lieutenant Sturgeon, of the regular army. 

A Splendid Lot ok Men. — A s(iuad^)f sixty-two men from Perry, 
Wyomin<j County, arrived in Uutt'alo this morning, und«*r command 
of Lieutenant llastings. They were recruited for Battery B, raised io 
Wyoming County, now at Beaufort, N.C. " 'J'he boys sent us word 
they'd liki? a little ludp," said one of the men to us 8(H>a after their ar- 
rival, "and we thought we'd go down and help 'em." 

The men came here to be examine<l and mustered into service, whcD 
they will return to Perry. They will probul)ly leave for the aeat 
of war in two weeks. 

The following is the list as it stands on the muster roll : 



Manon C. Smith 
Cliii!*. II. Dulbcer 
Phurcf* Shirley 
J. W. Merrill 
C'hao. II. llomau 
Wni. S. Camp 
Oliver WllllninH 
(Jco. H. At wood 
Chan. W. Fitch 
Philander Pratt 
Porter I). Uawson 
Paul Calteaux 
R. II. BaniCH 
Albert Orttnth 



PERUY. 

]{tifu!< Brayton 
B. K. Bacheldor 
Edward Welch 
Jonan E. (ialuHlia 
Ahrain Lent 
Jan. Calkins 
John Kllhln 
Le a. I). Uood 
P. J. Stutlnrd 
John .McCrlnk 
Henry Tllton, Jr. 
O. W. Kecney 

A. W. Comptock 

B. 11. UuUUtur 
TbOH. FlUKerald. 



ir>6 



RECORDS OF THK 



MOSCOW. 



.I«Try MoCIalr 
L. II. I,R|>)iura 
R. J. Newton 
Iloraoc Laplmm 
John A. Hrookt* 
And. T. Kortinoon 
Wm. Curnahun 



Chan. A. Marran 
Kthvin L. Holes 
Jaeob II. Wellcr 
Ja;*. W. I'crkinH 
Henry V. Clute 
Enimett Wood 
(}eo. W. Piper 



Jamef* Button 



CharlcP McCrary 
W. A. McCral7 
L. II. Shank 
Wm. Hluod 



MT. MOKinS. 



J. II. ArmKtronjf 
W. M. lloyt 
Ilirrtni Loon)i>» 
Edwiu Eastwood 



(Mias. Ilatbaway 



CASTILE. 

Wm. F. Ilosford 
Dartwell Bartlott 



E. T. M. Hurlburt. Warsaw A. L. Culver, Galneeville 

John Bukcr, Covin^'ton 

Town BotNTV Fund. — Tho followinor is a correct list of the con- 
tributorH to this f'uiul for tlie town of I'rrry. The nubscribj'rs are 
re(iu«'Ht«'(l to |)nv immediately to O. C. Clmpin or C W. Hendee, tit 
Smitirs liunk, who will i)as9 it to the credit of (i. C. Chapin. treas- 
urer. It i« tlesigned to pay this bounty to volunteers to-morrow or 
Monday. 



AndruH, C. V. 


(GO 


Buell, Hichard 


$.'rf) 


Andrut*. Martin 


50 


Butler. N. & W. 


(» 


Alverfon. Hichard B. 


no 


Butler. John M. 


GO 


AndruK, Hniniiel 


no 


Bradley, John H. 


M 


Atkinri. Martin 


sr. 


HriL'ham, L. M. 


10 


Ainistron;;, Sanford 


M) 


Bu( kland, J. V. 


'Hi 


Unllard, F. O. 


GO 


Bratlley, Edward 


20 


Bailey, John II. 


60 


Butler. Aaron 


35 


Barber, S. R. 


BO 


B«nediel. William 


GO 


Benedict, C. J. 


60 


Bull, Charles 


GO 


Bri^ham, R. W. 


GO 


Bradley, O. F. 


GO 


BUN, Edmund C. 


GO 


Birdcall, N. D. 


10 


Brl);ham. 11. A. 


GO 


Benedict, Samuel S. 


5 


Ruell, Columbuc 


GO 


Bradley Mre. A. 

• 


6 



TWENTY-FOURTH NEW VOUK IJAITERY. 



167 



Benedict. C. G. 


$50 


Loomi«. II. C. 


$35 


Brown, .loccph W. 


50 


I>apham. Alvah 


60 


Currier, N. P. 


50 


I>ane, Austin 


30 


Crocker. M. N. 


50 


Ijirey. Henry 


6 


Chaj)in. G. C. 


50 


Leflliiirwell. Henry 


20 


Cole. Alexander 


50 


McKntee, A. S. 


M 


Corbit. Mrni. 


SO 


Mclntire, J. W. 


90 


Copeland. John 


25 


Macomber, Allen 


50 


Cha^-e, E. N. 


20 


MofTet, R. S. 


50 


Coleman. G. W. 


50 


Meann. Rev. G. J. 


35 


Coleman, John 


60 


MatiK ux, Edward 0. 


.50 


Crichton, Wm. 


50 


Mrltitirc. Ben. D. 


50 


Cadwell. Francis 


10 


McCal!. riioma§ 


15 


Clian|)eII. Ahner 


30 


MrD(,nald, John 


5 


Chappell. Lyman 


• 10 


Mace, Elf B. 


35 


Crahh. J. 


10 


Miner. Ichabod 


30 


Cornell, llarricon 


25 


Martin. Esther 


35 


Dolbeer, Wm. K. 


50 


Martin. John J. 


35 


Daily. J. M. 


50 


Nicholn. (}. 


10 


Davix.M. O. 


50 


Noyec. Edward 


5 


Davif, '1 honia« 


50 


Olin. John 


75 


Errickf'on, I). W. 


50 


Olin. William 


60' 


F>-rt:ufon. Jerome 


10 


Olin, G. B. 


76 


(irieve. George W. 


.•JO 


Olin, Milo 


60 


(JriHWold, J. R. 


50 


Olin, TariH 


60 


(Jay, NorriH , 


20 


Olin, I'hilip 


15 


lli-^'inf, R. D. 


SO 


Palmer. Tyler 


60 


Ilendee, C. W. 


60 


Paire. H. N. 


60 


Ilandley. Jonathan 


50 


Paternon, T. J. 


80 


Hat«h. Samuel 


50 


Philip-. L. M. 


60 


llitrhcock. J. B. 


60 


Pratt. Joel T. 


10 


Ilosford. NelHon 


60 


Pratt. D. B. 


10 


Hart. Wm. 


10 


Palmer. Wra. 


60 


Hawley. Wm. II. 


22 


Pratt. R. B. 


10 


Howard. S. M. 


25 


Pratt. Jabefh 


10 


Hofford, Aimer B. 


25 


PhilipH. W. A. 


15 


Ilii:i:in^. M. U. 


10 


Pa-e, BenJ. F. 


5 


JiiHiln, Proper 


60 


Philips, Caleb 


lH) 


JelFeri*, Eugene 


80 


Pennock, Alexander 


5 


Judd, B. II. 


15 


Partridge. Levi B. 


90 


Keeni-y. 0. L. 


50 


Reed. Daniel F. 


6C 


Karrijier, Jamc« 


50 


Rndirern. John 


5 


Kin^Hley, Elian 


15 


Roufe, Mrn. H. 


S 


Kinircley, George 


10 


Sweet, German 


80 


Knlffln, J. B. 


05 


8harj)ffteen. Mortimer 


60 


Kniffln, Thorn 


50 


Scranton. II. M. 


60 


LillibridKe, II. H. 


60 


Htedman, R II. 


SO 



16S 



RfTIORDS OF TIIK 



Sherman. J. B. fM 

Seymnjir. N. 50 

Sheldon. Andrew 50 

Sli.'lddn. O. K. 50 

btowcll. Dnvid 35 

Hwrrol, UnriiH 10 

Stnm;r. Albert 50 

Slron^r, II. L. 50 

Sklimer. H, C. 60 

St< .veil. Ilnll 50 

Slmw. I) M. 20 

Stamp, (i. & I. 25 

Suxlon. rriali 25 

Sj.ear. Wm. B. 15 

Sleeper, Joiiathiili 25 

Sharp-teen, SaiiiULd BO 

Tilttle, U. T. 50 

Taylor. Steven 50 

Tewkt'hiiry, S. W. 80 

Tnun, Auctin 50 

Taylor A Noblci* 60 



Taylor. D. R. |'25 

Velzoy. M. N. 50 

WilliamH, M. O. 50 

White. J. II. 50 

\vy< koir, J. w. no 

Wyi:ant, E. 11. 50 

Wri-ht. A. M. .W 

Wallaeo. .1. I). 25 

WllliainHon. .Ininec 10 

WatroiiH. Chark'K .V) 

Witter. F. S. 50 

White, (i.e. 50 

Wof'tlako, J. S. 10 

Winter. John 25 

WeKtIake. Albert 10 

Wellinnn, Ilarvcy 2."j 

Wellnian, Nelson 20 

Wy-ant, J. L. 25 

Watkinnon, Wra. 10 

Wrlfe'ht, a. 11. 20 



Off for tiik Wah. — The raon rocruiled by G<'o. S. Ilastin^s tor 
Coinjmny IJ, Hf)cket Huttalion, Cai)tain J. E. Lee, took their final de- 
parture for the seat of war, Wednesday morning. The citizens turned 
out early in the morning, to bid a last "good bye" to the boys; and 
at about six o clock they were on the way to Castile Station, where 
they were detained nearly three <|uarterH of an hour — the train being" 
behind time. Finally the cars canie, and the boys, with quite a 
large delegation of our citizens, took passage for Buffalo, reaching 
there a little after eleven o'clock. Forming into line at the depot 
(preceded by Aplin's liand, who kindly volunteered for the occasion), 
they marched to the Arcade, where a number of new recruits were 
mustered in, and then proceeded to Roth's Hall, on Datavia Street 
and took dinner. Expecting to leave for Albany the game night, 
at four o'clock they returned to the mustering otRce, to receive the 
Government bounty ; but the otflcials were so liusy they had to post- 
pone their departure till Thursday, and they went back to their 
quarters on Batavia Street, where they expected to have a gmxl time 
until ready to leave the city. The i)rocession attracted much atten- 
tion, and many flattering remarks were made by citizens all along 
the rotite, complimentary Iwth to the men and the band. We noticed 



TWKN'n-FOURTII NKW VOKK IJATrKKY. 109 

that a number of tlio hoys had boiKjuetB, nhowin^T tliat if thoy ha<l 
left home, they were Htill atuonjr friendH. On Turnclay, Captain Hurt, 
of the Silver I^ake House, tendered the hospitalities of his jrroundi* 
and sttMirnboat to th<^ volunteers, for pie nie purposes ; whirh seemed 
to be " hujfely" enjoyed by those present, and all left, wishinjf the 
Captain a lonjj life and many siirh happy reunions. In the evenin^r, 
at VVallaee's Hotel, " Andrew's" Cotillion Band claimed the attention 
of a larjje number of both sexes who were wont to " trip the VmhX fan- 
tastic toe" — and altogether the soldiers had "a time" whieh will, no 
<loubt, be lonjj cherished amonjr those " pleasant niemories." which 
revert to the scenes of hm^ ajfone. May our best wishes that tlu'y al^ 
return ajjain to their homes and frienils, sound and well^spewlily be 
realize<l. 

After a few tlay:^' stay at a German liotel in Batavia 
street, Buft'ilo, where we were initiated into rations of 
Duteli bread, Bologna sansage and lager beer, furnislied 
by tlie United States at thirty cents per diem, we were 
sent to All)any. 

In this city we were (juartered at tlie Asyhnji Barracks, 
and underwent another examination. I cannot conceive 
for what pnrpose. unless it was to pnt the fees into tlie 
pockets of the post-surgeon. However, ids remark was 
the same as that of the surgeon at I>utfalo, that '* It was 
the finest squad of men that lie had examined" — all 
passed. 

Wc were delayed but a day or two. Monday, Sep- 
tember 15th, we took the steamer Isaac Newton for New 
York City. 

At New York we were quartered at Park Harracks, 
which were at that time cleanly and not over-crowded. 
The soup, coftee and meat were all good. The Croton 
water was sweet, and the fruit stalls surrounding us were 
loaded down with the finest varieties of peaches. We 



170 RKCORDB UF THE 

enjoyed our e]iort stay here ^reatl}'. We received our 
niiitoriDs, and were ])erniitted to roam about tlie city 
durin«; the (hiy and visit various places of amusement in 
the evening. 

To sliow tlie spirit and tV'eling prevaih'ng at that tinie, 
we quote from a letter written by William F. Ilosford t<> 
H friend. 

Our boys nil a]>|)t'ftr to Imvo fornwd pfood inij)rosRif)n8 of tliin city 
^and tlirir (juartcrs. All hnvv throu^ljout fXpresHctl their dctcmiiim 
tioii to remain till their services are no longer needed ])y tin* (iovern- 
nn-nl, and if any an- sorry they enlisted, they are wise enoupfh to fjiv 
nothinp^ about it. For myself I am jjlad that I enlisted, not only ms 
un act of duty and jjatriotism, but when I did and where I did. My 
attachment to the Company and our branch of the service increases 
daily. 

On the llHli of September we em1)arked an tlie 
feteamer " Oriole/' destined tor oSew J>erne. A storm 
threatened us while near Fortress ^lonroe, and we ran 
into that harbor remaining for two days. A grateiiil 
retreat, too, it was. The rough sea had given a general 
experience of sea-sickness, and a (juiet harbor restored 
smiling faces and merry tongues. The deniaiMl for fresh 
food was too great for the immediate supply — and the 
rush for the fresh bread and molasses that was issued to 
us as extra rations from the Fortress was ovei*powei'ing. 
However, as we weighed anchor next day and again 
steamed out toward the sea, the demand decreased, and 
it was not long before a double row of gaping mouths 
were giving bread and molasses t(> the fishes. 

A few days brought us to Cape Hatteras, and passing 
ftafely over the Band-bar, we found ourselves steaming 



TWENTY-FOURTH NEW YORK ItAlTKRY. 171 

down the quiet waters of tlic river Neuse. All were in- 
terested in viewin«^ a eoiuitrv new to them, and injisten- 
in<!^ to the explanations and stories of the approach and at- 
tack upon New Berne hy General Burnside, his hase heiii«^ 
the fleet of transports and gun hoats which were stationed 
in this river. 

There wajj a general hrushing up of new uniforms, ap- 
pearances on deck offices that we had not seen for days, 
and a return (jf jest and laughter. Our steamer was 
fastened to the wharf, and after giving hearty clieei-s for 
our kind and gentlemanly master, Captain B. F. Holmes, 
we disend^arked. ('a})tain Lee, ex]>ecting our arrival, 
!iad had railroad transp<»rtation -to Newport J>arrack8 
provided for us, and we were soon in the cars and started 
off. 

Arriving at Newj)ort IJarracks we were warmly greeted 
by our ohl friends, who were glad to have our assistance 
and companionship. 

In the course of a wx'ek or so, Lieut. George Hastings, 
who had remained in the North to complete some busi- 
ness arrangements, and add a few recruits to the nuud)er 
already obtained, arrived with half a dozen recruits, 
accompanied by Clark and Lieut. Fred. Hastings, who 
had also been home on recruiting service. 

As soon as these last recruits had arrived, there was a 
new interest aroused as to the appointment of n<»n-com- 
missioned officers. 

There were some conflicting interests between the 
*' Old Boys" and the ** New Boys," in the re-organization 
and these apix)intments, but time destroyed these phrasea 
of distinction, and unanimity of feeling and interest, or 



172 



RECORDS OF THE 



at least as much of it iis could be e\'})ectod in any com]>an y, 
prevailed. 

On the I'.Hh of ()ct(»l>cr orders were received, desig- 
natin«x tlie company as the '* Tuknty-foirth Indei'Endknt 
Baiteuy of LniHT AuTiLr.Euv, New York State Voeun- 

TEEKS." 

On tlie 4th of Xovcnilu'r, tlie aj)pointment of non- 
connnissioned ofHcers, and tlie assignment of privates to 
their particuhir j>osts, were made. Tlie following is the 
roster as read to us at our parade : 

Captain.— J. E. Lcc. 

Firit Lieufenantn.—L. A. Cady, Geo. S. na!»ting8. 

Second Lieutenantn. —iWo. W. Graham, FretJ. HatfUii^e. 

OrdfHy Sfrgtant. — C. II. Dolbcer. 

ArHflcerf.—A. Richanin. A. Griftlth, P. D. Ilawson, P. Calteaux. M. Grant. 

liugUrs.—U. C. Burd, L. Newcomb. 

Guidon.— y^m. Alburty. 

Wa{/oner.—J. Chapman. 

First Detachment. 

Sergeant.— R. C. Ains worth. 

Ounner.—F. D. Otin. 

Caifiwn Corjx)r(U.—\Vm. A. McCrary. 
Wm. A1n(>worth, A. McDonald, J. Flynn, 

J. E. Gahinha, M. V. Smith, T. Fitzjjerald, 

8. Rowcll, R. Brayton, George Miller, 

U. Anpbacber, W. P. Nichols, J. Simflcld, 

J. H. Weller, A. W. Comstock, U. Barlleit, 



J. W. Perkins, 



J. G. Miner. 



Second Detachment. 

Sergeant.— J. W. Merrill. 

Ounner.—E. T. M. Hurlbnrt. 

C«AMOn Corporal.— Q. G. Wright. 
R. Bnllock, E. Eastwood, J. McVey, 

R. J. Newton, W. F. Ho^ford, C. McCrary, 

D. Monroe, B. F. Bachcldcr, C H. Uoman, 

E. n. Hanter, C. W. Fitch, J. Baker, 

O. O. Pannlee. Le G. D. Rood, H. Ckadboame. 

A. L. ColTcr. 



TWENTY- FOURTH NP:W YORK BATTERY. 



173 



Third Detachment. 

Sergeant.— C. R. Griffith. 

Gunner.— A. T. FerfjuHon. 
W. M. Hoyt, J. Button, L. H. Laph»m, 

H. Lapham, E. Bok-s, O. B. Johuson. 

T. Rich, W . K. Chapin, H. Cook, 

Z. Allen, J. H. Arm-trong, M. R. MowJer, 

O. W. Stevenp, H. V. Chite. W. Gould, 

8. King, T. F. Shockeneey. 



Fourth Detai^hment. 



J.Woolpcy, 
O. S. At wood, 
W. A. Whitney, 
F. Leonard, 
S. Rwt, 



<??rgean^— Wm. S. Camp. 

Ounnfr.—Ocn. Bir(lnall. 
P. Pratt, 
B. H. Hollinter, 
M. Andrrwp, 
R. H. Barncp 
J. Crooks, 
O. A. Uolman. 



F. M. Albarty, 
O. WilliamB, 
E. Wood, 
J. Calkina, 
J. McCrink, 



Fifth Detachment. 

Sergeant..— U. P. Lloyd. 

Gunner.— B. F. Corbin. 

Caisson Corjtornl.—V. Shirley. 
S. Nichols Wm. N. Pajjc, 

R. Tamer. S. D. Canfleld, 

O. W. Kellofjjr, M. CroHby, 

P. Marrin, A. Lee, 



J. H. Armstrong, 



Geo. W. Piper, 



n. Tilton, 
W. W. Crooker, 
C. Marrin. 
P. J. Stafford, 
H. S. Whitney. 



W. Blood, 
C. Hathaway, 
G. Barker, 
J. T. Ferrln, 
J. Co wen. 



Sixth Detachment. 

Sergeant.— C A. Clark. 

Gunner.— 9. Stoddard. 

Caisson Corjioral.—C. T. Phelan. 

J. McClair, A. Adams, 

O. S. McCrary, E. H. Wardwell, 

T. McGiiire, Ira Billin^rham, 

Geo. W. Keeney, E. Rirhards, 

W. Carnahan, E. Welch, 



J. Fllbln, 



J. Raasell. 



174 RE<M>KI)H OF TfrK 



CHAPTER V. 

N K W V OUT 11 A K K A K S , 

After the iiainos of tlie new recTuit-^ had l)een ad(h'(l 
to the muster roll, it (joiituined the names of five otHceis 
und 12*> men. 

We had hut four ])ieces, a few horses, and a scanty 
supply of small arms and e<]ui})ments. A re(|uisiti(Mi ha<l 
hee?! forwarded to the ])r<H)er authorities, however, and 
we felt encoura^(Ml to hope that we should, hefore lon^, 
he a form i<hihle organization. Drill was ma<le imperative 
and constant. Tiiere was an ea^er desire on the j)art oi' 
the recruits to learn, and a williui^ness on the part of tin; 
veterans to teach. They had their laui^hs and theii- 
thrusts at each other, hut no serious dispute ever arose 
hctwc'ju theiii. The experience at Xewp u't B.irr.icks, as 
a whole, was a pleasant one. There was sutlicient exei*- 
cific in our duties, our f(H)d was ^ood, and there was ex- 
citement hy heini^ on an (Mitpost. Humors of the ap 
pn>ach of the enemy, or of an advance on some rehel 
grounds, kept us on the alert. 

(iood harracks an<l tents were furnished us, and nearly 
every huihlin^ had its mess, hy me ins of which a sort of 
liouse-keeping arrangement was undertaken — and cer- 
tainly no floldier could ask for cleaner (juarters or better 
meals than we then enjoyed. There was hut little sick- 



TWENTY-FOURTH NEW YORK BATTERY. 175 

ness, and the oxtreiuely well wirried on hospital at New- 
|>ort, soon ])ut any sick ones on their feet a^ain. 

On Wednesday, November 5th, the tliird and sixth 
detaclunents of the Battery were onlered out on a scouting 
expedition. Tn addition to tliese the cavalcade consisted 
of a company of the Van Alen cavalry, one com])any of 
the Ninth New Jersey, an<l a battalion made from a 
couple of Massachusetts rei^iments. Captain Lee was in 
command of the expedition. At half-])ast four in the 
mornini^ the command, "Forward" was <;iven, and on 
went shuttlln<^ feet, clatterini^ hoofs and rund)linf( wheels. 

A sh(»rt distance from camp one of the caissons, in pass- 
iiii^ tlirou^h a narrow space, run one of the wheels up<Mi 
a.stuiiip, (MMiipletely overturnini^ the caisson, settiii<^ the 
cannoneers tlyinjjj in every direction, breakin<jj both ])oles, 
the reach, stof^k and trail, and looscnin*^ the ammunition 
chests from their tasteninu^s. It could be of yut further 
use until it was re])aired. Therefore the drivers returniMl 
to camp with it, while the cannoneers found seats on the 
^un chests, and went on with their j)iece. 

Nothing further occurred to relieve the dullness of the 
tramp through the woods, save an occasional return of 
some cavalrymen, who wouhl bring in sr>me '* guerrilla " 
or "union man," and ])erhaps an <dd musket or two. 
Some bee hives in the yanls of the houses they passed by 
looked rather tempting, and not a great time passed be- 
fore broken hives were sujiplying buzzing bees and 
hungry boys with their delicious contents. ]>ut tlye boys 
found that the bees stuck by much longer than the honey, 
and after they had halted and enca!nj>eri for the night, 
having had some thirty miles march, a host of these re- 



170 KKCOKD.S OF TIIK 

v(3i)frelul little fellows were coiistjintlv ffiviiitr a tlini.-r 
into the face or IkkIv of koiiic (»iic of the (lesjjoih.Ts nl' 
their honie.s. 

That ni^ht it bei^an t(M*ain and continued to jxmr <In\\ii 
steadily until the f<»llowin«jj niirht. The infantry conld 
not use their niuskets on that account, and as aj)j)earanccs 
indieated continued rain, and it was frrowincr quite cold, 
it was thdu^di best to return. 

They reached cam]) next day th(irou<;hIy drenched with 
the rain, with twelve ]>risoners, some horses and other 
contraband articles. This was their first scoutinir ex- 
}>ericriee. It was enjoyed by all who ]»articipated in it. 
On the followin*:; Wednesday, at about three o'clock 
in the inornin<;, an extra train came thunderin«i: down to 
the station, and our Ca])tain, who had ^nne to New 
lierne the previousday, skippiufj^ oH' the train, called inr 
the "(yorf>oral of the (4uard,'' and toM him to ''call out 
tlie men to hear orders/' The unusual commotiou route* 1 
UK from the tents, and iu a wonderfully short time we 
formed the line, and were informed that we were to pro 
eeed imme(liately to New l>erne. 

Frou) one of the men attached to the train, we learned 
that the ])ickets within a few miles of Xew Berne had 
been driven in, some of them killed, and an attack on the 
city was anticij^ated. 

In coming down after the troops, the euixineer had 
taken the precaution to have a han<l car run ahead of the 
cngina fearing that the rebels might have torn up some 
portion of the track. 

As we stood by the camp tire awaitinpj the arrival of 
some of the Ninth New Jersey, who had been sent for at 



T\Vi:\TY-F()rRTII N'KW Y«)HK HATTKRY. 177 

'' P>o«;iio Sound/' >tev(.Mlor(! (iillillin, who hud cliaroje of* 
the '' coiitrahamls " that wore in tlie hand car, amused us 
with stories of their odd actions and expressions, as tliey 
inovc<l ah)ni' throuMi the darkness over tlic track. Eitlier 
• lioneyj)arte ' or * Washint(»n ' or ' IJolivar' t>r * Fraidv- 
h'n ' were constantly seein«^ a rehel or a tr(>oj> of thetn, 
" way h)n«; on de track. " Xeverthek*ss, they assiu'ed 
t]jenisel\es as well as the stevedore, that tliey "weren't 
afraid, " and argucfl with each (jther as to the hest method 
of carrvint; on a Hi^-ht. Sud<le!dy, Oiltillin cried out, 
"There they are!" " Oh I Lord, lioss, whur?" they 
ejaculated, and with ^' j^dhtr on tlulr rlu-hn^ and their 
hair stnwlinij^'' they dropped the wheel handle and 
made ])re])arations to leaj). ^ 

It was some time before he could convince them that 
he '' had made a mistake." And he concluded that if ho 
thought of gettin«^ to Newi)(>rt, he bhould try no more 
such experiments. 

The ])ieces, caissons, horses and men were on the cars 
l)y six o'eh)ek, and oil' they st^irted with tlie colors tlying, 
and rousinir cheers. 

The next day they returned and rci)orted that the 
whole affair was more ''scare " than '' hurt. " This was 
their second "call out. "" An<l though they did not i)ar- 
ticipate in any hattle, yet they fully expected to meet the 
enemy. It was an excellent opportunity to sliow their 
" metal, " and there was no lack of it. 

About this time Nfrs. Lieutenant (iC(»rgo Hastings 
arrived on our favorite steamer "Oriole. '' So rarely was 
a female face Hoon, that she was received with great 
admiration and a sincere welcome. 
12 



178 



KKCORHR OF THE 



III flio Ijitter j>;irt of Noveiiibor. soiiu^ of tlio bovs 
<Hsf!(>vere(l a ^-tc.un Hawinill locatiMl witliin a iiiili* <>r 
two of tjio cam)). Our ])ractical Lieutt'iiaiit Cadv 
pr()]>()RC(l to turn tluMliscovcrv to advantage, and ])r()ni])tly 
i»ia<lo an examination of tlio condition of the mill, 
and re])orte<l it soon after in workinu: onler. Our 
drill was thereafter alternated with labor in the woods. 
Each section of the three went out into the woods 
every third day to fall trees and tloat them down to 
tlie nn'll, wliere Cady, llawson, Rieh:irds, Pratt, Albert 
Griffith, Kich and Woolsey soon converted them into 
desirable lumber. The writer well njcollects }>assin<r 
an eventful evening, while assistin<j; to float a board raft 
down to the railroaii bridujc;, from where the bimbrr 
was to be shipped by railroad. As we floated down the 
river, the briijfht pit(;h fire u])on the raft, castini^ its 
lurid ji^ht into the dark shadows of the immense forest 
trees t,»at leaned over the shore of the river — the dark, 
nearly invisible forms of (Uir comrades that sat with tlu? 
fire inter])osin<; between us — the merry sonu; and the 
lanjjhter over the comic story — the exclamation over the 
roasted sweet potato that some one had broken oj)en, 
while the hot steam and the savory odor rose to the open 
moutli till the waitini; palate danced with joy — all these 
seem a strange, wild picture that haunts my memory yet. 
!Nor can we forget the " Haiti who comes there?" 
and the sudden presentation of the bayonet of the Massa- 
chusetts sentinel, and our sudden liud<lling together and 
approacliing to give the necessary salutation and pass- 
word. The mill turned out 15,000 feet of lumber, which 
was a great assistance to us the following winter, in 
building winter quarters in New Berne. 



TWKNTV-ForKTII NKW YOi;K RATTEKY. 1 71> 

Tue^sfluv eveninu:, Decomhcr H>tli, an oxtra train 
hrouij^lit, down ordois for us to strike touts, pack up 
all our ])orsoiial effects and be aboard tljo cars by tho 
time tlio eni:;ine returned tVoni IJeaulort. 

We were ready at tbe appointed time. And about 
one o'clock were on tbe train, started for New Berne, 
bi<ldin<; Newport Barracks *' <x(M)d ])yc'' forever. The 
Battery bad been stationed there live months. We 
felt (piite at home; there, and had not that strouix desire 
for an active soldiers' life been so^])redominant in our 
minds, T doubt not we should have felt a little tw an^jj of 
renjret at leavin<^. 

We make a few selections from the letters of the cor- 
respondent of the Wyomin*^ Thncx^ which relate more 
j)articularly to their social and domestic life: 

Hammond IIosriTAL, Bkaufout, N. C. 

Octobor to. ISrvi. 

Day l)ctoro yt-Htenlay I took a nail of about tt-n milra with a party of 
t\v<!lv<' others. There was a jjood stiff broczi', and we ran at tlu' ratnof 
2.40, nearly, making tlu'trn mih'sin three (|uartersot" liour. \Vest»)i)j>e<l 
on the Hoinid. side of the island, and then took th«Mlirect ]»atli that hnl 
to the beaeh. The sur^jc rolled hijfh — and as we went for the? i»uriK)Me 
of fjatherinff Hhells — thiw was very favorable for us. We wandered 
alonp the beacli toward the Cai)e liOokout li^lit liouse, and a|>i)roach- 
ed near enoujfh to take a pood 8ur\'ey of it. It is one of the best li^ht 
houses on the sliore, but for 8ome reason it is not now used. This Island 
is named from the cai»c, Ij<K)kout Island. We soon turned into one of 
the paths (tliey have no roads here, and the country is entin-ly covered 
with a low brush that they term wo(k18, with oc<-asionally u path in it 
that leadfl to a dwelling?), and followinj^ it about a mile we came ab- 
ruy>tly upon a setthiment, three or four houses with their kitcheuH and 
cook room, which are always separate from the house, that is. detached 
from it. The old lady out on the stoop was considerably fri^htene4 



180 RKCOKDS OV THE 

at firKt, at so iimny bl\io coatu, and rofuHod to ('ntortnin ub at all, 
but one of her Rnns romini; to tin* house, slio finnlly roncludt'il tlmt 
bIio would ktM'p lialf a do/fn of us ovrr niifht and g'wo ur t»*a and 
brcakfaRt. The wilt water brrj'zpaiid lonpfwulk had driven iih vorariuu>< 
appetites, and as we sat down to milk, ^'^^t*. flsli, sweet potatoes an! 
Youpnn tea, you woul'l liuve been astonislied to have seen it disapjMur 
so rapidly before six bospitnl jmtients. 

Aft(>r tea the boys sat down to do their sniokintr, an«l the old lady, 
son and da»ijrhter, did the talking:. 'rheyv^it<'rtained tis witli stories 
of the war — i)artini1arly the taking of l<^)rt Maron and Heaufort. it 
seems that our forces took the place just in time to j^revent the son. 
with sixteen others who had bcpn drafted by rebel eonscri])tion. 
beinjT forred to ffo into tie soutliern army. There is not a rebel on 
the wljob' island, and there wns jrreat anxiety when the battle was 
foujjht, and jjreat rejoirinp when wo had won the day. Tlie island 
was tinder cross fire of tlie forces, and many shot and shell fell on it. 
often quickly disi)ersintr tin- crowds that had collected to see the fijxht. 
Anecdotes w<»re numerotis, so nuicli so, indeed, that I sliould really ;:•' 
the " stories mixed " if I shojild endeavor to tell any of them. 

We rested very well that nijxht, considering? that they p^ave us 
feather beds to sleep on — lor I cannot now rest or sleep on anything 
softer than a mattress. Next morning; we were up early and over to 
the beacli before bn'akfast. When we returned the old lady liad |)re 
parcfd us a fine breakfast. Ah we oflt-red to pay lier for o\ir entertain 
ment. she refused any remuneration, sayinjr, *" I want to do all I (an to 
lielj) tie Union cause, and you are welcome to all the house affords as 
lonpr as you choose to stay." We liad dinner at another liouse before 
we came off, when tliey made tlie same remark in substance, and re- 
fused to take pay. 

I notic«Hl tliat tliere was a jfreater variety of tlie feathered tribe 
on tliis island than on the other shore, as all tlie birds are there 
repres«'nted in one — the mocking bird. 

YcHk»rday I went to Moreliead City, wliich is situated and Ix'ars 
about the same relation to Heaufort tlmt Jersey City does to New York. 
It is a small place, mostly inhabited by fishermen. The Ninth New 
Jersey are barracked there. MoHt of the best houses, as are those in 
New Berne and Beaufort, are confiscated and used for officers and 
Bome times soldiers quarters. Just as we came up to the wharf, the 



TVVKNTY-FOUKTU NKW YoRK BATTKUY. ISl 

Pfuard had arrrstod a man, rallinjj himsolf a "Union citizen," who had 
come down from Swansboro, Home cixty miles up in the country. The 
officers, upon questioning? him, C()ncln(h;d tliat he liad better remain 
a while at MoreUcnd. and the bovn H(*on confiscated his boat after hear- 
in;: the decision. Our ])i(kets and other ^uard, are on the close look- 
out for sucli fellows, and they " bajr " a ^ood many of them. 

By lookinjr on the map you will see that Beaufort is situated on the 
|)oint of land running out into the Bo^u(» Sound. r|H)n the northern 
point of Bo^ue Island, and nearly opposite Shack leford banks, is 
situated Fort Macon. Tlu* channel is here very narrow and winding, 
which makes it dilficult for any boat to conl^j into harbor and so much 
the more difficult for one to run by the Fort. Fort Macon is very 
little like Fortress Monroe, and I could understand by visiting both of 
tliem the difference betwi-cn a Fort and a Fortress much more readily 
and distinctly than by the <lictionary (h'finitiou. Most of the 8«>ldiers 
l)arrack(Nl there are Regulars. The day I went out they were target 
shooting, the targ<'t being an old vessel, about two and a half miles 
distant from the gun. They made some very fine shots. I hardly 
think a " secesh" vessel will ever pass in the day time and not feel 
the effects of a well directed cannon ball. 

J. W. M. 



H.vMMOND Hospital, BEAiFonT, N. C, 

()ctol)er l.-i, 18G2. 

Frifii(f Frank : Having been in the hospital for the i>ast week, I 
hav<? had little oi)iH)rtunity to see or hear anything that would l>e 
very int<'resting for your readers. I liave had, though, a v«'ry good 
op|)ortunity to study the nature and character of the native colorwl 
inhabitants, as many ofthem are waiters in the building, and there is 
not a barn or shed six by eight but is crowded with tlu^m till their 
heads hang out of the windows. 

Last Thursday they held a i)rayer m«'eting in the wash-room. It is 
a good sized building and was well fille<l. There was really music in 
the hymns they sung. They have (both male and female) soft, sweet, 
musical voices. The air flats a little, and gives a peculiar accent and 



18ti • KKCORDS OF TlIK 

upward slidf at the end of every line. Tliis is a peculiarity I have 
noticed in all their Hoiips, whcthtT they \h' nepro nu'lodjcH or chunli 
tunes. They conimcnced tlirir rvmlTijr Pfrvic*' by Hinjjinjj " Hock 
of Ajres." Their mininter, a c«»h)n'<l brother, then made n Hlu-vt 
hut ahh* prayer ; another hymn wns punp, and he he^an u short ex- 
tempore Hcnnon. Hin text he selected tron) .leremiah — " What will it 
profit a nuin if he jjaineth the whole world and lose his own sf»ul." 
'My beloved breveren," siiid he, 'Jeremiah was one of thirteen brnth- 
ers, ai\d (lod took to him cape he was always jifood. Well, one dav 
they were all to work in a field, and Jeremiah was so tired that he 
went under a tree and hiy down and went to sleep. While he was 
asleep. (Jod come sailin<r down from heaven, changed into a dove, lit 
in the tree over Jeremiah's head, and woke him up sayinjf the words 
of tliis text." After this exjdanation. he immediately commenced nn 
exhortation that was full f)flife and enerjiy, as the roused spirit of the 
congregation bej^an to testify. The Bpirit was warmed and coin 
nienced to move, and they continued the ";jood time," alonjf time after 
I had retired and falh-n asleep. 

A few eveninjrs after this. I witnessed a ffatherinjjof quite a difler- 
ent cluiractor. lTj)on a lar^e |ua/7.a in front of one of the liouses 
opposite the hospital, a hir^e number of nejrroes had collected, and 
tliey pave us quite a " select and aniusinjf Ethiojjian entertainment' 
. — solos, quartettes, and choruses. Negro melodies entirely new t<» 
my ear, jK'culiar to themselves, with low, undulating, wailing choruses, 
sung in goo<l time and with mucli eti'ect. 'J'hey closed the evening's 
performance with a g<'neral " break-down," and of all the grote8«iue, 
gynmastic. elastic mov<>ments that I ever witnessed, tliat capped the 
climax. They cannot 1m» imitated with any degn-e of perfection. As 
Ole Jim made his last evolution, and sat down astride the banister, 
with a hearty " Yah ! Yah ! Sara you can't do dat last." — " Ah," says 
I, " George Christy, you are outdone, outshown ; your light is hid for 
a time until you practice more." 

I can't like these colored ]>eopli'. They are slow, dirty and la-zy. 
They are always happy, full of song and i)lay. They have not the 
Ic^ast education, nor do they wish to have — it is too much labor to 
study. They have a little natural wit, and if there is no work to be 
done, can aptly understand anything you tell them. They are some 
what superstitious, a few of them religious, hut they all are that 



twenty-Fourth new vork batfery. 183 

same class of lowbred, nature led. indolent human beinjrs, and it is 
ditlicult for me to see how some of you philanthropic people north will 
ever (as you say can be done) make anythinjj else of them. 

The steamer United Stati s came into Morehead City, Saturday. She 
came in to let off Gov. Stanley, who has been on a visit to President 
Lincoln. She was loaded witii troops for Port Koyal. Three new 
regiments are expected at New Berne. Present prospects s<'em to 
indi<at«' that we shall have some fi^htinjr to d(^ this wint«r. It looks 
us if an advance would be made on (Joldslwiro* and Kolla. I cannot 
Bee any necessity for as many troojs as are already here, and as rein- 
forcements are constantly arriving, I think it a safe conclusion to say 
that we shall have the pleasure of sr'einjr active service before lonjf. 

Captain Lee is ^aininjf now quite rai>i(lly. He will soon return to 
duty, and you may expect we shall have work to do. 

J. W. M. 



NEwroRT Barracks, N. C.,} 
October 2"), 1802. f 

Interesting matter is scarce. In fact, tmusual experiences, par- 
ticularly in the bdttle line, are something we hav(! n()t yet met 
with, nor do we expect to do so for some timc^ to come. Our hard* 
est battles are with chills and fevers and other local diHcascs. We 
are coming out victorious, as we have now but three men in the 
hospital (Cimrles Ilonian, Perry ; W. E. Chapin, Arcade, poisontnl ; 
E. T. M. Hurlburt, Warsaw, chills and fever, none of them seri- 
ously ill),. and those in camj) come out to drill with an earnestness 
and activity that shows an increasing health and strength "Jack 
Frost" paid his addresses for the first time ni^lit Ix'fore last. It 
would be preferable if he would just send in his card, and not 
come ujKm one so suddenly, ^vinp one no time to make pre|>ara- 
tions to resist his " stin/crin^ " frrip*'. It was so cold, that lonj^ Ix- 
fore morning came many of the Iwys went out to the guard's 
camp fire and sat around that, so that they mi^ht be warm. 

Next day our lieutenant made reiiuisition for stoves, and our 
tents are now a cozy little dwellinfi^ plaee, furnished generally with 
home-made bunks, writings table, cupl>oard and a Sibley tent stove. 
Theee stoves resemble an old-fashioned eof^ine smoke stack, of. in- 



184 RF.rORDS OF THE 

ferior proportionp, turned ui>pi«lp down, and only faulty in on<' 
respect, and that is the limltrd ar^oininndations for eookinij. Everv 
mePR liaH ronsiderable of that to do, tlie (hiy Ixinfr spent in drill/ 
eookinn: and dish washinj^, allowin^r a small spare of time for nad 
inj; and writinjf. Provisions ar<' liijfh, as the follo\Tinjr prices will 
bIiow : Butter, 4()c. ; cheese. 2oc. : apples, 'Mh\ a dozen ; milk, Go. p<'r 
pint ; brown sugar, 2()c. ; Hour. 7c. Sweet i)otatoes are our su'iptnn 
tial food. We can ])urcliase them nt from 50c. to OOc. ])er bushel. 

The "Signal ('f)rps" have lieen making their head-quarters in our 
camp for a few days. They are making a line of signal staffs from 
New B<'rne to Beaufort. This is deemecj (]uif(^ necessary, as th<Te is 
no telegraj)h wire ui)on tlie railroad. These staffs are i)laced within 
five or six miles of each other and communication carried on with 
flags. Oftentimes the flags are only visible through a spyglass, (►n 
some accounts these are preferable to telegraj)!! wire, since a guard 
can be stationed at each one of them, and there are no wires to be ctit. 
The whole line has been surveyed, and men will soon l)e engaged in 
putting up the poles. There is a good deal of activity on the railroad 
just now. Extra trains, loaded with provisions and stores, are run- 
ning every day, seeming to indicate that there will l)e a change some- 
wliere In-fore long. We expect to receive ordtii'S to move in the 
course of two or three weeks. I should not at all wonder if an active 
campaign were carried on in North T'arolina this winter. 

To-day Lieutenant George Hastings arrived with a number of new 

recruits, having taken a "tug" at Ilatteras and com? up the Neuse to 

New Bern(!. The remainder of his ])arty went on to Beaufort in the 

Bteamer. 

J. W. M 



Newpout Barkacks, N. C.,} 
" November 'i-"), 1H02. ) 

Our commissioneil officers are kind, gentlemanly and even for 
bearing to us privates, though for all that they hold us up none 
the less strictly to military rules and regulations. They are good, 
moral, tempcraU' men, and waste no time in idleness. Not one of 
them either would, from j)ersonal antipathy or dislike, refuse to 
any one under his command all the liberties allowed them, or in 
sicknesK refuse to do anything in his power to relieve or aid them. 



TWENTY-FOURTH NftW YuRK BA'ITKRY. 185 

Old feuds are fast dyin<r out, and it is vorv Boldom now that you 
oven hear tlicm mentioned. 

There is no dissension concerning otlicers. I really wonder at the 
unanimity of feeling that prevaih-d, as the two companies, one having 
been a year in service and the other raw re<Tnits, came together and 
divided uj) the non-commissioned offices. There was wonderfully lit- 
tle dissatisfaction expressed— hardly any— at the order making the 
division and ap])ointing the otlicers of the crunpany, as I gave you in 
my letter of November 11. 

We are neither becoming dissipated, la/y or slovenly. " Camp life 
develops the bad qualities of bad men, but, on tiie other hand, it is 
favorable to the highest exhibition of virtue, of gentleness and of 
Iwroism." So says one of the p(»ptilar authorities of the day, and such 
ill my little experience iu that kind of life I find to be true. Drunk- 
enness is a thing almost unknown among us I never have seen but 
three men since I have been here that were under the influence of 
liquor. We cannot very well be idle, as we have five hours' drill per 
day, beside police duty ; and just now Lieutenant Cady, with gangs 
of men selected from the company, has two sawnulls in operation ; 
one ui)right saw with water power, and one circular saw with steam 
power. 

As for slovenness, I am certain any "committee of hotisekeepers," 
uiH)n an examination of our tents, would return a report of *' well 
done for boys" To conclude this subject, I wouhl say, that in con- 
versation with all of the boys, I find them contented and well satisfied 
with their officers and their associates, and I do not think you could 
persuade one of them to accept a discharge from the service, unless 
the war had ended and there was a i)rospect of peace. 

As the winter approaches there is no necessity for our anxious 
mothers and kind fathers to have any anxiety concerning our being 
eomfortable and warm. Our tents are tight an<l water-jiroof. Most 
of us have taken boards from four-and-a-half to five and-a-half feet in 
b'ngth, pointed them, and driven them about a foot in the ground in 
a circle around the tent. We then raised the canvas to the top of the 
l)oardB, already battened and banked up. This makes the tent very 
warm and roomy. In ours we built a fireplace. An<l in the eveninjf 
the blaze of the pitch-pine lightens as cheerful and happy a picture as 
anj would care to look upon. lo fact, I am a little ashamed to own 



186 



RECORDS OF THE 



that we are io comfortable. It hadn't tlio ftinack of liardrtliip, &c., tliat 
we «'xj)prte<l and rathrr desirrd to ('xpt'ricnce. It hnnn't the danli and 
the wihlneHS about it that younger jjersous connider necesKarj to till 

out their idea of a soldier's life. 

J. W. M. 



Newport Barracks, N. C.J 
November 28, 1803. f 

Yesterday was Thanksgiving Day. The day previous, our detach- 
ment worked hard in the woods all day chopping h»g9 and tlontinji 
them down the river to the sawmill. On account of a lack of jiork 
and beef in the commissary department, we fared, while at work, 
tt[X)n '* hard-tack " and cotTee. As a con8<Hjuencc, we had appetites 
on Thanksgiving Day that a |)Oor dyspeptic might well envy. The 
following was the dinner programme : 



Fresh Beef. 
Fresh Beef, boiled. 



80UP8. 

MEATS. 

Chickens, stewed. 



Chicken. 
Fresh Pork, fried. 



VEOETARLES. 

Sweet Potatoes, boiled and fried. Onions, boiled and buttered. 
Turnips, boiled. 



Coffee. 






EXTRAS. 

Fresh Bread. 




Tea. 


Crackers. 






Molasses. 




Sugar. 


Butter. 






Salt. 

DESSERT. 




Pepper. 


Pancakes 


and 


honey. 




Sweet 


Potato Pie. 


Pitch Pine Gum. 




Apples 





If you can beat tliat " bill of fare," and have an appetite correspond- 
ing with it, I'll " cave." All I have to say, to explain the reason for 
such an abundance of chicken and honey is, that the evening previous 
a half dozen from our detachment passed guard in and out without 
any countereign, except tlie presentation of aoouple of chickens to the 
guard as they passed in. 



TWENTY-FOURTH NEW YORK BATTEKY. 187 

PnHses wore allowed to be piven by the serpeants at their own dis- 
rretion, After dinner the whole camp waH nearly deserted. Toward 
six o'clock Htrn^jflcrB marched into camj) with chickens, ]>ork, beef, 
honey, «S:c., at Hlw)ul(ler arms. It was very fortunate, eh the quarter- 
master's stores are just now at a low ebb. 

After eveninjr roll call, the Massachusetts l)oys invited us all to 
come up to the buildinjj formerly used as a hospital, and have a 
dance. The hall was decorated with Ha^fs, knapsacks, accoutrements, 
&c., and splendidly li^j^hted with three lotifj tnlloir edniVea. Thedaz/.Ie 
of gilt, of " straps " and " stripes," was indeed a gay sight. The 
music was furnished by Ferguson's baud. Order was called by the 
tap of the fiddle bow on the back of the fiddle. Two sets were 
formed ; the head of the room taken by the major. Ortler and 
decorum were preserved throughout. The " ladies " received the 
most obsequious and constant attention. Gallantry, not of the cox- 
comb order, was the onler of the evening. All went " merry as a 
marriage bell," till the bugle sounded the tape about eleven o'clock, 
when all quietly dispersed. 



188 RECORDS OF TIIK 



CHAPTER VI. 

KINSTON, (iOLDSnORo' AND WHITEHALL. 

On the lltli of r)eceni])er, General P'ostor, tlien coiii- 
niandiii^ tlic (Icpnrtiiieiit ot' North Carolina, fjathorcMJ 
to«;ether his availahle trooi>s and made an advance from 
New Heme towards (ioldshoro*. General G. W. Smitli 
had been i)laced in connnand of the (\>nfedcrate troops 
in the same department. They were snj)]>osed to number 
ab(»ut 12,0(^0. The main object of General Foster wa> 
to reach Goldsljoro' and destroy the railroads centei-ini,^ 
at that point. This place was then (Ui the main line of 
communication from Richmond, south. General Foster's 
force consisted of between l(i,O(>0 and 15,000 men, coiu- 
posed of four bri<ijades; the ri^flit commanded bv (reneral 
Wessels, the left by Colonel Lee ; ri<^ht centre by Col. 
Am<>ry, the left centre bv-Col. 8tevenson. In the centre, 
unattached to brigades, were ('aptain Ransom's and Cai)t. 
Lee's Batteries; one battery of the Third New Y(»rk 
Reginjcnt Artillery, ainl two sections of heavy guns — one 
of 82-pound howitzers and one of 20-pound Parrot guns. 

The first and third detachments of the Twenty-fourth 
New York Battery were all that participated in the march. 
Many men from the other detachments tilled the vacan- 
cies tliat occurred from sickness, ikc. 



TWENTY-FOURTH NEW YORK BATTERY. 180 

Thursday, tlie 11th, the force marchi'd ahont tit>cen 
miles. 

On Friday, the advance was slow, on account of meet- 
ing witli fallen trees that the rehels had placed in the 
roads, and with hurned brid<;e8 which they had fired h» 
they retreated. There was 8kirnnshin<j^ throughout the 
day, but no rei^ular eni^a«;enient occurred. 

On Saturday, the section of the Twenty-fourth New 
York Bjittery, with the Forty-sixth Massachusetts Kep^i- 
mont for a sup])ort, se}>arated from the nuiin body, and 
took, per order, the more <lirect road to Kinston. They 
were sent to fjuard some })oint of cross roads, whicl> they 
reached at about twelve o'clock that nijjht. 

Sunday morninj', the Fortv-sixth llej'iment and the 
third d(»tachment returned by a short road to the main 
body, and a company of the Third New York (Cavalry was 
sent over and joined the first detachment of the Battery. 

The third detacthment was sent in another direction, to 
t^uard a bridge at which there had been some skirmish- 
ing the day previous. ^ 

The first detachment continued its march, an<l about ten 
o'clock, as they a])proaclKMl a small creek, they discovered 
about 1,000 rebel infantry and a detachment of artilhjry, 
pre]iared to dispute the pass. The cavalry (b'smounted, 
dej)loyed, Jind, with their carbines, acted as n 6Uj)port to 
tlie Battery. Our boys then opened on them with shell. 
After about an hour's fighting the enemy retreated, taking 
with them their killed and wounded. After they were 
positive that the enemy had gone, the Fetlerals rebuilt the 
bridge that had been burned, crossed it, and arrived at 
Kinston at four o'clock. This was their part of the 
battle of Kinston. 



100 KKroKDS OF III K • 

Tlic battle l)V till' iM.-iin hody was foii^rlit on aiintln^r 
r(»a<l — till* I'luniy jj^radnallv falliiii^ hack, until t\wv viwur 
to tlic bnM;ro, !it wliicli tinio tlie Nintli New Jersey 
(•lui?-^o(l an<l took tw«> brass p:uns. AVliile crossinj^ a 
bri(l«r(., rolonel (iray, of tlio Ninety-sixtli New York, 
was instantly killtMl by a mnskct ball, wliicli struck biin 
in tbe breast and ])assed tbrou«;b liis heart. The rebels 
attenij)ted to fii'e the brid«j;e, bnt failed. 8i\ ujuns were 
taken by a con'j)any of our cavalry on the other side c>f 
the river. That ni<,dit the whole army entered Kinston. 
Throujjli tlie main street a pile of cotton, reachin*^ nearly 
a quarter of a mile, was burnin<^ Many other things 
the rebels had set fire to, and the inhabitants had almo>t 
entirely deserted the ]daee. Home of our soldiers w(MiI 
to the extreme in jdunderinir the houses and stores. 

Monday, the army recrossed the brid^^e at Kinston, 
which was a very Ion*,' one. After they had all passed 
oyer, the bridge was burned. They then pressed on 
towards Goldsboro', makin<^ a march of about fifteen 
miles that day. 

Tuesday, a sharp and brisk fi^ht occurred near White- 
liall. Our boya were under fire nearly three Iiours, 
Finally the rebels retreated, and our army destroyed tw«) 
new <^unboats ^vhich were in process of building. 

Wednesday, they advanced to the brid;;e at (xoldsboro'. 
Here quite a severe action took ])lace. Many ^vere 
killed and wounded on l)oth sides. The United States 
troops succeeded in burning the railroad bridge an<l tear- 
ing up a])out five miles of the track. General Foster 
learned that the Confederates had concentrated a superior 
force at Goldsboro', and determined that it was unwise 



^TWENTi'-FOURTII NEW YORK BA1TERY. 191 

to mnke any tnrtlier advance. The next nioniinp, there- 
fore, tlic line of niarcli faced homewards, and a rapid re- 
treat was made to New ]>erne. 

They readied that jdace on the 24th, ljavin«if heen 
ahont ten days and marclied al)out two Inmdred miles. 
Tiie Federals lost DO killed and 4TS wounde<l. The Con- 
federates lost 71 killed, 208 wounded and 470 prisoners, 
most of whom were immediately paroled. 

The following; order was afterwards read to the troops 
in General Foster's connnand : 

HEADtiUARTKTlS ElOTTTKENTII ARMY CORPS, ( 

Nkw Bkrnk, January 15, 1803. S 

[(General Order No. 18.] 

In considoration of. and as a reward for, their brave deeds at Kins- 
ton, Wliiteliall and Ooldsljoro', the Commanding: General directs that 
the regimentft and batteries which accompanied the exp^ition to 
Ooldsboro' inscribe on tlieir bann«^r8 those three victories — 
Kinstou, December 14th. 1802. 
Whitehall, " 10th, " 
Ooldsboro', " I7th. " 
The Coramandin;? General hopes that the future fields may be so 
fought that the record of them may be kept by inscription on the 
banners of the regiments enf^a^ed. 

By command of Major Qenoral J. Q. Foster. 
Southard Hoffman, 

Asst. Adjt. General. 



102 KKCOKI)^ <»K TIIK 



CHAPTER VII. 

I8f;3. 

NKW 15KRNE. 

Soon ufh'r tlic return of t])o troops iVoiii tlio exj^efHtioii 
to (io](]shoro\ tlie TwcTity-t'onrtli New Yoi'k liMtterv re- 
ceived six vei'v ]inii(ls(.iMe new six-pounder Napoleon 
pinis, nn additional Bnp})ly of liorses, new harness and 
!iew e(|in*pnients t]iron«rliont. The men, eonsecpiently, 
liad plenty of etnploynu'nt in hreakinj; in the new 
horses and en^n);,n'n;» daily in hattery drill. Prior to this, 
detaehnient and section drill had i)een all that we had 
heen tan<rht. The rapid and sometimes intricate move- 
ments of the Hi^ht artillerv hatterv in a tield recinire 
practice as well as coolness and skill in execution. For 
instance, the command ** Left Wheel " is a sim|)le ejacu- 
lation. But let lis view a hattery as they execute it — six 
guns positioned in line, ahreast at intervals of four yards, 
with six liorses attached to each gun. Three yards hehind 
each gun stands a caisson, with six horses attached, a 
ri<ler to each si)an of horses. The hugle sounds the com- 
mand. Immediately the left piece hecomes a centre, on 
which turns the long sweep of horses, pieces and caissons. 
As the distance from the centre increases, so })roj)ortion- 
ally must the rapidity of motion increase, to keep up an 



T\vi:NTV-K(»ri{:rii nkw yokk nArrKKV. \*X\ 

iinlu'oken lino. Iinn<^ine now liow swiftly must tlio 
piece (Mi the extreme riirht move, to retain its ]>o>ition 
and its distances. If your mind cannot comprelieiMl it, 
sit on tlie exti'eme end of a wliirlairiir, and ride once 
anuind the circle. 

iror>es enjoy the excitement, and they h'arn to knf>w 
cliiierent conunandsof the l)n<j:]e. The men, too, he.'omo 
aronsed and interested, and the maneuvers of a well- 
drilled hattery are a pleasing and excitinir siirht to any 
one. The I>atterv hoys were now hcjL^innini^ ta taste a 
little r>f the experiences that thev had read of and hoi>ed 
to pniticipate in. They were j)roud of their organization, 
and had j^ood reason to he. 

The citv of Xew licrne was heiiiir stron;rlv f<>rtitied. 
A new j)ara)K»t was thrown up in nearly a continuous 
line from river to river, encl(»sin<; the entire city. Fort 
Totten, in the centre of the line of fortilications, was 
lariu'c, and tilled with heavy artillery. There were also 
many sinaller forts. 

The major ]>ortion of the artillery bclonj^in^ to the 
comnnind was statio?ied near Fort Totten. The Twen- 
ty-fourth I>attery was on the hill at the left of tiie fort. 
Here, with the lumher which had been obtained by 
workiuix the sawmill at Newport Barracks, we ]>ut up 
some substantial stables, cookdiouse, iVre. At the samo 
time provided with plenty of tents, we made very com- 
fortable (piarters for ourselves. 

On the 17th of January an expedition was sent from 
New Heme to Trenton. Camp furnishes us with the 
following account of it : 

13 



l!)4 RKCOKDH OK TIIK 

Tin* forc«' rohHinted of tlio Forty-tliird, Forty-fifth an<l Fifty-firM 
H«'^inn'nt8, Muhs. VoIb. Infantry ; ("ifflit roinpiinii-H of tho Third X. Y. 
Cavalry ; on<? Hcotion of the Twcnty-tlilnl N. Y. Indjjt. Battery; 
one wction of t\\^^ Twenty fourtli N. Y. Indpt. Battery, and a Bmall 
forr«! of enjfineerH. Tlje entire exi)edition consJHtinj; of l.-^OO infantry. 
00() riivalry, KK) artiMery and enjrineers. 

Lieitenant Coloncd Enimory, Mass. Vols., oommnnded. 

The object of tlie exp<'<lition waH to make a feint on (ioldnboro' and 
VVarnaw, and thuH detain troopn wlilcli nii^ht be sent to Richmond 
or Peterwbur^li, to renint a movement, wide li wan planned by our forrrn 
in that vicinity. The expedition njoved from New Berne on Saturday, 
January 17th, 1H0;1, at <l o'clock, A.M., an<l campe<l tluit nijfht at IVd- 
Im'kKville, a place sixteen miles from New Berne, sit unted on the Trent 
Kiver, and then contaijjinp abci't twenty houHes. We were oblipfed 
to encamp here, becauwe the enemy had obstructed our further pro- 
jrreHH by feMin^f trees acrr^ss thc^ mud, as they retreated before us. 

On the 18th we proceedfd to Trenton, where w»» arrived al)out two 
o'clock, P. M. As our cavalry a])pn)ached the town, they were fired 
ii])on by some rebel cavalry, who were endeavoring? to cut away a 
mill dam, and thus swell the stream, and detain us. But a few shots 
from the cavalry howitzer caused them to beat a hasty retreat, and as 
we entered, they left the town. We encamped here that nijjht, and 
the next morninjf burned two bridges over the Trent Hiver, the jail, 
a grist and sawmill. And after we had crossed the stream, tore opcm 
tlui mill (lam, and returned to Pollocksville, where w(! arriv(;d about 
three o'clock, P. M. 

It was while crossinjj this stream, which was swollen to the horse's 
iM'lly, that Benjamin Hollister, who was driving the middle team of 
the gun, happened to snee/e out Ills upper teeth — poor Ben. — a sicker 
looking mortal never existed. He proposed to have the troojis stoj). 
and look for liis teeth ; but in a glance aaw that they were gone from 
him for ever — and he, three days from camj), doomed to gum it on 
hard tack, or perish. Self-preservation, that great first law, was 
adopted by Ben., and accordingly he stopped at many houses on the 
road to get meal to make soft bread and mush of, and in tliis way 
worked through until wo got into camp again. At Pollocksville we 
encamped again for the night, and having on the first night's encamp- 
ment burnt all the fence rails and cleared things generally, all that 



TWr.N J V-FurKTII NKW YOKK UATl KUY. l'.>5 

now rcnmiiK'd t<» coin))!*'!!' tlic ruin, wnn (l<»nn ilurinjr tlio ni;rHt Itytlir 
tnmjm mtfujjin^ in tlmt innori«nt nninM.'Uicnt of huminjr biiil(linjr»» ; 
i\n<l on tlio n«'xt niorninjf fivij or nix buililiujjH wer»' all that remained 
of P<»1 lock svi lie. 

On tlio 20tli, we marcliwi to Younjr'>» CrosH road, on tho Wliitc Oak 
U'lvcr, ten niilt'!^ from l'<»]lo<ksvillc, arrivint: tlicro about noon. Tho 
enoniy had dfstroyod th'? hrid<.n'. but our cniriniM-rs soon ronatructfd 
a suitable one. and our cavalry rroMscd and started for .Tarksonvillo, 
leavin<r tlw infantry and artillery. On their way to .larksonvllle 
(which is on the New Hiver. twenty miles from Younyr's Ooss Road.) 
tliey met an<l en;ra;red the enemy in a runniuir fi*rht. for nine miles, 
losing two men killed and takin»r but one rebel prisoner. The rebs 
burned the bridyre, ir)0 feet lonjr. "V«'r thet rivor at Jacksonville, to 
prevent our troops crossing-. We en«amped here for the nijrht. and 
it ralninl most furiously. Tho cavalry returned durinyr the nitfht, 
and on the morniuir of the 31st w«f started back for New Herno, 
whero we arrived abf)ut six o'clock, P. M. The roads, on our n«. 
turn, were as bad as they couhl be consistently, and we had consider- 
abh'troublo in crossinjj cor<luroy roads, between the cross roads and 
Pollocksville. And when <m a trot, at one time, the fore wlu'el of the 
<run carriage upon which .lerry McClair sat, broke through the cor- 
duroy : go suddenly was the carriajre stopped, that Jerry was thn»wn 
froiu his seat sprawlinjr into the ditch, and completely drenched with 
mud and water. Again, wlien near Now Berne, in crossing a smooth 
level ])iec(; of ground, on a full tr<»t, the whe(d of tlu' caisson, on which 
Wilbur M. Iloyt sat, struck a rut and threw him off* in surh a way, 
that his liead lay so near tho track that the liind wheel rim over the 
cap ho had on his hend, and barely escaped tho head, which must 
have been crushed had it been run over. Wlion on our way to Trenton 
from Pollocksville, Major Frankle gave out strict orders against 
foraging or jdunderinjr. but Pierce Fit/patrick, who was ahmp, as an 
extra duty man, not knowing what liis esi>ocial duty was, furtlicr 
than serving his country as ho migli't ])erhaps have to do, and beinjr 
providwl with an extra l)f»rso, he conceived a plan whereby ho might 
minister to tho wants of tho Twenty-fourtliers, and make it pay also. 
He fancied that ho was especially constituted for liis plan, for he could 
keep one eye on the Provost Marshal and tho other on chances to 
gobble. Ajid that eesential qnalificatioq, combined with buBiAesa 



l'.'<^> RE<X)RIH OF TIIK 

tact, lio tlioiiirlit woiiM rnrrv ^\U^\ tlironjrh Hnftly, withf)MT »inv doulM 
wliiitcvfr. lie tlicnfon* ;>ro\i(l(Ml liiiiiHclf with H<mu' |tH|MT nml a 
IH'iK'il, jiTid wnitr rrrcipts fr»r inonoy wliirli lie niij^lit ])ny or not. Ii.r 
pcpsp, tiirk«'ys, or rlii<'k<'ns, Arc, nn<l our n-rfint wftuld rrtvcr any or 
nil 1h' would <x<'t, for li;id it Icm-h wiitt»'n in tlr«'tk it was ('(lually nsin 
tfllii;ild«'. l»ut Picrr*' siiid it wasan^nod as tlio natives ?ou]d ^«n<rally 
write, and if lie slioiild ^i't enu^lit, tlie receipt, as lir interpreled it. 
wouM l)e afood and satisfartory to tlu' " Dutrh I'rovost." 

Arronliii^Tly, he Hailed off on his steed, to the ht-ad of the roluniii. 
and when the first rliane*' offen'd he started for a larjje jdantatimi 
house, an<l there ^ohhled, after some trouble, two ^eese, which h<' 
started for the company with, liut just as he came out of the lane, 
who should he meet hut the Provost, who accused him of ]»Iunderin;r, 
and ordered him to ])ut the jjeesc into an amhulancc. and fall in wit'n 
the jjiuird. und«'r arrest, at tho n»ar of the column. Pierce protested 
nhd produced his receipt, but th'* Provost avowed h(> was not <jfoin j 
to be lnimbuijj^ed by him. i;nd placed him. accordinirly. nnder urn-it ; 
wliere lie remained until tln' folIowin<jr day. wh'en, at the instancf "1 
Captain Kansom. he was released. 

\^'hen we arrived at Voiinir's Cross Poads, behiLT short of rations, 
which was reported at liea(i-«|uarters. the Provost sent l^ierce the 
jrrese, which had in the meantime s|»oile<l. And thcn^ it was that 
Pierre's ri<rhti'ous indiixnation was fully aroused, and he d — n'd tin- 
Dutch Provost. Here, at Yonn<r's (Voss Uoads. we were not in cam]» 
more than ton minutes before we had two hojfs killed, and well nij^Hi 
dressed ; but not wantinjj but on(! we nruvethe other to some infantry 
men, belon^in^ to the Fort; -third reyiment : while taking it to their 
camp, they were arn'sted an<l placed in irons. At the same time 
nothinjT was done with our boys. We liere reported beini*- out of 
rations for our hors«'S, and were accordinjjly ji^ranted permission t-- 
|»aj»s tlie picket ^nard, an<l when outside, we foun«l an old bach«'h>r 
who had a smoke house full of hams, and we arcordinjrly tilled our 
sacks with han)S insten<1 of corn, and broujrht them in. and had sevc 
ral in camp ; when in passinjj the officer of tin; jruard, coniinjr in, on- 
of the bajfs untied an<l let out the would-be corn (hams), and thus 
H'vealed the case, and put a stop to fora^injj in a hurry. We liv«'d 
well on tliat march, and enj<»ye<l it very much. 

Ahout January 2r»tli, 18<J3, General F<»6ter left >sow 



TWKXTY-FOrirni NI:\V YOKK UATrKKV. l!>7 

Jktik' witli ji ii'ood sliare of tlie tr<M)])s under his (mhu- 
ni{in<l, to co-(»pcrat(.' witli ji fli'et which sailcil t«>r C'liarles- 
t()»i, S. C, frotn Pxniutort, X. i\ As tlie Twenty-tourth 
Battery did not accompany thin cxi>edition, an account 
of it wouhl not he in place in tliishook. It is enough t^n* 
us to say, tliat on account of a misunderstanding; between 
(tcnerals Fosterand Hunter, the hmd forces accomplisheil 
notliiui,^ at Port lloyal, tlicMr place of destination. AVe 
helieve this was termed Admiral Dupont's cx])edition. 
CJen. Foster returned with a portion of liis trooj>s, ahout 
tlie mi<ldlo(»f February. Durin;^ his absence all the cainps 
had been incited to rivalry in beauty of a])pcarance. 
Streets were laid out in the cam))s, ami njws (►f everi^reens 
were j)lanted alon^:^ tlie walks. Arbors were constructe*! 
in iVnnt of the tents, oNXMvprcadini; brick walks and 
oyster shell door-st(»ps. The i^rounds were policed twice 
a week. Every thinu: had an appearance of neatness, 
l»eauty and health. 

New uniforms, shining b)*ass, white; gloves, blacked 
bnots and salutes to every otlicer you met — were the 
order of the day. 

On the '2»)th of February, a "^rand review of all the 
troo]>s in the department was made by (Jeneral Foster. 
In this dis])hiy of tinscd, iuusic, array of men, and the 
usually im])osinuj slight produced by a larp* number of 
soldiers in line and c(dumn, this review was the featu?e 
of our ornamental service in New I>crne. 

On the morninnj of the r)th of March, tw«» bri^rides of 
infantry, two or three secitions of batteries and a half a 
<lozen com])anies <>f cavalry were ordere<l out upon the 
Trent road. Tlie tirst Bection of the Twenty-fourth Uat- 



198 Rl^COKDH OF THE 

tcry was Rent to Newport BMrraiks l)y railroad. The fol- 
l()wiii<; inorniii^ij the section, to<rether witli tlie Plt'ty-iirst 
Massaclmsetts Iiilatitry re;^iiiu'nt ;in<l two coinpaiiics ^>\' 
cavjilrv, started for Cedar Point, a landin<r directly o])]>o- 
site Swanshoro, on the White Oak river. 

Arri\ in«j: at Cedar lN»int. we held that ))lace until si^j^inds 
were <]:iven from the other t?ide of the river, hy the larijc 
force wliich liad niarelied directly f:*oin New l>erne, that 
Swanshoro had been entered and <»nly two rebel soldiers 
conld he found. 

The object of the expedition was su]>posed to have 
been to ea])ture a coujdc of eonj])anies of reln-l infantr\ 
and s(»nic cavalry, which was reported to have been lurk- 
in<^ about in that re<;ion. A total of ten or twelve were 
captured. The rest had lied. The Jlittery returned on 
Tuesday. 

On March 14th, Company A, of the Third N. Y. Cav- 
alry and two comj)anies of the Twcnty-iifth ^lass., who 
were occupyini!^ a picket post six miles i'vom the city, on 
the Trent road, were attacked by ([uite a large force; of 
rebels. 

One of the cavalry boys was killed. They were 
obliged to retreat trom their eamp and take a ]>osition 
a few miles this side, at the Jackson house. Cavalry 
reinforcements were immediately sent to tiiem, and in- 
fantiy and artillery fddlowed. The morning following 
the eamp of the Ninety-second N. Y. Kegiment, on the 
other side of the Neuse river were attacked by a brigade 
of rebel infantry and sixteen pieces of artillery. The 
Ninety-second stood it bravely amid a perfect shower of 
gra|>o and shell. The gun boats came to their immediate 



TWENTY-FOITRTIT NEW YORK BATTERY. 199 

assistance. The rebels tlien coiiniienced shelling our 
gun boats, some coming witliin a tew feet of the 
Dudley Buck, and some striking in the camp of the 
Twenty-fourth Mass. Our Jittery was ordered down to 
the river shore, we were there in twenty minutes after re- 
ceiving the order. The distance across the river being 
two miles and a half, we could not reach them with shell 
and were obliged to use solid shot. The Twenty-third 
arrived about half an liour afterwards. General Petti- 
grew, commanding the rebels, sent into' the garrison of 
the Ninety-second three times for them to surrender, and 
after sending his compliments, and refusing to do so 
twice, the third time Colonel Anderson told him to go to 

h 1. Under the heavy tire of all our artillery he soon 

retreated. Our loss was three wounded. The rebel loss, 
six killed, twenty-two wounded, and twenty-five horses 
killed. 



200 RECOItnH OF TIIK 



CIIAPTEU IX. 
isr»3. 

PLYMOUTH. 

Soon after tlic feint, as^ (les(Til)e(l in the last clia]»tei\ 
was nia<le upon New Uerne, adviees were received from 
Washington, X. (\, and Plyniontli, that an advance was 
l>eijiir niade \\\nm tluusc towns. A section of the Twen- 
t\-fnurtli New York Battery wat^ immediately sent to 
Plvmouth, and hv the 1st of A])ril the wliole I»atterv 
had heeii shii>i)ed to the same i»laee. To tlie mend>ers 
of the Uattery this proved to be our destination for a 
niueh lonjjjer time than was thought of at the time of 
the removal. It was a small garrison, well defended, 
and so situated that, as afterwards was demonstrated, a 
small force could hold five times its stren;rth and nnm- 
hers at hay Tor a long time. 

The houses in the town had been mostly deserted hy 
their origimil inhabitants, and the larger ones were taken 
jH)ssessioii of by the troops for quarters. 

It was a small village, situated on Roanoke liiver, and 
])robably numbered in its palmy days liftecn hundred to 
two thousand inhabitants ; streets regular aiid shade 
trees in abundance. Prior to our reaching this jdace, 
many of the buildings, during an attack upon it, had 



TWENIT-FOUKTII N'KW YORK nATII.KV. *20l 

hciMi lmrne<l to tlio trrtnind. A>i(l(' IVmiii tliu ^li'soljitiMl 
a]>])oar}iiice tliat tlicse riiiiis iravc, tlic; tnwii was ]»l('asaiit 
and |)rettv. The river furnished ji varietv ot' i'sli in 
ijreat ahnndance, an<l tlie enuntrvnicn were allowed to 
hrinj^ in meats, eir;^^>^, irrei'n (••»ni, ]>oiiltrv, honi'v, iVrc, in 
their respective seasons, whih' th«' ne^n»es, who were 
settled in the intei-ior huts al>out the suhurhs, were eni- 
j>l<»yed as cooks ; so that, all in all, we were ahout as 
conit'ortahlo as soldiers could leiritimately he j)ernMtted 
to he. "^i'lie onlv ohj('cti(»n to rcniaiTiin^ in the ]»laee was 
a ]ire\alenee of iiiia>iiiatie a»id iiitcrniiltciit fevers. 

The sieii'<' of AVa>hini:ton, I). ('.. w;is ot' -hnrt duration 
— the rehels soon retreatinir; they were ]»ursued a short 
distance towards lCin>ton. hut no ireneral hattle took ])lace. 

rpon evidence of a jn'i-nianent stay hein^ ^iven to 
the ollieers of the IJattery, the inendnTs were hnsily cin- 
]>loyed at huildiuL; stahles, con\ertin«^ houses into quar- 
ters, and fitting; up irrounds for our park. 

The iruns were parked, and for a time we served 
as cavalry on >hort sc(»uts into the smTouiidini: country, 
^earchin;X for sju'es, ^i'uerrillas, traders jind toraifc. 

These exjK'ditions were excitiuir an<l enjoyahle, eon- 
<lucive to irood health and the developinir <»f nniscle; 
they were, as a rule, sueccssful, we seldom failing? to 
briuji: in eithc r j>risoners, c »ntrabands(.>r C(Uitrahand jr'»<'ds. 

]*ein«x on an out]»ost, the eommandin«r otlicer was thus 
enahled to keep hiinself ]>retty well informe<l of any 
movements of the enemy. 

The f:jarrison lil'e at Plymouth was, as a whole, a phias- 
ant experience. Our «pnirters were comfortalde and all 
our corpureul wants well cured fur. The occasional ticuut 



*202 RECOUDS OF THE 

into the country fnrnisljcfl excitement, topics for conver- 
sation, nnd contriilijind <:o()(1k IVuiu the deserted houses <>t' 
reljcls, wliicli last added \nuc\\ to the c(»nitort and ndorn- 
ment (»t*our tents and harraeks. Our (h'ill no more tljan 
ullorded proper liealtlitul exercise. ( )ur ^iiard an<l camp 
duty was only suthcient to kec]) us in proper di^'ipline. 
AVe were allnwed tlie limits ot' the town, and had we 
heen settled in the vilhiLre oi' Perry, ns stranj^ers, we 
could not have heen made more hai)py or cnmt'ortal»le. 
We have a letter, dated Septemher 10, 1803, and, as it 
descrihes ahout the oi'dinary routine of duty at that ^^ar- 
rison, we (juote from it : 

TliP Innmior and idlf^nops introchiccd into tho luimnn oriinni/a 
tion l)y llic |>r('8cnt ntiite of the wcatlicr is indcHcriltnltle nnd almost 
unondurjible. Witli the tent cnnvus thrown open nt both the 
front and rear of thn tent, we seek to " mice a l>ree/,«' '" nnd dispel 
the intensely liot ntmosjdiere thi t ]M'rva(h'S even the shnded places. 
Wo almost wish that it were within the ruh'S of pro])riety and 
the United States regulations to app<'Hr in Oeorjria cavalry uniforn;. 
vi/., a pahn-lenf hat and a pair of spurs. 

The uncomfortable sensation of bein^ too wann is not the worst 
of it. It creates ripht down la/inens. a di!*i)osition to seek a posi- 
tion "far niente." and to wear the time listlessly away. But I must 
write home. I have no subject to write u])<)n. no tale to tell. We 
are doinjj nothing but proominjr horses, polishinjr brass, oiling re 
voivers and scouring sabres. Afterwards, at our leisure, as the sun 
goes down and the atmosphere becomes cooler, we circulate through 
the town, mounted. 

In the evening we enjoy story telling, and have our musical socia- 
bles. We have a melodeon, guitar, violins and a flute — quite an 
orchestra, isn't it ? 

Let me describe to you my day's labor, and I know you will laugh 
with me. 

C. went with his detachment on a scouting expedition up the river. 
on the steamer RnrJcer. As they started early, I rose at 5 a. m., and 



TWINTY- FOURTH NKNV YORK HATIKRY. 208 

l>roparocl lirmkfnst. Our culinary (l«'i>artnirnt in (jnite rxtonsivo ; nnd 
AH 1 Imvt* ntH'H infornird ynu, ho I n-pcnt. I Hliitii coiiii' l»oim» an ar 
cniiii)]islir(l cook. Aftrr tlicy were oil', I wmt «»ut to tin* stnlOr, and. 
in Htablc frock, flourished brush amd conih witli the (h-xtcrity of an 
accomplished proom. Thip wason of tlio year causes jrroominjj to b«» 
a most laborious task. I assure you, and the perspirHtif)n rolled otl iny 
face pretty freely. Then I t(K)k my saddle and bridle down to the 
artificer's to be* repaired, but IJawson was sick, and then'fore I \vaf« 
oblijr,.(l to repair it myself. I know I sewed fnun me. and made big 
holes with tlu' awl, and the job was rather btmyflin^, but it was 
stronp an<l answered the purpose. From there I came to my tent, 
l)Ut on the jKitatoes. drew my ration of steak and prepared it for <lin- 
ner. Thoujjh alone, my api»etUe was stron^JT enouj^h to make me en- 
joy it jfreatly. I then ch-ared the table, was'ied the dishes, swept and 
dusted ; took my new jack<'t, an<l with scissors, thread an<l needle, re- 
modeled it to quite a genteel fit. 'I'his occupied tm nuich of the after- 
noon, that I only had time to tak(5 a short traloj) out intf» the country 
and i)ick a few luscious ijersimmons. As I returned, the bu^le was 
blowinjr the water call, and since then I have been <|uito busy, taking 
care of the horses, eating supper and ])reparing the night's wo(m1. 
Our table furniture, by the wjiy, is (juite grand. We have china 
plates of different si/.es. white-handh-d knives and forks, cut glass 
tumblers, etcetera, ntf iiijinidini. 

Cror)ker, you know, has just returned from his home furlough. On 
the day he returnt-d wo asked him down to tline with us. \V« hap- 
pened to have chicken pie that day, with our usual vegetables, bread, 
iVc, all of which he appearecj to highly relish and appreciate. As he 
finisheil, he )»ushed back his n)ustache with the napkin and said, 
" Well, boys. I ^\^^ wish your anxious mothers might l<K)k in ui>on uh 
and this dinner. The best answer I could make to all their in«iuirie8 
about comfort and plenty wfiuhl be to jxtint at this an<l say, ' Ix>ok 
there !' " 

Thus you Hoe it is in a s(ddier'« life — the brightest of bright siden 
one day, tlie darkest of dark sides on the next — extreme inactivity or 
extreme hard labor — luxury or hardships. We know not what the 
hour may bring forth. Rejoicing in comfort, we may be suddenly 
called out for a march, a acout or an attack. 



204: RKCOliDS OF TIIK 

"NVc liJivc ijivcii the wliolc of tliiK letter, since we be- 
lieve that all our comrades will reeo<jnize it as a c(»rrect 
descriptiini of tlic life at Plymouth, with the exception nf 
perhaps a weekly call to i:jo on a sc(»ut or a recimnoitre. 

Amoni? the most prominent of these was the skirmisli 
at Williamston. 

The followin<; description of the march to and skir- 
mish at Williamst<»n, N. (\, is ^iven in a private letter, 
dated August 6th, 180:3: 

SuinlHy, July 2f»tli, tw<» wrtionH of our Hnttcry wrn- ordered To re 
jHjft on tin* Wnsliin^ton road, at 11 o'clock. We did so nnd lound the 
Ki;fhtyfit"tl» N. Y. nnd the One Hundred nnd F'irst nnd One Hundred 
and Third Pa. He;iinientH already there. The linttery took t'le centre 
and In a short time the line was t'ornred, and we started. Tlie dny wus 
])lenHant, the roads jjood. horses iTuimtient nnd the hovs fresh nnd jolly. 
We nuirclied very leisurely nlonjr. taklntT the Wnshin«rton road, as 
far as Nich<ds Mills. Here we turned otF nnd crossed Wnnl's ('re«k. 
It was a dillicult and danjjerous place to cross with artillery, hut all 
other hridy-es had been <lestroy«Ml. We succeetled in crosslnjr without 
any serious dauia^o. This work was the hardest of the day. Wv a<l» 
vnnced as far as .lanesville (fourt«'eH miles) and w«nt into camp ahoiit 
7 o'clock. During tin* day the sun was extremely hot. Several of 
tlu' infantry wero sun struck, and a host of ihem were obli^e(l to fall 
in the rear, so overpowerd by the heat, that it was impossible lor 
them to kcM'p up. ('a|)tain C'ady told us to rejwrt in the lijrl test |)os- 
pible marching order. We followed his instructions a little too closely. 
Wv lm<l no blankets, no lunch, nothing but a saddle for a })illow and 

an ovt'rooat for a bed-blanket. C had pundiased a chicken en 

the road ; that roasted on a sti<k, together with a couple of hard 
crackers, and a cup of coflee made us a very jjood supper ; we were 
very tired, so we soon mnde a Ix'd under a tree and sound, dead sleep 
(juickly took us away from ' marching " realities. At five the follow- 
inj; murninj? we roB«% groomed our horses, and then went down to the 
river ami liad a tine and refreshing bath ; soon after the marcii was 
rcHuuied. On account ot the destruction of a bridge, we were obliged 



TWKNTY-mUKTH NKW YOIfK HATTEKY. 2^5 

to lcav<' the main rond. nn«l travel Home seven milen out of tlu' way. 
This \\i\y a s\v!im|iy. mnddy track, ami \vitl» tlie Imt nun jH.nrin^r down. 
Tills route mnde n>en and hors^B fret, sweat and tire. Finally, we 
ajrain Htrurk the main road, and as \\v did so, wv jlincovered Home 
rebel cavalry, who imm» <liat«dy "skedaddled." White fla^s were 
hunjr <>nt »»ver every irate as we ]>assed ah>n;r. .\tter mnnhlnj? 
ahoiit ten miles, report eame that we had reaehe<l the relxd jiicket 
posts. Soon skirmish tlrin<r he^an. and was briskly earrifd on. 
Captain Cady and Lieut. Dollwer had iionv ahead of the main foreen 
to HTonnoltre, and some stray rebel bullets j^nve IVdbcer a i>retty 
elose ruU. Immediately, however, the rebels retr<'ated and nossfd 
Htill another stream. It beiran to rain, in fact to pour copiously. The 
first two ^uns. ' 'lark 'sand < 'rooker's (Williams commandinjr Crooker's 
on nreounT of his absence) and the Eitrhty-fifth N. V. were sent for- 
ward. They went on a <|uarter of a nnie, and cominj; into battery in 
a cr)rn field, commenced to sludl. It rained so' hard that it was im- 
possible tf» "see"' anythinji'. but they "calculated." The rebels re. 
]>lied with TMtiskets, sharply. The boys held up a little and the infantry 
i\chan;;ed volleys. It Houn<led savairdy althouirh no one was hurt. 
Just then one of the Colonel's aids cjime up and told our section to 
come forward and take the Icit with tlie One Hundred and Third Pa. 
As the otfict-rs wero all in front, Merrill wasobliyred to tako c«)mmand. 
W<! went with a rush. The boys were jrreatly elated ; we wen* soon 
at the phuc ap])ointed for uh. The other boys had discf»vt red a stone 
mill with some rebels in it, ami put three shot t!irou:.'h it. Musketry 
was sluirp and plenty of it. The cavalry had made a ehar^re and two 
of them wei-e woun<led. The bridjr*' over the stream had been torn 
up : the rain was pouring ; the streauj swelling. The infantry l«a<l 
managed to fire the saw mill which the rebels were usin^ as barracks. 
.Inst at this juncture the Colonel commandin^r (Col. Leymen.KKId I*a.) 
concbided to retire. How disa]»iiointe<l «'very bo ly was. There is 
noihip;i that causes a H<d<lier to be more d«*jected or weary than to be 
oblijri.d to turn back afUT makinjf an attack. The exj-itenu-nt was over 
and ihe rraciinn came on in loud jjrumbles at tlu^ otlic<'rc<m)mandin<x. 
We had felt confident of a victory, ami were a jpoiKl deal clm;rrine<I at 
the idea of a retreat. We were obli^e<l, however, to obey onlers, and 
at 8o'clo<k, havinj^ ha<l little or no dinmT and nosupiwr, we niarclutl 
back to our camp of the nijar^it previous, which we readied alwut 



206 RKUOKDS OF THK 

12 oVWx'k. Purinyf tlu' nmrch tlu^ rain jvmrcd constrttUly down, 
Hoiikiny rvrry thinj^ tlinMifjli. iind at nijjlit \v<> lay <lo\vn undrr our 
paulins in tlu' ronuT of fnnri>s. and on wakinnr in tlio niorninjr from 
WHMid HlnnibtT found ourselves lyinj; in puddles «)f wjVtcr. Ht'suniini; 
our H'trcat, afUT uc had partaken of a littl« <*ofreo, wo Ix-j^an to fed 
tlio offectM of a hot Kun. Tlie linini<l atnioHpliere seeniod a j'lotid ot 
liot Hteani. Pnfl')«atin<r to each ])ersf)n as they breathed it. In the 
iifternoon it n'/iiin h(';xan to rain. A thun(hir Htorni. ch>uds low. and 
filled with electricity whicli Reeined to follow our ^uns and ninsk'>try, 
enveloped Hi*, and the terridc llnslies of li^htriinjj and the d'-afenijiu 
roar of the thunder. ])uf to shame our artillery fires and reporls. 

Our niarcli was tlirouir'u w«M>ds. TIm! lijrhtnin*; seemed to ]'lny 
iinionyr the trees, now and then selectinjf sonu^ splindid ])ine and 
cleaving' it to tlie roots, eauslnj^ a clap and <'rash of thundering! noise 
that ma<le tl«e v«»ry earth tremble. The rain was piercinj^; overcoats 
nor rubber coats were «f any avail, the boys jravc up any defence from 
tlie rain, and finally junipinjr from their seats marched tliroujrh the 
stream that filled the road until we rea(!he(l Plyinoutli. To some of 
the boys this was first exptirience, and to them it was ])retty trying. 

.IfiiHj l.'itl), CMi>t5iin I.ce, hv spccM'jil order, No. KIS, 
WMs liononibly discliMri^id on siir^^oon's certiticnte. 

E. II. Wanlwoll, wliile on a furhnio'li lionio, liad received 
a couiniission to fill the second lietitcnancy wliicli liad 
been vacant for some time. 

Soon after Ca]>tain Lee's return to tlie nortli, first lieu- 
tenant Cady received a commission as captain, second 
lieutenant V. S. IIastin<js was promoted to first lieu- 
tenant, and C. II. Dolbeer received a second lieutenant's 
commission. By order of Captain Cady, a reorpjan- 
ization of tlie Battery was made and the folio win^r 
is a roll of the names with the respective positions of the 
members of the Battery : 



TWENTY-FOURTH NEW YORK BATTERY. 



207 



FIRST SECTION. 

L. A. Cadt, Captain. 

George S. Ila^tlng^, Flri»t Lleutenaut. 

FlU9T Dbtachment. 

W. W. Crooker, Serjreant. IJ. F. Corbin, Gunner. 

Samuel Stoddard, CalosonCorpoml. 



T. Rich, 
M. Trophy, 
P. Marrin, 
CharloH W. Fitch, 
II. Chadboume, 
A. Lee. 



O. K. Grifflth, 
G. W. Kellope. 
A. Piprr, 
P. .J. Si Mrord, 
Goo. Durj'ca, 
II. S. Whitney. 



Samuel Nichols, Gunner. 



Second Detaciiiient 
r. A. Clark, Scrpeant. 

E. H. Hunter, Caitinon Corporal. 
W. niood. O. S. McCrnry, 

r. W«t!nore, T. McGiilro, 

C. T. Pholan, G. Barker. 

G. W. Kceney, J. Filbin, 

E. RichnrdH, J. Ruh«cI1, 

W. Carnahan, J. T. Forrin, 

E. Welch, JameH Cowon. 



SECOND SECTION. 
C. H. Dolbccr, Second Lieutenant. 

Third Detachment. 
R. C. Ainwworth, 9eTi,'eant. L. Newcomb, Gunner. 

F. M. Alburty, CaiitHon Corporal. 



W. AitiHWorth, 
M. C. Smith, 
W. P. Nichols, 
G. Miller, 
J. Sunfleld, 
T. Fitzgerald, 



.I.E. GahiHha, 
J. Flynn, 
A. McDonald. 
J. G. Miner, 
H. Bartlctt, 
J. II. Weller, 



G. A. Holman. 

Fourth Dbtachxent. 
.1. W. Merrill, Serjeant. , G. G. Wri^'ht, Gunner 

E. T. M. Hurlburt, Caisson Corporal. 



L. H. Shank. 
W. F. noBford, 
A. Lent, 

A. L. Culver, 
C. A. Marean, 
J. Baker, 
C. B. UomMi, 



B. F. Bacbelder. 



E. Eaftwood, 
R. J. Newton, 
G. Crouuce, 

P. Fitzpatrick, 
Le G. D. Rood, 
O. G. Parmlee, 
A. W. Cemetock. 



208 KIX'OKhs OK TIIK 

TIIITU) SECTION. 
Kn'deruk K. IlnstiiiL'-. lii'^t Liciitciiiinl. 

Fifth I>ktaciimknt. 
<». William-, S'Tirf'unt, A. T. F<TL'ii>-«iti, (Jinmcr. 

(i. H. .Inliiihori. CaJH-on Corporal. 
A. (iriflllh, W. M. II«.yt. 

P. Shirliy. ,T. I'.iitton, 

L. II. (..iphain; H. V. V\\Ho. 

V. J<ron!ii<l, Z. Alien, 

ii. W. St«'vcti-, M. I{. M.Mirr, 

Svh.nniif Kin::, .1. Hartley, 

W. Oonld. 

Sixth 1)kta( iimknt. 
Willinm S. Camp. SwrL'<;int. Gen. Binisall. Oiinner. 

II. Tiltoii, f ai-i-on Cori)«)ral. 
J. Woo^ey, II. Loomi)-, 

C». S. Aluood. I'. Pratt, 

.1. \V. Perkins. 
.1. MrCrlnk, C. Ilathnwny, 

U. II. Uarnefi, S. Koot. 

J. A. MrnokH, W. ArinHtronjjr. 

E. Wood. 
Edwnnl 11. VVnid\v«'ll. Socond Ijenteniint, Cliief of Caii^Honfl. 
II. P. Moyd. Ord.rly Serirennt. 
II. C. ^larfin. (^ntMternia>-ter Serirennt. 
A. TfKliardr-. ) 
P. I). I{;i\v-on, ^Artillcers. 
P. Cnlleanx. ) 

II. C. Iliird. ',.,,„,,.-. 
W. A. Wliitney, » ''"-''• f''- 

W. .Mhiirly, (iniilon. 

.1. Clnp"i'"», WaLToner. 

H. 11. IlnlliHter. I.v, . , 
.1. CalkiuH. , tooks. 



Not l(»n«; ntVcr t]ie rcnr^anization, and wiiilc wo wcrr 
Imsily (Mi;r;>l^e(l in inakin;:; ini^r(»venients in llic Mppcar- 
anc*' and tl»c«onitortot'tliecain]), )»rcparin«;;(>nrstal>lt*s jor 
the. winter, itc, wo were surpiisctl hy tliean-iva] ofCicii- 
eral JJntler — tlien coininandin<r tlie de|»;irtinent to wliicli 
>vo l»e]oni;ed — on an inspection tonr. We lind a desciij*- 
tion in u private letter, troiu whicli wc extract tlje follow- 
ing: 



TWENTV-FnlKIH NEW YORK l5AITi;i:V. 200 

Yesterday Plymouth was alive, noisy, nny. In tlip early morn- 
ing: the steamer " C'olyer " sailed uj* the Uoanoke. with the colors 
of the (Jeneral commanding;. Immediately orders were issued — 
" General Butler has arrived, prepare lor ins|»ection " — " the liattery 
to fire a salute." The harn was not complet(rd ; nearly everythinjj 
was out of order. There was nmch wf)rk <lone in short time. 
Blanks were made, jjuns scoured, ;;rnunds polire<l, harness cleaned, 
arms and erjuipments brushed and polished, hoots blacked, clothes 
cleaned, and everythinj; placed in " inspection " orch'r. At eijfht 
o'clock we were hitclnnl u|> and marche<l down lo the i)arado 
frround in front of tlie (Jenerals, and then we fired a salute of 
thirteen j^uns. We then ntnrned to park. In about an hour 
General Butler, arrived at our camp. He rode in a bujjjjry with 
(leneral Peck, driving; his own horse. IJeininjr up in front of the 
Battery, he alijrhle !, and s|M»rtively assumin^f the part of r'oachman 
to General Peck, with an extremely low bow, assisted him in de- 
sceudin^'-. Then approacliin;? the ( aptain, with hat uplilted in ac- 
knowledgment of the " present " of tlie company, he shook hands 
with liim, ]>asse<l the compliments of the «lay. and re(|Uested him 
to dismount and walk throujrh the Battery with him. The " in- 
spection " was close; they observinj; all the minor as well as the 
more im)>ortant thinj^s. Some of th<' boys in their hurry had for- 
jrotten to black their boots ; f/iitf was noticr*!. .\nother man, whose 
pants Were too lon^r, had turned them up a little; tUe (Jeut^rul al- 
lowed " he had jjot into the wronj; man's pants." " The jjuns were 
in jjo(m1 order," he reuiarked once or twice. Both (ienerals said, 
" Tlie men are fine lookinjr. »»d their clothes in excellent condition." 
"Yes," says Butler, "well shod, well sIkhI, too." General VVessells 
followed him, he in a bu;r;iry also, with A<lmiral Lee. They alifirhtcd, 
and came and examined our jf uns. L<m3 said '* they were the best kind 
of field ^unsin use." 'J'hey stayed with us from twenty minutes to half 
an hour ; it was the most thorough and ri^id inspection we have had. 



Colder (lays l)Cf^aii to conic upon iit;, j^ropliosyinfij an 
ajiproacliing winter. Wc |»rc])arc(l for it, and were j>cr- 
t'ectly <juiet during this pcason. One or two of tlic 



210 



RECORDS OF TflK 



clnirclicfl were put in order, and tlie cluipluins of the 
(litrerent refjinicnts alternately lield service in them. 
There was quite an interest manifested amonrj the sol- 
diers on tlic snhject of relij^ion, and there was nsnally a 
lar<;e attfjndaiure at the services. It was somewhat sin- 
gular that the preliminary attack on Plymouth was made? 
wln'le our meii were returnirj*; from the church to their 
cam])s. A lar^^e "contrahand" school was instituted, 
and held its sessions in one (»f the church(.*s. As manyns 
six hundred colored people, yonn«j; and old. took advan- 
tage of this opportunity to study and learn. The school 
was superintended bv Mrs. Freeman — a W(»man enn'nent- 
ly fitted for the ]K»siti(m — assisted hy her dau^^hter, and 
]Mrs. (^^oml)s, from Ohio. Tl:(,'se ladies, when the a]>- 
j)roach of the enemy wi«s known, were sent hy steamer 
to Roanoke Island, where they fimilly estal)lishe<l a very 
large and very successful colored school under the 
auspices of the " Christian Commission." 

The suftcrinjj^s which these ladies lessened amon«r hoth 
the hlacks and the whites, and the good they did, make 
for them a name that shall live for ever in the hearts of 
the poor creatures to whom they gave knowledge, com- 
fort and consolation. In addition to our churches and 
schools, the gayer portion of the garrison interested 
themselves in concerts, halls and parties. " Ferguson's 
Band " was in as great demand as it is in the present 
winter seasons. 

The few whites who were left, and able to entertain, 
did so. The officers of the different departments enter- 
tained and the soldiers did the same. Christmas was 
kept as a holiday, and on New Years, the day was made 



IWKN'I V-KMIKIII M;\V VoUK ItAII kkv. 211 

jolly by a show of cliinl)in<«^ <;re{iscd poles for a purse, 
running sack races, chasing a greasiMl pig, running races 
with wheelbarrows while blindfolded ; the whole conclud- 
ing with a grand scrub race of all snrts and sizes of horses. 

It was at this time that the (Advr ]Mjrti(m of the 
Battery, who had served their full term of service of 
three years,' were induced to re-enlist. 

A short time after their rc-enlistnient, they received 
veteran furloughs, and in a body left Plymouth for home. 

On their return, Ca})tain Cady again made a change in 
the roster of the liattery ; many vacancies having oc- 
curred by resignations, promotions, deaths and sickness. 
We have no (;opy ui' this last roster. We remember, 
however, that Lieutenants Fred.E. Hastings and Dolbeer 
left the Battery. (We were told, at the time, that the 
reason of their departure was, that the number of the 
men in the Battery was too small to entitle it to so many 
commissioned officers.) William S. Camp was apj>ointed 
quartermaster sergeant, and W. P. Crooker was appoint- 
ed orderly sergeant. The duty sergeants were reduced 
in number, as were all the non-commissioned officers. • 



212 RKroKDH OK THE 



(;iiArTEii IX. 

THE BATTM: of I'l-YMOITH. » 

Lieutenant (Teor<^e 8. Hastings lias kin<ily written W r 
us the following sketch of the battle of Plymouth : 

On Sunday, the 17th day of April, 1804, at the hour 
of dress parade, the pickets of the Plymouth garrison 
were driven in hy the rebel cavalry forming the advance 
of the division which was rapidly advancing U})on the 
])ost. The long roll was hastily sounde<l, and our troops 
hurriedly prepared for the attack. The garrison then 
consisted of the Eighty-fifth Regiment New York In- 
fantry, the One Hundred and First and One IIundre<l 
and Third Kegiments of Pennsylvam'a Vohinteers, the 
Sixteenth Regiment (►f Connecticut troops, one comj)anv 
of the Twelfth New York (/avalry, two comj>a!n'es of 
the Second Massachusetts Ileavv Artillerv, and the 
Twenty-fourth New York Battery, nund>ering in all not 
more than 1,'.H)(> effective men. The rebel cavalry dis- 
mounted and dci)loyed under cover of the woods, 1,20(> 
yards from the outer face of our works. Our cavalry 
was (piickly sent out t*) draw the enemy ^s tire and to 
discover their strength, and, when within range of the 
woods, received a sharp v<dley from the concealed rebels, 
wliich killed one man and severely wounded Lieutenant 



TWKNTY-FUUKTH NKW YoliK nATrKRY. 21?^ 

riiissell ot* tlie advance ^M.'inl. It l)ocaino evident, frnni 
the nature ot'tlie attack, that it was not ^iniply a dashing 
raid, and our tru(»]>s were accordini^ly prepared for the 
hard tigliting soon to folh)W. Sliortly after the demon- 
stration upon our front, the s]iells(>f a re])el l>attcry bei^an 
to fall within our works. These fir^t came from jjuns 
openiui; u]>on Fort (iray, a small hut strong earthwork 
on the Roanoke lliver, nhnut a mile fr<>m Plyniouth, 
conunanding the water approaches ahove us. This 
<lesultnry fire, while doing little (►r no damage, was ac- 
cej>ted by us as additionid evidence of the seriousness of 
the attaek. All m'ght long the heavy music of artillery 
and the hustle of hostile j>rej)aration continued. Ahout 
nn'dnight the steamboat " Massasoit" left us, carrying to 
a safer ])oint the " impedimenta " (»f the garrison, con- 
sisting of women, children and the disabled. The writer 
still retains in vivid remembrance the hasty farewells 
then and there s])oken (some of which were final), the 
])ale faces of affrighted women and children, the groans 
of the sick and wounded, and the bustle and confusion 
which, if rei)roduced, would form so striking and touch- 
ing a picture of war. He well recollects how proudly 
the gallant Fluster (the lieutenant commander of the lit- 
tle fleet of gunboats guarding the waters of the lloanoke) 
j>aced the decks of the ** Massasoit," with brave words 
like these, " Ladies, I have waited two long years for the 
rebel ram. The navy will do its duty. We shall sink, 
desU'oy or capture it, or find our graves in the Jloanokc." 
On the following day the enemy maintained a steady 
though ineffective fire upon our redoubts until evening, 
when they* assumed a vigorous offeiisive. During the 



214 liix'oun.s OK TiiK 

at'tLTiinon niir Hkinnish liiics 1»;k1 Ik;c'!i busily emj)loy«'<l 
ill tli(i <hm;^oron8 exercise of «;i\ iii«r mihI tiikiu^ ])o\v(l«'r 
Hiul l»5ill. About tivo o'clock, however, the enemy 5ul- 
vanced in tbree aloui; uur entire front. Our men fell 
luK k in excellent order, keei)in«; U|) a sliarj) tire airaiiisi 
tlie solid line of rebels. IV'liind this dense curtain oj" 
infantry, their artillery, consistin«x of about forty pieces. 
was advanced ton line about Sno yards from oui* outer 
works. Then rapidly takinir position, their «^uns were.' 
wM'ved with turrilic rapidity and precision. Ojir artillery 
responded deliberately and with fearful certainty, 
silencing the ^un< of the enemy an«l sendinu^ destruction 
into their ranks. So exact was our ran}.!;c, that in some 
instances a single shot disabled the rebel ]>iece which liar. 
invited the salute. For nearly an hour this duel of artil- 
lery continued, the heavy ordninu'e of the <j;unboats 
addin<; their thunder tones to the chorus of death. As 
the tiercencss (►f the attack subsided, the shrieks of the 
woumled and dying could distinctly be heard above the 
din o\' battle. The rebel infantry, which had been lyin;^ 
down <lurin;x the heavv Hre, must have suffere<l sevcrelv 
from our shells, and we believed that half at least of their 
artillerymen were put «Mit of the fi;xht. A rebel otHcer 
was heard to exclaim, " It is of no use; we cannot endure 
this lire ;" and so their troops were withdrawn. Had 
tlie ori<;:inal design of carrying (mr lines been further 
pursiied, we were confident that canister and the bayonet 
in cloflcr (piarters would have prcjved too much for the 
mettle of the Southern veterans. Their attack was well 
planned, and woidd doubtless liave succeeded, but for 
tlie Bti*engtli of our earthworks, wliich j)rotected us from 



TWKNTV-FUlTR'rH NKW YoUK IIATTKHY. 215 

a tirt! tliat W(>iil<l (►tlierwiso have Im'cmi most flamajjiii*]^. 
As it was, oiii* (;nsn;ilrii!s wen^ coniparativcly li^lit, 
thou<rli tho air was full of the missiles of doatli. During 
tin's formicLihlo demonstration against our lines, a strong 
storming party, un<ler tiie commaml of Colonel Mereer, ' 
nf Virginia, attempted to cajjture a small redoubt, which 
hy some freak of engineering had been located nearly 
half a mile from the umuu detences. This red(»ul)t was 
(>ceupie<l l)v a single company <»f the Eighty-tifth New 
^ ork Volunteers, connnand(Ml hy (^aptain Chapiii. 
Again and again the rebels chai'gc<l upon this little gar- 
rison, coming within range of their hand grenades. 
Theii" reception was so warm, that tlu'y too were com- 
pelled to retire, leaving some thirty or forty prisoners in 
the hands of the brave det'enders of the little fort. The 
brigade connnander, ('olonel Afercer, was killed in the 
assault. 

Thus far, the Plymouth trooj^s were confident of re- 
pelling the enemy. Later in the night, the rebel ram 
*' Albemarle'' succeeded in passing our batteries and sink- 
ing two of the giinlM»ats, inflicting a wAy serious loss 
upon our naval forces. The gallant Flusscr, while hold- 
ing the lanyard of one of his guns, was struck by a 
l)iece of a shell and instantly killed. This reverse, ami 
the consequent withdrawal of our naval supj)orts, and 
the undisturbed occupancy of the river by the rebels, 
ga\e a serious phase to the siege, and our capture then 
seemed to be a cpiestion af time and endurance only. 
Our left was now no longer protected by the powerful 
batteries of our gunboats, but exposed to a galling tire 
from the *' Albemarle'' and her wooden convoy. Our 



t3K» liKcoKh- i)\-' I UK 

troops tlicFi f'(tnmi(Mic(''l tlimwiiii; nj) Ixmih proof's, a> i 
]>i-oti'ctioii tVoiii tin; tin; in the rojir. TIk; relx'ls moved 
tlu'ii- ;irtill('rv and iiitaiitrv to oiir left, wlilcli \va> plainlv 
our wcakf'st point. (\»nti!ininir tlu'ii' tire upon our tVont 
and ri^lit, tin* luilk ot tlicii' forces was (piietly moved intM 
the tresh jjositioii. Ahout midnlj^ht ot' Tues(hiy, A]»i'ii 
llHli, in rill' teeth of a sharp an<I destructive lire, thev 
laid thi'ir pontoons aeross a <-reel< intersect iiiij the o]m']i 
ground I'viuir just east of our left Hue. Crossini,^ with 
two hri^^ades of infantrv and several pieces of jirtillery, 
they formed a new and sli'oii'^^ IIik; ot" hattle, the rii::ht of 
which rested upon the lioanoke and the left swei-viuir 
around to our front. At the same tiuie, another fo!*ce 
advance<l a«rainst our rij^ht line. Ahout three o'clock, 
oil the moruiu<; of April 2<'tli, the entii-e rehel finve 
charj^ed our e\ten<led ami feehle lims, movinjx forward 
with loud atid defiant yells. Lai'ir^dy outninnherini; our 
exhausted «;arrisou, they were ahle to make a vigorous 
onset upon every portion of the defem*es, and at thcsanu- 
tinu' to send an imlependent column alou^ the hanks of 
the river into the heai'tjtf the town. This final success 
was ucliii've<l with iLcreat losses upon hoth .-ides. The 
pieces of the Twenty-fourth New York P>attery were 
served double shotted with canister, liui'lini^ disorder and 
deatii into the ranks of the enemy ; and not until the 
rebels seized the muzzles of the ^uns, <lid the cannoneers 
fail in tlieir work. For nearly two hours di<I the tipjht 
p> on in the rttreets of Plynu>uth,our forces surrenderin;^ 
oidy under stern military necessity atid in small detach- 
ments. Fort Willi.uns turned its guns upon the rebels, 
and <li<i murderous execution f«)r tliree or four hours. 



TWKXTY-ForUTII NKW YoRK IJA'ITEUV. 217 

FiDMlly, wlioM vM-yy portion n\' tlmt stmni^ cartliw«>rk 
was c<>vei'(Ml hynhcl sliai'jjslmntcrs, and tlii' rel»el artil- 
lei'y had l)ccn so disposed as to send a cidu-entric shower 
of shell within it> parapets, (General Wessells acce])ted 
the situation, and sa\(Ml the pirrison i'rowi certain sacri- 
tiee bv a relurtant surrender. The rehels raised the 
black tlaij^ against the tew neirroes found in tmi- 
forin, and mercilessly shut them down. Their losses 
were never aeeurately known, but were stated in the 
Raleii^h papers as e\ceedin<r 2,200 in killed, wounded 
and missini;. Measui'ed by residts, the victory, so dearly 
won, was barren, as Plymouth was a point of little stru- 
tei^ic value. The subsc<iuent mo\emcnts of the rebel 
forces .showed the ulteri(»r desii^n of driving the Union 
troops from the State. This cherished |>hin w<>uld proba- 
l)ly have succeeded, had not the movements of the army 
of the James caiise<l the hasty recall of the division in 
North Carolina. Viewed in any lii^ht, the battle of 
Plymouth atibrded a splendid illustration of the valor 
and sterlin*; qualities of tlie American soldier. The 
rebels showed a stout tenacity of purpose and a courafjjo 
worthy of a better cause. Hut i!i tlie 1,1>00 defenders of 
the post, tlu^y found men equally <lutiful and brave. 
Our losses in kille<l and w<»unded were over 180 — a fact 
sutHciently attesting the heroic conduct of our men, 
when it is rec<»llected that, for the most j)art, they fouglit 
iiruler cover of strong breastworks. 

AVe "^ive in a<ldition to Lieutenant Ilastin^^s sketch, 
the followin*; selections from the account written at the 
♦^imc by tlic correspondent of tlie New York Herald, 



21 S IMlCuKIK (>K TIFK 

jiiid Gcnoml IVckV otlicitl report as ioiind in tlic 
''Kelx'llion Keconl:'' 

New Bkrne, April 21, 1804. 

(JfinTnl WfssfllH, roinnmn«iinjj tlit* town of Plymoutli, and his 
wliolc romnmnd of upwardrt of two thousand, olRcfrs and men, f»ur- 
n'n<lcn»d yt'st<'rday at ono o'clock P. M. Tlir ronimand consisted of 
tlir follow! njr : 

Eijrlity fifth New York Infantry Hr^fiincnt. 

On*' Hundndand First Pcnnsylvuniii Inlantry Kc^iincnt. 

On*' Ilnndrod and Third P^'nnHyivnnia Infantry U«'<riment. 

Sixteenth Conni'ctioit Infantry Hcj/inirnt. 

Two companies of the MuHSHt-hiiHi'tis Ilravy Artiih-ry. 

Two companies of the Second North Carolina Volunteers. 

Two companies of the Twelfth New York Cavalry, 

Twenty fourth New York Hatt<;ry, 100 men, (I guns. 

The enemy gained likewise upwards of thirty jneces of artillery of 
all calihres, including one two hundred and one (me hundred p(mnder 
Parrotts, about three hundred horses and a large amount of commis- 
sary stores. 

FouTUEss MoNUOE, April 24, 1804. 

I'LVMOUTn SUURENDEIIED 

is the startling and ])ainful announcement I ani compelle<l to mnke 
to you in my despatch to-day, which event took everyl)ody by surprise, 
as it was thought that General Wessells could hold out for a few 
days at least, until reinforct'inents, which were already on the way, 
could reach him. But the rebel ram which had destroyed the South- 
field kept our transi)orts from ascending the Itoanoke River, and 
conse<|uently the l)eh'uguered garrison at Plymouth was comp«'lIed to 
fight as long as human endurance could stand it, and either be anni 
bilated or surrender at discretion. This news reachwi me this morn- 
ing by the arrival of the steamer Currituck from Roanoke Island, and 
through a most reliable source. 

THE FIRST ATTACK 

was made on the fortifications of Plymouth on the 17th inst., but 
repulsed, as also another made on Fort Gray. The momentary re- 
pulse kept theeni'my at bay, and lasU'd for nearly twenty four hours. 



rWINTV-i olinFI NKW Voi.'K IlA'ITKKV. 219 

On Tiu'Hday iii«>rnii»jj tlu' idn-l jjim iiiatlc Ikt api'diniinT, to n> oiM«ratc 
witli'tlie land forces, and HiuT,p«?df'd not onlv in sinkinj; tin* Soutliticld, 
but in killing,'- Captain Fluster. 'J'lifv drove our naval vcssrls from 
the rivrr. and consi'(ju<'ntly tliiw supijort lailcd Ut'nrral Wrssells in 
the mr>st trying hour of his canijtaij.ni. 

TIIK sn(0\l> ATT.\( K. 

was made by tin- cni'iuy on all of our fortu surroundin^f tin- t<»wn 
almost simultaneously, and in every assault he was driven back with 
terrific slaurrhter. Hut the p'bols se(.med <le»"rmi!\ed. an<l renewed 
attacks wen* ma(h' and cliecke«l, each one still atten<led with the most 
dreadful carnaye. From tliis time until halfitast ten o'clock on 
Wednesday moniinir the fi^rl,tinjr was almost uninterrui)ted. On 
Tuesday orders were issued for 

TIIK KV.\( TATION OK KOHT WKSSKI.I.S. 
I>etter known as the F/i<rhty- fifth He^riincnt redoubt, situated a short 
distance from Mill Cre.'k. Captain Chapin. the commandant of the 
fort had been killed, and altlioujfh the stoek of ammunition on hand 
was nrrowinjr " small by de^jrrees and beautifully less." still tin- lieroic 
little band kept up an ineessnnt firin;^ on the enemy, every shot tell- 
in^ with fearful effect. Fpon the reception of the order the survi. 
vors of the g-arrifion awaited the comin^r of ni^'ht, and under its pro- 
tecting shatle silently withdn-w to the town, Imvin^ first, however, 
disabled the /runs of the fort. 

TUK UNION KOIK'KS (ONCKNTHATED, 

on the evacuation of Fort Wessells. in Forts Williams, (\mifcrt. and 
a redoubt facin«r the H«»an«jke IJiver. iieh.w Mill Cr«-ek. and k«pt up 
the fijrht incessantly. The f«»rces of (General Wessells thus beinff 
massed and a])Ie to handle the artillery TiiorH effectively, kept up a 
regular, st( ady and ^fallin^r fire on the rebels^ The enemy used thirty- 
pounder Parrott jjuns and other artillery of about similar calibre. 

FOUT WILLIAMS STOUMKO. 

At nine o'clock on the 20th inst. a most im|H>tuous assault was 
made by the rebels on Fr)rt Williams. Our brave Iwys nobly sto<Kl 
by their ^uns, and repulsed every attempt of the enemy to enter tlio 
fortification. In splendid order <lid the rebel column advance to tJie 
assatilt. (ieneral Weswlls allowed him time to conn< within easy 
ran^e of hin jruns. nod then jrave tlie order to fire. Kvery discliarjfe 



220 Ki;(nK'i»> OK I III-; 

inow<'(l down tlir rdn'I troops l»y pintoons. Still the ^apH wrn- in 
Htantly flllrd up and tli*' jittack rrncwcd. In tliiw manner tlio rnciiiy 
rccrivcd Hrv«'ral sevt'ri' HliockH. and after a last and still more impttu 
oiis cliar^i', wliicli likewise result«'d disastrously to him, he withdrew, 
evidently to repair damajr*' and make ready f«)r another attack. 

(IKNKIIAI, Wi:ssKI,T,S (AI'ITILATKD 

at eleven o'clock on the morninj; of the 20th inst. (Wednesday), an 
hour and a half after the repulse at Fort Williams. At the hour 
above mention«'d the Tnion fla^r was luiuled down on Forts Williams 
and Comfort, as well as on the Mill Creek redoubt. The rebels had 
been hea\ily reinforced during Tuesday nijrht, and the ov«'rwhelmin<r 
forces hurled ajrainst our weak and already shattered column was too 
much to endure, and beinjj out of ammunition and cut off from a 
further supply, (General \N'ess«'lls could do no less than surrender. <»r 
have all his command annihilated. The parriaon of Fort (tray no 
doubt fought nf»bly to the last ; but, beinjjcut off from the main com 
mand, without ho|>e of deliverance, luid to succumb also. We liave 
no advices from tliin ])ost, but (common sense teaclies ue that the fort 
could not hohl out very lonj;. 

TlIK IlEnKL roj.r.MN 
consisted of no less tlian five brijjades of troops, each brigade num 
berin^ about three thousand men. These were under the chief com 
mand of Major (General Hoke, assistrKl by General-j Hansom and Bar- 
ton. The majority of these troops were from the far South, as the 
North Carolinians are not trusted very far while fighting on their own 
soil. 

OrU LOSSES 

are estimated at about one hundred in killed and wounded. Captain 
Chajjin was killed' at Fort Wessj'lls, and Captain Horace J. H<Mlpes, 
l)e|H)t Quartermaster, while in the act of communicating? with the 
prunl)oat Miami, in a cantxi which he carried in a wa^on from 
Plynioutli to C^nesby Creek, in order to elude the rebel iron clad, was 
upset and drowne<l. 

THE UEKEIi LOSSES 

are, l)«yondthe slijrhtest doubt, immensely lieavy, when it is consid 
ertNl that every fort amund Plymouth was stormed from three to seven 
times, and each asBault repulHed with ^reat slaughter, besides pour- 



TWKNTV-FoURTIl NKW VOKK nAlTKKY. 221 

in^ broadside after broadwide into tlic rebel ranks from the Miami and 
Soutlifield, tlie casualti«>9 amonjr the rebel troopt* niUHt have been 
onomious. A re)>el surgeon was heard to siiy that " tlie damne<l 
Yankees had killed and wounded one-third of their whoh* force, and 
he hoped tliat no merry would be shown the cursed YankeeB." The 
jrunboat Whitehead went on a reronnoissiince on Wednesday, a short 
distance above Plymouth, and tlie otIic<rH and crew observe<l about 
three hundred rebel troops enjrajjed in buryin;/ the dead. From a 
steeple on the town church, overlookinjr a lar^e tract of land, it was 
found that the field of Asa Johnson (about sixty acres) was comi>lote- 
ly filled with di'ad and dyinjr rebels. The entire rebel force could 
not have been short of from fifteen to twenty thousand men, of whom 
on«'-third are unfit for future service. 



(JENERAL DECK'S OFFICIAL ANXoFNCEMENT OF THE 

SUHHENDEK. 

General Ohdeijs— No. 00. 

HEAnc/rAIlTKHS OF THE AUMY AXOi 
DiSTKK T OF NOHTII (\\HOMNA, - 

New Heune. N. ('., Ai)ril 21, 1804. i 

Witli feelings of the deei>est sorrow, the ('omman<Iin^ (General an- 
nounces the fall of Plymouth, N. ('.. and the <"apture of its «rallint 
commandej, Bri<.jadier (Jeneral II. W. NN'essells. and his command. 
This result, however, was not obtained until after the most jjfallant 
and determined resistance had lu'en made. Fiv«> times the enemy 
stonne<l the lines of th«' (ieneral, and as many times wen* they han<l- 
somely repulse<l with ^reat slaujrhter. and but for the |>owerful assist- 
ance of the rebel iron clad ram. and the tloatin;/ 8harpHhof)ter battery, 
tJK' Cotton Plant, Plymouth wouhl still have been in our hands. 

For their noble defence the gallant (J«'neral Wessells an<l his brave 
band hav«> and deserve the warmest thanks of the whole country, 
while all will sympathize with tliem in their misfortune. 

To the officers and men of the navy, the Commanding (ieneral ten- 
ders his thanks for their hearty co^o|M'ration with the anny, and iIih 
bravery, determination and courage that marke<i tlu'ir part of tlm 
unrH|ual contt-st. With sormw he records the (h*atli f»f tl'o noble 
sailor and gallant patriot, Lieutenant i'ommaiider C. \V. Flusm*r, 



222 KKrnKh^ oF I II I. 

United StiitrH Navy, wlio. in tli<' iM-nt of battlr. Icll (ifjid on tlic deck 
of liiHHliip, with tlio lanyanl of liis jrun in liin hand. 

The Coninmndin^ Urn»ral bi'licvcs that \]u'<ni iniKlortun«'H will t<'n«i 
not todinroiiraijH. hut to ncrv** tin* Arnjy of North ('ar<»lina to <'(|ual 
(hcdn of hravrry and ^rallantry ln-rraftrr. 

Until fiirtlKT orders tin' hrad«|Mart«'rH of the nulj-district of th«' 
AllxMuarh' will in* at Uoanokf Island. Tlu* cotiiniand th'Volvt'H u])on 
Colonrl I). W. Wardrop. of tlw NiiHty-ninth New York Infantry. 

By c*>ninian<l <»f Major (General John (i. Feck. 

J, A. JlDSON, AsHibtant A<ljntant (Jenoral. 

THE PItESS DKSPATCII F-S. 

Nkav Bkhnk, N. C, April 21;, 1H04. 

The hatth', which had been jroinjr on nijfht and day at Plymouth, 
from Sunday, the 17th. to th«i 2(Uh inst., resulted in the cajtture ot 
the rity by the enemy on W-'dnesday nfM)n, including (Icneral Wes- 
HellH and his forces — one thousand five hundred men. 'I'he enemy ob 
tained |M>8se8sion of the town at eitrht o'clock in the morninj;. 

General WesMclls and his troops retired into Fort Williams, and held 
out until noon, rejiulsinjr the enemy in seven desperate assaults. 
The enemy's loss is said to be one thousand seven hundred, while our 
loss was slijrht. 

(leneral Wessells, who gained such distinction in th«' seven day's 
fi^lit before Hichmond, has made in this si«'j;e a most heroic resistance 
with his little band of veterans. Several weeks since he called for 
fiv«' thousand men. statin^r •«! the most solemn manner that it would 
b<* impossible to hold the city with a less number, (ieneral Peck, who 
has ^iven (General Wess«lls all the assistance in his power, in the 
Haino solemn manner, time and a^ain, called for reinforcements. 

CAPTURE OF PLYMOUTH, N. C. 

HBAIKiUAKTERS An.MY AND DlRTUK T OF NORTII CAROLINA, | 

Nkw Bkhnk, N. ('., April 25, 1864. ) 

Gfiteral : I have tlie lionor to submit the followinjr rejwrt upon the 
loHR of Plymouth, which is as full as it can be until General Wessells 
is able to make his reports, when I will make a supplementary one : 
On the twentieth, at seven o'clock P. M., I received your communi 



TWENTY-ForUTII NKW VoKK IJAriEliV. 22.'» 

<ati«m (»f tlie sevt'iitf'ontli. in reply to tlio Irttcr of (i«»n«'rnl \V«'Hg»'llH 
<»f the tliirtpcntli, aRkinp f«»r ninforcemontB. As this letter must havp 
renclu'd your li('nfl«|iiartcrs in tlio (ivminj; of tin; fonrtrmtli. or early 
on the tifteenth, a reply could have n-aehed me on tin* sixteentli, in 
time to have communicated with General Wewellgdurin^r thcevenin^r 
or nijrlit of the aeventecntli. 

I nfortunately, the reply wan not written until the seventeenth, and 
did not arrive on the twentieth until some hfuirs after the fall of 
Plymouth. 

You replied, vi/,. : '* You will have to dt-fend the district with your 
present force, and you will make such disiM)8itiou of tliem as will, in 
your judgment, hest sul)s«'rve this end." 

(teneral Wessells sent his communiration direct to your heachjuar- 
ters, to save time. exjK-ctinjr that any aid which mi^rht he gent would 
come from \'irjrinia. and not North Carolina. 

He sent a duplicate tome, witli a letfer t'Xpressin;; tlieal>ov(» views, 
knowin^X tlie reduced state •)f tlie force at my dis]>os«l. He writes, 
vi/. : " I have no idea of jrettiu;^' any troops. Imt have always Ix'en 
anxious to see more troops in N<»rth Carolina." 

Xotwithstandinjr this exprepsifui of his sentiments. I had a confiT 
ence with (leneral Palmer and Commander I>avenjM)rt, Tnited States 
Navy, and the heavy jrunhoat " Tacuny," which is e«iual to two or 
tliH'e re<jiments, was immediat«'ly despatched to PI\-Suouth. 

On the ei^hteentli instant the " Tacrjuy" arrived hack from 
Plymoutli, with despatches from (teneral Wessells and Commanch-r 
c'lusser, 

(Teneral Wessells wrote that he did not apprehen<I any attack, and 
<lid not think tliere was a larj;e force in his front. 

He expressed the opinion that there was douht as to the " iron-clad" 
making its appearanc«', and believe<l tliat she was at Hamilton, under- 
poinflf repairs or modiHcation. 

He wrote on tlie sixteenth, vi/,. : " I have the hou«»r to re]X)rt that 
the ^unl)oat ' Tacony' arriv«Hi hen- today, hut, as lier jiresi-nceat tliis 
time does not seem to he necessary, I have so infonniKl her com- 
mjinder, and he pro]>os<*8 tf) return to New B»'rne to-morrow. I cannot 
learn tliat there is any considerable lorce of the enemy on tlie river 
now. thouffh such is the report from various sources. I very much 
douht If there is any design of hrin^fintr the thinj^ (iron-clad) down ; 



224 im:<'oi{I)s ov \\ik 

Htill tliore may b*-, an ihvy say, wlim tin- 'NruHr Kaur' ih r»a<ly. I »iii 
(IcHirouH of Hooinjf luon* troops in this Stato." &c. 

r<»miMan(l('r Fliismir also wrofo to C'oTinimnch'r r)avpni>ort. Sonior 
Naval Ofliccr, vi/.. : " I tliink (JrtnTal Peck luiHintcrprctcd (J«n<ral 
\V«'PH«'Il8 Icttrr. NVo liavo liad no srar*' horo yet, and not cvm a 
Bniall on«« for wv«'ral (layw." 

These able command rs had bo niucli confidrnrc in their ability to 
hold their yxwitionH apiinat them, that they nent bark the reinforce 
mentH sent them. TIiIh action placetl m*- entirely nt reBt resp<'(tin;r 
aflUirs at Plymouth, 

On Monday (eijjliteentli) afternoon, about r»: !0 I*. M.. I received tvh 
vices by donerters that <ieneral Corse was in front of the outposts at 
Hachelf)r's Creek with a larj^e force ot all arms, and that (teneral 
Pickett would attack Little \N ashin^ton on 'I'uesday. 'i'his infornia 
tion, taken in connection with that from <ieneral Wessells of the six 
teenth instant, respectin^r the disap|»earance or climinution of the 
force in his front. le<l the autliorities Imtc to believe that Little Wash 
injrton would 1m» attacketl nnnu'diately. Two steamers, Iriaded with 
troo])s, to^retlier with the gunboat " Taeony," were (lespatched to Lit- 
tle Washington. At an early Imur on 'I'uesday mornijijr, tlu3 nine 
teenlh instant, despatclies were received from (General Wessells and 
C<MMmander Flusser, annonm'in«r an attack by rebel land force on the 
afternoon of the seventeenth instant. This was the first infbrnuition 
receive*! fr«mi (General Wessells subse<|Ueut to the sixteenth instant, 
when the " Ta<-ony" was back, as abovt- stated. 'I'lie latest informa 
tion H'ceived. throu;r|| a contraband, the servant .>f Cajitain Stewart. 
A. A. (General, iieneral Wessells stntl", is to the etbct, that early on 
Tuesday morninjj the " Intn clad" lia<l complete control of the Hoanoke 
Kiver, and, in conjuiu-tion with tlu- Hoatin;,^ iron battery — the " Cot- 
ton Plant" — was attacking? the town in rear, while the land forces 
were enjrajrinj/" our tr<M)ps in front. From this statement it will be 
seen tliat the enemy liad complete c4)ntrol of the Hoanoke Hiver within 
a very few hours of the time I received (General Wi'ssells despatch of 
Sunday ni^ht, the Hevent**enth instant. On the recej)tion of tlu'se 
despatches, which were very favorable, steamers wen- <lespatched 
with such available Infantry as Oejieral Palmer could spare, to^reilier 
with supplies of ammunition for the army and navy at I'lymouth. 
These steamers were detained iu tlie AlU'Uiarle Sound by the ^un 



T\VKNTY-Kt>rU'ril NKW YOKK IIA'ITKKY. 225 

boatH tlu-n lyinjr in Edniton Hny, wliicli had fucaixvl from tlie * iron- 
clad" at Plymouth. In my ju<ijriii<'nt. tlio non arrival of tli«' infantry 
at Plymouth is most fortunat*-. as thry, toyfethor with the stt-amors, 
beyond doubt would have fallen into the hands of the enemy, 

A steamer, with despatches, was promjuly sent to <ien«'ral Ilarland, 
commandin^r ftt Little Washirijrton, notifyinjr him of the state of 
jiflairs at IMymouth. He was also re(| nested to send down such sur- 
plus troops as he mijrht have, to be used at s\ich points as mi^ht wem 
necessary. I also sent despatehes for the " Tacony" to proc«*ed at 
once from Little Washin^rton to Plymouth. Before these dispatches 
arrived. Colonel Dutton, ( 'hief of my Staff, had procureil the sailing of 
the " Tacony" for Plymouth, ^oinj? on board himself. Colonel Dut- 
ton also Hujrffcsted to Heneral Ilarhind that he should send the 
steamer " Pilot Bf)y" with the Seventeenth Massachusetts Voluntei-n* 
to Plymouth, hut (leneral Ilarland did not feel at lilM'rty to do so, in 
view of hia situation. 

All the information received by both the Senior Naval Otlicer, Coni- 
nmnder l)aveniH>rt and myself was ])romptly senr to your headquar- 
ters by l>oth lines of communication. (General VVessells was supplied 
with provisions, forage, ammunition, tools and other re<juisites for a 
protracted siejfe. His command numbered some two thousand five 
hundred at Plymouth, and the casualties were very small, notwitli- 
standin^ five assaults on Monday. His position was intai-t up to tho 
iipj)earance of the " ironclads" and *' (^'otton Plant'.' at three A, M., 
the nineteenth ; and but for the loss of the river, he could have held 
the land forces at bay for weeks. 

(General Wesstdls and his command, and the navy, under the late 
jrallant Lieutenant Commander Flusser, made a heroic fiffht, worthy 
of our arms. They deserve well of the country, and history will 
record in ^lowin^if terms their honorable conduct. 

John (*. Pkck, Major (General. 
To MajorOen. B. F. Butf.er, Commandinjf. 



15 



226 KKi^oKPs <»F TUK 



CIIAPTEU X. 
18r,4. 

CAT»TniE <»F I'LYMOITIT. 

TT|> to tills tiiiK' till' liistory uj' tlie Jjuttcrv luul hccn j< 
pleasant ono. We liad had (Hir petty (piarrels aiul ani- 
mosities. We liad sutlered from jealousies and disa]>- 
pointments. AV^e ha<l accused an<l been accused. l]iit 
these thinj^s were trifles Mf'terall, and it neede*! hut a day 
of iremiine trouhle in common t(>hrinir us all t(» a coin- 
nion sympathy, and an interchange of kindly words and 
kindly feelinj^s. So far, I say, our army e\]»erience had 
been unusually free from hardship. In Newi)ort Bar- 
racks we had comfortable lo<; houses for our (pnirters, 
plenty of IIixmI, plenty of chtthin*;, and only enou<rh of 
drill for good gymnastic exercise. In New IJerne we had 
been furnished new tents and new barracks, and there 
too our <]uarters, food and raiment were excellent and 
our duty comparatively light. 

In Plymouth we used unoccui)ie<l houses for quarters, 
our scouting duty had been simply a pleasant excitement. 
Tlu3 oidy atiiiction we ha<l ex]>erienced wasthe monotony 
and the enmii arising from j^arrison dutv. An inactive 
Holdicr*s life is a lazy life at the best, and ignorant and 
unthoughtful of what the result might be, we welcomed 



TWKNTY-ForRTH NKW YORK IJATTKRY. 227 

tlie attack wliicli had oimIcmI in briiij^ing us all together 
as *• prisoners »>f war." 

There is no question that the defence of Plyniouth by 
its <;arrison of 1,!>0() men, apiivist a l)C8iei^in<; force of 
12,000 men, was one of the bravest and hardest fought 
battles of the war. The nund>er of men on both sides 
were inferior to the vast armies contendifi^ in Virginia, 
but their determination and their courai^e could not be 
surpassed. 

The <lefcnce and capture of Fort Chajun was a hand 
to hand li^^lit of sixtv inen a;xainst twa re;riments. There 
was no surrender. The little band (tW(>cnmj)a!Hes of the 
Ei^lity-tifth New Yoyk) held their <»wn until their cap- 
tain was disend»oweled, their lieutenant wounded, and 
many of their comrades dead and wounded, and the few 
K'ft could not prevent the rebels from clamlK'rin<r over 
the paraj)et and fairly crowdin*^ them out. 

The writer was an eye witness of the combat between 
the rebel ram ^'Albeinarle" and our gunboats, and believes 
that had the f^unner in char«^e of the one hundred i>ound 
i^un done his duty, by tiring at her as she passed his 
fort, we never would have been captured. As she ran 
her prow into the gunboat 8outhti«'ld, there were <piick 
and loud comuumds (^n both vessels. The men of the 
ram were rea<ly and usin^ their small arms. The men 
tti' the Southfield had been taken by sur})rise, but were 
none the less active. I saw them tryin;; to throw shells 
d-»wn the smoke pipe of the ram. They were also usini; 
iian<l torpedoes, but none ha<l ettect. Tlic commander 
of our fleet was killed almost instantaneously, with the 
cHllision o( the boats, and the captain of tlio accom- 



2'2S KK<M)Ki)s OK rm-; 

]):iyyiiij^ ^inilM»at, wliicli luul Ix'cii cluiined to the 
8<uitlitiel<l, cast otl', and steainod down the river. 
The succcsis of tlie ram was the tiirnini^ of tlie scale t<> 
the Confederates. With no fears from the rjikin;^ raiij^e 
of the <^unho;its, tliey, <>n tlie morning of tlie 20th of 
A])ril, at ahout tliree o'ch)ck, made an assault with 
their fidl force, and with onlv our thin single rank at 
the j.araj)et to oppost? their overwhelming mimhers, 
they <lrove our hoys on the left through the streets of the 
town, killing and capturing them. Lieutenant Hastings 
was taken prisoner while galloping with oneof liis detach- 
ments to the assistan(;e ot' the left Hank, and found too 
late that tliev had heen llafiked, aiwl that the troops ap- 
])roaching him were not the Um'on troops retreating, hut 
the rehel tr(H>j»s advancing upon him. 

On the right tlank, while W(; were firing at the rehels 
in our front, we were surprised to see their gray coats at 
our right and rear. We douhle shotted with canister 
and tired, havinir the satisfaction of seeing many of them 
fall. A m<»ment after we were surrounded and captured. 
We luul, however, spiked our j)ieces and killed m(»st of 
our horses. 

On they went towards the center fort (Fort Williams), 
capturing on the way Crooker's section of our IJattery, 
which had hee?i doing g<K)d service at dismounting some 
rehel rifle ))ieces near Fort Williams, and scattering some 
rehel troops; and still further on, taking another section 
of our Battery un<ler (yaptain C'ady, which had been pro- 
tecting the front of our fortifications. P'inally Fort 
Williams was surrounded. We looked \i\ton its defence 
as liopelcss, luit it was gratifying to our pride to see our 



TWKNTY KoIlM II N K\V VnKK ItAIIIICY. 'J2'.» 

coimuaiHliTi<; ^eiienil ((teneral AV^cssi'lls) sliow so iriuch 
pluck. lie liJid toiight Ills l)<attlc well. He had had no 
base to fall hark U]Mm, his dispositinii ot' his little hand- 
ful of troops had heen skilHul, and yet it was hard for 
him to surrender. 

All loyal citizens of the ("nited States have a ])ride in 
tMir beautifid national banner, and ever is it a pleasure to 
their hearts to see it flutterin*; to the breeze. As chil- 
dren we learn to love it, honor it and cherish it. 

Two epochs in my life have been stronjrly marked by 
the sii^ht of this '* emblem of the free." Firf<t — when it 
was slowly lowered from the color statt'of Fort Williams 
at Plymouth, and the (yonfede!*ate colors r(;j)hiced it. 
Sfootnl — when for the iirst time in seven months I saw 
it wavin;^ from the masts of the vessels that had come Ut 
take us from our horrid ])ris(m pens. 

In experiencin<i^ the first, it was a sad si^ht to sc^e cmr 
pride, our boasted *' Stars and Stripes" falling;. We 
had foui^ht for them, many of our c(»mrjides had died for 
them ; but all was lost ! Few of the many Union soldiers 
that stood around me had dry eyes as those coh^rs fell. 
The future had no place in our thoughts, but the j)resent 
made us vow that once again free from these cursed 
bonds, we would, stronger than ever, tight those men 
that dared pollute with their hands our flag. 

Stripped of arms, niortitied and sick at heart, we were 
penned by rebel guards, and allowed tf> take a night's 
rest on the green sward. 

As the sun lowered we took a view of our once ]>leasant 
and ha]>py cam]>; how desolate and droiry was it nc»w. 
Proud in our own strength, we had been ccmcpiered. 



230 RKCOKDS OK THE 

Ilnw imich of pjiBsion, Imtc and reveup' rankled in tliir 
hosoins of even tliose wlio would he (Jhristians. Our 
comrades killed, the hattle lost to us, f»ur friendB at honw 
fri^rlitened, anxious and full of sorrow; our ]>ros|)ects foi- 
freedom from thisdeLcradin;^ iin]>risonment far in the diuj, 
dim future. Cruel taunts were thrown in our Wwv.-^, cruel 
acts were conunitted on every side of us. We tried to 
hrave it out, we tried to c<nnfort ourselves with the 
kn<>wled^e that we liad fought a '^fiun] \\*j:h\, we endeav- 
ored to helieve that an imme<liate exchauijje oi' ]>risoner> 
would take plaee, we consoled ourselvert with the 
thon;;ht that none hut cowards would taunt a fallen foe; 
yet heavy hearts and sad, sad minds dwelt with us all 
that loiii^ m'j^ht. 

The early mornin<; found the rehels |)luiiderin»x an<l 
|)illaj^in<^ the town. Kemarkahle tastes were displayed 
hv ditferent men amonj; the rehel soldiers, in seleetinir 
articles which they individually considered to he of the 
greatest value. 

At ten o'clock on the day followini^ the ca])ture, we 
were ordered into line, and escorted hy the oddest look- 
ing set of guards that a person could imagine. They 
were loaded down with dry goods, groceries, hardware, 
tinware, toys, clothing, hedding, wt)odenware, in fact 
you might say they had ])ut the entire personal j^roperty 
of the village on their hacks, and were marching off with 
it. We marched seventeen miles that day. If we may 
judge hy the property strewn along the line of march, 
we think the rehels had the worst of that day's work. 

The following day we marched ten miles. The next 
day we readied Hamilton. 



TWKNTV-KolIM II SKW VnUK ItAriKKV. *2*J1 

On the 2r)t}i of April we readied Tarl»or(>. At tliis plaee 
tlic otHeers wlio were ])nsoners were R(;|)arated t'rnin the 
solrliers, and took tlic ears tor Rieliniond. 

The LTnion s«»l(h'ers wr're divi<U'd into s(nnids, and as 
fast as ears cnidd he sent were shipped on phitforin ears 
for some Southern ])ris(»n eaiiij». The weather was ex- 
tremely warm, and the only time any kind of comfort 
eonld he experienced was when the ears were in motion. 

The first ])rominent place we reached was VVilmin*;- 
ton. There was little sympathy ten<lered ns there, 
since a scpiad of prisoners who had heen thron^rli there 
jnst lu^fore ns, had fired lar<;e (jnantities of cotton 
which was lyini; npon the wharves, and their tire dej)art- 
mont had heen nnahle to control the tlames. An im- 
mense snm of money mnst have heen lost. 

At this ]»lace there was a *^rcnt deal of anxiety to pur- 
chase watches, jewelry or ijreenhacks for (yonfederate 
scrip. It seeme<l odd enon;^h to he otfered on( (hoKsand 
dollars for an ordinary silver watch, hut at that time Con- 
federate money was on a rapi<l decline. 

The next day we reached Charleston. Here we re- 
ceived a <jreat deal <if kindness, and many tokens of sym- 
]»athy. AVater was given to ns by women. Ci<;ars, food, 
t'rnitand boncpicts were handed to ns by colored servants, 
with the compliments of their *' massas" and ** missus." 
Bouquets were thrown from windows to us. Words of 
encouragement and of condolence reached us in many 
ways. 

From Charleston we ^ver^ taken to Savannah, tliene« 
to Macon, and thence to Andersonville. 

This then was our unknown destination. 



232 KKCMKDS (»F TMR 

It was (juitc dark before we were allowec) to <liNOiii 
l)ark fnun the carfi. The stockade wasahoiit half a niih- 
(h'staiit from tlie depot We were told that hefore eiiter- 
in<jj the ]>rison we wovdd he orj^anized into (h'tachme?its. 
We were marehed to a level plot of i^n'oiind, thnniLrli 
which ran the stream which fnriiis]ie<l the prison stock- 
ade with water; and after a <^uard liad heen stationed 
ahont ns, we were ]>erinitte(l to furnish ourselves with 
water and appease our hun<;er with the hacon and hard- 
tack that had heen issued to us a couple of days hefore. 
That was the last of hard bread that I e\er saw in the 
Confederacy. And lierc was my introduction to Captain 
^ AVirz. Cam}) fires had heen started alx^ut the iruard lin(; ; 
and suddenly, as if it had heen the Devii liimself, this 
fiend niade his a]>pearance through or near one of the 
fires. Short in stature, 8toopin<r fiirure, ill-shaped head, 
awkwMrd limhs and movement, a deep-set, uj^ly eye, and 
u tonjjjue reeking in profanity — such was Captain Wirz. 
A glance passed from comrade to ccnnrade, telling better 
than the tongue of the fate we feared was in store 
for us. 

After much swearing, and many threats ta punish or 
kill, he succeeded in properly organizing us into detach- 
ments, and we were then informed that our barracks for 
the night would be the grt^und. Ila<l we known then 
wliat was to be our future camping place, how quickly 
would our comj>Iaint6 have changed to words and 
thoughts of thanks — a practical example of the little 
we know in this world of the goo<l or the bad that may 
be in store for us ; while, in our ignorance, we are merry 
when we should l>e sad, and are full of complaints when 



TWKNTY-KnUKTII NKW V<»KK I5ATI KKV. 2^J3 

we should he lia]n»y. Ftitij^ue makes a soft, wariii lied of 
tlie eold earth, and chaiii^es a stick of wood intn a (h»wriy 
pillow. We slept soiuidly ; and what a hlessiiiij, it w«ndd 
K'ein, it wouM have heeii had the i^reat majority of oiir 
fellows never waked from that >Ieep. Still, Providence, 
wise and ^ood, saw tit for them to wake, and to enter a 
trial of life that they had ntner anticii)Mted. From 
ohservations in ennstant an<l intimate relations with 
many of them, I helieve that loni^ snti'erin^ and ('oiistant 
thon<;ht of the past and future did prej>are them for a 
peaceful death and, I h(»pe, for a hlessed future. 

On the following m(»rnin^ we wcM'e ordered into line, 
and marched into the prison stockade. It then (contained 
ahont 1<^00«> prisfuiers, in an enclosure of five acres. As 
we moved through the gate, we were greeted upon 
every side hy the inmates with salutations of sorrow 
and satire — eagerness for news — a great desire to *'swap" 
corn cake for hard-tack — and a general disposition to 
make ac^juaintance with the new comers and their chat- 
tels. 

The appearance of the j)lace and its innnites was sick- 
ening, and our spirits drooi>ed an<l hearts failed us, as 
our eyes wan<lered over the groups of ragged, swarthy, 
tilthy, emaciated torms that groupe<l an»und us. I (pioto 
from the diary of U. Jjarnes, Sunday, May 1, Isr4: "The 
prisoners look rough ; I never see such a nasty place in 
all my life; we stay right out <loors all night.'* The 
weather was exceedingly warm. We had no j>rotection 
from the sun during the day, nor the dew during the 
night. The soil was sandy and full of fleas. The wo<m1 
used ahout and in th6 st(Krkade was mostly pitch pine, 



234 KK< oKDS OK TIIK 

and the lanii)l)luck soot made l»y it settled i4>on tlie 
Ciiinp and tlic men, so tliat they ref*em])led a delegation 
of unwashed char'oal men. 

The stream of water was entirely inade(|uate tor bath- 
ing purposes, and in a few days the brightest imiforms 
and the tidiest of our fellows began to bear near sem- 
blance to the oldest residents. 

As this was our last camj), and proved to be to many 
of our deiir comrades their last earthly abiding place, we 
think this a proj)er place to give a brief description of it. 



TWENTY- FOURTH NKVV YORK nA'ITKRY. 235 



cirAPTp:R XI. 

A N I) K R S «> N \ I L \. K. 

After this, wluMu-ver any man wlu> liaH lain a prinrnfr within tin* 
stockadu of AndrrHonville, would tt-ll you of liin HUtli'riiij^H, how hv 
fHintrd, Hrorch»'<l, (Ircnclicd, hiinj/i-n-d Hirkrncd. wan scotl'rd, Hfour^n-*!, 
liuntod and iMTsccutrd. tlio\i;;h th«' tah* h*- loufr and twice tnl<l. an you 
would have your own wronjTHajipn'ciated, your own wnvn jiiticd.your 
own cries for mercy heard, I charire you linten and l)eli«ve him. How- 
ever definitely he may have Hpoken, know that he lian not told you all. 
How«'Ver Ktnm^ly he may have outlined, or <leeply lie may liave col- 
ored his picture, knf»w that the reality calls for a Iwtter lijrht, and a 
nearer view than y«»ur cloudi'd. distant ^rnze will ever ^'et. And your 
sympathies need not be confined to Andernonville, while similar hor- 
rorn jjlared in the sunny lijfht, and 8|K)tted the flower^irt ;r»irden 
fields of that whole dt^sperate, misjruidi'd and bewildered people. 
Wherever ftretclied the form of a Tnion prisoner, tliere rose the mg- 
nal for cruelty and the cry of aj/ony, an«l there, day by day, trrew the 
skeleton graves of the nameless dead. 

But, bravinjf and entlurinpf all this, some thousands have r«'turne«l 
to you. And you will bear with me, and these noble men will par- 
don me, while, in conclusion I ajjeak one word of them. 

The unparalh'led severities of our f«>ur year's cam|»aijrn8 have told 
iipcm the constitutional strenptli even of the fortunate soldier, who 
idone marched to the music of tlie ( nion. and slept <"»nly beneatlj the 
folds of the flajf for winch lie foujfht. But they whom fickle fortune 
left to crouch at the fr>ot of the shadowless palmetto, and listen to the 
hissing of the 8erp<;nt, drank still deejKT of the unhealtliful draught. 
Thewi men liear with them the w«h1s of dis«'ase and death, sown in 
that fatal clime, an<l ripening for an early harvest. With «)C<rasionaI 
exceptions, they will prove to Im* shortlived and enf«'<'bled men, and 



2*><» Kl * nin»s nK I III-, 

whc'tlHT IIm'j ask it or not, will <i«'s«'rv«' at v«mr liandw no ordinnrv 
nlinre of kindly connidrration. The Kurviv«»r of a nilxd prinon Ims 
cndun'd and Hiitrcrcd what you novcr can, and what 1 pray (Jod your 
cliildmi mvcr may. With h-sH «»f ntn'n^th, and more of sad and l»it- 
t«'r tnomoricH, ho Ih with you now to ram th** food ho lon^ <h'ni<'d him. 
If h«' ask " Irare to toil," jfivr it him hrfop' it is too l.itf; if In- n<'»'d 
kindn«'HH and rnroura^^rmcnt l»<'Mtow them frerly, vviiile you may ; if 
hv Ki'i'k cliarity at yonr handH, renienilHjr tliat "the jtoor you luive 
always with yon," hut liim yon have not alwayn, and withhold it not. 
If hereaftiT you find them makinjif organized effort to provide for the 
widow and orphan of the Tnion i»risoner, r«'m<nnber that it prows out 
of the heart sympathy whi<li cliiHtfrM around the memories of tin- 
comrades who perished at their sidf, and a well grounded appn-hen 
ilon for the futureof their own, and aid th<'m. 

Claka IUkton. 

Aiulersoiivillc, (Teor<;ia, wjis a wood and water rail- 
road station. It was l<»cated within niTie miles of Anieri- 
CM18, and for a time tlie prison encampment was desijL?- 
nate<l as being located at Americns. 

It was selected by tlie rebel authorities as a proper 
location tor a military ])rison, since it was then nearly 
central as re<^arded the Confederate States, and their 
then probability of maintaining the gronnd lield by 
them. 

That portion, too, ol* the Confederacy was better able 
to turiiish provisions and other supplies, having been 
quite remote from active scenes in the war. 

The rebel camp of guard at Anderson ville was Ciilled 
" Camp Sumter." 

The vicinity was a wo<Kly, lonely, deserted spot. The 
strange and rai)id changes that have actually taken place 
in a region, so few years since almost \ntinhabite<l and 
nearly unknown, seem incredible. 



rWKNTV-Kol KTII MW VnK'K HAITKUY. 237 

Ouv. <lay, a silcMit wildcnioss ; aiiotluT, a lnisy caiiij) — 
a liorrihie linmaii s)auiri>ter-liouse ; still anotlitT, ami it is 
the n(>te<l u^ravcyanl tji' America — wr niiirlit nay, of the 
world. 

The so-called *' ('niifederate States Military Prison" 
was a stockade made of jMiie l<»irs, planted in the ground 
}>erj)endicnlarly, so that they were ahout twenty feet 
hii;h from the •rround. There were two stockades, the 
first of unhewn loir>, the second (hein;; the stockade 
]»roj>er) of hewn tinduT, covering an area of 2'^i acres. 
Inside of tliis was a lii^ht railing, at a di>tance of ahout 
twenty feet from, and rnnninj^ j>arallel with, the four 
sides f»f the s(|uare, (railed the " dead line. Any prisoner 
]>assin'^ this line, hy any pretence or accident, endan;xered 
his life. Th(i space occupied hy the i)ri8oners was thus 
(juite materially decreased. 

There were two entninces ; one east, near tlie north 
and south ends of the stockade, consisting of massive 
i^ates, opening into spaces ahout 80 feet scpiare, on the 
principle of a canal lock. 

On the inuer stockade, at intervals of say ten rods, 
were sentry boxes, eovered so as to protect the inmates 
from storm and sun. The rebel guard stationed in these 
boxes were so elevated as to have a perfect view of all 
that was taking place within. 

The object of the two stoekaiU'S was, that if attacked, 
the rebel force acting as guard might <lcfend themselves 
behind the outside wall,- while tin; ])risoncrs diould still 
be confined within the inner wall. 

At certain angles of this outer wall small parapets 
were thr<»wn uj), in the shai>e of angular foils, in s<»me 



23S Ri;(?(tKi»fi OK iriE 

of wliicli artillery was i)lac(Ml, coniinaiKlinp tlie prismi 
^rnund!^, as well as tlic open fields HurroundinjX tin- 
Htnckadc. 

A Hiiiall Ptroaiii ])assed tlmm^li the centre of tlic Btnck- 
a(\i}, on cacli sl<le of wliicli tlie land <^radnally ascended 
to a liei^rlit of ahout forty or fifty feet, P(» tliat tlic canip 
wat* really upon two Hide In'lls. At tlie licad of tliis 
stream, outside and in innnediate proximity to tlie inner 
htockade, was the main cook lionse of the prison. It was 
a wooden. l>arn-]ike Imildin^, coverintr some immense 
eauldro!) kettles and some very lai'^c hut very prior ovens. 
The cookin«x of eatahles was a mere farce. 

A short time hefore this camp was deserted, another 
cook house was erected, hut was used oidy a tew tinu's. 

In the early history of the ])rison, theh<ts)>ital consisted 
of a space of ^n'ound ahout four rods scpiare, in one corner 
of the stockade. A favored few were allowed to lay 
under some tarjiaulins, stretched <»ver ]»oles, placed hori- 
zontally on forked stakes. 

The latter part of May, the stockade hecominj; crowded, 
and the nund)er of sick heinix h^r^ely on the increase, a 
hoard enclosure, covering alxnit five acres, was put u]» 
on the south side of the stockade, and called the hospi- 
tal. Tlie worst cases were then removed to this enclo- 
sure. A small stream of water ran through the south 
end, and a cook house (that is, a kettle) was placed near 
this stream. A few tents and several pieces of canvas 
constituted the shelter for the sick. This hospital would 
accommodate ahout 1,000. It generally had 2,500 in- 
mates. 

The rare of the sick at the Hospital was given to Fed 



rWKNTV-ForKTII NKW Y<»KK nATTKKY. 230 

oral prisoiKTs, nud tliorc was in this (•uiiip an jitteiiipt ut 
order and decency. 

The trees were not allowed to ]»o cut down, and the 
shade was c^ne of the hlessin;;^ whicli the smi scorched 
invalids lon<xed tor. The camp was laid out in s<|uares, 
and the streets were policed every day. 

The surgeon in char«^e placed his command first in four 
divisions, a suri^eon in charge of each division; second, 
each division in five wards, a surgeon to each ward. 

Over each ward was ])laced a ** Yankee steward," 
whose duty it was to s-tand hetween the rehels and their 
sick comrades. Under his direcrtion, each ward steward 
and half a dozen nurses pive constant attendance to the 
sick. 

Had they heen furnished pnjper and suflicient shelter, 
food an<l medicine, the mortidity list would never have 
reache<l the marvellous nundK-r that it did. 

At the northwest of the stockade a shed was huilt,and 
called the *'(lead house." To this all the hod ies were 
removed hoth from the stockade and from the hospital, 
and after a description was taken of the dead, they were 
numhered and then removed either to the dissecting 
slieds, or carried in wa<;ons, ahout twenty to twenty-five 
in each load^ pik'd up as a farmer would load in a (pum- 
tity of hutchered ho^s, to the "(traveyard." The Grave- 
yard was .in the moft pleasant location, and one iniglit 
almost say the most desirahle of any of the several insti- 
tutions which went to niake U)> Andersonville. It was 
on an elevated spot of j^round, laid out in streets and 
sfpiares. 

In tins connection it would he projHjr to introduce a 



240 RKCnlv'PS o|. riiF. 

letter written l>y Aliss Cljini I^jjirtoii in rei>ly to niy in- 
quiry ('(ww^crning the Iiiited States Cemetery at Ander- 
Konville : 

OFKK K OF CoRUKsrONDKIftK WITH TIIK FRIKNIlsi 
OK TIIK MlSSTNO MkN ok TIIK rNITKI) StATKs|- 

AuMY, WAHiiiNnTON, D. ('., Fi'brnary 2d. IHOIJ. ) 
Dkau Sih : 

In r<'|tly to your h'tter I Hcnd a roj)y of Atwntrr's li8t of tlie <l«'a<l ot 
Aii(l«'rH«»nvillp, wliirli rontainn my report of tlio(*r|)rinon ^rroiindH as 1 
found tln'm in July, 18()5. It in as cfnuplctr an 1 could mak** it, and 
rornct.I brlirvr, in rvrry partirular. 

rpon tilt' d»'|)artur«* of tlu- party a«coiii])anyinjr nu*, a ^uard was 
Htationrd and ft HUprrintcndcnt appointed and sustained by the Oov- 
erninrnt, whow duties were to keep tlie jdare and its surroundinj^f* 
with as little clianpe as possible, and I presume that with the excep- 
tion of the natural decay, it remains to-day nearly as dtjscribed in my 
reiM)rt. 

Althou^fh I have written much, very much, in reference to prisons 
and prisoners, it has Iwen of a private natun*. addressed and sent to 
the friends of those who had suffered and died there, and not ])ub 
lished. 

I have nev<'r published a " Book" upon prisons, as many 8up])ose, 
although I have written enough u|K»n the subject to constituti' the 
mat<Tial for a number of Itooks ; but I have always considered that the 
prisoners themselves were the proper persons to place the woes of 
their prison life Ix'fore the i)»iblic, and that if there was a call for any- 
thing of that nature, the ])rivilejfe of m«'etinj^ it, and the profits accru 
inp: therefrom of riglit belonjr«*d to them. 

Reprettinjj that I have not more infonnation, I can only refer you 
to such authors as have written U]>on the subject, viz., AblK)tt, Spen 
cer, Hamlin (Martyria) and others who8<' works are well known and 
easily fimnd. 

You ask for my " bill." 1 had hope<l that all my friends, at least, 
thonmtflily under8t<xxi the basis upon which 1 have done my little 
work, and that not only no bills had ever passed out of my office, but 
that no money for services or infonnation rendered had ever been 
IM'rmittetl to come into it and remain there. I have always promptly 
return«Hl every dollar and half dtdlar that a sometimes jfrateful party 





><SSAr 











O 









/ TWKNTV-POUKTII NEW YOUK nAITKKY. 241 

would insist uiK)n onclosin^ to nu'. Tln! little I Imvr hrvn ablf to do 
for tho8f> wlio Hutt'»'r«'<l in our country'n muse, liaB been done for tlie 
love of it. and rinflit and humanity. 

If any opportunity present in which I can wrve you to more ])uri>o8e 
than I have been able to do in tliis, ]>lease let me know, and oblijjfe, 

Y*)urH, very truly, Cl.AUA Bakton. 

In tlie report referred to in Miss Barton's letter, we 
tind the following (lescri]»ti(>n oi' tlie present condition of 
Andersonville (iraveyards : 

The cemetery, around which tlu^ chief interest must gather, is diH- 
tnnt about J!()() yards from the stockade, in a northwesterly direction. 
'I'he fjraves, j)lace<i side by side in <l«»se continuous rows, rover nine 
acres, divided into three une(|ual lots by two roads which intersect 
each oth(!r nearly at riijlit an^jles. Tlie fourth space is still unoccu- 
pied, except by a few graves of " Confederate" soldiers. 

No hunuin bodies were found exi)osed, and none were remove<l. 
The place was found in much better condition than had been antici- 
pated, owinj; to the excellent measures taken by Major General Wil- 
son, commanding at Macon. an«l a hunume public spirited citizen of 
Fort Valley, (Georgia, a Mr, (iriHin. who. in passing on the railroad, 
was informed by one of the ever-faithful nejrrot^F that the bodies were 
becoming exposed, and were rooted uj) by animals. Havinjf verified 
this statement, he collected a few nejfroes, sank the exposed bodies, 
and covered them to a proper depth. He then re]>orted the facts to 
<teneral Wilson, and reciuested authority to take steps for protecting 
the grounds. That patriotic otticer visited Anderwmville in jn^rsou, 
apiw»inted Mr. Gritfin temporary 8uj>erintendent, and ^ave him such 
limited facilities as could b<' furnished in that destitute country. It 
was determined to enclose a Wjuare of fifty acres; an<l at the time of 
f)ur arrival the fence was nearly one-thinl built, from old lumber found 
about the place. Uv had also erecti'd a brick kiln, and was manufac- 
turing brick for drains to con<luct the water away from tin- graves, and 
protect and strenj^hen the soil against the action of heavy rains. Wo 
found Mr. Gritfin, witli a force of about twenty negroes and a few mules 
at work on the grounds. I have understmnl that that gentleman fur- 
nished the labor at his own cost, while dteneral Wilson issuinl the 
necessary rations. 

16 



242 h'i.<«»K'n- or 'iin; 

'I'ln- purl prrtoriiM'tl l)y «»ur i>Hrty was to take up an<l carry forwartl 
till' work HO wrU c<mmu'nc»'(l. Additional fore*' wan obtained from tin 
military ronminn<lant at Macon for coni])lrtinp the enclosure and 
erectinjr the head hoanlH. It semiHthat thv<l»'ad ha<l l)een huritnl hy 
Union pri8<inerH, paroled from the stockade and hospital for that i>ur' 
pow. Surc«'ssive trenches, capable of containinjf from 100 to l."i(i 
bodies each, thickly set with little posts or boards, with nuinbei> 
in rejrular order carved ui>on them, told to the astonished and tenr- 
dimmed eye the sad st >ry ol buried treasures. It was only necessary 
to compare the number upon <'ach jMJst or board with that which stands 
opi>OHite the name on the rejjister, and replace the whole with a more 
Bubstatitial, uniform and ••f>mely tablet, bearinji not only tlie orijiinal 
number, but the name, comi)any and re^riment. an<l date of death ol 
the soldier wlio slept beneatli. 

I have been re]>eailedly assured by pris(»ners that ^reat care was 
taken at the time by the men t<» whom fell the sad task of ori;;inally 
marking this astf>nislnn}f number of jrraves, tf) iterform the work witli 
faithfulness and accuracy. If it shall prove that the work j)erfoniied 
by those who Ibllowed, under ciicumstances so much more favoralde. 
was executiMl with less faithfulness and accuracy than the former, il 
will be a snl)i«'ct of much re^jret, but fortunately not yet beyond the pos 
eibilily of correction. The number of graves marked is 12,020. The 
orijjinal records captured by (Jeneral Wilson, furnished about KKoOO ; 
but as on(^ book of tlu- rec(»rd had not lu'en secured, over 2.000 names 
were HUppliecl from a copy (of his own record) made by Mr. Atwater 
in the Andersonville prison, and brou;;ht by liim to Annaj>oliH on his 
return with the paroled prisoners. 

Interspersed throughout this Death lie^ister. were 400 numbers 
against which strnwl only the dark word " unknown." So, scattered 
amonp^ tlje thickly <lesi^nated ^jraves. stand 400 tai)lets, bearing: only 
the numlwr and the touching inscription, *' Unknown Union Soldier." 

Substantially, nothing was attempted beyond enclosing the grounds, 
identifyinfiT and marking the jjraves, jdacin^ some appropriate mot- 
tJK's at the ^ates and alon^ tlie spaces degijjne<l for walks, and erect 
injr a flagstaff in the centre of the cemetery. Tht work was com 
pletedon the ITtJiof August, and the party took the route homeward 
by way of Chattanooga, Nasliville and Cincinnati, arriving at Wash 
inffton on the morninjir of August 24th. 



TWENTY-FOITKTII NKW Y<»RK BATTERY. 243 



CHAPTER XIT. 

FACTS A NM> T H K OKIES. 

Tliirty-two tlmusand iiien were confined in an area of 
twenty-three and one-half aeres of* land. 

To sustain tin's statement, whieh, I helievx from obser- 
vation to be correct, I wonld refer t(> Documents Nos. 1 
and 4 in the Aj>pendi.\. OtKeial statements of Inspectors 
must, in sucli cases, )>e uncontrovertible evidence. 

No shelter or protection from heat, cold or rain was 
furnished to the ])risoners. This assertion is made by 
Colonel Chandler, Dr. Jones, Dr. Iwoy, an<l a liost of 
other Confederate officers; an<l I, having the evidence of 
my own eyesiirht, do endorse it, and believe that there 
is not a survivor of Andersonville living to-day who 
would contradict sucli assertion. 

A limited number of the prisoners were the fortunate 
possessors of army blankets. 

The erection of a tent consisted in stretching one of 
these blankets over a jK)le winch had been laid horizon- 
tiilly in two forked stakes, driven some feet or so into the 
ground. These (juarters furnished slee])ing accommoda- 
tions for from four to six men. 

Others, by bribing guai-ds and going out occasionally 
in the squads sent out><ide for fuel, obtained bouglis and 
branches, with which they fnilned a slielter. 



244 KKroKUs itV I III; 

Otlicrs <liii; linlos ill tlic side liill, siiiricieiitly larp- !<• 
coviT till' lu'iKl sind sImuiMits, and dui'iiicd thein»i'l\t'> 
lm]»|»v ill till' possession ol'siicli ji tcnciiHMit. 

A ^rcattT ]»ortif)n ot'thu iiiniati's of that ])ris<in had nn 
j>lac*c to rest tlieii* sick and wearv hodies in day or ni^^dit, 
e.\cej>t upon the hot sand or the muddy swanij), with 
nan;^lit hut the canopy of heaven to cover theni. 

The suj)|>ly of water was iiisuilicient. Tlie water wa> 
inipui'e, e\en vile. (See I )n( uiiicnts Nns. 1, 4 and Sin 
Aj>jH'n<lix.) It was nnt fit for hathiii;^ purposes, to say 
nothintr of heinjx <»hliircd to drink it and cook with it. 
ISly own knowle<l^oof this fact is constituted on this : tliat 
I often went t<> hathe and t(* ohtain water i\>r co(>kiFiir 
and drinkin«^ purposes, "^riie streani ran throuujh the 
centre ni' the stockade. On either side was a marshy 
strip of icround, extendini; ahout ten feet each way, and 
following; the streani its entire len<j:th. This morass was 
the «^c?ier}il sink of tlie cani}». Therefore, there was ]>ut 
one p<>int at which water could }>e ohtained, which even 
a hurnint: thirst could force d(»wn our throats. I'liat 
was at the head <»f the stream, and in innnediate ]>r(>.\- 
imity to the *Mead line." *' A thousand men an hour at 
<nie spring of water." Realize that fact, my reader, and 
you may comprehen'l one of our ditlicidt undertakinir^- 
Nut unfrequently would prisonci-s endanger their lives, 
by reaching over the ** dead line" and i>lunging their 
cups and huckets, in lioping to ohtain a little i)urer 
water, and avoid a weary waiting in the line. Some 
were shot there. 

Below this ]MUut many Inithed and washed their cloth- 
ing. The lamphlack s<M»t that settled over their bodies 



and clntlilnix — tlie <lirt clln;;!!!;^ to tlicse tVoni tliclr ^aiidy 
;m<l inii(]<ly IkmIs — tlu* ;u'('iiniulati(Hi of body lice and 
othvr verniin — were all removed l)y wasliiii;; in tliis 
stream, it* removed at all. The njitnral result of an at- 
tempted i>urilieati«m of sncli an-army of j)ersonH in so 
small a stream, wliieli was at tlie same tinn; reeeivin*^ tlio 
di'ain.nge of tlie m;irsliy sink, was, tliat tlie water became 
tliiek and sluiririsli with such a coni!:lomeration of tilth. 

Nor was this all. I have said that the junvst water, 
which was used tor <lrinkinir, was souirht for at the head 
of the stream, within the stockade " rlead line/' Out- 
side (jf the stocka«le, and alM»ve this portion of the stream, 
I saw, many times, cam])s <»f the rebel «r'>ard stationed 
on the banks of the same creek. All their refuse lloated 
d«>wn until it reached the cook house (which was Iniilt 
on this same stream, near to tlu^ stockade, and within 
forty feet of the point when the water was obtained by 
the ]>risoners ;) there it received the additional offscour- 
inirsand offal of that filthy place, and the whole accumu- 
lated mass poured under the stockade timbers into the 
cups of thirsty men. None but men with parched and 
fevered tliroats could have drank it. 

In the latter part of their stay a few wells were du^^ 
by the soldiers themselves. As a rule, however, the^ 
belonged to a firm of speculative individuals, who laid 
tribute (and eonsi<lering the labor incurred, liavinr^ 
nothinjj: but their Iiands, tin cups and half canteens to 
dig with, the (charge was not unjust) on others for the 
use of the water from these wells. The supply would 
have P(M>n l>een exhausted if they liad pemntted a gene- 
ral use of the wells. 



24*» KE( OKF)8 <H< TIIK 

The quantity f»f food ispiic'd to tlic j)risoTicrt? wan fm 
iiH'M«j:re as to jiraduallv induce deatli from starvatinii. 
and tlie (juality was such that none hut starvin<^ men 
couhl have heen induced to cat it. It was repjilsive even 
to them. 

The United States soldier receives a daily ration of 
J pound of hacon, 1| pound of fresh or salt beef, 1^ 
ounces of hread and tlour, or J pound of hard hread, or 
1^: pound corn meal, with rice, heans, ve«^etahles, cotl'ee, 
8U<^ar, tea, itc., in propoi'tion. 

These were also tlu; daily rati«Mis fuiMiished tlie Con- 
federate })risoners hy the United States (rovernment. 
(\»mj>are them with the pitiable allowance of food at 
Andersonville, /. c, \^ to 4 ounces of sjxuled hacon, half 
pint of meal or a piece of meal cake, (;omj)osed of watei* 
ami ijround corn, husks and coh, either |»artially haked 
or quite burned, its eubieal ditnensions being, say three 
inches wide, one inch tlp'ck, and tour to live inches lonir. 
In addition to this, wcoidy occasionally received a snuill 
(juantity of rice and a tablespoon full of molasses, or a 
few worm-eaten' beans, which was often termed *' red 
inag«^ot soup.'' 

In the hosj)ital the tbod was the same as in the stock- 
j^de, with the exception of beef soup once or twice a 
* week ; and t(>ward the latter days a gill of wheat tlour 
was distributed j)erhaps twice a week. 

Rations were frequently distributed raw, and no fuel 
provided to cook with. 

These rations, which were daily dealt out t(» us, and 
called f(XKl, did not satisfy hunger. They created hun- 
ger. The corn bread, which was the staple article, after 



fel...^- Cj^ 






' r 



r> 



/I, 






^ it"—'- /ivj^<.. .■.><>.:'; ■■;«. 'w-f^, ; J 



^^-.^^h?^ 



T^%-^ 






f 










^^^^^^^ 



IWKNI V-K«»rUI M NKW VuKK K.\ D KKV. 247 

it was luafsticated and swallowed with inucli difHculty, 
only irritated the stomach and howels an<l ]>roduecd 
diarrho'a, and as more was taken into the stomach, so 
mnch the more rapidly the victim passed alon*; the road 
tn death. There was no nourishment in it. It mij^ht as 
well have been so mncli sawdust and watei'. 

The bacon which was given us would have disgusted 
a soap-fat man. 

^fen were suffering and dying for want of acids and 
\egetables. S(;orhutis arises from want of aci<ls. It can 
he easily cured hy Ji i)n>per supply of vegetables and 
fruits. Noiu' were ever <le.Mlt nut to us. Scorbutis was 
the great scourge of the camp. 

A very few times snme cabbages were sent to the hos- 
j>ital. The counti'y was full of sweet potatoes, an<l yet 
the pris<n»er8 saw none in Andersonvillc until the last 
week or two that they were there. 

The supply of fuel was irregular and entirely inadc- 
• juate. It was generally obtained 1)V a S(|uad of the 
pris<tners detailed each <hiy or twice a week. Not over 
tV»rty were permitted to go out at a time. And this 
innnber of men were obliged to jirocure from the 
wcKids, and bring in upon their backs, the daily sup- 
ply of branches which constituted the fuel for the unC 
(»f from 15,000 to S(^,i)0() men. Take f(»rty sticks of 
wood from your ^' four foot" wood pile, and so splin- 
ter it that it shall make ir),On<> pieces, and you have 
an Andersonville '* ration" of wood. 

After having used every influence and means to 
pr(>duce sickness, no proper or ade<piate measures were 



24H |{Kr(»K|)S (»F IHK 

tikcu to cure or even to alleviate HHfrerin<x. i^^'^' 
Oncimicntrt Nos. 2, .">, 4, 5 and 7 in Apjjendix.) 

Tlie lioHpital waH oven ivtwded. Itn aceoimiKMlatione 
were tlie jjoorest inia«rinald('. 

There were a tew ji^nnd tents — nmre tliat were rotten 
and torn. No heddinir, not even straw, to lie njM.n. 
Those who owned Mankets could use them for a l>ed. 
Thosi' who did not, had the <rround tor a couch. 

One \']\w of tents jimmI tor thoi^e who had ha<l sur- 
gical operations perfornied upon them, was furnished 
with hoartl luinks. J>ut they soon hecame so tilthy, 
from want oi' ehan«^e of hed clothin<x, that no person, 
with the sli«;litest tiesh wound, dared to locate liimself 
there, for fear of hein«r contaminated with <;an«,n'ene, 
which, if ouee possessed, doomed a num to certain death. 

The food furnished to those sick men was just that 
which they oujrht n(>t to have had. 

All persons know that carelul nursing and ])ropcr 
diet have much to do with the recovery of ru invalid. 
The food and sheltiM' which were furnished at that hos- 
pital would have defeated the skill of the best physiciaufci 
in the world, with every remedy named in the I*harma- 
cojMiia at his coinnumd. What, then, could he expected 
of half-tledged jdiysicians (as most ot the ])rison surgeons 
were), with little other than indigenous nu'dicines? 

There were a few aide physicians and excellent sur- 
geons — men with kind hearts and much sympathy, hut 
tliey were powerless. 

The su]>ply of medicine was so small, that the di>pen- 
sary would be unable to supply the smallest recpiisitions 
for several days in succession. 



TWKNTY-KorRTII NKW VoRK MA'ITKKY. *2 M> 

Xoiio of tlie stores usually touiid in hospitals were 
ovor seen there, notwithstuTnlinir sn«'h thin;^s were s(Mit 
tVoni our Northern friends liy the Christian ( /onnnission. 
(See DiK'unicnt No. !♦ in the A])|»endi.\.) 

Flour was the only luxury ever rationed out to the 
inmates of the hospital ; and what eould sick men «lo 
with tlour, havinir no tire and no utensils to eook with { 

The hest evidence that can he had that these assertions 
are true, is the moi-tality that <M'curred at that prison. 
Thirteen thousand died in ahout ei^ht nionths. 

This tells the tale of huni^er an<l thirst, of disease and 
>utferin;^, of want of eomfoit nnd care, of lack of nour- 
ishment and medicine, in words of hrevity, hut words of 
terrible nieaniiii^. 

Notwithstandin«x JiN this unjust and cruel treatment, 
still did they len«;then their list of crimes by addin;; 
ci'uelties under the Tuime of punishments. 

Several times they ceased to issue rations for a <lay and 
even two days. Cause — "some few of our nmnher had 
du«^ a tunnel in order to escape,*^ and to punish these 
men thousands of 6tarvin«^ men were deprived the inor- 
>el that would barely keep the breath of life in them 
from day to da;^ 

They shot men. Cause — they had reac^ied over the 
dead line tor water, or for a cracker that was a fo<>t be- 
yond the dea<l line. And they AuA men even within the 
dead line. I myself attende<l a man in the hospital wliu 
<lie<l from the effects of a wound in the leg, made by a 
rebel j^uard shootin<; him while he lay about the hos])ital 
<am]> tire, inside the dead line. I was with him a 
minute after the rep(»rt of the musket was heard, and he 



250 KKr()Kr>s ay IIIK 

had not moved fVoiii the spot lie was in when he was 
8liot. 

They cliased men with <lo^s, and tliese doirs di<l liitc 
and mutijtite men, from tlie eti'eets of wliich they die*!. 
Cause — They were attem]>tin«^ to escape. 

Tliey pnt j)risoners in cliain *^an<;s and in stocks; tlic y 
wln'pped them at a wlii])pinfr post ; tliey liunij tliem u)> 
by the thumhs. Cause — these ])risoners attempted t-* 
efiC}4)e. 

They did force |>risoners to l>e vaccinated witli poison- 
ous virus, and hut few that were vaccinated lived. 

Th.ey destroyed letters to nur homes and letters from 

our homes, uselessly, carelessly, and ])urposely to distress 

us. They destroye<l or themselves used ijreat (juantities 

^ of clnthini;, food and delicacies that were sent to us hy 

express from the North. 

They heat and kicked sick soldiers who were too ill t<» 

keep u]) in line of march. And, last of all, when they 

. had killed hy inhuman treatment and cruelties, they 

huried our frietids and comrades in an indecent manner 

that even harharians could not have cxccIKmI. 

Starvation, thirst, want of clothin;^ and shelter, cruel 
treatment, disease, want of medicine and^medical attend- 
ance, and lastly an indecent burial, are a terrible and re- 
volting list of horrors ; yet there was still another trijil 
that to a prisoner was harder to bear than all these : that 
was the agony of the mind which was caused* by the 
knowledge that our imprisonment might be a long one, 
and death was certain if we were held there any length 
of time. There was nothing to lo(»k forward to. Day 
followed day, and all were alike. Nothing to divert the 



TWENTY -For Kill NKW Y(>KK HATl EKY. 251 

iihikI, n«» cxcrciVe for tlie bodv. Sorrow and despair per- 
vadcMl the cain}). A smile was a rare tiling', a real laugh 
almost unknown. There were hollow, forced laughs, 
that went hack down our throats, like the resounding 
tones of a voice in a dark, ;lamj> cavern. They caused 
us rather to shudder than to feel merry. 

No stories had interest, they hut recalle^l the time 
when we were iVee. The mind was left to itself, and it 
would destroy itself. Depression and homesickness were 
the terril)h? forms o\' <lisease that we feared. Once imder 
the inlluence of either in that terrible place, we could 
with greatest difticultv rise from it, s«) insinuating and so 
gradual was its appr<»ach. Thoughts of h<>me became 
constiint. Dreams (»f home and of home comforts, csj)e- 
ciallyofthe favorite dishes that had been pre} ja red by 
the hands of a doting mother, a j>et sister, or a loving 
wife, were of nightly and even daily occurrence. Then 
the victim began to talk of home, of the probabilities of 
an innnediate exchange <»f ]>ris(niei*s, of the probable ex- 
ertions that were being ma<le for his release. He begins 
to believe that he will S(H)n l)e exchan;jred. He looks at 
every rebel guard that approaches the gates with the ex- 
})ectation that they are coming to free him. lie talks of 
nothing else, his mind c^mnot be directed from that one 
snbject. . 

Days pass by and yet he is not sent for, still he l>e- 
lieves and watches. He sits in the wide camp street, 
where liis eye may rest constantly on the gate, refuses 
food, refuses to move from his jK>sition night or day. His 
mind wanders, his eye is vacant and staring, he is weak, 
and though in sitting posture, falls over to the ground. 



2r)t3 KKtnUhS nh INK 

'* There, tlicro they come! I wiid tlieyM coiiie, I knew 
tlieyM eoiiie ! IIoUl nie ii|», I iiiUHt ^o to meet them. 
Mother! father! I jim 'fi:]iu\ vnifve come. Tin k<» tired, 
Pni 8o Ki(;k ; take me home." 

(tO(1 f^nint tliat it was his <x(H)(\ an«^els that came t<» 
our dyiii^ comrade, as the *' kin^ of terrors" tlins made 
Ills hist day <»nc of ha|»j»y (Udirium. 

This is only one ir\w. j)i(tnre out <>t*maTiy wliich I saw 
in Andersonvilh; Hospital. 

T. J. Hyatt, ser;,^'ant in (Jomj)aiuy K, One Jluixlred 
and Pjghteenth Pennsylvania V^jluntecrs, is the author 
of tlic followitifjj lines, which very truthfully tell the 
feeling that was ui>permost in the liearts of us all: 

THE )M{IS()NEKS PLEA. 

When our country calhid for inm, \vv cnuw from for^«' nnd store and 
mill, 

From worknliop, farm and factory, tin- brokrn ranks to till ; 

We left our (juiet, happy liojiies and ones we lovetl so well, 

To van<|ulHli all our Union's foes, or fall where others M\. 

Now in prison drear we lanjfiiiKli, and it is our <<)nstant cry, 

Oh ye wlio yet can save us, will ye leave us hero to die? 

The voice of slan<ler tells you that oiir hearts were weak with fear — 

Tliat all, or nearly all of us, were captured to the rear. 

The scars u|»on our bodit's from the musket halls and shell, 

The missing lejfs and shattered arms, a truer tale can tell. 

We have tried to do our duty in the sijjht of (hnl on hi^h ; 

Oh ye who yet can save us, will ye leave us hen* to die? 

There are liearts with lioiw still beating, in our pleasant Northern 
homes. 

Waiting?, watchinj? for the footsteps, that may never, never come. 

In Southern prisons pining, meagre. tattere<l, pale and ^aunt, 

<in»wintf weaker, weaker daily, from ])inchiii^ col<l and want, 

Their brothers, sons and husitands, |>oor and hopelewn captives lie, 

Oh ye who yet can save them, will ye leave them there to die ? 



IW KNTV-KoriM II NKW YokK UA'ITKUY. 253 

From <»ut <»iir i»rison jratr tlicn-'n a jxrnvovard nrar at liainl, 
Whore lie twelve thoiisiu)d Union men, l»eneutlj tlje (i<'or^ia sand ; 
SeoreH on s«'ores are laid beside tliem, an day Piicceeds to day, 
An«l thus it will hv ever, till they all shall pann away; 
And tlu' last can say while dyinji. with ui)turned and ^la/.in^ eye, 
Both Faith and Love are dead at home, they have left uh here to die. 
Andkusonvii.le, Oct. 20. lHft4. 

[A pinjriilRr incident lian «>ccurred in reijanl to this |K)etry. We liad 
siipiwHed Serjrcant Hyatt was dead. Wn had copied the linea iu his 
tent at An<ler8<»nville. and had afterwards been told that he di»?d the 
followinjr morninjr. What was our astonishment when our i)rint<'r8 
informed us that tln^ <'ompositor who was settinj^ up this chapter was 
none otlier than Sf'rjjfeant Hyatt, and the author of this |)oetry. The 
lines arc none the less pathetic, an«l certainly the more romantic, from 
this singular circumstance.] 

We lijul int('iKlL'<l to follow out in tliis cluipter a line of 
arginnent an<l facts as to tlic following points : 

Was this inhuman treatment necessary? 

Did not the Confederacy possess food, fuel, water, 
clothes an<l medicine, bedding, tents and lumhcr, antl 
was it not immediately, near Andcrsonville ? 

Did Jelferson Davis and his Cabinet know of this 
comlition of thin«;s? 

Were they not accorded in hy superior officerB of the 
Confederacy as well as the inferior (►fKcers? 

Can, therefore, any blame be attached to any Federal 
otlicer by the sophistry that declining to exchange on 
unjust and unfair terms, was assunn'ng the responsibil- 
ity of causing this suffering ? 

Spac^e will not allow us to introduce evidence on 
these |H>ints, but we can assert that there are quantities 



254 KKcoKDs <n THE 

• 
of proof to show tliat this trcatnicnt was not necessary ; 

tliat tliere was |>lenty of provisions, lumber, fuel, and 
all other things needed to save life and health ; that 
all this KJiffering was known to all j)ronn"nent Confed- 
erate otHcials, and that it was intended to cripple 
the Northern army, hy killing prisoners of war, or at 
least making them unavailable on account of chronic 
disease. 

In reviewing this cha]>ter, it occurs to the writer that 
his reader may comj>hiin that it is to<> general in its char- 
acter to he entitled to a place in this \un>k of records. 
But I must beg you to bear in mind that in this in- 
stance general experience is individual experience. The 
boys of the Battery sufiered in the proi>ortion of inO 
to 3(1,000. 

As a rule there was no show of weak heart or falter- 
ing will. They stood up and grappled with this mon- 
strous horror, with the same unflinching bravery that 
they displayed when in battle. They were, too, mostly 
Christians, and death rather than dishonor was their 
decisive reply to overtures or taunts from rel^els. 
They met death, if in consciousness, with calmness 
and even willingness. They were kindly and ten- 
derly treated l)y each other. The devotion of the well 
to their sick comrades was notable. 

If there is or ever has been on this earth a place where 
sellishness and self preservation even at the cost of 
another's life, could make an appearance, Andersonville 
was that place. Yet to their honor be it said, were the 
membere of the Twenty-fourtli New York I^attery true 
and faithful to each other. Honor and generosity were 



TWKNTY-FO['RTH NKW Y(»KK HATTEUY. 255 

trimii])lijuit ^t\•or Miiifiml instinct, htkI flcatli bccsimc 
sweet from tlie k]io\vlc(]i:c of (lev<»tiou and rtacnfice of 
friends. 

Slander and hnrtful innuendos to the contrary, we as- 
sert tliat to the end was tliere uj>ri;^litness, faithfulhiess 
:ind affecti(ui, l)etween all of those boys. And when that 
trreat day comes, when we shall all meet, we believe there 
will be joyful i^reotiiiiijs l)y each to the other. 

In November, the few that were left of the Hattery 
were made to feel that there was still reason for clinging 
to this wretched m(Klc of existence, since they were in- 
formed by i;o(»d authority that exchanges were actually 
tiikin<j^ l>lace. Finally the writer, with others, was placed 
on the cars and started towards Savannah, and t<»ld that 
at Savannah we W(»uld meet the Federal exchan«Tje fleet. 
A two days' trip, which was endured by even the sick 
without murmur, brou«;ht ns to ^fillen, and the reader 
may imat^ine the terrible reaction <»f spirit and hopes, 
when we were ordered to march into the new prison 
stockade. It was a paradise in comparison with Ander- 
sonville, but only another dreary ]>rison in comparison 
with the country which we had supj>osed we were bound 
for — our own 'country. 

However, our stay, to our ^lad surprise, was of short 
duration. In a few days we were a«,'ain called out and 
taken toward Savaimah. Ilavin*; here signed a pji- 
role of honor, we were taken in steamers to Venus Point 
and delivered over to the United States Exchange Agent, 
General Mulford. 

Our joy knew no bounds. Threats of taking thein 
bark unless they were less demonstrative could liardly 



250 Kp:(^<nii»'; ok rm; rwKNrv-Kni rtfi n. y. hattkrv. 

clirck tlic slioiitHof tliocjiptivi's as tlicy again ])o1k'M tlicir 
l<)ii<^ missed Imt dearly loved Stars and Stripes. It was 
a pioiid and l»H])j»y day. lletiections were sad, but anti- 
cipations were joyous. We had sad tales to tell, l>ut we 
had dear friends to meet. 

It was a cold, dreary winter day when we entered 
Perry. Fann'liar faces crowded about us. Anxious in- 
quiries overpowered the warm welcome, and we felt that 
to be the bearer of such tidin«xs was indeed an unenviable 
lot. 

The statistics presented in tliis book will tell the story 
far better than any de6cri])tion given by a single witness. 
No reader of this volume can deny that on the part oi 
these lost comrades there was a brave sacrifice to loy 
alty. And I would, with these last words, still beseccii 
you to show them honor and to do them justice. Let us 
raise a monument to their memory. 



RECORDS 

OF VOLUNTEERS FROM PERRY ANT> VICINITY, WHO ENLISTED 

IN THE FEDERAL ARMY DIRINO THE WAR, IN OTHER 

ORGANIZATIONS THAN THE TWENIT-FOCRTH 

NEW YORK IIATTERY. 



Under the 8iij;f!;est ions and ]H3rsuiision8 of friends inter- 
ested in the monument enter]>rise, the writer ])resents, 
with some rehietance, the fullowin«j^ ineomplete and 
necessarily l)rief records. The same op}K)rtnnities and 
tlic same documents for information regarding these men, 
as were in our possession and gave ns accurate evidence 
regarding the memhers of tlie Battery, are not obtain- 
alile. 

AVe know these sketches are not full, but, so far as 
they go, we believe them to be correct. 

That these men are entitled to equal honor with our 
comrades in the Battery, we prom])tly admit, and we 
therefore feel thnt, so far as our knowledge and such in- 
tormation as is in our power to obtain, shall, through our 
pen, do them honor, it shall be done. 

We a])peal earnestly in behalf of those brave comrades 
nf the war whose record is, " died while in the service," 
and who lost their lives for the sfike of their country. 
Let us all, with one interei*t and purpose, do justice to 
all who left their homes and found a grave while in such 
noble service. 
17 



2r>S RKCORDP OF THE 

Wo find the t'ollowiiitr stiitenicHts conccrniiiir the 
ditfcrcnt or;,nuii/atiorir' represented in tliese ]>ert^on;il 
rccordB, in the Adjutant-General's Keport of tlie State •»!' 
New York : 

First New York MorxTEn Rifles. 

This regiment was organized at New York City, to 
serve tliree years. The companies of wliicli it was c<»m- 
j)Osed were raised in tlie State at large. It was miisteriMJ 
into tlie service of the United States from Auiriist ol, 
\Si\ly to Sei)tember 1>, 1802. The origin;d members, ex- 
cept veterans, were mustered out on cxj)iration of term 
of service. The regiment, composed <»f veterans and 
recruits, was consolidated with the Third Regiment New 
York Cavalry, July 21, 1865; the consolidated force 
being known as the Fourth Provisional New York Cav- 
alry. 

Second New York Mounted Rifles. 

This regiment was organized at Buffalo, N. Y., to 
serve three years. The companies of which it was com- 
posed were raised principally in the counties of Erie, 
Niagara, Wyoming, Orleans, Alleghany and Wayne. It 
was mustered into the service of the United States from 
October, 1803, to February, 1804. Mustered out of ser- 
vice, August 10, 1865, in accordance with orders from 
the War Department. 

Battle— CoqX Harbor, Petersburg, Bethesda Church, 
Weldon Railroad, Pegram^ Farm, Hatcher's Run, Pop 
lar Spring Church. 



twenty-fourth new york batierv. 251> 

Third New York Cavalry. 

This rc^^inicnt was organized at New York City, to 
serve for tliree years. Tlie companies of wliich it was 
composed were raised principally in the counties of 
Albany, Schoharie, Chemung, Delaware, Oneida, Onon- 
daga and Orleans. It was mustered into the service ol 
the United States from July 17 to August 27, ISOl. On 
the expiration of its term of service the original members, 
except veterans, were mustered out, and the regiment, 
composed of veterans and recruits, retained in service. 
It was consoliihitinl with the First Mounted Kiflcs, July 
21, 18r>5. The consolidated force was designated the 
" Fourth Provisionjd Cavalry." 

BattleH — Burn's Church, Young's Cross Roads, Wil- 
liamston, Kinston, Whitehall, Goldsborongh, Ball's 
IJlulf, Weldon Railroad, Edward's Ferry, Stony Creek, 
Petersburg, Malvern Hill, Newmarket, Johnson's Uouse. 

Ninth New York Cavalry. 

This regiment was organized at Albany, N. Y., to 
serve three years. The companies of which it was com- 
posed were raised in the counties of Chautauqua, Catta- 
raugus, Wyoming, Rensselaer, Washington, St. Lawrence 
and Clinton. It was mustered into the service of the 
United States from September 9 to November 19, 1S61. 
On the expiration of its term of service the original mem- 
bers, except veterans, were mustered out. The Fourtli 
Regiment New York Cavalry was transferred to this 
regiment as Companies B, E and L, and the organiza- 
tion, composed of veterans and recniits, retained in scr- 



200 RKIOKDK (»I IIIK 

vice iintll .July 17, 18tJ5, wlicn it 'was mustered out (►! 
service in aceurdjinee witli orders tVoui tlie War Dei)art- 
iiieiit. 

liitlths — (^cdar Mountain, l^randy Station, Al<lie, 
rpperville, Gainesville, Bull Run, (yhantilly, Antietani, 
(iettys])uri;, Kelly's Ford, Rappaliannock Station, Sul- 
pliur Sprini^s, ()]>ec|uan, Wilderness, Coal Harbor, ^Fe- 
clianiesville, Deep JV)ttoni, Winchester, Fisher's Hill, 
(>edMr (Jreck, Petersburg, Kichniond. * 

TniKo Nkw Y<>rk Aktillkrv. 

Thifi regiment (originally Nineteenth Regiment In- 
tiinlry) was raiseil at Auburn, N, V., ami wns muNterc<l 
into the service of the United States, May 22, J.S«I1, 
to serve two years. It >va8 reorganized as the Third 
Artillery, January 31, 18G2. On the exi)iration of its 
term of service the original members were mustcix-d 
out, and the organization, composed (»f veterans nnd 
recruits, retained in service. The Twenty-fourth J^at- 
tery was assigned to this regiment as Company " L," 
March 5, 1865. The regiment was mustered out by 
batteries from June 22 to July 21^, 18(15, in accordance 
with orders from the War Department. 

Eighth New York Heavy Artillery. 

This regiment (originally the One Hundred and 
Twenty-ninth Regiment New Y^ork Volunteer Infantry) 
was orgjinized at Lockport, N. Y., to serve three years, 
and mustered into the service of the United States as 



TWKNTY-ForRTII NKW YORK BAITEKY. 2«U 

siicli, August 22, 1802. It was cliaiiged to an artillery 
regiment in February, 18G3. Two additional conipanieft 
were organized for this regiment in January, 1804. The 
whole organization was raised in the counties (►!' Niagara, 
Orleans and Genesee (20th Senate District). Companies 
(t, ir, T and K were transferred t<> the Fourth New York 
Artillery, June 4, 1865. Com])anies L and M were 
transferred to the Tenth New York Volunteer Infjintry, 
and the remaim'ng six companies mustered out June 5, 
18(10, in accordance with orders tVnm the War Depart- 
ment. 

Batfh's — Spottsylvania, Tolopotomoy, Coal IFarhor, 
North Anjia, Petcrshurg, StrawlM'rry IMains, Deep Hot- 
tom, Keam'rt Station, Uoydton Koad. 

Skventkknth Nkw Youk Vin.rNiKKu Inkantuy. 

This regiment was organized at New York City; to 
serve two years. The comj)anies of which it was com- 
jMJsed were raised in the counties of New York, West- 
chester, Kockland, Wayne, Wyoming and ('henango. 
It was mustered into the service of the United States, 
May 20 to 24,1801. Mustered out June 2, 1803, by 
reason of ex})iration of term of service. The recruits en- 
listed for three years were transferred to the Tweltlli 
Uegiment New York Volunteers. 

Batths — Hanover Court House, Groveton, Fredericks- 
burg. 

TwKiHT-riRST New York Voluntker Infantry. 
This regiment was organized at Elnn'ra, N. Y., toscrvo 
two years. The several companies composing it were 



2r»2 RECORDS (»K THK 

raised in Buffalo, N. Y. It was mustered into the fier- 
vice of the United States, May 20, 18G1. Mustered out 
by reason of expiration of term of service. May 18, ISO.'J. 
Battles — Second Bull Run, South Mountain, Antie- 
tam, Fredericksburg. 

TWENIY-SKVENTII NeW YoRK VoLUNTEER InFANTRY. 

This regiment was organized at Elmira, N. Y., tc 
serve for two years. The several companies of which It 
was composed were raised in the counties of Alleghany, 
Broome, Livingston, Monroe, Orleans, Wayne and West- 
chester. It was mustered into service, ^Fay 21, 1801. 
Mustered out hy reason of expiration of term of service. 
May 21, 1863. 

Battles — Bull Run, Gaines' Mills, Seven Days' Battle, 
Second Bull Run, South Mountain, Antietam, Freder- 
icksburg, Maryc's Heights. 

THmTv-FiRST New York Volunteer Infantry. 

This regiment was raised and organized in New York 
City. It was mustered into the service of the United 
States, May 24 to June 14, 1861. Mustered out by rea- 
son of expiration of term of service, June 4, 1863. 

Batiks— BwW Run, AV^est Point, Gaines' Mills, Charles 
City Cross Roads, Malvern Hill, Crampton Gaj), Antie- 
tam, Fredericksburg, Marye's Heights. 

Thirt\'-thiui> New York Volunteer Infantry. 
This regiment was organized at Elmira, N. Y., to 
serve for two years. The companies of which it was 



nVENIT-FOURTH NEW YOKK BATTERY. 2r»3 

C()m])osed were raised in tlie counties of Liviii^i^ton, On- 
tario, Seneca, Wayne and Yates. It was mustered into 
tlie service of the United States, May 22, 1861. Mustered 
out by reason of ex})iration of term of service, June 2, 
1863. 

BattUfi — Lee's Mills, Williamsburg, Mechanicsville, 
Gaines' Mills, Sava<j^e Station, Gram])ton Gap, Antietam, 
Fredericksburg, Marye's Heiglits, Salem ll(;ights. 

Thirty-sixth New York Volunteer Infantry. 

This- regiment was organized in New York City, to 
serve two years. The companies comprising it were 
raised in the counties of New York and Erie. It was 
mustered into the service of the I'nited States, June 17 
to July 4, 1861. Mustered out, July 5, 1863, on expira- 
tion of term of service. 

Battles — Seven Pines, Malvern Hill, Marye's Heights, 
Salem Heights. 

Eighty-ninth New York Volunteer Infantry. 

This regiment was organized at Elmira, N. Y., to 
serve three years. The companies of which it was com- 
posed were raised in the counties of Broome, Chenango, 
Delaware, Livingston, Monroe and Schuyler. It was 
mustered into the service of the United States, December 
6, 1861. On the expiration of its term of service the 
original members (except veterans) were mustered out, 
and the regiment, composed of veterans and recruits, re- 
tained in service until August 3, 1865, when it was mus- 
tered out in accordance with orders from the War De- 
partment. 



2Ct4 KKcoKDs (»F imt: iamm Yionnii n. v. battery. 

liattlfs — Siiflblk,C{iiTi(lon, Soutli Mountain, Antictnm. 
Fredericksburg. 

One IlrNDHEi) and TiirRTiETii New ^'okk Volinteku 
Infantry, or NiNETEP:NTn New York Cavalry, oi: 
F'lRST New York Dragoonh. 

This regiment was organized at Portage, N. Y., tn 
serve tliree years. Tlie companies of wliicli it was com 
posed w(M'e raised in tlie counties of Wyoming, Living- 
ston and Allegliany (80th Senate District). It was mus- 
tered into tlie service of the United States, September )», 
18(52. Clianged to Nineteentli Cavalry (First Dragoons) 
August 11, 1803. 

One HrNDRED and Tiiirty-rixtti ' New York Volt'n- 

TEER Infantry. 

This regiment was organized at Portage, N. Y., to 
serve three years. The companies (jf which it was com- 
posed were raised in the counties of Alleghany, Living- 
Hton and Wyonn'ng (noth Senate District). It was mus- 
tered 'into the service of the United States, September 20, 
1802. Mustered out, Jmie 13, 1805, in accordance with 
orders from the War Department. 

Battles — Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Lookout Moun- 
tain, Chattanooga, Missionary Ilidge, Knoxville, l)uz- 
zards' Roost Gap, Kesaca, Cassville, Dallas, Gilgal 
Church, Kulp's Farm, Kenesaw Mountain, Peach Tree 
Creek, Turner's FeiTy, Atlanta, Milledgeville, Savannah, 
Charleston, Averysburg, Benton ville, Goldsboro', Ka- 
leigh. 



LiM of Volunteers from Perry and viciuUy, who enlisted in the Fedrtal 
Ann// duiinf/ the Uel^ellion, in other argmiizationn than the Twenty- 
fourth N. Y. Battery. 



\ Avers. Oscar. 

•2 AhdrpwH. Hob't F. 

'^ Axt.'Il, AbiuT. 

■I AndruH, Morritt. 



5 Beanlsloy. Edwin D. 

»> I'>iittro, ("lianncey. 

7 Hislinp, I. O. 

H Babcook. Ort*o. 

?» Bnuixhton, Arthur. 

10 I?oii"ht()n. Mvron. 

11 Bcardslcy. Afton. 
VZ Billiard. Koh'tF. 
V.\ Bootli, llarrinon. 
14 Burden, Albert. 
l.*» Burden, Adelbcrt. 

l«» C'alkinf, Mclatiah. 

IT Childn. Reuben. 

18 Cady. Geo. E. 

11» Cbapin, Abner B. 

'<0 ('hai)in, Willard J, 

21 Cronkhlte, Joel. 

22 Crocker, Emory F. 
2.J Crocker, Chas. H. 
21 Childs, Lucius. 

2.'> Dunn, John. 



27 
2H 
2!» 



French, Myron. 
Fitch, William. 
Flint, J. Ne'..'*on. 
Farden, Francis. 
Fraycr, Andrew. 



M Griffith, Willis. 
■{2 Gardner. Avery. 
W Grii'g, Wm. Jr. 



42 Kccton, Jno 
4.'J Keeney, An^on. 



4^4 Lacy. James. 



4.') Matteson. Henry. 
4»i Moliaiuiah, Wm. 
47 Mohannah, Barton. 



48 Noonen, Wra. 



49 
.'i2 



.M 



Post. ThoP. E. 
Petti bone, Levi. 
Pettes. F. W. 
POHt. (iUcius II. 
Po^t, J. Mort. 



Robinson, Jno. P. 
.Vj l{<)})inson, Zeb. C. 
5(> liobin^on, Adolpbat 



r)7 Sweet, Chas. 

.')8 Summy, David. 

Ty\) Simmons, Alpheu«. 

r»0 Simmons. Jas. B. B. 

HI Simmons, Phincas A- 

62 Senter, Lucius. 

m Salisbury, M. 8. 

M Summy, Mort. 

65 Sherman, Seymour 



66 Tallmar., Walter. 

67 Tallmau, BcnJ. H. 



:it Tlollenbcck, Wallace. 

•{.-> Hill, Wm. 

» x; Hunt, Chas. H. 

•rr Hi^'^rins. Frank. 

:IH Hunt, Geo. S. 

HO Hershcy, Andrew. 

4U Hildren. JamcB. 



68 Westbrook, Jno. 

6!» Westbrook, Geo. 

70 Westbrook, NeheroUh. 

71 Wilson, Jno. A. 
7S Williamson, Jao. 
73 Westlakc, Chan. O. 



41 JeflVe», Capt. C. 



74 Toang, U^rrj (coPd) 



PERSONAL SKETCHES. 



1. Ayekp, Oscar. — Co. II, Sevciitecntli New York. 
No furtlicr information obtained. 

2. Andrews, Rou't F. — At tlie time of tlie break in<]^ont 
of the rebellion he was in the Western States. lie en- 
listed in a Western light artillery battery and did good ser- 
vice, lie remained in the army for the full term of his 
enlistment, then returned to Perry, and remained for 
some time. Is now living in Chicago. 

3. AxTKLL, Abner. — Enlisted in New York City, No- 
vember 15th, 18^51, in the Fifth Pennsylvania Cavalry. 
Died, while in the service, at Georgetown, D. C, April 
22d, 18()2. 

4. Andrus, Merritf. — Enlisted in New York (^ity, 
in the Fourth U. S. Artillery. Mustered out at Nash- 
ville, Tenn. Married Miss Josej)hine Lacy, and is now # 
settled in Perry. 

5. Beardsley, Edwin II. — Enlisted at Warsaw, in the 
Seventeenth New York Volunteer Infantry, AVas com- 
missioned second lieutenant, August 3(>, 1862. Was 



REcOKns OF THE TWKNTY-Forin H N. Y. BArfKRY. 207 

promoted to firt^t lieutenant, October 22, 18C2. Served 
Ill's full time. Is married, and has settled in the West. 

0. ,13urrKE, CiiArNCKV. — Enlisted in the One Hundred 
and Thirtieth New York Infantiy, at Perry, N. Y., 
Aui^ust, 1862. Was mustered out in Kochcster, July 6, 
1865. Is married, and settled in the Western Spates. 

7. Bishop, I. G. — Enlisted in the First New York 
Mounted Rifles, at Perry, Au^^ust 18, 1862, but on 
account of physical inability was rejected. 

8. Babcock, Okso. — Enlisted in the One Hundred and 
Thirtieth New York Infantry. Was mustered out from 
the hospital, and now lives in Moscow, N. Y. 

9. BouGUTON, Arthur. — Enlisted in the Eifjhty-ninth 
New York Volunteers at Perry, December 16th, 1861. 
Died, while in senice, at Roanoke Island, 1862. 

10. BouonTON, Myron. — We cut the following obituary 
from the Wyoming Thnea of November 7, 1862 : 

Obituary. — Killrd at the battle of Perryville, Ky., October 8tb, 
Myron Boughton, 8<>n of Deacon J. S. Bougbton, of tbie village, aged 
39 years. 

Tbifl is the second time that Mr. Boughton has been called to 
mourn the loss of a son (within a few months) both of whom gave 
themselves as a sacrifice to their country, Mr. B. received a letter 
from Myron a short time since saying that he had enlisted, and about 
a week after another letter was receive<l, wriit«'n by stranger hands, 
announcing the death of his son as above. Deceased was a member 



268 RfX>3RD8 OF THE 

of the Twonty-first WiBconsin rcjfimont, and was miiBtored into 
Bervice tho Gtli of Se|)tenil>er. He loaves a wife and throe cluldren. 

11. Beardslky, Alton. — Enlisted in Cnin])any K, 
ScvciitccTitli New ^'ork lutuntrv V<»ln?jteers, sit W.nsiiw. 
May 20, 1S<;1. Was iinisten'd out at New York ("\\\\ 
June 2, ISG.'i. Married January 10, l!S64, and now lives 
in Perry. 

12. BuM.ART), KorkrtF. — Enlisted in the One IIundnMJ 
and Thirty-sixth New York Volunteer Infantry at (\»ru- 
8U9, An^^ust 28tli, 1802. Was mustered out at Ma<lis(Hi, 
Wis., Sei)teinher 5th, 1864. AV^as woun<led at L<K»koiit 
Mountain, Noveniher 2.3d, 186.'5. Promoted to Second 
Lieutenant, January 16th, 1868. Married, Septendx-i- 
4th, 1862, to Miss S. E. Rosenkrans. At present living 
in Perry. 

13. Booth, Harrison. — Not aide to trace i>articnlars. 

14. BiRDEN, Albert. — Enlisted in the Second New 
York Mounted Rifles, at Castile. December, 186.',. 
Mustered out at Buftalo, July, 1865. 

.15.. Burden, Adfxhert. — Enlisted in the Second New 
York Rifles, at Perry, January, 1864. Mustered out at 
BuflalOy July, 1865. Is now living in Kansas. 

16. Calkins, Melatiah — Not able to trace par- 
ticulars. 



TWKXTV-FOrKTII NKW YORK nATTKRV. 2^^»0 

17. Childs, IIkuhen. — EnliHttHl in tlie Thirtv-third 
Xew York Vohintfers, April 22(1, 18G1, at Gencsco. 
He (lied of typhoid fever, Octol)er 27tli, 1802. He died 
while on a furlough, at his own home. 

18. Camy, (teokTtK E. — KnH^;te(l in the Twenty-Beventh 
Xew York Volunteer Infantry, ^Fay, 11th, 1861, at 
Mount M<irrit?. Served out his full time. Wounded at 
Gaines llill. 

11). GuAriN, AnxKR B. — Entered the army in the 
(^uarterniMster's Department. Was with Sherman on his 
'' March to the Sea." Saw some oi' the ]>rison pens des- 
(•rihed in this book. Is now teller in the Franklin 
Bank, Cinciimati, O. 

20. CiiAi'iN, WiM.AKT) J. — Was eimtract Surge^m, on 
duty at the hospitnl at Louisville, Ghattanoo^a and 
Atlanta, and also with the And)ulanee Train of Sher- 
man's Army. Is now married and settled in Perry. 

21. CuoNKurrK, Jokl. — Enlisted in the One Hundred 
and Thirtieth New York Volunteers, at Perry, August 
11th, 18fJ2. Mustered out at Kochest(*r, July 5th, 18H5. 
Is now residing in Perry. 

22. Crocker, Emory F. — Enlisted in the First New 
Y<»rk Dragoons, at Perry, March ISth, 1804. Mustered 
out, July 1st, 1804r, at AldXandria, Va. Is now living 
in Perry. 



270 RFX^ORPS OF TOE 

23. Cr(k^kkk, Charlks II. — Enlisted in tlic First New 
York Dragoons, at Perry, Angust, JS62. Aliistered out 
at Rocliostcr, N. Y., July ()tii, 1S05. Now lives in 
Warsaw, N. Y. 

24. Guilds, Lucius. — No trace of his enlistment. 

25. Dunn, John. — Enlisted in the Ei<rhty-ninth New 
^'ork Volunteers, Perry, September, 1S61. Mustered 
out at Washington, 1). C. Served out his time in full, 
and now lives in Perry. 

20. French, Myron. — En]iste<l in the One Hundred 
and Thirty - sixth New York Infantry, at Portage, 
August, 1.S02. lie is reported as having died at Stafford 
C. II., Va., April, 1803. In our school days, French 
was an excellent scholar, and a favorite among his 
fellows. We liad lost track of him after he left the 
academy, and it was with sorrow that in searching f<»r 
these records, we, for the first time, learned that he too 
was sacrificed on this unholy altar. 

27. FrrcH, William. — No trace of his enlistment. 

28. Flint, J. Nelson, who 8j)ent his boyhoocl among 
us, will be reTncnd)ered by many of our citizens, and 
especially by those who passed their student life at Perry 
Academy during its palmiest days. He writes us, that 
be still regards Perry as his adopted home, and re(»alls 
a8 the happiest j^eriod of his life, his school day 
aesociations with Keeney, Hershey, Yeckley, Parnuni, 



TWKXTY-FOURTH NEW YORK BATTERY. 271 

Erricsoii, Deverell, Cliapin, Moore, Wolf, Iwiddell, and a 
score of others. He tinislied his ar.'ideinic studies ut 
Perry Academy in 1857. Graduated at Yale College in 
1861. Enlisted in the One Hundred and Thirtieth New 
York Volunteers (afterwards First New York Dragoons), 
at Portage, X. Y., August, 18f5^. Shared the successes 
and disasters of the Army of the Potomac, until the 
termination of the Kehellion at Appomattox Court 
House, April [\ 1865. AVas promoted successively to 
sergeant, sergeant-major, second lieutenant and first lieu- 
tenant. During the campaign of 1864, was detailed as 
aid-de-camp to Major-General Sheridan. Was l)revette<l 
both hy the Governor of New York and by the Presi- 
dent, for gallantry in the field. A short time ago, we 
had the pleasure of shaking hands with him in Elko, a 
mining town of Eastern Nevada, where he now is'. 

20. Farpkn, P^uancis. — Enlisted in the Eighth New 
York Heavy Artillery, at (^astile, December 28, 1S63. 
Arustcred out at Washington, D. C, September 26, 
1865. Now living in Iowa, 

30. Frayer, Andrew. — Enlisted in the Eighth New 
York Heavy Artillery at ('astile, December 28, 1863. 
Mustered out at Washington, D. C, September 26, 
1865. Now living in Iowa. 

31. Griffith, Willis. — Enlisted at Mt. Morris, N. 
Y., in the Twenty -seventh Now York Volunteer Infan- 
try, May 11, 1861. Died while in service, December 24, 
1862. 



272 RKCORDS OF THE 

32. Gardnkr, Avery. — Enlisted at Perry, in tlie 
Eighty-ninth New V(»rk Volunteer Infantry, September, 
1S<;1. Mustered out at \Vashin«;ton, D. C. Was 
wounded and re-enlisted. Now^ lives at Perrv. 

J^3. (iRioG, AVm., Jr. — Enlisted at Castile, X. Y., in 
the Eighth New York Volunteers, December *J8, lS<;:i. 
Mustered out at AV^ishingtun, D. C, September 2r». 
Now resides in Perry. 

34. IIoLM;Nin;('K, WAr.LACK. — Enliste<l at Perry, 1S61. 
in the Ninth New Y(»rk Cavalry. Served his full tinir, 
and we are informed, since his return to his home, died. 

35. IIn,L, William. — Enlisted at Perry, N. Y., in the 
Eighty-ninth New York Volunteer Infantry. Was dis- 
charged on account of being disabled by a wound received 
in battle. lie was marrie<l to Miss Kate II. Keeney, «»f 
Perry, and is now living in Kansas. 

36. Hunt, Cifarlks II. — Enlisted at Mt. Morris, in the 
Twenty-seventh New York Volunteer Infantry, ^hxy 11, 
18()1. Was taken prisoner eluly 21, 1S^>1. lie was soon 
after exchanged, and returned to Perry, and died at his 
father's house, July 3, 1862. He w^as not a strong man, 
and doubtless his imprisonment hastened his death. 

37. liiooiNs, Frank — Enlisted in the Eii*st New 
York Mounted Ritles. We have no further trace of 
him. 



TWRNTV-FolJKTII NEW YoKK IJATTKKY. 273 

38. Hunt, George S. — We copy the fullowing from tlic 
correspondence of the Wyoming Thus, of August 
15,1862: 

I regret tlie painful duty of unnouncinp: the death of George 8. 
Hunt, of Perry, wh»» died at Mill Creek HoHi)ital, near Fortrowi 
Monroe, on P'riday, July 25th, 1802. In the 8])ring of 1801, with 
many of the Perry boyw, (icorge acronnmnied your correnpondent to 
Camp >cott, Staten island, and following the fortunes of Captain 
Bennett's company, he returned to Elmira, where he re-enliHted in 
deeper earnest, and a few wj^eks found him asserting the authority of 
his flag on the bloody and unf<»rtunate battle-field of Hull I{un. (ieorge 
never possessed an invulnerable constitution, and tlie exposure inci- 
dent to a soldier's life, frequently manifested itself in severe attacks 
of headache, on which occasions he mourned the absence of frien<l«, 
particularly his moth«*r, to whom he was deeply attached. During^ 
the week of battles, he regretted nothing more than his inability to 
join us in the dangers of the field, and till the end he insisted in de. 
voting all liis feeble efforts to the care of our wounded. But th« 
tnalaria of the Chickahominy was in bis system, and he failed under 
the exposure and excitement of the seven days march. llarrison'H 
Landing offered little accommodation to the thousands of sick and 
wounded soldiers, but through the kindness of Captain Hall, (leorge 
was removed to more comfortable (juurters. Still desiring to be with 
his company, ho soon returned to camp, where he enjoyed the Iiospi- 
tality of VVestbrook's tent till hospital tents were ertxteil, to which 
he was immediately removed. 

But it was soon evident that he would not recover here, and he 
was removetl to receive better care, His case waa hopeless and he 
<Iied. 

I I is comrades here feel genuine sorrow at his death, and while 
they mourn the loss of a brave and faithful soldier, they have great 
<-onsolation in knowing that he who braved death at the cannon's 
mouth, did not fear to cross the threshhold of the tomb. 

30. IIkkshey, Andrew. — lie joined the East Gulf 
Sfjuadron as Assistant Surgeon, 10th of July, 18G3. 

18 



274 REfORDS OK TIIK 

Died of heart (Hschsc, at Key AVost, Fl(>ri(l;i, FebiMiarv ♦», 
1804. Was j)ronioted to Siirfjcon. As lie was one ut" 
our warmest hearted an<l jolliest eoni})anioi)S in Bcliool, 
lie liad many friends, and no enemies, diirin^j oiii seh<M»l 
(hiys. His ])0))nlarity seemed to follow him as he went 
into the world. Of strangers he soon made waiin 
friends, and the duties which his profession demanded 
from him, wc have no douht, performed with a faithful 
ness and eheerfulness that were welcome to the sick and 
suffering. 

» 

40. IIiLDRKN, James. — Enlisted in the Eighth New 

York Heavy Artillery, at Castile, December 28, ISO:^ 
Mustered out September 26, 1865, at Washington, D. C. 
Now living in Perry. 

41. Jeffres, C, Capt. — Enlisted in the Thirty-sixth 
New York Volunteers, at Perry, August, 1862. Mus- 
tered out at Washington, D. C, February, 1^6'). Is 
now living at Okolona, Wisconsin. 

42. Keeton, John. — Enlisted in the First New York 
Mounted Rifles, at Castile, August 18th, 1862. Muster- 
ed out at Richmond, Va., May 19, 1865. Is now living 
at Castile. 

43. Keenev, Anson. — Enlisted in the Eighty-ninth 
New York Volunteers, at Mt. Morris, September, 1861. 
Mustered out at Washington, D. C, and is now living 
in Perry. 



TWENTY-FOUKTH NEW YORK IIATIKKY. 275 

44. Lacy, James. — Enlisted in the First Xew York 
Mounted Rifles, at Perry, August, 1S62, and died while 
in the service. Lacy was still another of the old Perry 
Academy school mates that was swallowed up in the 
maelstrom of enthusiastic patriotism, and hefore we 
hardly knew that he had gone to the war, we heard the 
sad tidings of his death. 

45. Matteson, Henry. — Enlisted in the Eighth New 
York Heavy Artillery, at Castile, December 28, 18^13. 
]\rustered out at Washington, D. C, September 20, 
1865. Is now living in Perry. 

46. MouANNAH, William. — Enlisted in the Thirty- 
first New York Volunteers, at Perry, January 15, 1863. 
Mustered put at Hartford, Conn., January, 1.865. Now 
living at Castile, N. Y. 

47. MoTiANNAir, Barton. — Enlisted in the Thirty-first 
New York Volunteers, at Perry, January 15, 1863. 
Died while in the service. 

48. Noonen, William. — Enlisted in the One Hundred 
and Thirty-sixth New York Volunteers, at Perry, N. Y., 
August, 1862. W.ls wounded at Gettysburg, July 3, 
1863. Mustered out from hospital, and is now living at 
Perry. 

49. Post, Thomas E. — Enlisted at Auburn, N. Y., in 
the Third New York Ai-tillery, at Auburn, N. Y., in the 
early part of the war. Was stationed in New Berne at the 



27^» RKC'OHr)S OK TFIK 

time tlic Twenty-fourth Now Vork T^attery was tlicre, 
and wc tlms renewed onrl)oy]ion(l ac(|uaiiit{iiice. Served 
his full time, and wa;^ mustered out at Xew Berne, N. (\ 
Is now living in I»uti*alo. 

50. Pettibone, Levi. — Kidisted in the Ei^dity-ninth 
New York Vohinteerts, at Perry, ()c't(>]>er, ISOI. Died 
at lloanoke, N. (i, 1S(I2, wliile in serviee. 

51. Pettes, Frkd. "VV. — Enh'sted in the First New 
York Cavalry, July, 1J><>1. Was' transferred to the 
Fiftieth N<'w York En^rineers. Commissioned as second 
lieutenant in June, 1862. Was promoted to first lieu- 
tenant, and afterwards to captaim Is now living at 
Warsaw. 

52. Post, Lucirs II. — Enlisted at Wai-saw, first in the 
Seventy-fourth New York Militia (see Salisbury's Pe- 
cord). Soon after enlisted from Warsaw in the Seven- 
teenth New York. Was wounded at one of the battles 
in Va. Promoted to serii-eant, and afterwards received 
a commission as lieutenant. Ilis army eorresfjondence 
to the country newspapers was (piite interesting. Was 
married to Miss Morris, of Warsaw, and is now publish- 
ing a po]mlar newspaper in Dekalb, 111. 

53. Post, J. Mokt. — Enlisted at Rochester, July 10, 
1801, in the Third New York Cavalry. Mustered out at 
Suffolk, Va., July 12, 1805. Re-eidisted as a veteran at 
Newport News, Va., December 16, 1863. Promoted 
from sergeant to second lieutenant, June, 1804. From 



TWKNTY-Foriirn :;kw york ijaitkuv. 2«7 

second licnteniuit to lirst lieutenant and adjutant, July 
0, 1864. From first lieutenant to caj^tain, January 8, 
1805. Married to Miss Minerva Morrii^, of Warsaw, 
January 20), 18*>5. Now livin«i at Iiidependenee, Iowa. 

54. RoniNsoN, John P. — Enlisted at Portage, Aujijust 
7, 1S(;2, in the One Hundred and Thirtieth Xcw York 
Volunteer Infantry. Was iuustere<l in as eajjtain. Be- 
came an exceedingly popular officer. Was promoted to 
major in 1S<»5, and since the w^ar has received a coloners 
commission. Was mustered out July 17, 1865, at 
Rochester, N. V. In Novemher, lSt;7, was elected 
County Clerk of Wyoming County, polling a large vote 
on his war record. Was marrie<l to Miss Laura Bristol, 
of Warsaw, and is at present living at Warsaw, N. Y. 

55. RoDiNso^, Zeb. C. — Enlisted in the Third Xew York 
Cavalry, at Rochester. Zeh. Robinson and M(>rt. Post 
were then attached to a company of the Third New 
York Cavalry, wliich was fre(piently stationed at the 
same place that the Twenty-fourth New York was 
stationed. We thus kept up rpiite a social acquaintance 
until the Battery was ordered to Plymouth. We missed 
their companionshij). Robinson was promoted to a 
licutenantcy. Served his full time inactive service. The 
last we heard of him was, that he had just entered into 
a contract for life with Miss Scovill, of Rochester, N. Y. 

56. Robinson, Adolpiius. — Enlisted in the One Hun- 
dred and Thirtieth New York Volunteers, at Perry, 



278 RECORDS OF TflE 

A\ipist 11, 1802. MuPtcred out at Rocliester. N. Y., 
July 15, 1805. Is now living; at Perry, N. Y. 

57. SwKET, CiTAKLEs. — CaTiiiot ^ive particulars; but 
we are iufoniied that lie enlisted as a niusioian. On liis 
return married Miss Julia Andrus. Ca]ni(»t jrive ]\\> 
present address. 

58. SuMMY, David. — Enlisted in the Twenty-seventh 
New York Volunteer Infantry, at Mount Morris, N. Y.. 
May 11, 18G1. Served out his full time. 

59. Simmons, A LPiiEua. — Enlisted in the Eighty-ninth 
New York Volunteers, at Perry, Sc})tember 8, 1801. 
Mustered out at Washington, November 1, 1802. Was 
promoted to second lieutenant. Is now living in Perry. 

00. SrvBfONS, James B. B. — Enlisted in the First New 
York Dragoons, at Perry, 1808. Died while in service, 
at Perry, September 1, 1804. 

61. Simmons, Phineas A. — Enlisted in the One Hun- 
dred and Thirtieth New York Volunteer Infantry, at 
Perry, 1862. Died at Suffolk, Va., while in the service, 
October, 1862. 

02. Senter, Lucnrs. — Enlisted in the Eijrhtv-nintli 
New York Volunteers, at Perry, September, 1801. Die<l 
at Roanoke Island, N. C, in 1862, while in service. 

63. Salisbiry, M. S. — His first enlistment was April 
25, 1861, in Buffalo, in Company of the Seven ty-foui-th 
New York Militia. On account of no more militia re^jri- 



TWKN'n'-ForRTH NEW Y<1UK FJATrKKY. 270 

inonts ])oin«jj accepted l>y tlie Goveriiinent, he iniine- 
(liately eiiHstod and was iimstered in (\>nipany C of the 
Twenty-first Xew York Volnnteers, May 7, 1861. Mus- 
tered out at Huftalo, N. Y., May 10, 1863. 

Salisbury was the first man that enlisted from the town 
of Perry. lie was obliged t<» rrn to J^uflalo to enlist, 
since at that time there was no opportiuiity for enlistinjjj 
at Perry. We deem . such first enlistment quite an 
honor; and as we have as yet been unable to find any 
one who ranks him in date of enlistment, wo cheerfully 
accord to him that honor. 

Ed. Beardsley and Lucius Post enlisted about the same 
time fronj Warsaw. 

64. 8i MMY, MoKT. — No positive information obtained. 
Was told that he enlisted as a musician. 

65. Sherman, Seymour. — Enlisted in the Thirtieth 
New York Volunteers, at Perry, January 15, 1863. 
Died at hospital a short time after his enlistment. • 

66. Tali.man, Walter. — Enlisted in the Eip^hth New 
York Heavy Artillery, at Castile, November, 1863. 
Mustered out at Rochester, August, 1865, and is now 
living in Castile. 

67. Tallman, Benj. II. — We are informed by Captain 
C. E. Martin, of Mount Morris, that Tallman enlisted in 
the Twenty-seventh New York Volunteer Infantry, May 
11, 1861. Served his time out, and then enlisted in 
the Twenty-fourth N. Y. Cavalry. 



280 RKroKDs OF riiK twkxtv-f<u inii \. v. hattkry. 

♦►s. WK8TinuK)K, John. — Knlitstcd at (4oiicseo, N. V., 
in the One IIundnMl and Fourth New York Volunteer 
Infantry, in 1801. Was wounded while in ])attle. Mus- 
tered out at Smoketown. Is now livin<r in Perry. 

01». Wkstbimkjk, GKour;!:. — Eidisted at Genoseo, in the 
One Hundred and Fourtli New York Volunteer Infantry. 

70. Wkstbiuk)k, Nkhemiah. — Enlisted at IJnia, in the 
Twenty-seventh New York Volunteer Infantry, 1801. 
Mustered out at Elniira. 

71. AViLsoN, John A. — Enlisted in the One Iluiulred 
and Thirtieth New York Volunteers. Was discliari^ed 
soon after ids enlistment, and is now living in Cold 
Water, Mich. 

72. Williamson, Jamks. — Enlisted in the Eighth Xew 
York Heavy Artillery, at Perry, Deeeinher 28, 1803. 
Was mustered out at Uoehester, N. Y., Septemher, 18<J."), 
and is now living in Perry. 

73. Wkstlakk, CiiAKLKsG. — Enlisted in the One Hun- 
dred and Thirtieth N. Y. Volunteers, at Perry, August 
11, 1802. Mustered out at Elmira, Junfe, 1805, and is 
now living at Perry. 

74. Young, Hakuy (Colored). — Enlisted in the Thirty- 
first New York Volunteers, at Perry, January 15, 1803. 
Mustered out at Hartford, Conn., January, 1865, and is 
now living in Perry. 



APPENDIX. 



DOCUMENT N«». I. 

IJKUTP:NANT colonel U. T. CIIANDLEU'h UEPOUT of III8 INBl'EC- 
TION OF TME ANDEHsONVILLE TUISON. 

AnP/EKSon, Au^uHt 5. 1HJ4. 

I'OLONEL : Havinj;, in o\)t'd\rncv to instructifHiH of the 2Mi ultirio, 
tarcfully inHpoct«'(l tin* prison lor Frdmil prinonfTH of war and i>oHt at 
this pla<'e, I n'spcrtfuUy Huhniit the following n-port : 

Tlie Fod<'ral prisoners of war an- confined witliin a ntcM-kade fifteen 
feel hipfh, of ronjjhly hewn i»ine h>}jrs. aliout eijr]it iixlies in diameter, 
insertiMl five feet into the ground, fiic losing, ineliidinjr tlie rer<'nt ex- 
tension, an area of 540 liy HjCiOyanls. A railinjr around tho insith- of 
tlie stoekafh", and alM)ut twenty feet from it, ('onstitutes tlie "(h'ad 
lino," ])eyond whicli the prisoners are not ailh»\ved to i>aHs. and 
uhout three and a <|uarter ancs near the centre of the enclosure 
nr»' so nmrsliy as to he at i>res<nt unfit for occupation — redu<injj: the 
availahle present area to alwmt twenty three and a half acres, wliich 
•^ives somewhat h"ss tlian six K(|uan* feet to each prisoner, EvAn tlds 
is beintf constantly reduced by the additions to their nuniher. A small 
stream passing from west to t*ast through the enchmure, at alK>ut loO 
yanlsfroni its southern limit, furnishes the only water for wash in j( 
accessible to the prisoners. S^»nje regiments of the {fuard, the baki-ry 
and cook house beinj^ placed on the rising jfrounds l»orderin^' the 
stream befr»n» it enters the prison, renders the water nearly unfit for 
us«' before it w^aches the priwuiers. This is now l)«*inff remedied in 
part by the removal of the cook hous«'. Under the pressure of their 
necessitiee the prisoners have dujif numerous wells within tlie enclo- 



Z AIM-FCMMX. 

Hun-, Irniii which thry ohtuln an riii[)1«' supply of wuKt to Mrink. ••! 
^«kh1 (|imlity. Kxn-plin^ tlM- rd^rrs of tliin Ktn'Hin, the noil in hiuhIv 
and cuHily (IraiiK'd, but from thirty to fifty ynrdn on each sidrfd it tli<- 
ground Ih a iimddy iimrHh. totally unfit for occupation, and liavin^r 
\to*'n constantly used hh a sink siu'r the jirison was first »sinldi'<li« d. 
it ifl now in a nhockinj^ <'ondition, and cannot fail to hrrcd prstilrnc 
An cH'ort is l>cin^ niadi' hy ('Hptain \N ir/. (•••nmiandin^'- tin- |>rison. to 
fill U|» tin* nuirsh and construct a sluice, tin- u|>|)cr end to In- iisi-d Im 
hathintr, iVc, and th»' lower end as a siid;, hut tin* <lifhculty of pro< ui 
injfluniln'r and tools very tuucdi retards the w«»rk. and threatens soon 
to Htop it. No shelter whatever nor nuilerial tor constructin^r any 
have been i>rovided by tin* juison authorities, and the ^rrcmnd hein;_' 
iMitindy hare of trees, none is within leach of the prisoners, nor has it 
been iK)ssihle, from the overcrowded state of the ench»sure, to arranji:e 
the cain|» with any syBteni. Each man has been ]iermitted t<» jtrotect 
himself as best he can, stretch in jr his blanket, or whatever he may 
have, above him on sucli sticks as he can ])r()cure, thatch«-s of pine or 
whatever hiH ingenuity may Bu^fjront and his ch-vernegs 8»Ji»ply. U1 
c»tlier slielter tln're is and has been none. The whole number of pris- 
oners is divided into messes of 270 and subdivisions of J»0 men, each 
under a Berjreant of their own number and selection, and but one ('(»n 
federate Stat«'s oflicer. Captain Wir/. is assijrned to the supervision and 
control of the whole. In conseipience <»f this fact, and the absence of 
all regularity in the prison jrnmnds, and there bein^ no barracks or 
tents, there are and can Ix' no regulations established for the p(dice 
consideration of the liealth, comfort and sanitary condition of thos'- 
witliin the enchwure. an<l none are practi<able under exist inir cinum 
Mtances. In evidence of their condition, I wouhl cit«' the fa<ts that num 
bora li*ve lM>en munh'red by thrir cmnrades, ami that recently, in 
their desperate etlbrts to provide for theirown safety, a court (trjran 
ized amon^ theme-'lves by authority of (General W inder, comHiandin^r 
the post, jfrante<l f.n their own application, has tried a larj^e number 
of their fellow priKoners, and sentence<l six to be huu^. which sen 
tonce was duly exi-cuted by themselves witliin the stockade, with the 
sanction of the i)oet conimand'T. His order in the case has been for 
warded by him to the War D« partment. There is no nuHlical attend 
anco provided within the stm-kade. Small <iuantiti«'s of medicines are 
placed in the hands of certain prisoners of each s<iuad or division, and 



AI'I'I.MHN. .'< 

tin- Hick ar»'. directed to In- brtmjrht out by s»'rjx«'i>ntM «»f stpiadK daily 
at "pick call," to thr iiu'dical olIictTH who Htt<>nd at thr ^atc. Tlir 
rntwd at tlirsc tiiueniB Hogn*at that only tlH'strnnjriHt can jjrt n<crsH 
To tlH'dfKtorH, tljc weaker on«'H l)rin^unal^)l«' to force thrir way tlirou^h 
the j)reHM ; and the hospital ac(<»unnodationH are ho limited, that 
thou^li tlie bedn (so call»Mi) have all or nearly all two o(cn})antH each, 
larjje nuniberfl who would otlierwise l»e received are necennarily nent 
l)uck to the Htf)ckad»'. Many — twenty yesterday — are cart<'d out 
daily, who hav«' died from unknown canwH. ami whom tlie medical 
oilicern have never seen. The dead are hauled out <laily by the wn^on 
load, and buried w ithout cotlins. their han<ls in many instances bein^ 
lirst mutilated with an axe in tlie removal of any (injrtr rin^r>* they 
may have. The sanitary condition nf the prisonerH is as wret«h«'d aH 
can be, the iirincijtal caiines of mortality bein^ srurvy and chronic 
diarrhcea, tlie percintajje of the Ibrnier bein^ diH|»ro|K>rtionately lar;xe 
am<in<; tliose "/rou<j;lit from Belle Isle. Nothinjx neems fo have been 
done, and but little if any efForl made to arrest it by ]»rorurin^ proper 
f«M»d. The ration is one third of a pound of baeon, and a poun«l and a 
quarter of unbolt« d ((trn meal, with fresh beef at rare intervals, an<t 
oecasionally riceT When t<»be r)btainetl -very seldom— a small <|uantity 
of molasses is substituted for the meat ration. A little weak viiu'^ar, • 
unfit for use has BometimeH been issued, Tlie arrangements for eook- 
iit^r »nd baking have been wh«»l!y inade(|uate. an<l thoujfh additions 
are now bein^ completed, it will still be impossible to cook f(»r the 
whole numlx^r of prisoners. Kaw rations have to he issued to a very 
lar^re proportion, wlio are entirely unprovided with proper utensilH, 
and furnislied so limited a supply of fuel they are comjH'lled to «lijr 
with their hands in the filthy marsh before mentioned for nH>ts, &:r. No 
Miap or clothinjT has ever been issu«'d. After in«|uirinjr, I am confident 
that by sli^rht exertions jjreen corn an<l other antiscorlmtics could 
readily be obtained. I herewith hand tw«» reprtrts of Chief Sur^feon 
White, to whieh I would respectfully call your attention. The pres- 
ent hospital arranjrement-* were only inten<le<l for the accommodation 
of tlie sick of 10,0(K) men. and are totally insutlicient, lM>th in charac- 
ter an<l extent, for the presi'iit needs, the number of priwmers In-inj^ 
now more than three times as j^reat. the numlM'r of cast's re<|uirin(( 
medical treatment is in an increas«'d ratio. It is im|MiHsible to state thi* 
nuinl>er of sick, many (lyin^ within the stm'kade whom the mtHlical 



4 AI'I'ENDIX. 

oHUmth nevfT »e«'(>r ln-Jir of until tln'ir rcTuninHHrr hrou^ht out for in 
trrinrnt. ThorHtc of dciitli Iihh l)f«'n Htt-iulily incriMiHrd from J{74 10 |h r 
niil. (lurinpr the inontli of Mnrcli lawt, to 02 7-10 per mil. in July. Ot 
thf m«'(liciil oMic'TH, hut t«Mi lioM commlHHionH ; lu'urly all nf the otlurn 
an- df'tiiilcd from lln' militia, and liav«' arcrpti'd the poHitiou to av«>iil 
Horvlnif in the rankd, and will rclin«|uiKli th»'ir contractH jih mwin a- 
tlu' ]>reH«'nt i-tiMT^'i'nry is ]»nHH«(| and the militia in dinbandrd. liin 
little injury would n-sult from tliiw, ho\vev«r, an tlu-y arr ^mtrally 
very inrtlicient. Not residing at tin- i)OHt. «inly vinitin^ it oner a <iay 
at sick call, tlwy hrntow Init liith- attention to tlioMc undrr tlieir can-. 
The small pox liospit.il is under tin- char^re of Dr. K. Slitppard, F. A. 
('. S. More than luilf the cases in it havr t«'rminatfd fatally. 'I'lu' 
nianap:<'Tuent and police of tlie irmrral hospital (grounds seem to he as 
jj<mk! as the limited means will allow, hut there is pnssinjr necessity 
for at least three times the numher of ten's and aimount ot heddin;^ 
now on hand. The supply of medicines is w holly inade(juate, and 
friMpiently there is none, owinjrto the ^n-at delays experienced in (ill 
in^ the requisitions. 

In ("oncluslon, I bej; h-uve to reconinienii that no more prisoners he 
rt<'nt to this already overcrowded priaon, and that at tfie two additiomil 
• localities selecte<l hyUeneral Winder under instructions from (lenernl 
Brajf^, tlie one near Millen, (leorifia, the other some point in Alalmnm 
Houth of Cahawha, arranjjementB he at once made for the excess f>ver 
15,000 at tliia post, and such otln'rs as may he captured. Since my in- 
8|M'Ction was nnule, over 1,3(M) prisoners have been adih-il to the num 
b<»r specified in the rejMirts herewith. Witli a view of relievinir t" 
some extent this |K»int ass«M»n as possible, I respectfully su^j^est that 
2,000 of those who moat nei-il the chancre, esi>ecially the Belle Isje 
prisoners, la' at once sent t(» Macon, to occupy the »|uarters vacated hy 
the Federal officers, that heinjr thej^reatest numher that can be prop 
erly accommodated with shelter at that )x>int. 

I am, Colonel, jour obedient s(>rvant, 

I). T. Chandler, 
Assiatant Adjutant and Insi^'ctor <»eneral. 
Colonel R. H. Chilton, 

Assist'nt Adjutant and Inspector General. 



API'ENDIX. 5 

DOCUMENT No. 2. 

aumiKON IKATAII WIIFTK'H UKI'OUT to COhONKf. niANDLKK. 

CniKF SnuJKONb Okfk'e. Augusts, 1804. 

Colonel : I Imve tlio l»onor toHubmit tin* followinfif re|M»rt of the 
fnnitnry roiidition of tin* ( '»)Hf«'(l«THtP Statt-s inilitRry prlHon : 

Tlie nuiiib«'r of nick on morning rH|M>rt is one thounnnd tlm-e hun- 
drt'd and five (1,:{05) in hoHpital. and fivo tliouwand and ten (5,010) in 
jjunrterH. 

i'lie total nunibtT of dratlia from tlie orj^anir.ation of the ])ri8on 
(February 24. lSfl4) ui>todate, ig 4,5H.'). 

The followinjf table exhibits the ratio per one thousand (1.000) of 
tnean streny^th during the different njenths: 



Meiifh. 



March 
April 
May . . 

.llMIO. 

■Jiilv .. 




Ratio mr l.flOO 
of Menu 
Strcii'Mh. 



.37.4 

47.2 

M.H7 
•W.7 



Owin^ to insutli<^ent hospital acroniniodation, many are treated in 
<|uarters who should be in hospital. The ]»reHent rajiaeity of the hos- 
pital is for 1.400 sick. The hosjdtal Issituated in an oak jf rove, afford in jf 
jro«Ml shade. Through the hospital passes a stream, furnishln^ran am- 
ple supply of water for cleanlineHS ; drinking water is obtained, of 
tjood (juality, from wells and sprin^rs on the banks of the stream. 

The tents are insutKcient in number, and not of proin-r size for tlio 
treatment of sick : mf)st of tliem an* the small fly tent antl tent flies. 
There shr»uhl be at least two )iun<lre«l hospital or five iMindnnl wall 
tents to pro|>erly acromnifHlate tlie sick. It has b«'en im|>osaibIe up to 
this time to obtain struw f«)r iM'ddin^r. this not bninjr a jrrain-^rowinjf 
•listrict ; small crops of wheat have been jjrown this year, and efforts 
are bein^ ma<le to collect a sufficient quantity as soon as th« present 
croj) Is thrashed ; but there is alack of tranf'i>ortation at the |K)st, and 
farmers are unwillinfir to hire their own teams for the pur|)Ose. The 
attendants are paroled prisoners, who, as a rule, are faithful to the per- 



Ci 



AriM.MtlX. 



(••niiaiKM' m| fliijr iliity. Iniiijj Mi-tiiHtnl Ity tin- ini|iroviiiM'nt <»f tli'ii 
own r(Mi<litioii oti rriii(»v-iil Irotii tin- stockade, ami a fiar of ii n'tnrii il 
iit'irlit"nt in tin- itcrforinanrc of duty, apart Irom a »l»-<in' to H.rvf 
tlirir own Hirk roinra«l«'H. Tlie Mniiil»<r of mcdiral otiirrrs. until tli'- 
nrent ch'! of militia by tlir (iovcnior of (icor^rja, wan utttrlv inad.- 
•piatc ; wince tha time a nimdM-r of piiyHicianw liavt- Ix-m fmjdoy.d 
by rontrart. and otlit IS have Im en detailed by t lie (ioveinor to serv e 
in the medical department Tliese have been recently assi^rned, and 
It \h iin|M»ssible to decide on tln'ir prnficii-ncy. Tlie other medical o)li. 
n-rs. with u few exceptions, are capable and attentive. The physicians 
who have been recently enii»loyed will no «loubt cancel their c»»ntracts 
aH soon an the militia is disbanded, and the services of the detaih-.i 
physicians will also be l(»st. With this view I would su^rk'^est that a 
Hidlicient number of competent medical oMicers be assi^rned. 

'Hwrv in a di-ficiency of medical supplieH isstiod by the m.ilical j.wr 
veyor. Supplies of medicines Inivc occasionally b< en entirely e\ 
hausted, and we have been left several days at a time without anv 
whatever. This has arisen troni the delay experienced in sendin^r 
re<juisitir)ns to medical director at Atlanta for ajtproval. 

The hospital ration is commuted as for other ;;eneral hospitals, and 
HupprHs for tin' subsistence an<l comfort of sick are purchased with 
hospital fund. Heretofore we iuiv«' been able to sui)ply sick with 
ve|retables: but durin^f the entir • month of .lulyfhe commissary has 
iM'en with»)ut funds, and dlHiculty has been experiencefl in purchasinj.'^ 
on time. 

The ration issued to the prisoners is the same as that issue<l to the 
Confederate .soldiers in the fiidd. viz.: <»ne third of a inuind of ])ork. 
an<l a pound and a tjuarter of meal, with an occasional issue of beans. 
ric«', an<l molasses. 

Tim meal is issiuvl unbo]te<l, and when baked is coarse and un 
wholesome. 

Amontrst tlie old prisoners, scurvy prevails to a ^'reat extent, w hich 
is UBiially accompanied by diwases of tlie digestive organs. This, in 
connection witli the mental depressicm i>ro<luced by lon^r im])ri.son 
ment, is the chief cause of mortality. Tlu-re is nothin^r in the topo^ra 
phy of the country that can !>♦• said to influence the health tf the 
prison. 

The land is hif^h and well dmintMl, the soil li^ht and sandy, with 



APrKNDIX. 7 

DO iimrslu'M or otiier source of iimliirin in tin* vicinity, except tlie Hniall 
stream uifliin tlie niockailc Tl»e (U-nsely crow<l«Ml condition of tlie 
prisoners, with the innunierahle little shelters irregularly nrran^jed. 
precludes the enforcement of proper jMdice, and prevents free circula- 
tion of air. 

The lack of barrack accommodation «'Xi>ose8 the men to the lieat of 
the sun during the day and to the dew at night, and is a prolific source 
of disease. 

The margins of the stream passing through the stockade are low 
and boggy, and having bren recently drained, have exposed a large 
surfacr covered with vrgctable mould to the rays of the sun, a condi- 
tion favorable to th«' development of malarious diseases. It is the de- 
sign of th" commandant of the prison t«) cover the surface with dry 
sand, but the work has been unavoidaldy retarded. 

The absence of proper sinks (and the filthy habits of the men) have 
caused a (h'posit of fecal matter over alnu»st the entire surface of tliis 
b«>ttom land. 

The ])oint of exit of the stream through the walls of the stockade ia 
not suiHciently bohl to permit a free passage of ordure. 

When the stream is swollen by rains the lower fMirtion of this Imt- 
Umi land is overthmed by a solution of excn'mcnt, which, subsiding, 
and tlie surface exi>osed to the sun, protluces a horrible stencil. 

Captain Wirz, tiff' commandant of tlu* prison, has doubtless ex- 
jdained to you thedifliculties which have prevented thes«», with other 
projectetl improvements, in the way of bathing and other arrange- 
ments for cleanliness. 

Iie8|X'ctfully submitttni : 

Ihatah H. Wiiftk, 

Chief SSnrgeon Post. 
Ccdonel ClfANDLKH. 



DOCUMENT No. 3. 

FROM THE TESTIMONY OF FATHKK HAMILTON. 

Th% priests who went there after me, while a<}rainiHtering the sacra- 
ment to the dying, had to use an umbrella, the heat was so intense. 
Some of them broke down in cons»"<|uence of tlieir imrvices there. In 



S MM'KNIUX. 

tin- inonfli nl AiiiTiiHt. I tliinU. «<• liml llinr prHstM th.-rr cunHtiii>tl> 
U •• liud H ]tr'nHt troiii Moliilr. who Mjx.kc time «tr four hintrunvfts. in 
RHmiirli us yon cmild find rwry nntionality inside tin' storkad*'. Hiid 
two from Siiviiimiili. mmI wr liad on*- from Au^niHtn at anothrr tim« . 

Om'ofthf jirirMtM from SftVHniiah cnmc to Mnron. whrre I n-sidf, < om 
|)l«'t«'ly ]»ri»KtrHtrd. and v im nick nt my liousf for srvrral days. 

Ah I said iHfon'. wliru I wi-iit then-, I wan kejtt ho busily rii^rH^'<<i 
in ^ivin^ tin* sarramrnt to tlu* dyin^' u,on, that I rouhl D«tt ohs«r\ •• 
miicli ; hut ol roursr I couhl not keep my »;y«'s closed aw to what I 
saw tlu'p'. I saw a jrnat juany mm jMrfcctly nuked, walkinjx ahont 
throu^rli tin- HtfM-kade jM-rfectly nude; they Hr-emed to have h)st all 
re^rard for (hlicacy. s)uime. morality or anytliini; else. I would fr«' 
«|uently have t«» creep on my hands and knees into the holes that tie- 
men had hnrrowed in thi» jjround and streUdi myself out alonjrHide of 
them to hear their confessions. I found them almost livinjriu vermiji 
in those holes ; they could n«»t Im- in any other condition than a filthy 
one, because they ;rot no soa)» and no <-han^r'' *>! elothiuir. imd win- 
there all huddled up to^fetlier. 

I never at any time cf)untp«l tin* number of dea<l bodies bein^ takt n 
<tut of the stockade in tho morninjr. I have never se«'n any dead car 
ric^l «>utof the stockade. I luive seen dead brjdies in the hospital in 
the mornintr- In the case of the man in tlie hospital of whom I was 
spiMikin^ a wliile a;fo. after I had heard his confession, and be 
fore i iriive hitu the last rites «)f the cliurch sacrament in "extreme 
unction." as we call it, I saw them placin^Mhe niy^ht guards in the 
lioHpital. and kne-v tluit I would not be able to jjet out nfter that. I 
told him that 1 would return in the morning' and ^rive hiui the other 
rites of the church, if lu' still lived. I was in there early the ii<\t 
morning, and in jroinp: «lown one of the avenues I counted from forty 
to pixty dead IxMlies of tliose who had <lied <lurin^ the nijrlit in the 

' liOHpital. I had never seen any dead b«Hlies in tlx' stinkade. I have 
seen a iwreon in tlie hospital in a nude con<lition, perAttly naked. 
They w<'re not only covere*! with the ordinary vermin, but with ma^- 
jfots. They ha<nnvoluntary evacuations, and there were no jhtsous 
to look after tliem. The nurses did not seem to pay any attention 
whatever, and in consequence of l)einjf allowed to lie in their own 
filth for some hours, vermin of every description had jfot on them, 
which tln-y were unable to keep off them. This was in the latter pait 



AIM'KNIUX. 9 

"f May, ! n«'vrr notic«vl in tin- Hfor-kiulr tin- im-n (li^rtrinj? in tlic 
•rround, and stantlinjr in tin- sand to j)rot«'rt tluniwlvcH from tlir sun. 
I did not 8o(» any instanr*' of tliat kind. I luiv«' noon tluMM makinjr 
little ]>larps from a foot to a foot and a luilf drcp, juid Htrrtching thei-r 
blankets ri^ht ovrr tlu'm. I lmv»' <rawl«(l into hucIi places fn'<|iu'ntly 
to hear the confrsniouH of tho <iyinjr, Tlu-y would hold from one to 
two ; Hometinn's a ]»rinon«'r would Hhan* his blanket ivith another, and 
allow liim to jret under shelter. 



DOCITMENT No. 4. 

RErORT OK SI IKU'.ON .lONKS. C. S. A. 

The Confederate military j>riH<»nat An<lerscmville, (ieorjjia. consiHts 
of a 8tronj.r Htockadi'. twenty feet in hei^'ht, enrlosinir twenty-seven 
acres. The stockade is formed of stronjr pine lo^js, (irmly planted in 
the ground. Tlu; main sto<kad<' is surr«>unded by two other similar 
rowsof ])ine Iojxh. the middle stockade beinjr sixteen feet hitrh. and 
the outer twelve feet. These anv intendcMl for f»Hence and defence. 
If the inner stockade should at any time be forced by the prisoners, 
the second forms another line of defence ; while in case of an attempt 
to deliver the ])risoners by a force oj)eratin;f upon the exterior, the 
outer line forms an admirable juotection to the ('onfed«»rate troops, 
and a most formidabh^ ol)sta(le to cavalry or inlantry. The fouran^rlcni 
of th<' outer line are strenjjthencMl by earthworks upon conmiandin^ 
emitiences, from which the cannon, in case of an outbreak amon^ the 
]>risoners, may sweep the entire enclosure; and it was desi^ne<l to 
Cimnect these works by a line of ritle pits, runnin;r zi^/a^ around the 
outer stockade; tliose ritle pits have never been completed. The 
^rround enclosed by the innermost stockade lies in the form of a paral- 
lelogram, th(( larjxer diamet<'r runnini;]: almost due north and south. 

The stockad*' was built originally to accommixlate only 10.000 pris- 
oners, and include<l at first Wiventeen acn-s. Near the close of tlie 
montli of June, the area was enlar^e<l by the addition of ten acres. 
The jrround add<*d was situattnl on the nortliem 8loi>e of the larj^eHt 
hill. 



10 



AI'I'I-MUX. 



\N'itliir) til*' cirnniiHcrilu'd nn-ji of flu- Htockiidr. tin' F«M|rr«il ]>ris<)n 
• TM \v«Tr «-oin|.(ll((l to |M rlorin jill tin- oflicrK of lilc — rookiiijr. wnnliinj:. 
urinatinvr. <l<'f*«'cntlon. rxfnisc ;\n<I slrrpinjr. Diirin/z tli«' innntli of 
Mnnli tlirjtriHun was Irss rr<»v.<lr<i than ut any Kul)s«'«|u<nt tiin»'. and 
thrn tin- avfrajfc space of ♦ground tf) «'aili prisoner was oidy IJH.7 U'*\. 
or Irsp timn H»'v«'n Kt|uan' yards. 'I'ln* Fcd«'ral ])risonrrs wen* jrattli 
fr<'d troju all parts of tin' ConlVdrrat' Stat«'s rnst of tlic Mississippi, 
imd crowdrd into tlir oonfiiuMl spare, until in tin- montli of June tlr* 
aviTaire nuinlxT of s«|unre feet of j.rronnd to each prisoner waH only 
JJI5.2, or less than four s»|uare yards. These figures represent the eon- 
dition of the stockade in a iM-tter li;:ht fven than it really was ; f(»r a 
considerable l»rea<ith of land alonjr the stream, tlowinjr from west t<> 
i-ast. between the hills, was low and hoj^rjry, and wn^ coven'*! with tin- 
excrement of the men, and thus rendered wholly uniidiahilahle. and. 
in fjict. useless f«)r evi ry ptirp«<se except that of defecation. The pines 
and other small tre«'s and shrulis, which orijrinally were scat 
tered sparsely f)ver these hills, were in a shf)rt time cut down and con- 
Runu'd i»y the prison'-rs for firewood, and no sjia<le tree was left In the 
entire enclosure of the stockade. With thrir characteristic industry 
Rn«l injjenuity. the Federals constructed lor themselves small hutsanti 
caves, and attempted to shield themselves from the ruin and sun and 
ni^jht dam]>s and dew. Hut ft>w tents were distrihutfd to the ]iris 
oners, and those were in most cases t(»rn and rotten. 

TIIK IfOSI'ITAL. 

The ♦•ntire grounds are surrounded l»y a frail board fence. an<l are 
strictly ^Xmirded by Confederate soMiers, and no prisoner except the 
parohfl attendants m allowed to leave the j^rounds t-xcept l»y a special 
|N'rmit from the coTuman<lant of the interior of the ]>rison. 

The ])atients an<l attendants, near two thousaixl in number, an' 
crowded into this confin«'d sj)ace and are !)ut |MK)rly supplied with old 
and ra^jr«'d tentH. Lar^e numbers ( f them were without any bunks 
in the tent8, and lay ujx^n the pround, oftentimes without even a 
blankft. No b«>d8 or ntraw a]>i>ean'<l to liave been furnished. The 
tentB extend to within a few yards of the small stream, the east<'rn 
portion of which, as we have before said, is us»*d as a privy and is 
loadiMl witli excrements ; and I observed a lar^e pile of corn bread. 
lN>ni>8 and filth of all kinds, tldrtv fret in diameter an<l several feet in 



AIM'EMUX. 11 

lirijrlit, swaniiinir with iii\ rijulH of H'h-h. in n vjiranl spiKc nrur tin- 
pots ns«'<) lor ro; kinjr. Millionn of (lirn swnnnrd over «'vrrytliinj;nn(l 
covered tli<' far<'s of tin* Hl<'«'pin;i' putimtH, and crawlrd <lown tlicir 
o|M'n nioutlis, and d«'posit«'d tlu'ir nia<r;jr"lf< in the ^a:i;fr«'nouK wounds 
of tlie living and in tin* mouths of tlie dead. MoH(|nitos in ^rent 
numbers also infested tiie tents, and many of the jiatients were ho 
stun»r l>y these pestiferous inserts, that they regemble*! those sut!'erinff 
with a slight attack of tlie measles. 

Tlie manner of disposinjj of the dead was also calculated to depress 
the alrea<ly <lespondinjr spirits of these men. many of wiiom have 
been confined for months, and even for near two years in iiichmond 
and other ])lares, and whose strenjrth has been wasted by bad air, bad 
food, and ne;xle('t of personal cleaidiness. The dead house is merely 
a frame covi'red with old tent <loth and a few bushes, situated in tin* 
soutliwestern corner of the hospital ^rnuinds. W hen a i>atient dies 
he issimjtly laid in the narrow street in front of his tent, until he i|^ 
removed by Federal nej;roes detaile<l to carry off* the dejul ; if a pa- 
tient di<'s during the ni;rht, lie lies there tintll the mornin^j. and dur- 
injx the «lay, even, the dead were fretpiently allowed to remain for 
lu>ur8 in these walks. In the dead liouse the corpses li<' up<»n tlie 
bare ^nuind, and were in most cases <overed with filth ami vermin. 

There ap])eared to in? almost abniolute indifference and neglect on 
the part of tlio patientn of i)erHonal cleanliness; their i)ersonH and 
cb)thin^ in most instance's, and esj)eclally of those suHerin^^ with jfan- 
jrrene and scorbutic ulcers, were liltliy in the extreme and covenni 
with vennin. It was too often the caw; that patients were received 
from tlie stockade in a most tleplorabb; condition. I liave seen men 
broujfht in from the stockade in a dyin^ condition, bej^rimed fn>ni 
head to foot with their own ♦•xcrements, and so black from smoke and 
tiltli that they re8<nnbled nej^nx's rather tlian white men. That tliis 
d<scription of the stockade an<l hospital lias not Iwen overdrawn, will 
appear from tlie rejiorts of the surjjj'ons In cliar^e, apiM>nded to this 
re]H>rt. 



12 AII'KNhlX. 

DOCl^MKXT \.». 5. 

DK. rKJ.O'l's HKI'OUr. 

Kii{>«i Division. C. S. M. PJ 
Ho^imtai.. S.ptenilMT T). lyni. ^ 

SlU : Ah oiru'cr <>f iIm- dny tnr tin- |i!iHt twmty four liuurH. I liavr in 
Hp«*rttM| tin' ln)H|»ital nn<l found it in as ^n.imI ron«litii>n nn tin- njitun- «>| 
tlir circnniHt»Ji«Ts will nll(»\v. A iniijority of tli«' imnkM iin* Ptill un 
Hupjtlifd with Itt'ddinjr, wliili' inn |K)rtion of tin- division tl'i- tt*nts arr 
rntircly drstitutf of citlirr Ininkp. bcddinjjf or straw, tin' jmtirntH Ix-intr 
coinprllrd to li« upon tin- Itan* ^rround. I would •■nrn«stly cnll atttn 
lion to tin- artirlo of di«'t. TIh' com bi'-ad rt <•< ivfd from tlir hakrry 
b«'in^ niadr up without siftinjr, in wholly unfit for tin* use of tlir nick . 
and otttn (in thr hint twrnty four hours) upon «xaniination tin iiin»r 
|M»rtion is found to In* prrfrrtly raw. Tin- ni< at (Itccf) ncrivrd l»y tin- 
patients d<M'H not amount to over two ouncrs a day, and for th«' jia^t 
thr«'<» or foiir days no flour has ixm issurd. Thr rorn hrrad cannot 
Im' «'atrn by many, for to do so would be to incn-asc the discasrsof tin' 
bowi'ls. from which a larjr*' majority an- sufl'crinjr, and it is thcrrforf 
thrown away. All thrir rati«)ns rcc«'iv«-d by way of sustcnnncr in two 
ounces of boiled beef and half pint of rice soup ]K'r day. Under thene 
circumstancep. all the pkill that can be broujrht to bear ui>on their 
cases by the medical olHcor will avail nothin<,^ Another point to 
which I feel it my duty to call your attention, is tin- deficiency of me«l- 
icines. Wo liave but little more than indi;r«'nou8 barks and roots 
with which to treat the ntiim'r lus fonns of disease to which our atten 
tion is daily called. For the tn-atment of wounds, ulcers. &c.. we have 
literally nothinjr except water. 

Our wards — some of them — were fille<l with ^an^rrene. and we are 
compi'Ued to fold our arms and look quietly upon its ravn^res. not even 
baviu^r stimulantH to KupjM)rt the ByBtein under its depiespin^ inHu 
enc*"*!, this artich* beinjr so limite<l in pujtply that it can only 1k' is8>ie<l 
for cases under the knife. I would resjM'ctlully call your earnest at 
tention to the al)Ove factp, in the hope that something may Ix' done to 
alleviate the sufferinjfP of the pick. 

I am, sir, very rePi)ectfully, your ol>edient pervant, 

J. Crewp Peu)T, 
Apsiptant SuTjreon C S. and Ollicerof the Day. 



AIM'ENDIX. 13 

DOCUMENT No. 6. 

CONSOLIDATED UKTUKN FOK CONFEDEUATE STATKS MILITAIlT rUISON, 

CAMP SUMTKU, ANDEHSONVII.LK. fiKOROIA, KOU TIIK 

MONTH OF AUOUHT, I8tt4. 

PriHornTH on hand Ist of Au^rust, 1804: 

I II rami) - 2!).!»8."» 

In hospital 1 .<;U3 



K«'cdv<Mi from various ijlao's diirinsf Au^rust :{,()78 

R«'CJi|)tur<'(i 4 :5,()83 

('arri»'(i out :J4,7(JO 

I)i<*d durinjj; tlu^ montli of Aujrust 2,}M»:i 

S»*nt to otli«'r parts Si 

Exchan^jTed 21 

EsciiptMl :{0 :{.(M»7 :i,(MJl 

Total <iu liand , :n.()'j:j 



:n,«78 



Of which th«'n* ar»* on the :Jlst <»f August — 

In camp 2!).47J{ 

In hospital 2,220 



:n.G(>;{ 



DOCrMKXT No. 7. 

DK. llOrKI.Vs' KFJ'OltT. 

AXDERSO.NVII.r^K. (iEOKOIA, Au^HlHt 1, 18(M. 

i^ENKRAi.: In ol»e(iifncH t(» your rudrr of July 28, nH|uirin>f uh to 
make n careful exaniinjition of tlic Krdrrnl prison and hospital at this 
l>lac<', and to as<'<'rtnin and rr|»<)rt to y(Mi thi- raustMtf dis«>Hm> and mor- 
tality amonir the i)risoners. and tin' means necissary to prevent the 
same.tthia has been complied with, and we respectfully Hubniit the 
fbllowinsr : 

CAUSE OF DISEASE AND MOUTAMTY. 

1. The large numlx^r of prisoners crowd***! tojfether. 

2. The entire absence of all veffetables as diet, so necessary as a 
preventive of scurvy. 



14 



M'l'l NKIX. 



II. Tin* wniit of Imrrurks ti» Hlirltrr tin- priKoniTH fruin hmu ainl rain 

4. Tlic inH<l<'<|iintc Hujiiily «»f \v«mm1 hikI ^»mmI water. 

5. Madly cof>kc(| food. 

(J. TIm' liltliy coiiditlMn of |iris<infrs and prison ^;<-urralIy. 

7. Tlif iMorlHlic riiiiMiiitioiis from tlw hrancli ftr ravijic |ins"^inM- 
thron^li tin- prinon, tin* rouditiou of wliicli «amiot !»•• iHttcr <'\plaiiii«l 
tlian Ity iianiin^r it a inorasw of huiiiaii rxcri'nirnt and mud. 

rui:\ K\Ti\ K Mi;\si itKs. 

1. TIic rrnioval iimneiliatrly from tin- prison of not less than 10,<m»u 
l)risf)n«'rM. 

2. Drtail on parolo a Huflicifnt numlicr of prisnncrs to «Miltivat<' tin- 
niTCHNftry supply of vr^rtaldcs. and until this can 1m' carried into 
practical op«nilion, tin- appointnp-nt of ajfcnts alon</ tin- dilli'pMi 
lint'M of railroads to purchase and forward n supply. 

;{. The immediate erection of barracks to shelter the prisoners. 

4. 'I'o furnish the n«'cessary (numtity f)f wood, and have wells du;; 
to supply the deficiency of water. 

5. Divide the jtrisoners into wpuuls. phue earh squad uiulcr the 
charyre of a scr^fJint. furnish th« necessary <|uantity of sf>ap, and 
hold these wr^reants responsiWl^ for the personal cleanliness of bis 
wpiad ; furnish the prisonerB with clothinjr at the expense of tlie('«m- 
federate ^overnnn-nt, and if that i^overnment l>e unahle to do so. i-an 
<ii(ily admit our inal»ility and call upon the Feileral jfovi'rnnient to 
furnish them. 

H. By a daily inspection of Imkehouse an<l hakin^'. 

7. Cover over with sand from tlie hillsides the «'ntire "morass" not 
h'88 tlian six inches dfe]i, l>oard the stream or wat'rcounM', and con 
fine the men to the use of the sinks, and make the i»enalty for disoln-. 
dience of such orders si Vi rt . 

poll TIIK 1H)SI'ITM.. 

We recommend — 

1st. The tents l>e floored with plnn!.s ; if plnnk cannot U* had, with 
j>unch»'ons ; and if this Ik* in\|»ossil>! •, tlien with fine straw, to l>e fre 
(juently chanjrt'<l. 

2d. We find an inad<<<|uate sup.dy of Htind Ixixes. and nt-ommend 
that the number l>e increaseil, and that tlie nurses Ih' n'quireil to r»' 



AI'I'KNIUX. lo 

move tliftii as KO(»n as upM, and liefon; n'turniii^ tlu'iii w«i tlmt tlu*y 
ar«< wrll waslif'd and linu-d. 

IM. The di»'t for tlif nirk iH not HtirU hk tlu'y nliould liave, and wv 
rrcommend that they Im' supidird with tli<* n«'n'H!<;iry «|uantity of Iwof 
HOW]} with vr'^ctahh'S. 

4th. \N'«* also rcooniiiM'iul that th<' Murj^i'ons Im* r<'<|nirfd to visit th«' 
hospitals not It'ss than twic«' a day. 

\y*' cannot too stronjily reroninicnd the? n«'«rssify for tin* appoint- 
nirnt of un «'in<-ifnt nirdiral oHi mt to tlic rxrlusivr duty of insp^Ttinj; 
(hiily th<']»ri8on honpital and hakery, rrijuirinjir of him daily n;iK)rtHof 
their fonditif)n to lieaihiuarters. 

We liave the lionor to remain, general, very res|»eclfully, 

T. S. HOI'KINH, 

Actinjf .\sHiHtant Surgeon. 



TKSTIMONY OK UOSTON < 01!I;1:TT, 

It was u living mass of putrefaction and liltli ; tliere wen* maggots 
there a foot <leep. Any time we turned over the M>il we <'oul<l see the 
maggots in a living mass: I have seen the soMiers wading through 
it. (ligging for ro«)tH to us<- for ftiil. I have se«'n around the nwamp, 
the sick in great numbers, lying pretty nuieh as sohlit-rs lie when they 
are down to r«'st in line after a nuirch. In the juoniing I could see 
those who liad dietl <luring the night, and in the daytim*; I c<Md<I see 
th«*m ex]K>sed to the heat of the sun. with their feet swelled to an 
enormous size ; in many cases large ^ngnne sores filled with mag- 
gots and flies which they wen* unal»le to keep off. i have seen men 
lying there ina state of utter <lestittttIon. notable to ln-lp themselveB, 
lying in their own filth. Tliey generally chose that place (near tlie 
swamp), those who were most ofUnsive, herause others would drive 
them away, not wanting to 1h' near tluw who had Huch had Horen. 
They clioHe it Iwcatise of its l»eing mo near \n the ninks. In oni* can* a 
man died there, I am satisfied, fro)n the effects of lin-. When the 
clotheH were taken <»fl' his InMly, the lici- neenunl as thick as the gar- 
ment — a living mass. 



10 



AI'I'KNIUX, 



DOCUMENT No. J>. 

I)K. M. M. MAIlHH'g TKHTIMONY AH TO wTOUKrt • HKNT TO r'HIHONKIiW 
AT ANDKI180NVIM-K. OKOIKiFA. 



5.0V-3 wool HliirtH. 
0,(MHi wool (Irawerfi. 
;{.1)."»0 hnndkcrcliirfn. 

(KM cotton HliirtH. 
l.l'JH cotton (Irawt're. 

2.100 I.IOUHOH. 

4,2:{.'> \v<K>l piintB. 
1,W0 wool liaiB. 
*Z,M'* ovrrcMHtH. 
fl,:iH.-> IdaiikctH. 

272 r|uiltH. 
2,120 pairH hIum'h. 

110 cotton coats. 

140 V(»8tH. 

40 cotton )>antB. 
5M4 wruiuM'ra. 

6U jack«<tH. 

12 ovcrallH. 
817 pair* slippt'rs. 
3,147 towels. 



I 5, 4111 wool K«)ckr<. 
r»0 pilhiw ciiHcs. 
2''>H lird Mnckn. 
122 ''oinlis. 
100 till Clips. 
2 l)o\cH tin wan-. 
4,0!>2 jmhukIh conMi'DHcd milk. 
4,0;{2 iMnindn condcnurd coflr«««>. 
1,(K)(> |KmndH farina. 
1,000 poundH corn starch. 
4,212 ]K)undH toniaton. 
24 poiindn chorolnti*. 
'A ImxrH Iniion juico. 
1 barn-l <lri<Ml applcH. 
1 1 1 liarn-ln crackrn*, 
HO 1k»x«'H c«M"oa. 
7,200 poundn In-ef ntock, 
PajHT. ♦«nv<«lo]H'g, &c. 
l'c)»p«T, niuHtard. 
One Ih>x tea, 70 ))ouu<1h. 



AIM'KMUX. 



17 



I)()C( MENT No. in. 

(A>Wf» lY'uaU /)i<iry(i/ J. W. }ffrriil.) 

MAUKET PHICKS IN C". H. M. TKISON HOSPITAL, ANDURSONVILLB, 

OKOHOIA, 1804. 



To S^pt. 14 Conffd. 


Federal Omfuh'nite 


AfUrS«-|>t. 9 5 Confcd. 


FVdrrBl 


Cnn federate 


- |l Fed^r»I. 


Money. Money. 


.- tl K».ler»l. 


Money. 


Miint-y. 




1 e. $ r.j$ (. $ f 




♦ «•. $ C, 


1 e. f c. 


Apples, each.... lUtoU 25;0 10 to 1 00 


OnioiJH, vach 


u as too bo' 


1 00 to 2 00 


Uutter, Ih 1 .Vl «i 00 


I'nrtnutH, oint — 
PotatooH.IriHh.qt 


w 


1 U\ 


HiHciiit.each.... OKtoO l.'>iO :','iin dO, 


1 00 


ft 00 


Ularktu-rriee, p"t .'>eto0 l.-i '2 0<M(» .{ 00 


Potat'c, Swt. ea. 


10 too 1ft 


.V»lo0 75 


Whnrlk'berriiH Vt "J OO 


Pparlu'H. each . . . 


10 too 75 


4otoaoo 


nu'HtMUtH,ea(li 01 o:, 


Sii^ar Cane Stalk 
Ued Peppert", e». 


2ft 


1 3ft 


ChlncnpiaH, p:nt 1 iM) r. 00 


10 


fiO 


Eiri.'i', each 1ft to an liO to 1 00 








JJrnpei*, each. .. 01 Oft 




A 




<iln(,'erbreft(l, ea. .r. toO ftO 1 40 to 3 00 








Honey, table-, 








Hpoonl\jl 18 ftO 

MolaPHCM. quart, '.i 00 i l.'> 00 














WatorniPlons.ea 1 rH)to:j 00 G OOlol'^ t»0 








MuBknieloup, ea ftOtol 50 2 tWto « (W 

1 1 









DOCniMKNT No. 11. 

(From Private JHury of ./. W. Mm-iU.) 

MINUTES OF A MEETING OK TIIK SKRCiEANTB IN (IIAKOE OK DE- 
TACHMENTS OK PUISONKKS roNKINKl) AT ANDEUSONVILLE, GA. 

At R meotinp: of the Herjfrantw In oharj^e of tlio variouH detnclinientB 
of |)riHoner8 confine<l at pn'wnt in th«' Andrrnonville Military PriHon, 
GiHirpia, lu-ld for th«' purpow of takinj; noiur action lo prf){X'rly repn?- 
Hent th«' prewnt condition of tin* priKonrrs to our (iovfrnm»?nt at 
WaHhinjrton, and tliereby necun*, if f)OHRibl<!, a H|>ot'dy nMlrcHs of tho 
wronpF coinplainiKl of, tlie followinjr rmnnjittee waH ap)Miint(Hl, who, 
aft«'r duo connultation. rriwrtt**! tlm followinjf preamble and rt«olu- 
tloDB, which were unanimously adoj)ted : 

WiDiam N. JolmHon, Chairman. 
H. C. Hi^r^nson, J. 8. Banks, E. W. Webb, (Ji/mmitUe. 

Apparently, one of the Bad eflectB of the projjreM of this terrible 
war haB been to deaden our nympathieB an<l make ub more wdfiBh than 
we were when the tocBin of the l>attle strife firat sounded in the land. 



18 APPENDIX. 

FVrliH|tH fhirt Htati' of piihlic tV-t-liny was tft 1ihv»- Intu antiri|.!iti <l 
Thr tnMjuency Willi which yon hear r>f captun-H in luitfh-. arnl ih« 
lonp accounts yon liav*- wmti of tlu'ir trcatnu-nt. Ims rohl^'d tin- H|Mr. 
tacle of its uovrity, and, by a law ot our naiiin', Iihh tak<*n otl' tin- 
<Ml^t* of our H«'nnil)ilili«'s, and niadt^ tluin h-ns an oltjrct of intrn-Mt. 
No on«' can know tin* horrors r)f iiiiprinfiniin-iit in crowdrd and tiltliv 
qnartrrs hut he who haw •'ndiin'd it, and it r»'<niir«'s a l»rav<- hrart not 
to surcuinb. But hunger, filth, nak«-dii<'H8 and diwasc an- an nothiii:/ 
compared with that heart si»kn«T*H whi<h wii;rhH |trison«>rH d<»«n. 
most of them youh^ men whose lerins of enlistment havi- expired. 
and ninny of them with nothing to attneh tiieni to the cauHi- in whii li 
they Huller l)Ut principh* and love of country and of friends. l)oe«. 
the miHfortnn*' of heinj^ taken prisoners make us Ies> th<- olijecl ot in 
terewt and value to our (lovernment ': 11 siuh, you j»ha<l it no lon^< i 
These are no common men, and it is no coniinon nuiit that tley call 
uiM>n you to aid in their release from captivity. 

Iw, Tliat a Inr^e portion of the prisonerH have i.em held as such for 
j)eri<Kis ran^fin^r froju nine to fifteen months, suhject to all the hard 
»hips and jtrivatiouH necessarily incident to a state of ca|)tivity in an 
enemy "h country. 

'2d. That there are nowtontined in the i)rison from ^o.lMM) to ;5().(KM» 
men. with daily aau'ssion of hundnnlB. and that the mortality anion:.' 
them, ^feneratod by variouH causes, such as chan^jo of climate, ditt 
an I want of proper exiTcise, it) becoming truly frightful tocontem 
plate, and is rapidly increasin;^ in virulence, decimating their lanks 
weekly by hundreds. 

lid. In view of the forejfoin^ facts, we, your petitioners, most earn- 
estly yet respectfully pray, that some action be immediately taken to 
effect our speedy release, either on parole or exchanjfe, the dictates 
both of justice and humanity alike demanding such action on the part 
of our (Government. 

4th. We shall all look forward with a hopeful confidence that some- 
thing]^ will be speedily done in this matter, beli"vin^ that a proper 
statement of the facts is all that is necessary to s^xure a redress of the 
grrievances complained of. 

5th. Toe above has been read to each detachment by its respective 
sergeant, and has been approved by the men, who have unanimously 
authoriztnl each sergeant to sijyn, as will and deed of the whole. 

AxDSRBONynxi, Okc. 



APPENDIX. 



19 



DOCUMENT No. 12. 

{From Prirafe Diary of J. W. Merriil.) 

MOUTALITY AT C. 9. M. ruISOM HOSPITAL DITRINO THE M0NTH8 OK 
AUGUST, SEITKMHKR AND OCTOBER, 1804. 



Aug. 1 


.... 74 
73 


Sei-t. 1 

2 

>> 


....105 

....104 

113 


Oct. 1 

2 


.... 82 
48 


;} .. 


75 


40 


4 

5 


.... 75 
.... 00 
....103 
.... 71 
05 


4 

5 


.... 04 
08 


4 

5 . . . . 


.... 00 
46 


6 

7 


(» 

7 

8 




....105 
.... 03 
....111 
70 




1^ 


.... 40 
.... 53 


8 


8 .. . 


53 


\} 


05 


9 ... 


. . . 34 


10 

11 


.... S5 
....103 
Si 


10 

11 


.... 00 
00 


10 

11.... 

12 

13 ... . 


.... 04 
. ..103 


12 


12... .. 

13 

14 

15 

1(5 

17 

18 

10 


....111 
.... 78 
....102 
. ..83 
....100 
....100 
.... 120 
J»0 


76 


Vi 


.... 100 


. . . 00 


14 


. ..114 
120 


14 ... 


. .. 54 


ir» 


15 ... . 


. . 47 


ifi 

17 

18 


....107 
....114 

.... HH 
101 


10. 

17 

IH . 


.... 51 
.... 48 
. . 53 


10 


19 ... . 


. 55 


20 

21 

22 


... 107 

80 

....122 
127 


20 

21 

22 

23 


.... 09 
.... 82 
.... 01 
82 


20 

21 

oo 


.... 41 
.... 41 
.50 


28 


23 . .. 


51 


24 .. .. 
25 


.... 102 
08 


24 

25 . . . 


.... 77 
73 


24 

25 


. . . 07 
22 


20 


....103 
... 93 
.... 90 
....105 
. . . 05 


26 


51 


26 .. .. 

27 

28 

29 

30 

31 

Total.. . 


71 


27 

28 

29 

30 . . . . 


27 

28 

29 

JJO 

Total... 


.... 83 
.... 75 
.... 09 
.... 60 

. .2.077 


.... 40 
.... 37 

.... 28 
... 39 


31 

Total... 


.... 92 
. .2,993 


.... 27 
..1.595 



20 



AIM'KNIUX. 



DOCI'MEXT X... i;'.. 

(Ft'itn PriniU /Harij (>r ./. H'. Merrill.) 
IIKPOIIT OF EI,K(TION HKr,!) TN ANDF.UKON VIM.E THISON IIO^IMTAL. 

rrKsDAV, NOV. H, 1H64. 
( Hn/v« //y ,v. .V. JHkyr.) 

On lilt' »'V»'nint; of Novr'nlxT Ttli. 1HG4. tin* prif«»n»'rH «>f tli«' (' S 
Mililnry Prinon Hospital, AndtTPonvillr. Hh., held a inrftin^r for th< 
diHcuHHion of thr op]K)Hintr cnndidatf-w f«)r the oHire of Pnnidmi of tin- 
\ nit«'d States for the ensuing lour years, havinjr li rut oht; imd per 
inisMion from ('apt. Wirz. Military Ceiiitiinnder of Frinon. to carry on 
an informal election in the i)riHon. 

On motion. Mr. Smith was voti'd chairman of tin- meetinj^. Otlnr 
oHiceH. owinj; to existinjj circiimstHiiccs, were ijrnored 

Tlie meetinjr was opened hy nini:inj,' the national anthem. "Ciliini 
hia. the (JcTii of the Ocean.' conducted hy Mr. .1. W. Merrill ; alter 
winch l>r. .1. \\ . Fay inount»'d the ronfrum. and edified the meeti?)^' 
by iin nl»le addrenH. He held that the pren-nt ndminiHtraiion. huvinir 
HNvorn. upon entering? u|Hm its duties, lo curry out the lawn and ("on 
Htitution of the (Tnited States, had lieen faithful to itn oath, actinj.' 
wlwdy and Jnst in every emertfent-y. He considered the fealty of 
(lenernl McClellan to the I'nion very doubtful, owinjj to Ids coniluct 
after the battle <d Antietnm and bin intercourse and association with 
Hucb trnitorH and ropperliends as Jud^je \Voo<lward of I'eDnHvlvaniH. 
V^allan«li>;ham, Hall, Wood Brothers, \c., of the (hica^ro Convention 

The DiM'tor wan replie<l to by S. M. liiker in a few remarks, sustain 
in^f the clmracter of (ieneral McC'lcUan for truthfulness and faithful 
ness to his country and the cause for which he had foupht. Mr. 
Kik<'r then Made a lon^, animated speech. He was loudly applauded. 
the conciPcnesB of his arguments and palpablenesH of his conclusions 
having a telling eft'ect on Ids hearers. 

Mr. Delaney repli«ti to Mr. Kiker in a very terse manner, denounc 
injf Old AIh* witli his prreenbacks, and establishing, beyond a doubt, 
that his (Hlucation and i^dltics were of the n*al " liard shell" demo 
cratlc ortler. 

Mr. Lathmp being tlien called for, took the stand and addressed 
the meeting for about fifteen minutes in an easy, eloquent manner. He 
upheld the present administration, and was for carrying on this war to 



AIM'KNniX. 21 

the bitter end. He would Hdvwnte no treaty of ]M-nc*- that would in 
any manner roniiiromise the people of the North, but would, if n^Ti'H- 
sary, enlist for four, eijjlit or Hixteen vi'ars — lonjjer. if neresHary — to 
con(|uer the rebels. 

Mr. Waterbury took the Htnnd. Hh rhiiiued that the nijr^er waa 
prized more hi^lily by the ])reHent ndininlHtnition than the white B(d- 
di<'r — tliat a dozen nij^jrerw were the cause f»f the (Jovernmcnt's ceun- 
Injf to exchaujr<* ]>rif»oners. and ni^^rrw were the cause of our now 
beinjr prisoners in tlie Confederacy, lie considered he Imd been de- 
ceived by the (Government, and that tl^' soMiers of our armies were, 
as a whole, swindled. ^.,^ 

Lou<l calls were nindc for Mr. Hennett, who came forward, and, 
smiling- all over, proclaimed for honest Old Abe. He s|)oke for some 
twenty njinutes in a very racy an<l humorous strain, not without 
<'t!ect, fls the frt'quent bursts of appjause jrave abundant evidence. He 
admitt<d (ienenil McClellan to be a man of line intellect un<l abilitiei*, 
btif muoh preferr»'d to ri<l<' the rdd hors«'. wlio wa« still able to carry 
him. and hud never yet stumbled. He considered the nnaconda 
business of little Mae played out. This allowing t lie body to lie in 
the way of the advancing rebels, while tlie tail swinj;i» around and 
crushes them, was not the onn that wouhl elect him to tlu^ highest 
ollic*' in tlu^ favor of the |MH)ple of the L'nited States. The anaconda 
irnme was a tliorou^h fizzle, in his estimation. 

Mr. B. resumed his seat amidst thunders of ap])1ause, and was fol- 
lowed by Mr. Burns, who edified the audi<nce with a reviewal of the 
arguments of liis predecessor, deducing therefrom an argument in 
favor of Mr. Lincoln. 

The Chairman of the meeting closed with some pointed argumenta 
favoring General McClellan for ilie next Pn^sident of the United 
States. 

Throughout the evening, the choir, under the direction of Mr. J. W. 
Merrill, furnished the meeting with tine singing. " The Star Spanghnl 
Banner." "Hail Columbia," "Home, Sweet Home," " lially Hound 
tlje Flag, Boys," " Hoist up the Flag," and others, were rendennl 
with great taste and efiect, and received by the audience with much 
ap]>lause. 

Mr. William West sang the " American Star," wlien tlie meeting 
adjourned. 



22 



ArrKNDix. 



All \v«'n« liij^rlily j^rrutilird witli tlir rvriiin^TH |».rr..riimnc«'. 'lip 
jfn'iit«'Ht linriiumy and ^tihmI f<« linj; rxiMfni. 

The ('oiiiniittrf conjjratiilatr tliotnHi'lvi'H (in tin- attainiiH-nl ol tli* 
ohjcrt of tln' iiHTtiritf. nnintly. RHiiisiiii'Ut. Min;,'!!-*! witli ainii'" 
nuMit wnH Rii air of larrn-Hlruns uliidi (IkI rr«Mlit to tin- aH>*«inl»lv. hm 
cili/cnH «>r AnMTna, anil ••vidcnrrd tin- «i<jrn.«' of iiiiiT«Ht tlmt tli. \ 
felt in a Tuiiltrr «il siifji vital ini|M>rtnn(<' to tin* coimtry tor uliirli ilux 
an- Hworn to fi^rhl. Karli ami rvcry onr n<'rnn'(| to fc.l. that llMMi;rli 
tlu'ir votcH (-(Mild lirtvc no vJHildr ••tirrt «tn tlic strii;ri;l»' •»'' tin- lu-vt 
day, in which th«' whojr IovmI |)o|.uli»tii'ii of tlif N<tnli wrp- to .-n 
iSns^, yot tlir |)rincii»l«s invoh.-d and ••x|.n«.«.M| would In- tin- HaTn»' 



On th«' Hth inwt. an ehrtion for I'npidtnt was lnd<l. Mr. M I 
Ho^nn. of Tliinl 1n(iiana ('avalr>. Mai,nstrat»>. 

.Judpsof Kl.'ction — First Division : .lohn nnnniorf. One Ilundnfltli 
Ohio; A. A. Walker. Sixtcrnth Conntcticut. Second Division: K. II 
Latlirop. Eijrlity first Illinois; William Smith, SIxtli Michijrati 
Tliinl Division : T. M. Sonton, pyiirlitcmth N»'\v York ; John Toni 
wall. Fourth Division : J. W. Merrill. Twenty fourth New York 
Battery ; Charles Dunmoro, Sixt«'enth Illinois Cavalry. 

Tlie day was rainy, and just the kind for an eh-ction. wjdrh w. iit 
off in a very satisfactory manner. 

At six P. M. the result was Rnnounr<Hi. the camp liavinp; jfiven a 
vote of ITjO majority for Abraham Lincoln for President of tin 
UnitJMi States. 1,740 votes in all were polltHl ; Lincoln rereivin;: 
945, and Mc(Mellan 795. 



V i, ^